Philadelphia Assemblies. Collection, 1879-1929.
(ca. 250 items.)
The social world of Philadelphia is reflected in this collection of invitations, announcements, and newspaper clippings relating to the Philadelphia Assemblies.

No entry.

Philadelphia Committee of Defense. Minutes, 1814-1815.
(3 v.)
The records of the Philadelphia Committee of Defense relate to: fortification of the Delaware River approach, organization of volunteers, preparation of ammunition, erection of forts, floating of loans, August 26, 1814 to August 16, 1815.

Philadelphia surveys, 1784-1831.
(35 items.)
A collection of petitions and surveys on the opening of streets in various parts of Philadelphia.

Philanthropic Burial Ground Association. Account books, 1834-1880.
(2 v.)
Treasurer's accounts of the Philanthropic Burial Ground Association including records of receipts and disbursements.

Physick, Edmund, 1727-1804. Receipt book, 1773-1779.
(1 v.)
Edmund Physick was an agent of the proprietaries of Pennsylvania.

Accounts of funds returned by the proprietaries to settlers who had paid for lands that were found to have been previously distributed; also disbursements for services rendered in surveying, advertising, judiciary affairs, and general public expenses.

Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813. Journal, 1805-1806.
(1 v.)
General Zebulon Montgomery Pike's "Journal of a Military Expedition to the Western Territory," a detailed description of his expedition to trace the Mississippi to its head, with data on the topography of the territory, hardships encountered, life and adventures among numerous Indian tribes, French trading interests, hunting deer and elk for food, and notes on Pike's surveys of rivers and streams.

Pilmore, Joseph, 1734?-1825. Sermons, 1816.
(1 v.)
Sermons delivered at St. Paul's Church, by Dr. Joseph Pilmore; also includes his notes on the Bible.

Plan for the general government of America, 1780.
(1 v.)
A plan for the government of the American provinces, advocating allegiance to England.

Des Plantations de L'Amérique, 1714.
(1 v.)
A treatise on the British settlements in America; a plan for their economic improvement; recommends enactments for the administration of their affairs.

Pleasants, Thomas Franklin. Journals, 1814-1817.
(4 v.)
Journals of Thomas Franklin Pleasants, Philadelphia lawyer and merchant, describes professional activities, daily social events, travel through southern states, and cotton enterprises in New Orleans, and discusses military training in the War of 1812, and other events of the time.

Pleasonton, Augustus James, 1808-1894. Diary, 1838-1844.
(1 v.)
Diary of General Augustus Pleasonton, a prominent Philadelphian, describes events of 1838, 1841, and 1844; the "Buckshot War," military activities in Harrisburg, abolitionists and African American riots in Philadelphia, the Maine boundary controversy, incidents in the Canadian insurrection, Nicholas Biddle and the Bank of the United States, presidential elections, destruction of the steamer Erie, and other incidents of local and national importance. Included are accounts of Pleasonton's literary and musical interests, social activities, a description of a trip to Washington, D.C., and Alexandria, Va., a tour through West Point, N.Y., and other personal matters.

Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851. Papers, 1785-1851.
(8 linear ft.)
The papers of Joel Roberts Poinsett, American agent to Latin America and secretary of war in the Van Buren administration.

The papers of Poinsett's education period, 1797-1809 include: data on his studies; journals of travel in American and Europe; letters of introduction to important persons, by J. Allen Smith, 1806; letters describing Poinsett's sojourn in Russia, friendship with Czar Alexander I, tour through the Caucasus, Caspian Sea region, Baku, and Persia; comments on European political affairs, and impending war between Russia and Sweden.

Papers from Poinsett's term as United States agent and consul general in Buenos Aires and other South American capitals, 1810-1815: data on the revolutionary movements against Spain and Portugal; letters from R. Smith, James Monroe, and James Madison, from José M. De Carrera, I.X. Elio, and other South American political and military leaders; also Spanish and Portuguese pamphlets, broadsides, proclamations, general orders.

Papers primarily on political and economic conditions in South Carolina, 1815-1825: on factional party strife, public questions, tariff, transportation, territorial expansion, the Greek issue before Congress; letters of John C. Calhoun, Edward Everett, William Johnson, Peter S. Du Ponceau, Commodore David Porter, Richard Rush, Robert Walsh.

Letters and documents of the period during which Poinsett was minister plenipotentiary of the United States to Mexico: data on Mexican politics and economic conditions, revolutionary movements, civil wars, the influence of free-masonry on national affairs, United States commercial and political interests in Mexico, and Poinsett's treaty negotiations; letters of John Forsyth, Rufus King, Commodore David Porter, Samuel L. Southard, General Guerrero, Antonio Lopez Santa Anna, and Juan de Canedo, and general orders, proclamations, pamphlets; also a memorandum by Joel R. Poinsett to John Quincy Adams, 1827.

Letters reflecting American politics, the rise of the secession movement in South Carolina, and the organization of the Union Party, 1830-1836; letters of Andrew Jackson, 1830-1833, on his toast to the Union, opposition to nullification, and his plans for suppressing that movement by armed force; papers on tariff, economic issues, Cherokees in Georgia; letters of Dr. Joseph Johnson, James Brown, A. Butler, William Drayton, Lewis Cass, Henry Rutledge, Louis McLane, and others; also memorials and pamphlets.

Papers of Poinsett's War Department administration, 1837-1841: material on plans for the reorganization of the army, fortifications, introduction of new ordnance, and administration of West Point; letters of General Winfield Scott relate to the defense of the Northwestern boundary and the Canadian controversy; Nicholas Biddle papers on United States Bank affairs; Cherokee, Creek, Winnebago Indians; letters from Andrew Jackson on the Seminole War in Florida; miscellaneous letters on Texas boundary, state banks, claims against Mexico, requests for military and government positions; letters of Martin Van Buren, John C. Calhoun, Gouverneur Kemble, James Buchanan, Levi Woodbury, Dennis H. Mahan, Richard Rush, James Gadsden, Alfred Huger, James K. Polk, John C. Frémont, Stephen W. Kearny, Felix Huston, J.K. Paulding, William J. Worth, Silas Wright, Millard Fillmore, Amos Kendall, Edward Everett, George Bancroft, Francis Markoe, and others; also papers on the promotion of science, the National Institution, exploring expeditions, horticulture, and historical research.

Letters and documents, mainly personal, 1841-1851: comments on the Mexican War, secession movement, Union party, agriculture, European political conditions, and other topics; Poinsett essays, drafts of speeches and letters, autobiographical notes; sketch of Poinsett's life by Dr. Joseph Johnson.

Pollard, William. Letterbook, 1772-1774.
(1 v.)
Letterbook of William Pollard, Philadelphia merchant and shipper, containing his copies of letters to clients in many parts of the American colonies, West Indies, and England. They reflect his extensive shipping and commercial interests, and throw light on prevailing economic conditions.

Port of Philadelphia. Papers, 1789-1855.
(ca. 300 items.)
Entry cancelled; see collection #237.

Port of Philadelphia. Bills of Lading, 1716-1772.
(ca. 350 items.)
Material on merchandise shipped by William Bishop, Richard Poor, Oswald Peel, Thomas Riché, and others, to the West Indies, especially Barbados.

Port of Philadelphia. Record books, 1796-1804.
(2 v.)
Bonds of importers to guarantee payment of custom duties at the Port of Philadelphia, 1796-1797; debenture book, containing stubs of certificates issued, 1804.

Porter, William W. (William Wagener), 1856-1928. Collection, 1770-1880.
(ca. 350 items.)
This collection contains the papers of several members of a Pennsylvania family, distinguished in the Revolutionary War, political leadership, jurisprudence, and administrative affairs.

Andrew Porter papers, 1773-1813, deal chiefly with land transactions in which he was officially and personally interested, in Allegheny, Mercer, Northumberland, Westmoreland and other Pennsylvania counties. Included are several items on his military career, 1776, 1778; his astronomical observation, 1786-1787; the Pennsylvania western boundary line, 1784-1786.

The correspondence, 1829-1867, of David R. Porter, governor of Pennsylvania, 1839-1845, includes: letters, 1838-1867, of James Buchanan; letters of Sam Houston, 1858; copy of an address to John C. Calhoun; and other items on state and national political affairs. There are also papers of George B. Porter, Robert Porter, James Madison Porter, and other members of the Porter family, 1770-1880.

Puerto Rico. Papers, 1806-1885.
(ca. 300 items.)
Licenses to masters of vessels, passports, and similar legal documents issued by the Puerto Rican government; copies of government rules and regulations regarding ports.

Post, Christian Frederick, 1710?-1785. Journal, 1758.
(1 v.)
"Journey from Philadelphia to the Ohio on a Message from Government of Pennsylvania to the Delaware, Shawanesse and Mingo Indians," by Christian Frederick Post, Moravian missionary, describes the hazards of travel through the wilderness, Indian hostilities and massacres, the desolate condition of the country, conflicting French and British interests, peace councils held with Indian chiefs, and the military protection afforded by posts and forts.

Potts family. Papers, 1733-1874.
(ca. 600 items.)
Papers, notes, proofs, and original manuscripts gathered by Mrs. Thomas Potts James, and her correspondence with various members of the Thomas Potts family, on the compilation of "The Potts Memorial."

Potts, Jonathan, 1745-1781. Papers, 1766-1780.
(ca. 500 items.)
Dr. Jonathan Potts was medical director-general of the Northern Department of the Revolutionary Army.

Papers of Jonathan Potts, include: letters, muster rolls, and other documents relating to medical supplies and hospital service in the Revolution; also essays on the controversies between England and the colonies.

Potts, Thomas. Genealogy, 1747-1867.
(7 v.)
Genealogical data on the Thomas Potts family of Pottstown.

Potts, William John. Notes, 1887.
(1 v.)
William John Potts' notes taken from the Pennsylvania Gazette, 1758, on scientific experiments and discussions, literary subjects, local social events, and affairs of general interest.

Powel, Samuel, 1704-1759. Letterbooks, 1724-1747.
(3 v.)
Samuel Powel, Jr., was a Philadelphia merchant and shipper.

Letterbooks beginning with his arrival in Philadelphia in 1727, illustrating Powel's dependence upon British Friends such as Thomas Plumstead and David Barclay to develop trans-Atlantic trade with England, Portugal, and the West Indies.

Powell, Howell. Notes, 1704-1706.
(1 v.)
Excerpts from Latin and Greek histories and philosophies, astronomical calculations, and miscellaneous memoranda, written by a scholar at Kingsland, Herefordshire, England, interleaved in Merlinus Liberatus: being an Almanack for the Year of our blessed Saviour's Incarnation, 1704, and in The London Almanack, 1706, bound in one volume.

Lowrie, Sarah Dickson, 1870-1957. Biography of Eli Kirk Price, 1936.
(1 v.)
Eli Kirk Price was a distinguished citizen of Philadelphia.

Price, John. Diary, 1831-1847.
(1 v.)
Diary of John Price, a Chester County farmer, recording farm economy, sowing, harvesting, prices, and building information.

Proceedings of the tribunal of the inquisition at Barcelona. Transcript, 1624.
(1 v.)
Record of judicial proceedings in the Spanish Inquisition.

Proud, Robert, 1728-1813. Collection, 1681-1811.
(3 linear ft.)
The collection includes original manuscripts of histories of Pennsylvania and Philadelphia, and other literary works by Robert Proud; official papers and letters gathered from various sources on the colonial government of Pennsylvania; and some of Proud's papers; "The History of Pennsylvania in North America from the original Institutions and Settlement of that Province in 1681-1742"; "The History of the original Institution and Settlement of the Province of Pennsylvania in North America under the First Proprietor, and Governor William Penn, between 1760-1770"; "The History of Pennsylvania, 1680-1708"; "A View of the Province of Pennsylvania, between 1760-1770"; "Observation on the Increase of the Population, Commerce and Improvements of Pennsylvania before the Revolution," 1776; Proud's notes on the history of Pennsylvania, 1800-1807; "Historical memoranda of the rise and progress of the city of Philadelphia, 1682-1789"; The Municipal Rights and Privileges of Philadelphia," 1801.

Also included are notes, including list of names of Quaker preachers in Pennsylvania, and a list of marriages, 1681-1772; a collection of indentures, 1681-1706; miscellaneous documents, letters, petitions, addresses to council, warrants, memorials, and proclamations, bearing the signatures of Thomas Lloyd, William Markham, John Holme, and others, 1684-1775; account book of Robert Proud's school, with a list of names of his pupils, 1759-1792; letters of John Proud to Robert Proud, 1775-1811; Robert Proud letterbook, 1770-1811; subscription book, 1799-1806; "Short notes on the Life of Robert Proud written by himself," 1806; "Strictures on Theatrical Entertainments, both ancient and modern, and an Ironical defense of the State," 1767; "Proud's memoranda on Experimental Philosophy," 1750; memoranda, essays, and poetry written by Proud, 1750-1803; copy in the hand of Robert Proud, of Thomas Makin's poem, "Landis Pensilvaniae," and some other poetry, 1774; translations from Greek and Latin, miscellaneous sketches and essays, 1778, 1785; translation of Colvius' treatise on the end of life, and other memoranda, 1774-1804; a translation of Boethius, and other memoranda, 1776; "Commentatorium de Vita," and other essays and observations, 1806.

Bernard, Richard. Diary, 1774-1792.
(1 v.)
Diary of Richard Bernard recording accounts of Quaker meetings, names of Quaker families, record of personal and domestic events, prices of farm products and commodities; notes on British army in Philadelphia, Captain Henry Lee.

Queen, James W. Journals and letters, 1849 (1864-1865).
(2 v.)
These journals and letters contain James W. Queen's accounts of his journeys in various parts of Europe, cultural conditions, religious sentiments, facilities for travel, palaces and art museums visited, hotel accommodations. Also included are plans and maps of cities, time tables, and related items.

Quick, Lavington, 1819-1876. Papers, 1847-1876.
(ca. 400 items.)
This collection of papers and correspondence relates mainly to the medical activities of Dr. Lavington Quick, brigadier surgeon in the United States Army during the Civil War.

Raesly, Harry E. Autographs, 1871-1874.
(1 v.)
A collection of verse and poetry dedicated to Harry E. Raesly by friends and classmates from Lafayette College.

Raguet, Condy, 1784-1842. Official letters, 1824-1827.
(2 v.)
Condy Raguet's copies of his official letters as United States chargé d'affaires at the Court of Brazil, addressed to John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, secretaries of state. They concern United States foreign policy, relations with the Brazilian Government, revolutionary developments, commercial and shipping conditions, British and French interests in South America. Included is a broadside, 1828, presenting the case of the seizure of the American vessel Spark by the Brazilian government and the resignation of Condy Raguet from his post.

Ramsay, David, 1745-1815. History of the United States.
(1 v.)
David Ramsay's proof copy of a portion of the first edition of his History of the United States, published by M. Carey, Philadelphia, in 3 vols., 1816-1817, with notations in his hand.

Rawle family. Papers, 1683-1915.
(12 linear ft.)
Among these papers are Francis Rawle's ledger book, 1720-1726; waste book, 1735-1737; William Rawle's journals, 1782-1830; letters, 1778-1834; his official correspondence as United States attorney for Pennsylvania, 1791-1800; papers on the Whiskey Rebellion, 1791-1796; papers concerned with the insurrection in Northampton County, 1798-1800; Penn letters and records of the Penn estate of Springettsbury Manor, 1683-1825; William Rawle's essays on philosophical, scientific, historical, political, and social subjects, 1775-1835; papers on the Pennsylvania boundary question and to the abolition of slavery, 1794-1834; correspondence on the "Cavalry Fight of the Right Flank at Gettysburg," 1863-1912; adjutants regimental journal of the third Pennsylvania Cavalry, 1862-1865; notes on family history, 1619-1884; Junior Legal Club papers, 1870-1915; manuscript of Horace Binney's "Leaders of the Old Bar of Philadelphia"; printed account of the trial of John Peter Zenger, 1738; copy of Francis Rawle's manuscript, "A Just Rebuke," 1726; and James Logan's "Dialogue Showing What's Therein," 1726; and diary of Rebecca Warner Rawle Shoemaker, 1804, at Clifford Farm.

Extracts from William Rawle's journal published in P.M.H.B., 25 (1901): 114-117, 220-227.

Read family. Correspondence, 1716-1872.
(ca. 200 items.)
Correspondence of George Read, member of the Continental Congress and President of Delaware; George Read, Jr., district attorney of Delaware, and William Thompson Read, senator from Delaware. The letters contain material on the development of the state of Delaware, in which the Reads played an important part, socially and politically. Letters from prominent men of the period, John Dickinson, Benjamin Franklin, William Thompson, Caesar Rodney, George Ross, and many others are included.

Read, William Thompson, 1792-1873. Papers, 1776-1869.
(2.5 linear ft.)
This collection includes: "Historical Notes on the Life of George Read," 1827; "Life and Correspondence of George Read, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, with notes of some of his contemporaries," 1855-1858; "Some Leaves of the Early History of New Castle, Delaware, and Maryland," 1868; "From Brooklyn to Brandywine, a sketch of the Campaign of General Washington from Sept. 1776-Sept. 1777," 1869; "Notes and Essays," 1814-1819; "Notices of Captain John Barey, and Captain David Ross," 1867; biographical sketch of C.A. Rodney, 1853; biographical sketch and some letters on the life of Bishop George W. Freeman, 1871; pamphlets, addresses delivered by William T. Read, 1816-1870; excerpts from newspapers, 1858-1860, 1865-1866; copy of the proceedings of the state convention of Delaware, Aug. 27, 1776; The Biographical History of Dionysius Tyrant of Delaware addressed to the people of the United States of America by Timolean, a political satire, 1788; Review of "Historical Inquiry concerning Henry Hudson, his early life and connection with the Muscovy Company, and Discovery of the Hudson," by John Meredith Read.

Records from family bibles, 1739-1927.
(ca. 51 items.)
Collection of miscellaneous notes on births, deaths, and genealogical data.

Redwood, Francis T., Mrs. Collection, 1762-1835.
(69 items.)
Letters of the Rev. Thomas and Mary Hopkinson, of colonial Philadelphia, on social and religious subjects. Included are letters of Benjamin Franklin, 1765; Thomas McKean, 1767; John Morgan, 1776; Mary Hopkinson; Mary Morgan; Esther Duché; Jacob Duché; Joseph Hopkinson; John Quincy Adams, 1835.

Reed and Forde. Papers, 1759-1823.
(12 linear ft.)
The papers and correspondence of John Reed and Standish Forde, Philadelphia merchants, relate mainly to foreign commerce, and include accounts, receipts, invoices of goods, bills of lading, insurance policies, charters of vessels, with a detailed account of business transacted with England, France, Spain, Holland, Portugal, the West Indies, French and Spanish America. The hazards of American shipping due to European wars, French and Spanish embargoes, capture by privateers and war vessels, litigations, and the prices and variety of goods traded, including grain, salt, furs, cloth, tea, metals, powder, rum, and wine, are described in detail.

Letters, 1789-1792, from James Wilkinson, Daniel Clark, Daniel Cox, Captain Abner Dunn, Clement Biddle, Robert Morris, John Nicholson, J. Ball, Thomas Morgan, and numerous other merchants show the business transactions and land ventures in the Floridas, New Orleans, Kentucky, Virginia, west of the Ohio, Mississippi, and other territories. Included are land records, indentures, warrants for land in various estates, 1764-1816; James Wilkinson's letter to Captain Dunn, on trade with Florida by Kentuckians, 1789; an agreement with James Wilkinson to ship goods to the Mississippi and the Spanish country, 1790; French legal papers concerning goods shipped to St. Pierre, Martinique and other places; Reed and Forde letterbooks, 1787, 1788-1790, 1793-1794, 1801-1803; ledgers, 1776-1779, 1779-1780; daybook, 1785-1791; account books, 1766-1784; daybook of Reed and Forde estates, 1808-1815; John Reed letterbook, 1808-1814; Joseph Boggs waste book, 1791-1792; Samuel Israel letterbook, 1804-1807; Joseph Graisbury (tailor) ledger, 1759-1773; Reed and Forde commonplace book, 1782-1790, in which is a list of invalids belonging to the Pennsylvania Line; memo. booklets, 1777-1819.

Also included among the business papers are: Forde and Reed bankbooks, Bank of Pennsylvania, 1793-1805; Bank of North America, 1782-1791; Bank of the United States, 1792-1796; Andrew Summers' bankbook of North America, 1790-1791; apprentice indentures, 1784-1795; bonds and notes, 1782-1801; lottery sale records, 1773-1802; Forde journal of a trip to New Madrid, Tenn., 1790, and one from New Madrid to New Orleans, 1790-1792; his certificate of membership in the Hibernian Society, 1793; John Reed bankruptcy papers, 1801-1814; will of Rebecca Cappers, 1793; and other items.

There is a group of Robert Morris letters and papers, 1795-1802 which deal with his financial difficulties and assignment of his property; also papers and letters, 1814-1823, of John Reed, Jr., describing his service in the Navy, his active duty in the West Indian waters on the U.S.S. Congress, Guerriére, Constitution, Independence, and Macedonian.

Port of Philadelphia. Register, 1741-1742.
(1 v.)
Names of vessels, cargoes, points of sailing, ports of call, listed in this register of ships entering the Port of Philadelphia.

Reliques of broad toppe : being a collection of anciente mss. discovered in the summer of 1865.
(1 v.)
Allegorical poetry, narrative, and satire, composed by an unnamed writer in 1865.

Remey, George Collier, 1841-1928. Reminiscences.
(3 v.)
The reminiscences of George Collier Remey, rear admiral, U.S.N., contain genealogical data, records of his travels and service, information on American naval activities in the Civil War, Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, and Boxer Rebellion in China. Included are the reminiscences of his wife, Mary Josephine Mason Remey, 1845-1919, which present a picture of social life and of many notable persons of the period. There are also photographs, newspaper clippings, and coats of arms.

Richards, Joseph T. Genealogical papers1841-1928.
(ca. 100 items.)
Transferred to the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania.

Richards, Joseph T., 1845-1915. Papers, 1857-1929.
(2 v.)
Letters, notes, charts, maps, and other genealogical material on the Richards family, which settled in Delaware County in 1682; also United States maps drawn by Joseph T. Richards (chief engineer, Pennsylvania Railroad, 1903-1913) in his school days in Cecil County, Md.

Richards, Samuel, 1769-1842. Papers, 1787-1845.
(ca. 400 items.)
Contracts, bonds, receipts, legal papers on the settlement of the estate of William I. Smith; accounts of sales of land, timber, shipping.

Riché, Charles Swift, 1787-1877. Subscription book, 1844.
(1 v.)
Record of subscription for the aid and support of families of citizen soldiers killed in riots in Southwark, 1844, showing names of subscribers and amounts of subscriptions.

Riché, Thomas. Street lottery book, 1760-1761.
(1 v.)
The records of Thomas Riché's street lottery drawings, names of his clients, prizes, and tickets sold.

Richmond, George Chalmers, b. 1870. Papers, 1915-1917.
(2.5 linear ft.)
Typewritten notes and papers of the ecclesiastical court of the diocese of Pennsylvania, held in Philadelphia, in the trial of the Rev. George Chalmers Richmond, rector of St. John's Episcopal Church, Philadelphia.

Ridgway, John. Fieldbook, 1782-1786.
(1 v.)
Field book of surveys of land in Burlington County, N.J., and adjacent territory, showing names of early settlers, their land holdings, locations.

Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796. Papers, ca. 1755-1802.
(3 v.)
Photostats of David Rittenhouse's miscellaneous documents, correspondence, and scientific writings: "Mss. Notes of Rittenhouse's Observations at Wilmington for determining the Longitude," 1784; "Commonplace Book, Rittenhouse letters, etc.," 1755-1780, containing extracts from the Rev. Thomas Barton's letter on Indian warfare, massacres; "Letters, Documents," 1793-1802, including Thomas Jefferson letters, 1791-1793, letters from Dr. William Smith concerning University of Pennsylvania, 1793, and others.

Original of "Mss. Notes of Rittenhouse's Observations at Wilmington ..." owned by the American Philosophical Society; original of "Commonplace book..." owned by Fanny D. Abbot; original of "Letters, Documents" owned by George M. Abbot.

Ritter, Jacob, b.1784. Autobiography, 1836.
(1 v.)
Autobiography of Jacob Ritter, Philadelphia merchant and shipper, descendant of early German settlers, covering the period 1784-1836. Topics treated are: economic conditions, religion, education, trade, yellow fever epidemics, political trends, travel. Ritter describes his adventures as a supercargo in the trade with the West Indies, South America, Cape of Good Hope, Java, Sumatra, Batam Islands, giving a detailed account of his commercial enterprises, commodities traded, the hazards of shipping, naval battles between the British and French fleets, running of blockades, and customs of nations visited.

New Castle Hundred. Minutes, 1844-1858.
(1 v.)
Minutes of the road commissioners recording extension of roads and road surveys for New Castle, Del.

Road and travel notes collection, 1699-1885.
(100 items.)
Among the papers are petitions to state and county governments concerning construction of new roads; surveys and drafts of projected turnpikes between cities and extensions of border lines. Included is a manuscript of "Pack Horse and Horseback Transportation in Pennsylvania," by J.L. Ringwalt, 1885, a description of transportation in Indian trade in the colonial period.

Roberts, Algernon Sydney, 1828-1868. Papers, 1580-1865.
(ca. 200 items.)
This collection consists mainly of papers on the Roberts family of Pencoyd, Merion, 1580-1865. It includes booklets, memoranda, and journal books, 1826, 1829, 1834, and the minutes of trustees of Girard College, 1833-1838.

Roberts, Jonathan, 1771-1834. Memoirs, 1799-1830.
(2 v.)
Memoirs of Jonathan Roberts, Quaker, political leader in Pennsylvania, congressman, and United States senator. Besides genealogical data on the Roberts family, who settled in Merion Township in 1682, and moral precepts, these volumes contain information on political trends, 1799-1830, and on the social and economic development of the nation. The reminiscences present scenes of Roberts' domestic life, early school days, apprenticeship, intellectual development, and his activities as an ardent Jeffersonian Democrat in state and national politics. John Quincy Adams, Simon Cameron, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford, Albert Gallatin, Andrew Jackson, James Madison, James Monroe, Martin Van Buren, and others are discussed. Roberts' participation in the debates on the War of 1812, financial problems, and other national issues are described.

Roberts, Jonathan, 1771-1834. Papers, 1780-1930.
(6 linear ft.)
These papers relate particularly to state and national political history during the Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe administrations. Among the subjects dealt with in the papers, 1780-1848, are: Pennsylvania legislation, political affairs at Lancaster, Republican and Adamite factions, promotion of manufacture, controversies over the charter of the United States Bank, embargoes, the British orders in council, agitation for war with England, opposition of the Federalists to government war loan; French decrees affecting American ships and commerce, foreign trade, New England political factions, land claims, Jackson's conduct in Florida and New Orleans, restoration of the Capitol, political appointments, the Missouri question, ratification of the Spanish treaty, Marquis de Lafayette's reception at Harrisburg, presidential elections, religion, Texas slavery contest, California, Roberts' appointment as collector of the Port of Philadelphia, his dismissal by President Taylor, and various other subjects. Roberts' letters to his wife, 1814-1847, describe economic conditions, domestic and cultural life, travel, and agricultural and industrial development.

Other letters, 1852-1930, are from various members of the Roberts family. There are also genealogical notes of the Roberts family, poetry, speeches, proclamations, indentures, newspaper clippings.

Roberts, Sarah. Cookbook, 1840.
(1 v.)
A small collection of Sarah Roberts' cooking recipes of the early part of the 19th century.

Rodney, Thomas, 1744-1811. Journal, 1796-1797.
(1 v.)
The journal of Thomas Rodney reflects the cultural and social history of Delaware at the end of the 18th century. Included are philosophical reflections on daily events, memoranda of personal affairs, comments on the Revolution, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Horatio Gates, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Caesar Rodney, and others, on the Constitutional government, congressional activities, political affairs, and financial and economic problems.

Rose, Cropley. Letterbook, 1779-1781.
(1 v.)
Letters of Cropley Rose, a British wine merchant, relate chiefly to his business affairs in Madiera and the West Indies.

Ross, John, 1714-1776. Docket book for Kent County, Del., 1736-1738.
(1 v.)

Ross, John, fl.1776-1780.
(1 v.)
Orderly book of John Ross of New Jersey, Major of Brigade in the Service of the United States of America, 1780.

Rossell, William. Docket book, 1769-1799.
(1 v.)
Entry cancelled; see collection #572.

Rotch, William, 1734-1828. Memoir, 1814.
(1 v.)
Autobiographical account of the years 1775-1794, written by William Rotch, Quaker merchant, in 1814; describes distressing economic conditions, seizure of vessels by British and American privateers, arrests, destruction of property, decline of whaling industry, and the plight of Nantucket in the Revolution. Rotch encountered hostility in England, 1785, in his efforts to reestablish the whaling industry; in France the government accepted his project to organize an American sperm oil and whaling industry in Dunkirk. Included in the volume is a copy of "The Respectful Petition of the Christian Society of Friends called Quakers, Presented to the National Assembly of France by William Rotch, 2nd month, 10th, 1791;" also extracts from letters of William Rotch, dated Dunkirk, 1792, presenting glimpses of the French Revolution.

Roth, John. Diary, 1774.
(1 v.)
Rev. John Roth's diary describes his tour from Friedenhutten through the wilderness to Indian towns and camps in the western part of Pennsylvania.

In German script.

Routh, Martha Winter, 1743-1817. Journal, 1794.
(1 v.)
Journal of Martha Routh's voyage in the company of Friends, on the ship Barcly, from London, Eng., to Boston, Mass., presents a picture of daily life on board a ship of that period, passengers' fear of capture by privateers, supply of provisions.

Rowland, Joseph Galloway. Papers, 1795-1812.
(ca. 50 items.)
Joseph Galloway Rowland's papers relating to the administration of William Roberts' estate and family papers.

Rozier, Francis C. Papers, 1841-1857.
(ca. 300 items.)
Business correspondence, bills, and receipts from Philadelphia mercantile firms for goods purchased by Francis C. Rozier, merchant in St. Genevieve, Mo.

Rush, Richard, 1780-1859. Letters, 1811-1822.
(50 items.)
Richard Rush's letters to John Adams. They contain his observations on the War of 1812, American statesmen, congressional activities, Treaty of Ghent, European affairs, literature, publication of books, academic subjects, personal notes.

Russell family. Papers, 1760-1869.
(3 linear ft.)
A collection of papers of the William Russell and Thomas Russell families, engaged in finance, shipping, and in land enterprises in the United States. There are letters, documents, account books, maps, and plans of lands.

The letters of George Russell to William Russell, 1794, give an account of political affairs in France and Spain, hazards to American shipping and commerce, seizure and capture of ships and goods by French war vessels, and imprisonment of crews and passengers; William Russell's letters, 1797-1798, describe his journeys and business affairs in Virginia, Maryland, Philadelphia, and New York; miscellaneous letters and statements of account, 1760-1857, to William Russell and Thomas Russell from their agents, John Philip de Gruchy, Thomas Gibbs Morgan, J.R. Priestly, Hugh Roberts, and others, relate to land enterprises conducted by them in Maryland, Connecticut, Louisiana, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and other places; legal papers of a controversy between Fulwar Skipwith, United States consul general in France, and the Russells, 1794-1830; Thomas Russell waste book, 1799-1802; journal, 1799-1802; ledger, 1799-1801; account with the Bank of the United States, 1800-1801; certificates of stock with the Bank of the United States, 1829, 1836; journal, 1823-1839; William Russell, accounts of travel, household, mercantile enterprises, 1795-1802; waste book, 1795-1802; ledger, 1794-1815; estate account, 1818-1839; record of trade in Baton Rouge, La., 1816; list of books sold at auction by order of William Russell, 1801.

Also includes sketches of towns drawn by Thomas Russell, 1792-1802; drafts of land on Loyalsoc Creek, Westmoreland, York, Lycoming, Luzerne counties, "Onions Fishery," and of lands on Lackawanna Creek, 1800-1825; family papers.

Russell, William. Docket book, 1795-1799.
(1 v.)
Docket book of William Russell, justice of the peace; dockets of John Munrow, 1769-1771; list of marriages, 1796-1800; invoice book of William Russell, merchant of Mt. Holly, N.J., 1790-1791.

Ryan, William J. Collection, 1871-1905.
(350 items.)
The William J. Ryan collection of theatrical programs, listing many of the plays and players appearing before Philadelphia audiences in the latter part of the 19th century.

St. Jacobs Church (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Accounts, 1855-1904.

(1 v.)
St. Jacobs was later called St. James Evangelical Lutheran Church.

Sands family. Genealogy, [1834]. (2 v.)
A genealogy of the James Sand family, "The House of Sands from the Earliest Antiquity to the Present Time," with data on related families, coats of arms, newspaper clippings, letters, notes. Members of the Sands family sailed from Berkshire, England, to Plymouth, Mass., in 1658; the family was prominent in the colonial period.

Sargent, Winthrop, 1825-1870. Papers, 1845-1868.
(5 v.)
These manuscripts include the commonplace book of Winthrop Sargent, Jr., 1845-1846; notes on literary topics, 1846; catalogue of medals from Julius Caesar to the Emperor Heraclius, and other notes, correspondence, 1854-1868, relates to Sargent's literary interests.

Sargent, Winthrop, 1753-1820. Surveys, 1754-1807.
(ca. 100 items.)
Winthrop Sargent was governor of the Mississippi Territory.

Surveys, maps, and drawings of land in the Northwest Territory, and some miscellaneous manuscripts of Winthrop Sargent.

Say, Benjamin, 1755-1813. Account book, 1785-1804.
(1 v.)
The account book of Dr. Benjamin Say, as guardian of the estate of John Bird, executor of the estate of Thomas Say, and guardian of the children of Cornelius Barnes.

Schaffer, Charles. Meteorological record books, 1860-1903.
(4 v.)
Meteorological observations and records, 1860-1867, 1870-1879; United States Weather Bureau, Philadelphia, invoice book, 1890-1903.

Schell, Frank H. Collection, ca. 1920.
(1 v.)
Manuscript by Frank H. Schell on the history of fire fighting. Included in these papers is a manuscript entitled "Old Volunteer fire laddies, the famous, fast, faithful, fistic fire fighters of bygone days" with illustrations.

Schofield, Jonathan. Docket book, 1801-1806.
(1 v.)
Jonathan Schofield was a justice of the peace in Philadelphia.

Scott, Samuel. Collection, 1850-1909.
(3 linear ft.)
Records of the Gloucester Manufacturing Company, a New Jersey calico manufacturing enterprise. Included are miscellaneous correspondence, blueprints, checking accounts, stock ledgers, cashbooks, sales books, with data on American cotton manufacture in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Scott, Walter Quincy. "Robert Burns."
(1 v.)
Manuscript of poem, "Robert Burns," first read at the fortieth anniversary of the Burns Club of the city of Albany, N.Y. and dedicated to Judge J.B. McPherson.

Scull, Nicholas, 1686?-1761? Field notes, 1730 (1741-1755).
(7 v.)
Scull was surveyor general of Pennsylvania.

A collection of field notes relating to Nicholas Scull's surveys mainly in Philadelphia.

Seller, Charles. School notebook, 1828.
(1 v.)
Notes taken by Charles Sellers during a course of lectures given by Nathaniel Chapman, professor of the practice of medicine in the University of Pennsylvania.

Sergeant, John, 1779-1852. Papers, 1783-1897.
(2 linear ft.)
These papers relate to activities of the United States Bank, ca. 1806-1831; the national banking situation; currency and tariff issues; the building of canals and communications facilities, 1821-1828; Indian appropriations, Cherokee memorials to Congress, 1821-1835; important legal cases; applications for governmental positions; personal and domestic affairs.

Included are: "A Slight Geographical and Political Sketch of Peru," 1823; "An Essay on the Necessity of a General Federation among the Spanish American States and a Plan for its Organization," by Colonel D. Bernardo Monteagudo, Lima, Peru, 1825; will of Samuel Rowland Fisher, 1783; agreements and correspondence on land transactions in Washington, D.C., including material on Robert Morris, John Nicholson, James Greenleaf, and General Walter Stewart; letters of William Wirt, Nicholas Biddle, Daniel Webster, James Buchanan, Sam Bayard, Horace Binney, and numerous others.

Sesqui-Centennial Exhibition, (1926 : Philadelphia, Pa.) Papers, 1926.
(ca. 150 items.)
A collection of mementoes, programs, advertisements, correspondence, pamphlets, on the Sesqui-Centennial Exhibition of which Elizabeth F.L. Walker was an active committee member.

Shackleton, Mary, b. 1758. A Tour through England, 1784.
(1 v.)
Journal of Mary Shackleton, member of a prominent Quaker family describing cultural life in England, personalities, customs, palaces, museums.

Shaler family. Papers, 1797-1903.
(ca. 1,000 items.)
The papers of William Shaler, United States agent in Mexico, consul general to the Barbary States and Cuba, and Nathaniel Shaler, captain of a privateer during the war with England, 1812-1814, reflect American diplomatic relations in the early 19th century, particularly foreign interference with American commerce, seizure of American vessels by Algerian, Spanish, and Neapolitan ships, the part played by the United States in the Mexican, Cuban and Florida controversies, the War of 1812, naval battles, privateering, Algerian negotiations and the resulting peace treaty.

Included are: accounts; cargo and shipping papers; miscellaneous records of the Shaler family; "Journal of the Mission to Algiers," 1817, signed by the secretary of the commission, Charles O. Handy; autograph letter to William Shaler from Commodore O.H. Perry, of the Java, 1817; copy of an account of a naval battle with a British frigate, 1814, by Nathaniel Shaler; letter to William Shaler from Vincent Gray describing the burning of the city of Washington by the British, and the battle of New Orleans, 1815; correspondence, 1797-1833; miscellaneous papers, documents, accounts, cargo and shipping manifests, 1798-1867, including the military papers of Captain N.T. Shaler, 1862-1867, and the passport of Nathaniel S. Shaler, 1903.

Sharpe, John, 1680-1713. Journal, 1703-1713.
(1 v.)
Journal of Rev. John Sharpe, Scottish clergyman, who arrived in Virginia on board the ship Southampton in 1701. The diary entries beginning in 1703 at "point Love, in Chesapeack bay in the province of Maryland," contains his notes of travel through Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York. He describes his visits to homes and churches, a military expedition to Canada in 1709, Indian warriors and names of their tribes, unrest in the colonies, and uprising and murder by African Americans in New York in 1712. Included is a list of baptisms and marriages performed by Sharpe, 1707-1712.

Journal published in the P.M.H.B., 40 (1916): 257-297, 412-425.

List of baptisms and marriages published in the P.M.H.B., 23 (1899): 104-105.

Shaw, John, 1778-1809. Journal, 1799.
(1 v.)
Narrative by John Shaw of a trip in the Mediterranean on the ship Sophia, to ports of Algiers, Bizerte, Tunis, Tripoli, presenting details of the hazards of shipping, attempted attack on a French merchant vessel, Oriental customs and life, visits of American consuls to northern Africa, inhuman treatment of an African American held captive in Tunis. Included is a description of the "Principles of the Arabic language and the different methods of its orthography."

Shelley, Albertus. Papers, 1882-1905.
(ca. 150 items.)
Family papers relate chiefly to Albertus Shelley, of Philadelphia, violinist: correspondence, newspaper clippings, programs, on Shelley's musical studies in France and Germany and his professional activities. Included are autographs of Ole Bull, Joseph Joachim, Adelina Patti, John Philip Sousa, and Pauline Viardot-García.

Shewkirk, E.G. Letter, 1776.
(1 item.)
Letter, December 2, 1776, addressed to the Rev. Nathaniel Sudel, Bethlehem, with details on the beginning of the Revolution, arrival of British troops, seizure and burning of homes in New York, arrests, and references to church matters and personal affairs.

Pennsylvania. Ship register books, 1722-1776.
(21 v.)
Records of ownership of vessels registered by the province.

Shippen family. Papers, 1701-1856.
(16 linear ft.)
The papers of several generations of the Shippen and Burd families pertain to the history of colonial Pennsylvania. They include material on the westward expansion of the colonies, trade with the Indians, frontier life, and the French and Indian War, as they touched the lives of the Shippens: miscellaneous correspondence, 1701-1823; Shippen-Burd family letters, 1746-1856; legal and business papers, 1721-1855; bills, receipts, and accounts, 1721-1824; jury lists, 1784-1804; bail book, 1773; Cumberland County docket book, 1790; military papers, 1755-1795.

For Joseph Shippen: account book of his regiment at Fort Augusta, Shamokin, 1756; journal at Augusta, 1757-1758; orderly book, 1758; journal, 1758; letterbooks, 1751-1752, 1754-1755, 1760-1761; journal of the building of Fort Augusta, 1756-1757; letterbook and army statistics, 1758; commonplace book, 1750; account book, 1768-1775; estate accounts.

Henry Shippen, executor, 1810-1815; Henry Shippen daybook, 1817-1835; Edward Shippen's abstracts of Lord Raymond's reports, n.d.; notes on the law, and a letterbook, 1763; Margaret Shippen album, 1824; Shippen family account book, 1837; Mount Regale Fishing Company papers, 1762-1765; papers on the estate of Governor John Penn, 1715-1814; letters from Anne Penn to John F. Mifflin, 1795-1818; Lansdowne bills, 1793-1801; letterbook of Colonel James Burd, 1756-1758; fragments of a journal kept at Loyal Hannon, Oct. 1758; notes on the law by Edward Burd, 1766-1769; notes of a lecture on moral philosophy delivered at the University of Pennsylvania, by Edward S. Burd, 1793; Lancaster docket book of Edward S. Burd, 1785-1795; a court docket book of Westmoreland County, 1782-1801; bankbook of Edward S. Burd, 1784-1794; Sarah Burd bankbook, 1835-1839; Sarah Burd scrap and journal book, 1847-1849; Jacob Hubley's music books, n.d. "The Complete Tutor of the German Flute," 1776; school exercises, 1804; Chester County tax list, n.d.

Shippen family. Papers, 1749-1899.
(21 linear ft.)
This collection of personal and professional papers spans several generations of the Shippen and related families. Joseph Shippen [III] was a colonel in the provincial service, a merchant, and a secretary of colonial Pennsylvania and the Governor's Council. Following the Revolution, he was occupied as a gentleman farmer in Chester County. Some of Joseph Shippen's correspondence, 1749-1809, touch on his military and political career, but most of the letters are to and from his brother Edward Shippen [IV] and nephew Edward Burd on the family's extensive real estate holdings throughout Pennsylvania.

The main body of the collection is incoming correspondence, 1829, 1842-1897, to Edward Shippen, grandson of Joseph Shippen. His correspondents include his father, Joseph Galloway Shippen, his mother, Anna Maria Buckley Shippen, his siblings Anna Maria (Mrs. William) Newell, Harriet Amelia Shippen, and Joseph Shippen, his aunt, Margaret Shippen, and other relatives. These letters relate family and social news, advice to Edward as he begins his legal career, and family business. There are letters, ca. 1849-ca. 1876, to Shippen from his wife, Augusta Chauncey Twiggs, from Georgia where she lived with relatives for several winters and visited frequently. Augusta writes of her efforts in raising her children alone, her several disagreements with her husband over family problems, and the coming of the Civil War.

In 1848, Shippen began his own law practice, assuming the business of his uncle, James Gibson. Gibson's letterpress volumes, 1802-1847, and Shippen's letterpress volumes, 1848-1872, are concerned with clients' estates, properties, and stocks. Loose letters and documents also relate to legal affairs including cases involving insurance companies and estates, many on family members. Among the estates represented are those of E.B. Bordley, Daniel Buckley, Sarah Burd, Hannah and Jacob L. Florance, Francis Stockton, Twiggs family.

Edward Shippen served in several diplomatic posts from 1872 to 1898. He was an officer of the Chilean and Argentinian commissions to the Centennial Exhibition and served as Philadelphia consul for the two countries at various times, as well as for Japan and Ecuador. This collection holds miscellaneous correspondence, official papers, clippings and memorabilia concerning this aspect of his career.

Other papers of members of this extended family who are represented in the papers are incoming letters, 1799-1872 to Margaret Shippen from her brothers and sisters, nieces and nephews; letter fragments, 1852-1883, of Edward's sister Harriet Amelia to her nephews William and Edward Newell which give Harriet's observations on European society and politics, and comparisons with the United States; correspondence of (another) Edward Shippen, M.D., a career surgeon with the United States Navy, consists of family letters, 1855-1856, from his wife Mary Katharine Paul, and Dr. Shippen's letters to his wife while he was on tour to Brazil, 1859-1860, and to Europe, 1865-1868.

Josiah Harmar, related to the Shippen family through the Buckley branch, was a Revolutionary War officer, commander of the army stationed on the Ohio frontier, 1784-1791, and adjutant-general of Pennsylvania, 1793-1799. A small number of letters in this collection are to Harmar from John Cleves Symmes, which cover his post-Revolutionary military service. A larger group of letters, 1800-1813, are from Harmar's successive agents in Cincinnati, Ohio, reporting on land investments there. After Harmar's death, this correspondence is addressed to his wife Sarah and then to his son William. William Harmar account books, 1827-1868 and loose financial records, 1807-1872, relate mostly to the Josiah Harmar estate. There is Josiah Harmar, Jr., quarry account book, 1842-1847. Also from the Buckley side of the family are 300 pages of prose and poetry for and by Elizabeth Bordley Gibson (Mrs. James).

The papers include scattered correspondence of many other Shippens. Additionally there are papers of several individuals of no (known) genetic connection: incoming letters, 1843-1859, of James Burnside, Clearfield County judge, mentions court activities, politics, and personal business; Charles D. Drake's prose and poetic inspirations, 1832-1834, from Cincinnati; Henry Huber's accounts, 1852-1865, as treasurer of the State in Schuylkill; letters and drafts, 1783-1789, of Frederick Smyth, colonial chief justice of New Jersey, mostly concerning his efforts to gain compensation from the British government for deprivations incurred as a result of his loyalist position during the Revolution.

Shippen family. Papers, 1749-1860.
(200 items.)
Letterbook, 1753-1770, of William Allen, colonial Pennsylvania chief justice, concerns his business interests as partner of Allen and Turner, a merchant firm which was also active in iron manufacturing and copper mining. Much of the correspondence is with David Barclay & Son, London, to whom Allen also includes reports on the French and Indian War and the Pennsylvania 1764 election. The volume continues as Edward Shippen letterbook, 1782-1806, and relates to family lands and finances. Shippen writes to his daughter Margaret Arnold, his brother Joseph Shippen, brother-in-law James Tilghman, and nephew-in-law Jasper Yeates.

A miscellany of Burd, Hubley, Shippen, and Yeates letters make up the loose correspondence. Although most of the letters refer to family activities, including the marriage of James Burd, Jr., to which his family objected. There are some references to public events including the arrival of the Indian delegation to the Mason-Dixon survey party in 1767. Some of the writers are Margaret Shippen Arnold, James Burd, and Sarah Shippen Burd and others.

Shippen, Edward, 1729-1806. Docket book, 1779-1780.
(1 v.)
Chief Justice Edward Shippen's record of cases for trial in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.

Shoemaker, Annie. Tributes, 1891, 1897.
(2 v.)
Expressions of tribute and appreciation to Annie Shoemaker, principal of Friends Central School, from her pupils and members of the joint committee of faculty and pupils, for her faithful services to the cause of education from 1853 to 1889.

Shoemaker family. Diaries and letters, 1780-1786.
(5 v.)
Manuscripts of a loyalist family of Philadelphia: Samuel Shoemaker diaries, 1783-1785, written by him "For the entertainment of his wife" during his stay in London, Eng., as a loyalist refugee; copies of diaries and letters, 1780-1786, written by Rebecca Shoemaker and her daughters, Anna and Margaret Rawle; an index to the Shoemaker and Rawle papers; and a typewritten copy of Shoemaker's diaries.

Mrs. Shoemaker's diaries are typewritten copies made in 1908.

Original diaries of Mrs. Shoemaker in the possession of her descendants, Israel Pemberton and Henry Wharton.

Shreve, Richard Cox, 1808-1896. Diary, 1861.
(1 v.)
Diary written by Richard Cox Shreve during a trip from Mt. Holly, N.J., to St. Paul, Minn., describing travel by boat and railroad, topography of the country traversed, stopping places, a visit to an Indian reservation on the Minnesota River, events of the Civil War, social and economic conditions.