Farmer, Eliza. Letterbook, (1774-1777) (1783-1789).
(1 v.)
Eliza Farmer's letters to her nephew, Jack Halroyd, clerk in the East India Company, London. The letters, written from Philadelphia, are mainly personal, but they contain comments on embargo on tea, the non-importation act, secret session of Congress, rumors of bombardment of Boston, military preparedness, commercial activities. Included are medical recipes written at a later date.

Fearon, Joseph. Waste book, 1783-1809.
(1 v.)
Memoranda of personal and domestic expenses and purchases of provisions of Joseph Fearon, Philadelphia merchant and tallow chandler.

Feltus, William W., 1797-1814. Journal, 1812-1814.
(1 v.)
Journal of W.W. Feltus, midshipman on board the U.S.S. Essex, under command of Commodore David Porter, a narrative of daily occurrences on board, sea battles with British warships, chase and capture of pirates, privateers, and merchant vessels, and accounts of encounter with savage tribes on the Marquesas Islands in the Pacific.

Fennell, James, 1766-1816. The Force of Nature or The Errors of Concealment: a Tragedy in five parts.
(1 v.)

Fergusson, Elizabeth Graeme, 1737-1801. Collection, (1766-1768) (1797-1799).
(2 v.)
Commonplace books of religious poetry and prose written or copied by Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson, including several original translations of Psalms.

Fire Companies of Philadelphia record books, 1742-1872.
(170 v.)
A collection of record books of Philadelphia fire companies, contributing information on their organization, personnel, activities, equipments. The records are:

Fisher, Howell Tracy, Mrs. Collection, 1783-1911.
(ca. 50 items.)
A collection of family papers comprised of: cooking, health, household, and recipe book, ca. 1800; deed, 1783, for property in Gloucester County, N.J., to Aaron Hewes; Samson Sheafe of Crambrook (England), genealogy, 1393-1817; Michael C. Fisher's commission as master in chancery of New Jersey, 1821; and other items.

Fisher, Miers, 1748-1819. Papers, 1775-1814.
(ca. 60 items.)
Papers of Miers Fisher, Philadelphia lawyer and member of the Common Council, include miscellaneous letters and documents chiefly about the city government of Philadelphia, 1789-1791. They include the first ordinances, laws, minutes, and regulations of the city; the plans for the accommodation of Congress and the president; and a few miscellaneous letters written by Benjamin Franklin, Edmund Randolph, Lord North, Elias Boudinot, Tobias Lear, and others.

Fitch, John, 1743-1798. Papers, 1763-1828.
(50 items.)
The papers of John Fitch, surveyor, clockmaker, silversmith, and inventor from Bucks County contain letters, agreements, and other legal papers relating to surveys and sale of lands in Ohio, and to the building of his steamboat. Fitch's ledger and daybook, 1773-1776 include accounts for button and silverware manufacture and for worker's wages. Also in the papers are Jonathan Delaney ledger, 1799-1828, for weaving; Warminster Township, Montgomery County, tax list, 1763; a summary of tax receipts and tax debt of the Province of Pennsylvania, 1770.

Fitz Randolph-Snowden Genealogy, 1695-1832.
(1 v.)
Genealogical data on the Nathaniel Fitz Randolph family of Princeton, N.J., and Philadelphia; also a fragmentary history of the College of New Jersey, 1725-1757, by Nathaniel Fitz Randolph.

Forbes, Thomas. Letterbook, (1722-1723) (1729-1732).
(1 v.)
Letters of Thomas Forbes, London wine merchant, chiefly on wine trade.

Ford, Paul Leicester, 1865-1902. Papers, 1891-1893.
(1,000 items.)
Papers of Paul Leicester Ford include correspondence, notes, and proof sheets prepared by Ford when writing The Life of John Dickinson.

Forges and Furnaces records, 1726 (1760-1840) 1921.
(100 linear ft.)
Business records of several Pennsylvania forges and furnaces, many of which were active during the Revolutionary War. The records include:

Foster-Clement Collection, ca. 1676-1875.
(4 linear ft.)
Josiah Foster served as justice of the peace for Burlington County, N.J., in 1788 and 1798 and for Gloucester County, N.J., in 1812; as a judge for the Common Pleas Court of Burlington County in 1798 and of Gloucester County in 1812; and, as deputy surveyor of New Jersey in 1773 and 1781.

William Foster, ca. 1775, served as one of the King's judges of the Common Pleas Court of Burlington County, N.J. Samuel Clement served as a Justice of the Peace for Gloucester County, N.J. in 1748, 1812, and 1822; as a judge in 1755, as deputy surveyor appointed to establish township boundaries in Gloucester County; as a member of the Assembly from the Western Division of New Jersey in 1761; as a trustee of the poor in 1807; and as an incorporator of the Salem National Banking Company.

Papers on early settlements in and largely by the Clement and Foster families of Burlington and Gloucester counties, New Jersey: deeds, 1677-1875; wills, 1681-1867; family papers, 1761-1819, which includes papers and receipts of Josiah Foster and William Foster, draft of William Foster's land, will of William Foster, will of Josiah Foster, Clement and Foster genealogies, long book (account book) of Benjamin Robinson, 1784 and surveying notebooks of Josiah Foster, 1778-1779, 1794-1795, Account of Sleepcreek Mill book, of which Josiah Foster was director, 1785-1786, and correspondence largely of Josiah Foster and Samuel Clement; Indian papers, 1777-1819 and pamphlets, 1778-1819, in which the former section includes papers on Indians and the sale of lands in New Jersey and Charles Mooles' Vandeu[?] (sale) book, and the latter section contains pamphlets pertaining to legislative bills; New Jersey Land Society, ca. 1788, which was involved in the Burr Conspiracy; abolition societies; friends meetings; New Jersey elections; New Jersey State Gazette; and religious tracts.

Miscellaneous legal papers, 1762-1873, which includes judgments, bonds, agreements, papers on the Albertson v. Norcross case, involving Josiah Albertson, ca. 1753-1833 and Isaiah Norcross, and other legal documents concerning Gloucester and Burlington counties; cashbook, 1781-1783 and dockets, 1790-1794, 1798-1801 of Josiah Foster; and, land surveys, 1687-1801, which includes an undated volume entitled Penn's Survey in New Jersey copies from the surveyor general's books at Burlington, N.J., 1712-1784, and road maps in and around Burlington County, ca. 1802-1846, which show detailed maps of surrounding tracts, and Atsion Company (of Josiah Foster) papers, 1764-1799.

Fox, Benjamin Franklin, 1805-1869. Papers, ca. 1838-1913.
(5 v.)
Scrapbooks, poetry satirizing Philadelphia politics, fictional narratives, newspaper clippings, and other matter of literary character.

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Papers, 1747-1794.
(3 linear ft.)
The papers of Benjamin Franklin in this collection include: accounts, 1747-1766, of the firm of Franklin and Hall; miscellaneous accounts, 1750-1781; receipt book, 1764-1766; bill book, 1777-1781; letters and papers, 1750-1783; of notes on the Franklin family, 1561-1794, with a genealogical chart; photostat of Franklin's will, 1790. The official part of Franklin's career is represented by papers and correspondence on his activity as agent of the colony of Pennsylvania, 1757-1771; correspondence with Congress while he was minister to France, 1776-1783; and miscellaneous papers, from his French ministry, 1776-1785.

Franklin, Walter, b. 1727. Letterbook, 1772-1773.
(1 v.)
Letters of Walter Franklin, New York (N.Y.) merchant, to John Pemberton and Thomas Lightfoot, Philadelphia, refer to his financial difficulties, business and land transactions, and efforts to adjust the controversies between them in a legal and equitable manner.

Freeman, Corinne Keen, b. 1868. Liberty Loan papers, 1918-1819.
(3 linear ft.)
Corinne Keen Freeman was chairperson of the Women's Committee of the South Philadelphia, Liberty Loan Committees, 1918-1919.

The collection contains correspondence, account books, lists of names of subscribers, committee reports, pamphlets, books, and memorabilia of the Fourth Liberty Loan Campaign of 1917.

French, B.F. (Benjamin Franklin) 1799-1877. Manuscripts, 1884.
(1 folder.)
Papers of Benjamin Franklin French on Indian ethnology: "Among the Natchez, by a Mississippian"; "Push-Ma-Ta-Ha" concerns a distinguished chief of the Choctaws, who served under Andrew Jackson in the Seminole War; included also is his pseudo-scientific narrative, "Voyage Round the Moon."

French West India Company. Papers, 1712, 1744-1747, 1757.
(50 items.)
Miscellaneous personal and business correspondence; copy of "Essai de Géographie Physique," by Philippe Bauche, French royal geographer, 1752, with maps; "Mémoires touchant la Martinque," n.d.

Freneau, Philip Morin, 1752-1832. Verses, 1770.
(1 v.)
"Father Bombos' Pilgrimage to Mecca in Arabia," by Philip Morin Freneau and Hugh Henry Brackenridge and others of their satiric pieces, together with several by James Madison, written while they were students at Princeton. Contemporary copy, probably by William Bradford, another Princetonian, in whose papers it was found.

"Father Bombos'..." published in the P.M.H.B., 66 (1942): 461-478.

James Madison verse published in The Papers of James Madison, edited by William T. Hutchinson and William M.E. Racheal (Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1963), 1: 61-65.

Der Freund in der Noth, ca. 1752.
(1 v.)
A booklet on the prevailing superstition and witchcraft, with magic formulas and recipes for the cure of diseases and protection against evil.

In German script.

Confederacy (ship). Papers, 1776-1779.
(ca. 525 items.)
Papers of Major Joshua Huntington, Norwich, Conn., a soldier in the Revolutionary army. The papers deal with the construction of the Confederacy, which was build by Huntington under the direction of the Governor and Council of Safety of Connecticut and launched in 1788. Included are accounts, payrolls, reports, 1777-1779, which present details of construction and outfitting of the frigate.

Accession note published in the P.M.H.B., 63 (1939): 494.

Fry and Rambo papers, 1843-1859.
(ca. 200 items.)
The papers include receipts and bills of Jacob Fry and James F. Rambo, Montgomery County merchants, for merchandise.

Furness, Horace Howard, 1833-1912. Papers, 1861-1865.
(6 linear ft.)
A collection of papers on the Sanitary Fair held in Philadelphia in 1864. Among the items are letters, pamphlets, and broadsides on sanitation in the United States; badges, photographs, committee reports, vouchers, bills, receipts, and account books containing the names of the prominent citizens of Philadelphia active in civic and social life during the Civil War.

Galloway, Grace Growden, d. 1782. Papers, 1778-1781.
(1 v.)
Grace Growden Galloway was the daughter of Lawrence Growden, whose family controlled Durham iron furnaces; she married Joseph Galloway in 1753. Joseph Galloway, prominent in the social and political circles of Philadelphia sided with the British during the Revolution. Eventually, he was forced to flee with his daughter, Elizabeth, to England. Grace Galloway remained behind in America in an attempt to salvage the family's estate.

These diaries and letters detail the difficulties Grace Galloway had in securing the property once owned by her family. Social life among prominent Philadelphians is also described.

Seven additional volumes of photostatic letters and diaries are available for the same time period.

Diary, June 17, 1778 to July 1, 1779 published in P.M.H.B., 55 (1931): 35-94.

Diary, July 1 to September 30, 1779 published in P.M.H.B., 58 (1934): 152-189.

Gamble, William, 1823-1850. Papers, (1839-1845) 1914.
(45 items.)
A small collection of papers reflecting William Gamble's travels to California and the West in search of birds and flora. Included are letters from family and friends especially Thomas Nuttall, Anglo-American botanist.

Gardiner, Edward Carey, ca. 1879-1945. Collection, 1632-1939.
(32 linear ft.)
A collection of the papers of the Baird, Carey, Gardiner, and Penington families, prominent in political, economic, and cultural affairs. The papers are rich in material on literary trends of the country, its authors and writers, publication and distribution of books, the art of printing, bookbinding, copyrights, and other subjects pertaining to the publishing business.

The Carey family group of papers includes those of Mathew Carey, and Henry Carey editors, writers, and civic leaders who established one of the largest publishing houses of the period in America. The papers are: Carey genealogical records, 1632-1938; Mathew Carey, correspondence, 1784-1839; his own letters, 1791-1834; biographical sketch of Mathew Carey, by Michael Hennessey, 1860; Henry C. Carey, correspondence, 1825-1879, relating to politics, political economy, and the Civil War; Carey and Hart, and Carey and Lea, publishers, correspondence, 1830-1850; Carey and Hart, and Henry C. Baird, copyright papers, 1837-1852; their record books, 1830-1886; Edward L. Carey, journals, 1822-1839; correspondence, 1841-1845; St. Clair Tract papers, concerning collieries in Schuylkill County, 1835-1892.

Papers of the Penington family include letters of: Isaac Penington, a distinguished Quaker and author; Edward Penington, author, who accompanied William Penn to Pennsylvania in 1698 and later became surveyor general of the province; Edward Penington, Quaker, merchant, member of the Provincial Council; John Penington, physician; John Penington, author and a leading bookseller; Henry Penington, lawyer, author; and others. These papers comprise: Penington family genealogical notes, 1667-1873; Isaac and John Penington (several of that name) letters and documents, 1844-1867; journal, 1790-1791; Edward Penington, journal, 1749-1751; letters, 1812-1850; a later Edward Penington daybook, 1799-1806; Henry Penington correspondence, 1829-1858; legal journal, 1829; legal notebook, 1829-1840; account book, 1829-1841; receipt book, 1832-1839; ground rents, 1829-1838; Edward Penington, journal, 1860-1867; and other items.

The Gardiner papers, 1636-1936, are chiefly genealogical notes of a prominent New England family; Sylvester Gardiner, physician, merchant, philanthropist, who founded the town of Gardiner, Maine; John Gardiner, lawyer, statesman; John Gardiner; and others.

The Baird family papers contain letters of Henry Carey Baird, author, political writer, publisher, leader in the Whig, Republican, and Greenback parties. The papers consist of: documents and papers on the Baird family, 1794-1916; Henry Carey Baird correspondence, 1845-1911; record of his tour through England and Europe, 1847; miscellaneous documents, 1856-1870; letters and journal concerning Rear Admiral Louis M. Goldsborough's naval career in the Civil War, 1862-1922; Thomas J. Baird military papers, 1813-28, on his military career, frontier life, Indian wars; letters 1817-1842, pertain to his domestic and personal affairs.

In addition, there is a miscellaneous section containing letters, documents, 1682-1939, contributing information on domestic, legal, political, commercial affairs; Martha Powell Bowen estate papers, 1830-1856, include material on Jamaica plantations, economic affairs in the West Indies, sugar, rum, commerce; Thomas Coates estate in Philadelphia, 1828-1850; Maybin estate, New Orleans, papers, 1827-1843; the Fitz-John Porter papers, 1862-1886, relating to his court martial and military charges brought against him during the Civil War.

Lea and Febiger. Records, 1785 (1788-1871) 1941.
(100 linear ft.)
These papers comprise a fairly comprehensive record of the business operations of Mathew Carey & Co. and successor firms. Carey began as printer and publisher of the Pennsylvania Evening Herald in 1785, but soon abandoned the Herald for book, magazine, and Bible publishing. The firm, which still exists as a limited partnership specializing in medical publishing, has changed its name a number of times. Until 1817, it was Mathew Carey & Co., when Mathew's son, Henry C. Carey, joined the firm to form M. Carey & Son. In 1821, Carey's son-in-law, Isaac Lea joined the firm and it became M. Carey & Sons. The senior Carey retired in 1824, and shortly thereafter the partnership became Carey, Lea & Carey, when younger son Edward L. Carey joined the firm. In 1829, Edward Carey withdrew to form a bookselling partnership with Abraham Hart. In 1833, William A. Blanchard became a partner and the firm became, briefly, Carey, Lea & Blanchard. In 1836, Henry C. Carey retired and the firm was known as Lea & Blanchard until 1851. That year Isaac Lea withdrew in favor of his son, Henry Charles Lea, and the firm became Blanchard & Lea, which it remained until Blanchard's retirement in 1865. Thereafter, the firm bore only the Lea name until 1907 when Lea's sons joined with Christian Febiger to form the partnership which still retains the name of Lea & Febiger, despite changes in principals.

In its early years, the firm successfully published a wide variety of American and English literature, including Scott's Waverly novels and Cooper. In the late 1830s, however, at the urging of Isaac Lea, a well-known naturalist and conchologist, the firm increasingly specialized in scientific and medical publication, specialization clearly shown in the cost books and contract records, but for which there are no correspondence files present.

The collection is rich in materials from the period of Mathew Carey's active participation. Present are three series of letterbooks, 1789-1822, and incoming correspondence, 1785-1822. Although the correspondence is mostly about business, there is a sizeable representation of American literary and political figures. There are also ledgers, 1817-1824.

The firm's records after Carey's retirement are less complete but no less rich. Henry C. Carey is represented by three letterbooks, 1822-1823, and two ledgers, 1822-1825. The period of the partnerships with Isaac Lea and William A. Blanchard are reflected in a letterbook, 1834-1835; ledgers, 1827-1834 and 1850-1851; copies of accounts, 1826-1846; incoming correspondence, 1850-1860; cost books, 1825-1837, 1840-1878; and a volume of contracts and copyright assignments, 1847-1890.

After Blanchard's retirement in 1865, the firm's operations are documented by the cost and contract books, above, a well as two additional cost books, 1878-1910; copies of contracts, 1885-1912; index to incoming correspondence, n.d.; and a volume of retained copies of letters sent, 1925-1941.

Gardner, John. Papers, 1785-1791.
(150 items.)
John Gardner was an officer in the Chester County militia during the Revolution and sheriff of the county from 1780 to 1783.

The collection contains personal and business papers (bonds, notes, bills, receipts, and letters) and official documents including sheriff's accounts and receipts, lists of fees collected, tax duplicates, court judgments, a "Routh Continuous Docquet," 1780-1783, and papers related to the settlement of his official accounts and estate. Also included are some papers of William Gibbons, a Revolutionary officer, innkeeper, and friend and successor of Gardner as sheriff.

Gardom, George, d. ca. 1890. Papers, 1840-1890.
(ca. 200 items.)
George Gardom was a Philadelphia pharmacist.

A collection of family and personal correspondence, contributing information on domestic and economic conditions prevailing in the period and incidentally presenting a picture of Philadelphia life.

Garrigues, Edward. Diary, 1798.
(1 v.)
This copy of a diary by Edward Garrigues provides a narrative of Quaker activities, meetings, social and domestic events, and the yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia; 1755 Yearly Meeting Epistle; essays of Thomas Garrigues for The Experiment, publication of the Darby First-Day School Association, [1882]; Chester County arbitrations, 1704-1705; Garrigues and Bonsall family genealogical data.

Edward Garrigues diary copied by Thomas Garrigues.

Baum, Irwin, Graff, and Sterett families. Genealogical notes, 1700-1885.
(5 v.)

Gernon and Keating. Papers, 1805-1829.
(ca. 150 items.)
This business and social correspondence between John Keating, Philadelphia importer, and Richard Gernon, French merchant, reflects economic, social, and political developments in Europe and America.

Gesellschaft der Unterstutzung. Cashbook, 1790-1794.
(1 v.)
Cashbook of the German Relief Association of the Evangelical-Lutheran Society of Philadelphia: expense accounts and relief disbursements.

In German.

Gibbes, William. Genealogy, 1841-1908.
(1 v.)
Genealogical data on the families of: William Gibbes, Robert Wilson, Thomas Allston, Thomas Hasell of South Carolina, Patrick Miller of Pennsylvania, and others.

Gibbons, James. Journal, 1804.
(1 v.)
The journals of James Gibbons provide a narrative of a tour through the western part of Pennsylvania and part of Ohio, describes topography, immigration, settlements, abundance of game, travel facilities, and Quaker families and their meeting places.

Gibson, James. Papers, 1712-1846.
(2.5 linear ft.)
The collection relates to the colonial and early national periods: it contains land claims and deeds of Maryland, 1712-1716; French and Spanish passports for trade and shipping; agreements of Philadelphia merchants to decline acceptances of notes of credit in lieu of specie, 1766; correspondence on local affairs and general politics.

Included are accounts of money paid out on warrants by the auditor general, 1777; minutes of proceedings in charges brought against the Board of the Treasury by Francis Hopkinson, treasurer of loans, 1780; a statement of Treasury accounts of Francis Hopkinson, 1780; contract between Robert Morris and Daniel Parker to supply rations to the Revolutionary Army; register of accounts and claims against the United States, and a review of the business transacted by the Chamber of Accounts, 1779-1780; legal papers and subpoenas issued by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania against Robert Morris and John Nicholson relate to unsatisfied judgments.

The formation of land companies in Pennsylvania in which Robert Morris, John Nicholson, and James Gibson were interested, is shown in the papers of the Pennsylvania Population Company, Asylum Company, Erie County, lands, and Donation lands, 1792-1828: the correspondence of their agents, Judah Colt and James Gibson, mortgages, agreements of sales, surveys, deeds, powers of attorney, claims, court proceedings, minutes of the board of managers, and plats. There is also a copy of the map and exemplification of the grant of the Erie triangle from the United States to Pennsylvania, 1792.

In addition there is a group of letters, 1824-1846, addressed to Carey & Lea; Carey, Lea, & Carey; Lea & Blanchard, booksellers and publishers. Among the names of the correspondents are: William Bainbridge, John C. Breckinridge, Horace Binney, C.C. Bonaparte, Thomas Cooper, Joseph Drayton, Millard Fillmore, C.J. Ingersoll, John Marshall, Joel R. Poinsett, Peter S. Du Ponceau, Joseph Quincy, R. Randolph, J. Reed, Thomas Riche, Richard Rush, Andrew Stevenson, Bushrod Washington, Hamilton Washington, Noah Webster.

Gillingham, Harrold Edgar, 1864-1954. Collection, 1792-1855.
(ca. 200 items)
Chiefly United States Custom House documents, with some papers of other departments. Among the items are: shipping manifests for the importance of liquors, 1792-1805; lists of alien passenger arrivals, 1798-1829; distillery inspection permits, 1792; data on importation of spool cotton by Bates and Coates, 1855; and other items.

Gilpin family. Papers, 1727-1872.
(15 linear ft.)
A collection of papers emanating from a family distinguished in scholarship, commerce, and political leadership. Most of the papers are those of Henry D. Gilpin, whose long and varied career makes his papers particularly informative on many aspects of national history. His correspondence includes letters from Martin Van Buren, 1836-1862; James Buchanan, 1839-1856; George M. Dallas, 1831-1859; Edward Everett, 1831-1861; T.F. Bayard, George Peabody, Edward Livingston, Henry Clay, Richard Rush, Charles Gallagher, George Bancroft, Gouverneur Kemble, John W. Forney, J. B. Francis, Benjamin Chew, Joseph Reed Ingersoll, General Winfield Scott, and others, 1819-1872. In addition to Gilpin family items, the collection includes groups of papers of the following: Joel R. Poinsett, James Wilkinson, Daniel Clark, William Short, James Brown, and David Porter.

Joel R. Poinsett's correspondence, 1794-1850 forms a notable group in this collection. It reveals the many roles played by him in a long and active career of diplomacy and national leadership. They contain vivid descriptions of incidents, travel, home, and social life of that period, as seen through the eyes of an impressionable youth. Glimpses of Russia and travel through Europe are seen in his letters of 1807-1808, his participation in the revolutionary movements of the South American countries against European dominion are shown in his letters of 1811-1812. His interest and activities in the Mexican Revolution and its internal strife, while he was minister of the United States to Mexico, are depicted in the letters of 1821-1829. Interesting is his description of the origin and causes of those conflicts and the important parts played by the Scottish Rites Masons on one side and the York Rite Masons on the other.

Poinsett's letters between 1829 and 1850 deal mainly with the turbulent political questions and economic affairs affecting the United States. The topics discussed are the nullification and secession movements in South Carolina; the split and strife in the Democratic party; abolition and slavery issues; the political influence of John C. Calhoun; the machinations and intrigues in the Baltimore convention; Indian affairs and Indian warfare in the Floridas; the United States war with Mexico; western expansion; the statehood of California; the gold discovery; his interests in organization of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.; the agitation aroused over his army reorganization bill while secretary of war; controversies and the danger of war with England; and the building and financing of railroads through the South. The letters tell of his interest in agricultural innovations, arts and sciences.

Another group of papers are letters of Commodore David Porter, on his naval service as commander-in-chief of the Mexican naval forces in the was against Spain, 1825-1827. The letters are chiefly to Joel R. Poinsett, U.S. minister to Mexico, and are full of complaints about the humiliations experienced and indignities suffered by him because of the intrigue and jealousies prevailing among the various Mexican political leaders.

General James Wilkinson vs. Daniel Clark papers, 1788-1808, in a legal controversy present a vivid picture of the life and character of James Wilkinson; the papers depict him as an adventurer, a secret agent for the Spanish government, a conspirator with Aaron Burr plots to separate the western countries from the United States, and an instigator of the rebellion in Louisiana and the Floridas; incidentally, the papers throw light on Wilkinson and Clark's commercial enterprise, commodities traded, extension of frontiers, south and west, navigation of the Mississippi, and life in New Orleans, La., in that period.

William Short, United States chargé d'affaires in Paris and secretary to Thomas Jefferson while minister to France, present in his group of papers, 1786-1801, a graphic picture of the violent throes of the French Revolution, European politics, and United States diplomacy; the letters are addressed to Jefferson, John Jay, John Rutledge, Gouverneur Morris, Marquis de Lafayette, Edmund Randolph, James Monroe, Thomas Pinckney, David Humphreys, William Nelson, and others.

James Brown, statesman and minister to France, his letters, 1824-1835, addressed chiefly to Edward Livingston, deal with politics in France and Spain. Brown's commercial interests in Louisiana, and American politics.

Biographical sketches and letters, 1727-1824, relating to the lives and character of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, written by the descendants of Benjamin Harrison, Samuel Adams, Eldridge Gerry, Charles Carrol of Carrolton, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Nelson, William Paca, C. Rodney, and George Taylor are included.

Henry D. Gilpin's papers: letters to his father, Joshua Gilpin, 1822-1841; correspondence with his family, 1824-1843; letter books, 1831-1833, 1846-1849; diaries, 1822-1859; docket book, United States district attorney, 1828-1833; United States district attorney, letters and correspondence, 1832-1838; United States Bank papers, 1833, 1836-1837, contains correspondence of Henry D. Gilpin, director and examiner of the Bank, with Andrew Jackson, Edward Livingston, Louis McLane, George M. Dallas, R.M. Whitney, William J. Duane, Roger B. Taney, Nicholas Biddle, Levi Woodbury, John M. Sullivan, and others, on illegal transactions of the institution, misuses of Bank funds, diversion of funds for propaganda purposes, withdrawal of public deposits from the Bank.

Henry D. Gilpin's letters written during his tour through Europe, 1853-1854; his journals of that tour, 1853-1854; correspondence while in Florence, Italy, which discloses his interest in art, 1853-1854; correspondence, 1856-1858; scrapbook, Henry D. Gilpin, "Governor of Michigan," 1834, Gilpin's journalistic and literary talents are shown in his manuscripts of biographical sketches of the lives of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1826; literary reviews of current and contemporaneous publications, 1829-1830; notes on current topics and literature, 1828-1831; memoranda, catalogue references on bibliography and literature, n.d.; miscellaneous printed matter pertaining to the University of Pennsylvania, and kindred subjects, 1825-1864; his magazine, The Atlantic Souvenir, Christmas and New Year's Offering, 1828, Philadelphia, and other publications; letters of condolence, tributes, eulogies received by Mrs. Henry D. Gilpin upon the death of her husband, 1860; Mrs. Gilpin's publication, A Memorial of Henry D. Gilpin, 1860; letters from prominent persons acknowledging receipt of her book, 1861.

The papers of Joshua and Thomas Gilpin pertain to domestic, commercial, and industrial affairs: Joshua Gilpin correspondence, 1795-1841; 1797-1815; general correspondence, 1800-1822; family letters from England, 1824-1830; Bainbridge and Brown, London, legal correspondence with Joshua Gilpin, 1809-1834; John Bainbridge vs. Benjamin Chew of Philadelphia, papers in a legal suit, 1809-1831; Thomas Gilpin correspondence, 1769-1817; contracts and agreements for sales of lands in Virginia, 1769-1811; Alexander Taylor field notes of surveys for Joshua and Thomas Gilpin, 1802-1812; papers on western lands, 1770-1780; contracts and agreements for sales of land in Pennsylvania, 1800-1817; Luzurne lands, 1808-1852; letter book of Joshua and Thomas Gilpin containing the accounts of Gilpin and Fisher, 1800-1818; Thomas Gilpin journals, eastern states, 1805; New England, 1805; West, 1809; Chester and Duck Creek surveys, estimates, maps, on building canals, 1772; pamphlets on the construction of canals, railroads, tunnels, maps, printed in England, 1789-1835; maps of projected English railroads and canals, London, 1832-1835; collection of specimens of bank-note paper and of engraved currency, manufactured at Brandywine Mills, Del., n.d.

Richard Gilpin's manuscripts include material on papermaking machinery, 1815; his philosophical and literary essays, n.d.; notes on history, theatre, astrology, religion, literature, transportation, canals, agriculture, travel, 1813-1828; poetic notes, 1799-1818; Pieces in Verse and Prose, by Joshua Gilpin, essays on medical science, hygiene, politics, history, 1796-1806; Joshua Gilpin's history of the colonies and the State of Delaware, n.d.; essays on the manufacture of woolen goods, n.d.; Wool and Cotton Manufacture, Sheep and Other Subjects Connected, 1815; Report on the Manufacturers of the State of Delaware, and a Report of the History and Principles of Tariff and Public Labor, n.d.; Report on the Economic Condition of Philadelphia and Other Subjects, 1809; History of the Colonization of America and of the Charter and Grant of Pennsylvania and Delaware, n.d.; copies of letters of Thomas Fisher, and some additional notes, 1840; journals and diary notes of travel, unidentified, 1836-1858; manuscript copy of Barremore, a novelette by Bernard Gilpin, anecdotes, n.d.; maps of ancient Greece, engraved by Barbie du Bocage, 1781-1788.

In addition, there are parchments of the marriage settlement between the Gilpin and the Dilworth families, patents of lands, deeds, 1776-1834; the genealogical records and notes of the Gilpins consist of: Memoir of the Life of Thomas Gilpin,: 1769; Family in England, 1795; Memories in England, n.d.; genealogical memoranda, 1206-1811; Memories in America, 1800; and some other items.

Joshua Gilpin's "Journal of a Tour from Philadelphia through the Western Counties of Pennsylvania" published in the P.M.H.B., 30 (1906): 64-78, 163-178, 380-382; 51 (1927): 172-190, 351-375; 52 (1928): 29-58.

Extracts from the commonplace book of Henry D. Gilpin, 1819 published in the P.M.H.B., 45 (1921): 224-242.

Memoir of Thomas Gilpin published in the P.M.H.B., 49 (1925): 289-328.

Gilpin family. Poetic and Prose Selections, 1793-1833.
(3 v.)
Essays, verse, historical narratives, and other literary compositions in the handwriting of Joshua Gilpin, Thomas Gilpin, and other members of the Gilpin family.

Maria and Elizabeth Gilpin. Collection, 1739-1878.
(125 items.)
A miscellany of correspondence and legal documents of the Gilpin family of Philadelphia, concerned largely with the land and property affairs of Richard and Mary Penn and Mary's sister, Sarah Masters; of Joshua Gilpin, his sons, William and Henry Dilworth, and his brother, Thomas, a paper manufacturer. Tench Francis was agent for many of these transactions. Correspondents include Richard Penn, Edward Livingston, John Forsyth, and Senator John Dix (Democrat, N.Y.) Also letters, author unidentified, seeking a consular appointment; Continental loan certificates, and maps of the Brandywine Manufacturing Company of Wilmington, Del., n.d., and of Indiana County, Gilpin land tracts, 1838.

Gobrecht, Christian F., 1785-1844. Papers, 1795-1844.
(ca. 100 items.)
Miscellaneous correspondence of Christian Gobrecht, engraver in the United States Mint, about his inventions and improvements in the art of engraving, and about other activities in the field of his profession; a few items of personal and domestic character are included.

Godfrey, John W. Journal, 1795-1796.
(1 v.)
Journal by John W. Godfrey of a journey from Philadelphia, on the brig Diana, to London, and a tour through England, Holland, Brabant, Flanders, and France, in the service of an American land company. The narrative gives some account of European cultural and social life and describes economic conditions.

Goodfellow, Edward, 1828-1899. Journal, 1860.
(1 v.)
Journal of a tour to Labrador on board the steamer Bibb, 1860, by Edward Goodfellow, United States Coast Survey, member of the Labrador Eclipse Expedition, which was in the charge of Professor Stephen Alexander, of Princeton College; describes hazards of the journey, collisions with icebergs and submerged rocks, fishing industry off Nova Scotia, life of the Eskimos and Indians, magnetic and other scientific observations.

Goodfellow family. Papers, 1823-1881.
(ca. 125 items.)
Miscellaneous letters, accounts, documents, and memorabilia of the Goodfellow and related families: James Goodfellow, Jr., conducted an academy in Philadelphia, and his personal account book, 1834-1840, 1853-1857, includes some student accounts, 1836-1839; Edward Goodfellow, son of James and an officer with the Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1866-1899; Thomas Smiley, Edward's father-in-law and a Philadelphia and Civil War doctor; 1823-1864; Stephen Coulter, Edward's brother-in-law and a mariner, 1833-1855; Thomas Loud, Edward's wife's grandfather and Baptist preacher, religious poem, n.d.

Hubbard, Edwin, 1811-1891. Goodrich and Coke genealogy, ca. 1861.
(2 v.)
Genealogies of the William Goodrich family, which settled in Wethersfield, Conn., about 1635, and of the Abraham Cocke family, early pioneers and settlers in Virginia and Kentucky, about 1748. These notes, compiled by Edwin Hubbard, contain data on the derivation of family names, coats of arms, biographical sketches.

Goodson and Cart. Papers, 1681-1761.
(75 items.)
Deeds, agreements, wills, and accounts; also some correspondence relating to commercial and legal transactions of John Goodson, surgeon, and Samuel Cart, merchant.

Gordon, Thomas F. Papers, ca. 1813.
(ca. 100 items.)
Collection of notes, biographical data, and essays prepared by Thomas F. Gordon in connection with his research in United States history. Topics include: Pierre DuSimitiere, George Keith, James Hamilton, and the history of: Maryland, New England, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia.

Graff Papers, 1860-1909.
(ca. 150 items.)
Diaries, 1882-1893, 1897, of Paul Graff; and account book, 1905-1909, of Edgar P. Graff.

Granvill, Bernard. Family history, [1880].
(1 v.)
Transferred to the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania.

Gratz, Simon. Collection, 1343-1928.
(350 linear ft.)
The collection is arranged by category of achievement.

The collection was assembled by Simon Gratz, Philadelphia lawyer, school board member, and trustee of the Free Library. He began collecting at age 17 and, by the time he died, amassed about 175,000 manuscripts and portrait engravings and lithographs. Many of the latter he personally commissioned. He was a long-time member of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and, by the time he joined the Council in 1901, he established an international reputation as a collector which brought him into contact with dealers and collectors throughout the United States and Europe. In 1916 he became a vice-president of the Historical Society.

Gratz continued until the end of his life to deal with such notable American collectors as George Brinley, Louis J. Cist, Adrien Joline, Charles J. Jones, E.H. Leffingwell, and Joseph J. Mickley. The dealers with whom he dealt included Charavay in Paris, Naylor and Maggs in London, Cohn in Berlin, Benjamin in New York, and A.S.W. Rosenbach in Philadelphia. The records of his transactions survive from 1861 to 1925 in his "Autograph Journals." On January 1, 1925, Gratz noted that his collection had, because of astute sales and exchanges, "cost less than nothing."

Gratz acquired his collection by exchange with and purchase from a great number of collectors and dealers. Perhaps as many as 350,000 items passed through his hands. Perhaps his most important purchase came in 1881 when he bought a collection of 90,000 items assembled by William B. Sprague, author of Annals of the Pulpit, for $20,000, a sum which Gratz noted was "probably twice as much as it was worth." Despite his misgivings about the Sprague collection, assimilation of the material left its mark upon the Gratz Collection: Sprague's system of arrangement by category survives almost intact in the first section. In 1917 Gratz deeded his manuscripts and portraits to the Historical Society and began transferring parts of the collection to the Society, a process that was not completed until after his death.

Topics included in the collection are: American politics; American wars; jurists; church and clergymen; arts and sciences; miscellaneous personal papers; Indian affairs; territorial expansion and settlement in Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania politics and legal affairs; commercial records; correspondence of U.S. government officials; miscellaneous American papers; European letters and papers; and Protestant American clergy.

American wars autographs, 1676-1906: American navy in the Revolution, 1742-1843; Board of War and Navy Board, 1776-1799; British officers in War of 1812, 1803-1866; colonial wars, 1657-1815; American officers in the Revolution, 1747-1842; French and Indian War, 1756; French officers in the Revolution, 1764-1836; foreign officers in British army in the Revolution, and American loyalists, 1747-1827; generals in the Revolution, 1691-1863; Indians and Indian wars, 1676-1858; Mexican War, 1819-1894; United States naval officers, 1795-1906; War of 1812, 1793-1844; Civil War colonels, 1857-1890; Civil War brevet brigadier generals, 1803-1904; Civil War Confederate generals, 1841-1901; Civil War Union generals, 1777-1901; Confederate army, 1834-1895; Confederate navy, 1836-1883; Confederate Congress and miscellaneous, 1832-1886; constitution of the Confederate States, 1832-1889; governors of the Confederate States, 1837-1884.

Jurists autographs, 1668-1924: American judges, 1668-1925; American lawyers, 1699-1913; attorneys general of Pennsylvania, 1702-1922; High Court of Errors and Appeals of Pennsylvania, 1758-1808; judges, Supreme Court, 1778-1924; Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, 1679-1923.

Church and clergymen autographs, 1647-1921: American clergy, 1683-1920; American colonial clergy, 1647-1803; chaplains in the French and Indian wars, 1732-1812; Methodist bishops, 1790- 1902; Moravian bishops, 1738-1880; Presbyterian moderators, 1788-1900; Protestant Episcopal bishops, 1768-1921; Protestant Episcopal ministers, 1813-1893; Roman Catholic prelates, 1795-1921; sermons, 1650-1788; sermons of early New England clergy, 1654-1805; and miscellaneous church papers, 1745-1815.

Participants in cultural life, arts, and sciences autographs, 1647-1923: American actors and actresses, 1794-1928; American authors, 1782-1879; American historians, 1684-1915; American literary men, 1670-1890; American poets, 1728-1907; American prose writers, 1700-1921; hymn writers, 1753-1793; prose and poetry of American authors, 1780-1915; literary miscellaneous, 1790-1912; notable American women, 1724-1894; inventors, 1733-1876; explorers, discoverers, mathematicians, and astronomers, 1776-1911; painters, sculptors, and engravers, 1790-1921; physicians, 1682-1923; philanthropists, international, 1761-1902; scientists, 1740-1909; university and college presidents, 1647-1921.

Miscellaneous personal autographs, 1754-1824: John Dickinson correspondence, 1775-1798, includes Congressional acts signed by Charles Thomson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Hancock; George Washington letters, 1781-1782; Marquis de Lafayette, 1789; George Latimer, 1788; Robert Morris, 1797-1798; Charles Lee, 1775; Tadeusz Kòsciuszko and others; Albert Gallatin correspondence, 1801-1811; Stephen Girard papers, 1794-1811; Charles Thomson correspondence, 1754-1824, includes his memorandum book, 1754-1774, with notes on the Revolutionary Convention; Baron von Steuben, letters and correspondence, 1782-1793.

Indian affairs autographs, 1758-1807: Papers of John Reynell, commissioner for Indian affairs, relate to Indians at Fort Augusta, Fort Pitt, 1758-1765; copy of Cornplanter's speech to the Quakers, 1790; letters relating to trade and shipping; Deborah Morris' letters, 1788; school funds, 1765; taxes, 1735; Indian affairs, 1756-1763, including commissioners' accounts, cash and receipt books; Pennsylvania-Pittsburgh invoice books, 1760-1761; daybook, Pittsburgh, 1760-1765; daybooks, Shamokin, 1759-1761; daybook, Fort Allen, 1759-1760; John Willington correspondence, 1786-1807, relates to frontier activities, Indian fighting, and United States army operations.

Territorial expansion and settlements in Pennsylvania, 1712-1895: Asylum Company, 1794-1839; list of stockholders, notes, correspondence, agreements of sales of lands in Bradford, Columbia, Lycoming, Northumberland, and other counties; Avon-by-the-Sea Land and Improvement Company, 1892-1895; deeds, 1712-1845, documents of properties in various counties; John Nicholson's land transactions, 1781-1832; Northumberland County, 1773-1794, land transactions, surveys, trade, legal, politics; Pennsylvania Population Company, 1792-1794; North American Land Company, 1800-1880; early Pennsylvania and New Jersey, 1684-1853, contain correspondence of colonial settlers, surveys, trade, military, and domestic records; surveys, 1688-1829; York County, 1768-1847, land transactions, legal, domestic, and political records.

Pennsylvania politics and legal affairs, 1800-1879: Benjamin S. Bonsall correspondence, 1830-1836; Thomas Bradford correspondence, 1800-1846; Charles Gilpin correspondence, 1864-1868; A. Boyd Hamilton correspondence, 1806-1840, contains Jackson and anti-Jackson material, Simon Cameron letters, and Buck Shot War papers; Samuel D. Patterson correspondence, 1839; Thomas Lamborn docket books, 1813-1859.

Commercial records, 1699-1835: John Astley, 1799-1819; Thomas Astley, Philadelphia merchant, 1813-1835, correspondence on trade and land transactions; Andrew Clow and David Cay, Philadelphia merchants, papers, 1730-1816, relate to trade with England, West Indies, Newburyport, Mass., Wilmington, Del., and other places; Samuel Coates receipt books, 1740-1756, 1781-1818, and memorandum book, 1813-1818; William Manington accounts, 1699-1703; Cramond, Phillips and Company, Philadelphia merchants, correspondence, 1789-1801; Hamilton-Hood papers, 1813-1835, relate to commerce, finance, accounts, receipts; Thomas Barn day and receipt books, 1827-1835; William Clarkson and George Morrison ledger, 1767-1779; Isaac Zane ledger, 1748-1759; bonds, 1749-1775, miscellaneous agreements and obligations signed by men of the colonial period.

Correspondence of officials of the United States Government departments, 1795-1868: Department of Internal Revenue, 1849-1868; Navy Department, 1862-1868; Treasury Department, 1821-1868; United States Attorney General's office, 1850-1865; War Department, 1851-1868; Custom House revenue inspector certificates, 1795-1807; revenue documents, 1806-1808.

Miscellaneous American papers, 1570-1919: John Williams and family papers, 1706-1811; Elizabeth Graeme Ferguson correspondence, 1737-1794; Loganian Library and Library Company papers, 1767-1824; Benjamin Lightfoot letters from Reading, 1770; Philadelphia Almshouse poor daybook, 1739; Philadelphia Monthly Meeting and Free School Corporation accounts, 1743-1778; Wistar papers, 1773-1815; Martha Lees poetry and miscellaneous papers, 1775-1800, includes sketches of the State House, 1800; William Maclay drafts and family papers, 1767-1792; Nathan Arnaut ciphering book, 1775; "Americana," 1787-1802, miscellaneous manuscripts of diaries, poetry, religious writings; Benjamin West correspondence, 1789-1824; criminals and their victims, 1791-1868; J.H. Walmouth account of the yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, 1798; Penn-Gaskill-Hall correspondence, 1816-1899; Dr. Joseph Chamberlain correspondence, 1828-1845, relating to the medical profession; Sallie Knowles diaries, 1845-1850, and journal concerning the building of the Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad, 1838.

Loyalist Poetry of the Revolution by Winthrop Sargent (Philadelphia, 1857) interleaved with autograph letters, portraits, and newspaper clippings, 1767-1857; Winthrop Sargent notes and poetry, ca. 1847; Art Union of Philadelphia papers, 1849-1851; Cohocksink Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, papers, 1877-1911; Simon Gratz manuscript of "A Book About Autographs," 1919; Simon Gratz correspondence, 1860-1919, on civil affairs, education, autographs; miscellaneous letters, 1570-1879; American and European celebrities, royalty, diplomats, statesmen, authors, military and naval officers; miscellaneous papers, 1686-1880, relate to national and local politics, trade with Indians, land transactions, religion, penal law; lottery tickets, 1699-1860; Continental, New England, Middle Atlantic, Southern, and Confederate paper money and stamps; playbills, 1821-1847; portraits of American and European celebrities.

European letters and papers, 1383-1916: European actresses and actors, 1712-1900; European clergy, 1568- 1870; European critics and orientalists, 1568-1892; European military and naval, 1459-1893; European miscellaneous, 1557-1906; European painters and sculptors, 1508-1903; European physicians, 1559-1900; European scientists, 1635-1899; European statesmen, 1504-1910; British authors, 1590-1912; British bishops, 1600-1903; British clergy, 1568-1871; British dramatists, 1648-1898; British historians and essayists, 1697-1909; British jurists, 1557-1911; British literary, 1600-1912; British poets, 1600-1912; British prime ministers, 1563-1903; British statesmen, 1572-1890; Canadians, 1711-1916; French authors, 1443-1904; French generals, 1680-1847; French Revolution, 1768-1812; foreign hymn writers, 1566-1888; German miscellaneous, 1735-1868; Italian authors, 1407-1908; Luther and the Reformation, 1515-1603; musicians and composers, 1616-1913; Napoleon and his marshals, 1792-1832.

Northern and central European literary, 1559-1887; northern and central European historians and novelists, 1525-1920; northern and central European poets and dramatists, 1525-1920; notable European women, 1573-1872; popes, 1586-1831; Portuguese, Italian, Belgian, Spanish authors, 1471-1893; royalty of England, 1479-1870; royalty of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia, 1587-1872; royalty of France, 1383-1890; royalty miscellaneous, 1461-1866; royalty of Prussia, Austria, Germany, 1509-1883; royalty of Spain, Portugal, 1402-1870; Swiss authors, 1650-1859; Thirty Years' War, 1583-1699.

Gratz, Simon. Collection, 1677-1910.
(150 linear ft.)
Alphabetically arranged.

This collection is particularly rich in papers of Protestant American clergymen. Letters, 1795-1820, of American Presbyterian clergy addressed to William Wallace Woodward, a Philadelphia bookseller. Manuscript sermons of such clergymen as Abiel Abbot, Lyman Beecher, Nathaniel Chauncey, Timothy Edwards, Ashbel Green, Levi Hart, Alexander Murray, James Muir, William B. Sprague, Solomon Stoddard, Samuel Willard, and others.

The collection includes letters and portraits of many other prominent Americans and Europeans: Theodosia Burr Alston; Governor Edmund Andros, 1677; General John Armstrong, 1769; Susanna Anthony, 1770; John Jacob Astor, 1842; John Bradford, 1720; Governor Jonathan Belcher; George Bryan; George Clinton; George Clymer; DeWitt Clinton, 1822; John Dickinson; William Dearborn, 1808; William Duer, 1786; Edward Everett, 1827; Benjamin Eastburn, 1734; William Eaton, 1805; Albert Gallatin, 1801-1811; Joseph Galloway, 1769; Adolphus W. Greely; Jonathan Greenleaf, 1843; Alexander Hamilton; Samuel Hopkins, 1770; William Harrison, 1786; Patrick Henry; Jared Ingersoll; John Jay, 1822; Washington Irving; Dyre Kearney, 1787; James Kent; Francis Scott Key; John Laurens, 1778; Gouverneur Morris, 1806; John P. Montgomery, 1776; Thomas Mifflin, 1791; John Nicholson, 1795; Isaac Morris; Samuel Otis, 1789; Richard and Thomas Penn, 1755; Edmund Pendleton; James Parker, 1793; Colonel James Rodney, 1764; Joseph Reed, 1812; Peyton Randolph; J. Bayard Smith, 1778; Jonathan D. Sergeant, 1784; Henry De Saussure, 1787; Theodore Sedgwick, 1799; William Tweed, 1871; John Tyler, Jr., 1842; James Wadsworth, 1780; John F. Zubley, 1767; and others.

Other miscellaneous items are: manuscripts of James Monroe, 1794-1828, on the French Revolution; instructions to James Monroe by Edmund Randolph, 1794-1796; Aaron Burr letters, 1775-1811; Erick Bollmann, 1810; William Eaton, 1802; Joseph Bonaparte correspondence, 1815-1827; parchment deeds, 1691-1786, of Pennsylvania and New Jersey; Judge John Cleves Symmes to Captain Dayton on settlements west of Ohio and on the Miami, 1789; papers relating to Indian affairs, 1789-1806; Irish Revolution papers, 1806-1813; Mexico and South America, 1785-1843; United States Bank, 1805; Bank of North America, 1813-1814; Canadian Rebellion, 1837-1838; political relations between France and America, 1783-1793; letters of writers, artists, scholars, scientists, physicians, apothecaries, penologists, reformers, ca. 1711-1910, including Joseph Lancaster's correspondence on education, James Rumsey's manuscripts and printed material, 1788, concerning his invention of the first steam vessel, and other papers bearing on intellectual trends.

Gratz, Henry M. Papers, 1762-1921.
(50 items.)
A collection of miscellaneous papers from members of the Gratz family. Among the items are: copy of the will of William Trent, 1796; legal documents of Simon and Hyman Gratz, 1805; Simon Gratz stock certificates in various transportation enterprises, 1811-1831; scrip paper money, 1837-1839; French assignats, 1792; Simon Gratz certificate to practice before the Supreme Court, 1860; stock accounts, 1864-1864; Alfred Gratz, patent certificate for an attachment to a talking machine, 1903; and other items.

Grotjan, Peter Adolph, 1774-1850. Memoirs, 1844-1846.
(2 v.)
Peter Adolph Grotjan, German merchant, emigrated to Philadelphia in 1796 where he engaged in trade with Hamburg, Germany, New York (N.Y.), Baltimore, Md., Alexandria, Va., and the West Indies. He operated a commercial house in Reading in 1797, and then returned to his Philadelphia business. In 1812, he began publishing Grotjan's Philadelphia Public Sale Reports, a commercial newspaper which he continued until 1822. He then became interested in politics as a Jacksonian and founded the Philadelphia Hickory Club in 1822. He served as Philadelphia County auditor, 1828-1836, 1841-1844.

The first volume, begun in 1844, consists of "preparatory notes and memoranda" for the second, the autobiography itself, which is a detailed account of Grotjan's life to 1817. It gives a detailed description of the cholera and yellow fever epidemics in Philadelphia, journeys to the west, the upper south, and to the West Indies, Albert Gallatin's visit to Reading and the ensuing riot, 1798, as well as his encounters with other political figures including Jefferson, Burr, and Buchanan. The last chapter of the autobiography was completed posthumously from the notes.

Grubb family. Furnace and forge papers.
Entry cancelled; see collection #212.

Hall, Abraham Oakley, 1826-1898. Manuscripts, ca. 1860-1890.
(1 v.)
Abraham Oakley Hall was a lawyer, politician, New York City mayor, newspaperman, and author.

This is a collection of lore, tales, narratives of old New York, romance of Broadway, stories of prominent men, crimes, and celebrated legal cases; also contains poetry and essays on religion, politics, history, and other items of journalistic and literary character. Among Hall's writings are: "Old and Young Broadway," "Crimes of Broadway," "The Birth of Central Park," "A Memorable New York Summer," "New York Murder Sensation," "New York, City of Inventors," "Evolution of Olden Manhattan Christmas," "The Past Glories of Saratoga Springs," "Why Fulton and Clinton Deserve New York Statues," "The Loves of Queen Elizabeth," "Catholicism," "Degeneracy of Protestantism," "Victoria's Recollections," "The Prodigal."

Hall, John Elihu, 1783-1829. Translation of Anarcreon, ca. 1822.
(1 v.)
Translation of "Memoirs of Anarcreon, from the version of Thomas Moore," written about 1822 for Port Folio, by its editor, John Elihu Hall, of Philadelphia.

Hall, Edward S. Papers, 1861-1889.
(ca. 100 items.)
Edward S. Hall was active in two Civil War organizations: the Cooper Shop Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, which was organized in 1861 to care for Union soldiers passing through Philadelphia, and the Soldier' Home of Philadelphia, which was a successor organization to the Saloon. The home incorporated in 1864 to care for disabled veterans, turned to supporting and educating veterans' children at the Educational Home in 1873, and dissolved in 1889.

The papers include a letterpress book, 1863-1865, receipts and election returns. There are some letters, minutes, and reports concerning the Home's activities and dissolution.

Hallowell, Susan Morris, b. 1845. Collection, 1849-1884.
(ca. 200 items.)
Anna Hallowell, daughter of Philadelphia merchant and banker Morris Longstreth Hallowell, was active in philanthropic and educational work. She was the first woman member of the Philadelphia Board of Public Education, 1887- 1896.

A collection of family papers preserved by Susan M. Hallowell. The papers for her father, Morris Longstreth Hallowell, Philadelphia merchant and banker include: incoming correspondence, bills, receipts, orders and telegrams of Morris L. Hallowell & Co., importers of India and China goods; as well as papers of successor firms, including Hallowell & Co., bankers. Anna Hallowell's notes on Greek mythology and literature are also present.

Hamilton, James. Collection, (1713-1771) (1834-1905).
(1 v. and 25 items.)
Official documents, petitions, instructions, commissions, and reports of James Hamilton, governor general of Pennsylvania, 1713-1771; and papers on Hamilton heirs' litigation, 1834- 1905.

Hamilton, Hance. Papers, 1739-1779.
(ca. 225 items.)
These papers of Hance Hamilton, first sheriff of York County, 1749, and officer in the French and Indian War, pertain to official, legal, and commercial transactions and include bonds, receipts, accounts, mostly relating to York County, during the colonial period.

Hamilton, James. Docket book, 1739-1740.
(1 v.)
James Hamilton was a prothonotary in Philadelphia.

Hand, Edward, 1744-1802. Papers, 1771-1807.
(1.5 linear ft.)
Edward Hand served as a Major-General during the Revolutionary War.

Correspondence, accounts, and military orders, including: papers and correspondence, 1771-1803; orderly books, 1776; revenue account books, 1792-1807, 1797-1801; miscellaneous letters written by Hand, 1775-1801; and letters to his wife.

Correspondence, 1779-1781, published in the P.M.H.B., 33 (1909): 353.

Orderly book, 1776, published in the P.M.H.B., 41 (1917): 198-223, 257-273, 458-467.

Cromie, Robert James, b. 1887. Harding in Canada letters, 1924.
(1 v.)
Letters of eminent statesmen of Canada and the United States, addressed to R.J. Cromie, publisher of the Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, B.C., commends him for presenting to the National Press Galleries at Washington, John Innes' painting in commemoration of President Harding's visit to Canada in 1923.

Hare-Powel and related families. Genealogy, 1807-1907.
(1 v.)
Transferred to the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania.

Harley, Lewis Reifsneider, b. 1866. Papers, ca. 1891-1918.
(2 linear ft.)
Collection of Lewis R. Harley's essays and addresses on historical and biographical subjects. Among his writings are "The English Idea of Government at the Close of the Sixteenth Century," "Abraham Lincoln," "Baron von Steuben," "America and the Star Spangled Banner," "Reflections on the Uses of History," "Henry Ford and History."

Harper, S. Bell. Recipes and fact book, 1809.
(1 v.)
Recipes for cooking and baking; also memoranda of populations of several cities in Europe and America, and notes on academic studies.

Harris, John. Collection, 1687-1915.
(500 items.)
Correspondence, accounts, and other papers of John Harris, founder of Harrisburg, and some of his descendants; a group of autograph letters and documents signed by governors of the colony and state of Pennsylvania and by some members of the supreme executive council. The signatures of William Penn, John Penn, William Markham, Thomas Wharton, James Logan, Edward Shippen, James Hamilton, Simon Cameron, John Quincy Adams, James Buchanan are included. In addition, the collection contains: the ledger books of John Harris, 1748-1775, 1770-1791; correspondence, accounts, documents, relating to commercial, legal and land transactions, and to family affairs, 1734-1915; autograph letters and documents, 1687-1915; and two pamphlets, Companion for the Counting House or, Duties payable on Goods Imported into America, 1789, and the Patriot Hymn Book, 1862.

Manuscripts in this collection were assembled by Colonel William C. Armor.

Harrison, George. Papers, 1812-1832.
(150 items.)
Correspondence of George Harrison, United States Navy agent at Philadelphia, with Benjamin W. Crowinshield and Levi Woodbury, secretaries of the Navy; Robert T. Patterson, director of the United States Mint; and others and copies of resolutions of Congress, on the manufacture of medals, emblems, swords, for presentation to distinguished officers in recognition of gallantry in service against British vessels. The officers so honored include Isaac Hull of the Constitution, Stephen Decatur of the United States, Jacob Jones of the Wasp, William Bainbridge, Oliver H. Perry, and others.

Todd, Charles S., 1791-1871. Vindication of William H. Harrison, 1854.
(1 v.)
A defense of the military character of General William Henry Harrison, whose merits and soldierly ability had been severely criticized by Joel T. Headley in The Second War With England (2 v., New York, 1853). The papers deal particularly with the campaigns in the Northwest during the War of 1812. Todd's work was published in the National Intelligencer, October 19, 1854.

Harrison Oil Company. Papers, 1864-1866.
(100 items.)
The Harrison Oil Company was organized in 1864 by a group of Philadelphians to drill for oil on French Creek in Venango County. Philadelphians involved with the company were: George W. Anderson, George Williams, James W. Packer, M. Spiegle, Charles D. Colladay, and Amos Ellis.

The collection includes agreements for purchase of land and drilling rights, a drilling contract with Charles Gibson, and correspondence of George W. Anderson and other company agents with officials in Philadelphia concerning problems and progress of drilling operations, as well as bills, receipts, and a receipt book, 1865-1866.

Hart family. Genealogy, 1735-1920.
(1 v.)
Transferred to the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania.

Hatkinson, John. Ledger, 1748-1758.
(1 v.)
Ledger of John Hatkinson, Philadelphia merchant, partner of Robert Morris, contains accounts of general business transactions, names of clients, and prices of commodities.

Haupt, Herman, 1817-1905. Letterbook, 1852.
(1 v.)
Letterpress copies of letters of General Herman Haupt, written during his employment as chief engineer of the Georgia, Mississippi and Southern Railroad. They relate to his managerial activities and contribute information on the growth and extension of transportation facilities in the South.

Hawkins, John H. Journal, 1779-1781.
(1 v.)
Military campaigns in New England during the American Revolution are described by Hawkins, sergeant major in one of the Revolutionary brigades, operating in the northern colonies. The journal furnishes details of troop movements, battles, military and economic conditions, espionage, and courts-martial.

Hayley, William, 1745-1820. Manuscript, ca. 1800.
(1 v.)
Entry cancelled; see collection #299.

Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823. Papers, 1755-1822.
(150 items.)
The correspondence and papers on John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder's life, and his work among the Indians, with notes on Indian vocabulary, folklore, and traditions, include: correspondence, biographical and historical narratives of the Indians, 1755-1822; "Iroquois Vocables," by J.C. Pyrlaeus, 1749; and Heckewelder's account of his journey to Ohio, 1797.

Account of journey published in the P.M.H.B., 10 (1886): 125-157.

Hele, James E. Letterbook, 1825-1828.
(3 v.)
Copies of James E. Hele's letters to relatives and friends, written from Puerto Cabello, Colombia. The letters describe living conditions, Hele's business and shipping enterprises, local affairs, and military and political events.

Henderson-Wertmüller papers, 1779-1822.
(ca. 150 items.)
Miscellaneous correspondence, accounts, and documents on the settlement of the estates of John Henderson and Elizabeth Wertmüller; data on labor costs, commodity prices; correspondence of Lydia Henderson and John Nicholson, 1790-1795; list of the subscribers for the purchase of an organ for St. Paul's Church, 1783.

Henry, Alexander, 1823-1883. Papers, 1858-1876.
(350 items.)
Alexander Henry was mayor of Philadelphia from 1858 to 1865.

Most of the correspondence reflects the impact of the Civil War and concerns the defense of the city and the state: the recruiting of troops, the draft, the Philadelphia Bounty Fund, the use of "colored" troops raised in Philadelphia, and relations with the federal government and the military. Telegrams of Governor Andrew G. Curtin chronicle the advance of Lee into Pennsylvania. Several items, including Secretary of State William H. Seward telegrams, concern a rumored plot to burn Northern cities. Other letters concern security investigations, police and crime matters, and aid for persons in need. The papers also include Mayor Henry's list of marriages solemnized, 1858-1861, and letters about the use of police at the International Exposition, 1876.

Betsy and Eliza Henry. Music books, 1796-1823.
(6 v.)
Secular music in manuscript in vogue in Pennsylvania during the 18th century.

Some songs in german.

Henry, William. Papers, 1759-1826.
(7 v.)
Correspondence and other documents relating to William Henry's political interests in Lancaster County and his activities during the Revolution. Included are: letters, documents, and accounts, 1759-1812; ledger, 1777-1779; a record of the "disbursements of the Hide Department," 1779-1783; Lancaster County docket, 1774-1781; J. J. Henry's journal of the campaign against Quebec, 1775; his notes on Indian names of rivers and streams, Indian vocabulary, and notes for a history of the Indian nations, with maps of Pennsylvania counties.

Sixteen letters to William Henry, 1777, 1783 published in the P.M.H.B., 22 (1898): 106-113.

Hicks, Isaac. Docket books, 1772-1832.
(2 v.)
Isaac Hicks was justice of the peace in Bucks County.

Docket book containing lists of cases to be heard in his court, records of marriages performed, judgements, and writs issued.

Hiester, Daniel, 1747-1804. Papers, 1739-1822.
(65 items.)
Daniel Hiester was a farmer, businessman, and political leader of Pennsylvania and Maryland, as well as U.S. Representative from both states.

Miscellaneous correspondence, land warrants, indentures, and plans mainly of colonial Pennsylvania.

Hildal, Martin. Commonplace book, 1764.
(1 v.)
Commonplace book containing lessons in arithmetic, English composition, and poetry.

Hildeburn, Charles Swift Riché 1855-1901. Collection, (1770-1792) 1900.
(132 items.)
This is a collection of letters to Mary ("Polly") Riché, Hildeburn's great grandmother. Many of the letters are from Christian Amiel and Sarah Bard primarily on family, personal, and social matters with only occasional comments on contemporary events. There are also some Alice Swift (later married to Robert Cambridge Livingston) letters, largely from Charleston to her parents in Philadelphia, 1771.

In addition, there are Hildeburn's transcripts of the letters with drafts and notes for an intended publication A Trunkful of Old Letters from Loyalist Ladies in Revolutionary Times.

Hildeburn, Charles Swift Riché, 1855-1901. Obituaries, 1728-1791.
(1 v.)
Obituary notices copied from the Pennsylvania Gazette.

Hildeburn, Charles Swift Riché, 1855-1901. Papers, 1738-1894.
(9 linear ft.)
Papers of Charles Swift Riché Hildeburn include: miscellaneous correspondence, records of commercial transactions, and notes, 1738-1885; correspondence on reprinting of Bradford, Laws of New York, 1893-1895; papers on the Isaac Harvey estate, 1891; miscellaneous printed pamphlets, 1790; correspondence relating to the Swift, Riché, and Inman families, 1740-1885.

Hillegas, Michael, 1729-1804. Letterbooks, 1757-1760.
(2 v.)
Michael Hillegas was a prominent Philadelphia merchant and treasurer of the United States, 1775-1789.

The letterbooks relate to his business affairs and administrative activities reflecting his extensive trade in paper, spices, calico, musical instruments, and records of the sale of loan certificates and other financial transactions for the United States government.

Hinrichs, John. Diary, 1778-1780.
(1 v.)
John Hinrichs was staff captain in the Hessian Hunters Corps operating with the British army in the American Revolution.

Contemporary copies of letters addressed to Hinrichs' relatives and friends, describe the war from a British point of view, economic condition of the country, lack of supplies in the Revolutionary army, the political motives involved in the struggle, the course of the military campaigns from Philadelphia, Flushing, New York, South Carolina, and other places, French and Russian interests in the war, and the strategies of commanding officers in both armies.

Hollingsworth family. Papers, 1748-1887.
(ca. 195 linear ft.)
Zebulon Hollingsworth, flour manufacturer in Elkton, Levi Hollingsworth, and their descendants were distinguished merchants. The name of the family business establishment was changed in the course of its history: in 1759 it was "Adams and Hollingsworth"; in 1770, "Hollingsworth and Rudulph"; in 1772, "Levi Hollingsworth"; in 1793, "Levi Hollingsworth and Son"; in 1824, "Paschall Hollingsworth and Company"; and in 1837, "Morris, Tasker and Morris."

The papers relate to trade in America, the West Indies, and Europe, prices of commodities, finance, shipping, political and economic conditions, leading personalities, and local, domestic and social affairs. The collection includes: correspondence, 1761-1887; checks, drafts, bills of exchange, 1760- 1858; orders, 1765-1863; invoices, 1764-1849; promissory notes, 1769-1830; legal papers, 1734-1851; bills and receipts, 1751-1863; market reports, 1770-1839; and miscellaneous, 1761-1890.

Also included are: ledgers, 1748-1863; order books, 1748-1859; cash books, 1758-1864; flour books, 1765-1774; bank journals, 1794-1853; daybooks, 1755-1865; journals, 1755-1861; memorandum books, 1760-1853; waste books, 1762-1844; disbursement books, 1765-1847; ship frieght books, 1766-1859; sales books, 1772-1860; receipt books, 1772-1859; property docket book, 1849; machinery repair record book, 1779-1863; weight books, 1783-1792; delivery books, 1792-1861; bundle books, 1779-1859; letterbooks, 1780-1846; and purchase books, 1786- 1847.

Among the miscellaneous papers are items dealing with domestic affairs, commercial enterprises, land transactions, legal controversies, politics. There are broadsides, travel diaries, accounts of the yellow fever epidemics, sale of lottery tickets, prices current, an account of the construction of the Ohio Canal, sheep raising, deeds and patents of lands, insurance policies, vendues, reports on military ordnance, introduction of steam heating, surveys, and other subjects.

"Descriptive Report of the Hollingsworth Collection," by Works Progress Administration, 1938.

Hoopes, Daniel. Practical arithmetic, 1802.
(1 v.)
Examples in arithmetic, simple and compound interest, permutation, and bookkeeping of David Hoopes.

Hopkins, Gerard T. Journal, 1803-1804.
(1 v.)
Journal by Gerard T. Hopkins of a tour from Baltimore, Md. to Fort Wayne, Ind., in which Hopkins traveled as a member of a deputation of the Society of Friends to the Western Indians, for the purpose of "instructing them in agriculture and useful knowledge"; there are comments on topography, agriculture, economic conditions, and customs and life of the Indians.

Hopkins, Thomas. Journal, 1780.
(1 v.)
Journal of accounts describing working conditions at the Friendship Salt Works in New Jersey.

Published in the P.M.H.B., 42 (1918): 46-61.

Hopkinson, Joseph, 1770-1842. Lecture notes, 1791.
(1 v.)
A collection of notes taken by Joseph Hopkinson during a course of lectures on law, delivered by James Wilson, University of Pennsylvania.

No entry.

Hornor, Joseph R. Commonplace books, 1798-1818.
(4 v.)
Literary and cultural trends of the early part of the 19th century are shown in Joseph P. Hornor's commonplace book, containing "Miscellaneous tracts, poetical effusions and copies of letters signed Junius Americanus and addressed to Thomas Jefferson," 1801; also lyric poetry written by Rosalie N. Hornor, including free translations of several odes of Horace, 1798-1818.

Horsfield, Timothy. Letterbook, 1754-1755.
(1 v.)
Contemporary copies of correspondence between Robert Hunter Morris, governor of Pennsylvania, and Timothy Horsfield, justice of the peace in Northampton County on Indian disturbances and massacres; includes testimony of Moravians who witnessed atrocities at Gnadenhutten, Gabriels Creek, Wyoming.

Horsfield, Timothy. Receipt book, 1763.
(1 v.)
Timothy Horsfield was justice of the peace for Northampton County.

Receipts for money paid to officers and men in the service of the Province of Pennsylvania, and for powder, guns, stores, in the defense of the frontiers of Northampton County.

Hough, Oliver family. Papers, 1721-1857.
(ca. 75 items.)
A collection of papers of several generations of the Oliver Hough family, members of the Society of Friends in Philadelphia. They relate to personal and domestic affairs, social conditions, religious activities, and business transactions.

Edwards, Howard, 1833-1925? Collection, 1760-1919.
(3 v.)
Autograph letters, portraits, and pamphlets, gathered by Howard Edwards, on the life of John Howard, distinguished British philanthropist and humanitarian; "Anecdotes on the life of John Howard," by Rev. W.L. Brown, Aberdeen, Scotland, 1817, contains accounts of adventures in travel and other events in the life of John Howard; "Eulogies of Howard," by William Hayley, ca. 1800, a memoir.