William H. Horstmann and Sons. Records, 1836-1888.
(7 v.)
William H. Horstmann and Sons (later Horstmann Brothers and Company), established in 1815, were Philadelphia importers and manufacturers of military uniforms, insignias, and flags.

The records include: cashbook, 1858-1860; machine book, 1845-1875; register of employees, 1876-1875; ribbon sample books, 1850-1876; book of labels used on silks and ribbons; scrapbook of newspaper clippings, 1867-1888.

Burrough, Marmaduke. Papers, 1814-1843.
(38 items.)
Marmaduke Burrough was a Philadelphia physician and United States consul in Vera Cruz, ca. 1820-1840.

Burrough's papers consist primarily of correspondence on his interests in wild animal trade, especially from India. Some printed material includes a proposal for a coffee growing settlement in Florida.

No entry.

Biddle, Alexander.
Entry cancelled; see collection #1792B.

Union Canal Company of Pennsylvania. Records, 1792-1833.
(10 v.)
The Schuylkill and Susquehanna Navigation Company, founded in 1791, and the Delaware and Schuylkill Navigation Company, founded in 1792, merged in 1811 to form the Union Canal Company for the purpose of building an east-west canal through Pennsylvania.

These records include Schuylkill and Susquehanna Navigation Company stock transfer book and minute book, 1792-1797, 1800-1811; Delaware and Schuylkill Navigation Company subscription book, 1792, and minute book, 1798-1811; and Union Canal Company minute books, 1811-1827, 1830-1833.

No entry.

Shippen, Edward, 1826-1911. Papers, 1849-1875.
(250 items.)
Edward Shippen was a United States Naval Surgeon.

Papers of Edward Shippen include personal correspondence, mainly letters to and from his wife, Mary Katherine Paul Shippen, and some incoming U.S. Naval correspondence. There is almost no material on Shippen's practice of medicine.

No entry.

Snow, Edward Taylor, 1844-1913. Papers, 1890-1913.
(200 items.)
Edward Taylor Snow was a Philadelphia artist.

Mostly incoming correspondence on exhibitions, sales, and other activities of the Art Club of Philadelphia.

Print material removed to print collections.

Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Records, 1867-1921.
(300 items.)
The Pennsylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was incorporated in 1868.

The records include: letterpress book, 1872-1876; membership records, 1871-1885, n.d.; case books, 1867-1873, 1884-1893, recording offenses on which the S.P.C.A. acted; reports of disabled animals, 1878-1883, 1907-1921; arrival of livestock, 1917-1921; income and payment book, 1877-1883; receipt book, 1878-1887; miscellaneous papers including correspondence, reports, and lists of fines collected.

Philadelphia General Hospital. Woman's Advisory Council. Records, 1915-1957.
(12 linear ft.)
The Woman's Advisory Council of the Philadelphia General Hospital was a hospital auxiliary originally organized to advise the Philadelphia director of Health on conditions at the hospital.

Records include correspondence, minutes, hospital shop reports, journals, bills, and receipts. There are some papers of the Social Service Auxiliary, Philadelphia General Hospital, 1945-1950.

Colton, Richard Francis, 1843-1880. Notebooks, 1856-1874.
(11 v.)
Richard Francis Colton was a Philadelphia theological teacher and Episcopal clergyman.

His notebooks cover topics ranging from theology to political economy and are written in several languages, including English, Greek, and German.

No entry.

Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Papers, 1907-1917.
(300 items.)
Correspondence and papers primarily on the acquisition of real estate along the proposed Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia. Many of the letters are addressed to Mayors John Edgar Reyburn, 1907-1911, and Rudolph Blankenburg, 1912-1913. There is also outgoing correspondence from the Mayor's Office on the project.

Pennsylvania Court. Records, 1797-1835.
(50 items.)
The miscellaneous records of both civil and criminal proceedings in Pennsylvania courts in Philadelphia county. Includes: argument lists, case books, case lists, and jury lists.

Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania. Collection, 1642-1806.
(14 linear ft.)
Entry cancelled; transferred to the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1985.

DuPonceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844. Correspondence, 1777-1844.
(2 v.)
Peter S. DuPonceau was a Philadelphia lawyer, author, and linguist.

These copies were made by Job R. Tyson. One volume consists mainly of incoming letters, 1777-1785, 1808-1839, on political and legal matters from John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Washington Irving, Marquis de Lafayette, Edward Livingston, James Madison, James Monroe, and others. There are some copies of outgoing correspondence.

The other volume is DuPonceau's reminiscences of his life to 1783 in the form of letters, 1836-1844, mainly written first to Robert Walsh and then to DuPonceau's granddaughter, Anne L. Garesch. The memoirs concern his formal and informal education in France and his service as an aid to von Steuben and Greene during the American Revolution.

Both volumes contain a table of contents. There are also a few miscellaneous letters and notes.

"The Autobiography of Peter S. DuPonceau" / edited by James L. Whitehead. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 1939-1940.

Hubbell, Helena. Collection, 1679 (1800-1895).
(300 items.)
Autograph collection of cut signatures, letters, and signed photographs, mainly of prominent American men in the 19th century. Included are two scrapbooks of Civil War miscellany.

No entry.

Robinson, Jonathan John. Papers, 1815-1860.
(60 items.)
Jonathan John Robinson was a Philadelphia dry goods and commissions merchant.

Account books and financial records of Jonathan John Robinson including: letterbook, 1815-1829; journal, 1816-1824; ledger, 1816-1822; bankbook, 1816- 1821; miscellaneous accounts and other financial records, 1832-1860; personal account book, 1844-1853, with some notes of his activities at his farm in Abington; and some estate and inventory records, 1825-1869.

Weirs family. Records, 1830-1860.
(7 v.)
Robert and Uriah Weirs were blacksmiths of Christiana, Del.

Included are Robert Weirs's ledgers, 1830-1841, 1848-1849, and Uriah Weirs's daybooks, 1839-1860.

Clark and Raser. Records, 1817-1849.
(14 v.)
The firm was founded by John C. Clark and Matthias Raser, both Philadelphia printers, in 1817. The partnership continued until 1831, after which it became John C. Clark & Company. Clark was joined by his son in 1857. The firm did job printing for several major Philadelphia publishers including Blanchard, Desilver, and the American Sunday School Union.

Included in the collection are: journals, 1817-1824, 1832-1837; compositor's bill books, 1821-1825, 1845; cash sales book, 1831-1832; invoice book, 1831; ledger, 1831; cashbooks, 1831, 1832, 1837-1840, 1845, 1849; letterbook, 1832; expense book, 1832, printing order book, 1833-1838; and orders for binding, 1836-1841.

Besson family. Papers, 1718 (1806-1884).
(75 items.)
The Bessons were a retail merchant family in Philadelphia, descended from French immigrants, Anthony and Marie Louise Vernier Besson.

Naturalization papers, passports, certificates, a few letters, and miscellaneous items.

There are a few French documents, 1718-1806, that predate Anthony Besson's naturalization.

Jellett, Edwin Costley. Papers, 1848-1849, 1860-1921.
(3 linear ft.)
Edwin C. Jellett, and his father, Morgan W. Jellett, resided in Germantown.

Diaries recording Jellett's walks, visits, and other daily activities. The diaries for the 1860's give fragmented reminiscences. There are also 2 small financial memorandum books, 1848-1849, of Morgan Jellett.

No entry.

Smyth family. Papers, 1785-1897.
(1,000 items.)
Correspondence and legal papers on the estate of Jacob Baker, his son-in-law John William Baker, who lived in Cuba, and son-in-law Cornelius Comegys. The responsibility for the estates all eventually devolved to Isaac S. Smyth, Comegys' son-in-law. (John W. Baker's estate was particularly confused by the claims of illegitimate children. There is some family and other personal correspondence, including letters, 1816-1855 of John W. Baker to his sister Catherine Comegys, and business papers of Cornelius Comegys.

Hazlett and Moss. Records, (1904-1928) 1938.
(26 v.)
Hazlett and Moss was a Philadelphia real estate, mortgage, insurance, and trust estate agency that managed financing for the construction of residential developments in the city and its suburbs. The business was operated chiefly by Frank Hazlett Moss from 1902 to 1927, when the firm name was changed to Frank H. Moss & Company.

The records are: operations books, 1904-1938, with accounts of mortgages, loans, and schedules of construction costs; plan books, 1906-1935, with architectural drawings; building specification books, ca. 1911.

MacDade, Albert Dutton, 1871-1954. Memoirs, 1950-1954.
(ca. 400 items.)
Albert Dutton MacDade was born and raised in Delaware County, where he was admitted to the bar in 1894, served as district attorney, 1905-1912, served in the Pennsylvania State Senate, 1920-1928, then was elected judge of Delaware County Court of Common Pleas, 1928-1948, and became president judge in 1943.

His reminiscences deal at length with his legal career; political intrigues of judicial election; cases in which he was involved; and are filled with his outspoken views on a multitude of subjects including: the legal system, judicial behavior, juvenile delinquency, divorce, and prejudice against men over forty. Many judges of the Pennsylvania courts are frequent targets of his praise and criticism. Governor William C. Sproul was a childhood and close personal friend of MacDade and figures prominently in the memoirs. There is also an account of a trip to Europe in 1950. The memoirs are composed of a 1,200-page typescript narrative, copies of letters and articles for newspapers and speeches. There are also clippings of MacDade's newspaper contributions.

No entry.

Redwood, William, 1726-1815. Account books, 1749-1811.
(10 v.)
William Redwood was a merchant of Newport, 1749-1762, 1778-1782, Philadelphia, 1762-1778, 1787-1815, and Antigua, 1782-1787. While in Antigua, he also operated the family plantations.

Included in the collection are: Redwood's journal and ledger, 1749-1760 of his Newport partnership with Elias Bland; wastebook, 1775-1778, 1788-1791; ledger 1775-1778, 1788-1807, showing extensive importation of wine and teas; daybook, journal, ledger, 1787-1790; and a daybook, 1797-1811, showing some activity in the China trade.

Gillingham, Harrold Edgar, 1864-1954, collector. Collection, 1730-1950.
(11 v.)
arold Edgar Gillingham was a Philadelphia insurance broker and an avid Americana collector. Louise Hance Long Gillingham and Edith H. Gillingham were his wife and daughter respectively. Collection, 1730-1950, of materials gathered by Gillingham on early American crafts, instruments and numismatics. Included are photostats of documents on crafts and draft-makers, such as carriage building and on instruments and instrument-makers, particularly time-telling instruments, such as sundials; a few original documents by individual craft and instrument makers and scrapbooks and manuscript articles written by Gillingham and his wife on craftmaking and numismatics, including calico and linen printing in Philadelphia. Also included are miscellaneous records of the Port of Philadelphia, 1792-1829, with ship baggage entries and alien pasenger lists for 1798; Gillingham family papers and a diary by Edith H. Gillingham from Paris during World War I, 1917-1919, detailing conditions during the last year of the war.

Gillingham, Harrold Edgar, 1864-1954, collector. Silversmithing collection, 1777-1943.
(500 items)
arold Edgar Gillingham was a Philadelphia insurance broker and an avid collector of Americana. Collection, 1777-1943, of materials gathered by Gillingham on silversmiths and silverware, including photostatic copies of documents, photographs of silverware, printed pamphlets; biographical notes on Ceasar Ghiselin, a Philadelphia goldsmith; five original letters, 1777-1792 relating to John Gibson, a mayor of Philadelphia; and other miscellanea.

Blackwell, Robert, 1748-1831. Estate papers, 1791-1853.
(100 items.)
Robert Blackwell was the minister of Saint Peters Church (Episcopal), Philadelphia.

Legal and other papers relating to the estate of Robert Blackwell. There is some correspondence, 1833-1853, from the U.S. Treasurer's Office to James S. Smith and Henry Hollingsworth, trustees of Blackwell's estate. Miscellaneous legal papers include land patents and deeds, 1791-1853, and Blackwell's bank book, 1817-1831, gathered by the trustees.

Calvin, Samuel, 1811-1890. Papers, 1837 (1848-1865) 1870.
(300 items.)

Samuel Calvin practiced law in Hollidaysburgh, and was the U.S. Congressman (Whig) from Blair, Hunington, Juniata, and Centre Counties from 1849 to 1851.

Papers include incoming correspondence and miscellaneous bills and receipts. The letters pertain to his law practice, Republican politics, and family matters. Among correspondents are Andrew Gregg Curtin and William F. Johnston.

Society of the Sons of Saint George. Records, 1772-1949.
(25 v. and ca. 400 items.)

The Society of the Sons of Saint George was organized in Philadelphia in 1772 for the purpose of "giving advice and assistance" to Englishmen in distress.

Included here are: minute books, 1772-1949; stewards' records, 1861-1938; treasurers' account book, 1875-1923; members dues book, 1897-1909; Saint George's Hall Association (stockholders in the Society's building at 13th and Arch streets) minute books, 1875-1898; some miscellaneous loose records, among which is the original charter.

Hockley family. Papers, 1731-1883.
(450 items.)
The papers of the Hockley and related families of Philadelphia include: incoming business letters, 1784-1804, of George Wescott, Philadelphia copper merchant, and his letter and order book, 1790-1802; receipt book with sections for Thomas Hockley, 1772-1796, George Wescott, 1800, and Mrs. [Thomas] Hockley, 1813-1827; letterbook and accounts, 1819-1824, of Thomas Hockley as supercargo for Philadelphia merchants Nixon & Walker, Joseph Sims, Stephen Russel and others, on voyages to West Indies, Brazil, Madeira, Gibraltar, Malay, and other ports; receipt book on behalf of Ann P. Anderson, 1876-1883, of Thomas Hockley ; receipt books, 1817-1826 of Cornelius Stevenson; loose papers of various family members, deeds, certificates, accounts, and other miscellany.

Beale, Leonard T. Collection, 1746-1892.
(1,000 items and 16 v.)
The main body of the collection relates to the business activities, beginning in 1780, of the Lewis family. The early correspondence and financial papers of Mordecai Lewis and his sons Mordecai and Samuel N. Lewis, Philadelphia merchants, pertain to trade with the West Indies, Europe, and Asia, and contains some ship records. Samuel N. Lewis ledger, 1800-1840, and Mordecai and Samuel N. Lewis journal, 1817-1849, cover the period of their bankruptcy in 1817 and eventual recovery by 1842 as lead manufacturers. The later incoming correspondence and financial records relate to the Lewis' industrial enterprises including the Philadelphia Lead Works. There are account books of the trustees of Rebecca C. Lewis, 1820-1849. The collection also holds marine insurance ledgers, 1755-1757, 1759; account books of Philadelphia merchants Thomas Wharton, 1747-1783, and James C. Fisher, 1783-1789; and Henry Steele letters, 1760-1761, from London to his sister.

Lewis, Eleanor Parke Custis, 1779-1852. Letters, 1794-1852.
(2 v. and 49 leaves.)
Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis was the daughter of Martha Parke Custis Washington and George Washington's adopted daughter.

These are typescripts of letters to her friend Elizabeth Bordley Gibson of Philadelphia. The early letters relate to family life with her grandparents at Mount Vernon. Later letters are written from the Lewis plantation in Woodlawn, Va., and from her trips in the United States and England. Also included is a transcript of an address, 1924, by Roland S. Morris to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania about the letters.


Originals owned by Mount Vernon Ladies Association.

Frankenfield, Samuel P. Account books, 1852-1901.
(14 v.)
Journals, ledgers, cashbooks, carriage books of Samuel P. Frankenfield, Philadelphia undertaker, 1871-1901. There is also a daybook, 1852-1860, of Goucher and Frankenfield, an unidentified business.

Cushman and Wetherill families. Papers, 1803-1907.
(80 items.)
The papers of the Cushman and Wetherill families of Philadelphia consist largely of letters between George H. Cushman and Susan Wetherill during their courtship; also Susan's letter to her siblings, George's letters from their children, and letters to their daughter, Ida Cushman. There is a Rebecca Wetherill diary, 1907, with brief daily memoranda.

Lancaster and Schuylkill Bridge Company. Records, 1811-1842.
(ca. 400 items.)
The Lancaster and Schuylkill Bridge Company was incorporated in 1811 to construct a bridge across the Schuylkill River at Upper Ferry in Philadelphia. Completed in 1813, "Wernwag's Bridge" was regarded as an engineering phenomenon because of its single-arched span.

Included in the records are: charter and acts of incorporation, 1811-1812 and minutes, 1811-1837. Also included are: incoming correspondence, 1811-1841, dealing with construction and financial details; treasurer's reports, 1811-2827; miscellaneous accounts, 1814-1832; bankbooks, 1811-1820; ledger, 1812-1813; cancelled checks, 1812-1841; bills, 1811-1839; lists of stockholders, 1812-1826; and miscellaneous material relating to shareholders, 1811-1842.

Holdem, Erza, 1803-1846. Biographical notes.
(ca. 150 items.)
Erza Holden was the editor of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier, 1836-1846.

Notes and partial typescript of Mr. and Mrs. George Glen Gould for a projected biography of Erza Holden. Most of the source material comes from newspapers of the period, particularly Holden's.

West family. Business records, 1769-1804.
(10 v.)
William West was a Philadelphia dry-goods merchant. He was followed in the business by his sons Francis and John in Philadelphia and James in Baltimore, Md.

These records of the West family business interests include: journals, 1769-1796; ledger, 1770-1777; letterbooks, 1783-1788; William West estate journal, 1783-1790; James Fuller, Philadelphia merchant, volume of letter drafts, accounts, and other memoranda, relating in part to the West estate; and James West daybook, 1799-1804.

Aero Club of Pennsylvania. Papers, 1908-1953.
(350 items.)
The Aero Club of Pennsylvania was founded in 1909 in Philadelphia for the "encouragement and development of interest and activity in aeronautics and aviation."

Minutebook, 1909-1953; record of daily activities, 1930-1932; correspondence, 1929-1950; drafts for a club history, 1932-1939; membership lists, 1945-1949; miscellaneous pamphlets, 1910-1931; and scrapbooks, 1908-1910, 1915, 1929-1932.

Irvine family. Papers, 1777-1869.
(750 items.)
William Irvine served as Colonel with the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment during the Revolution. His son, William Neill Irvine began a career as a lawyer and served as a Colonel in the War of 1812 when he raised the 42nd Regiment of Infantry.

The papers of the Irvine family begin with a series of William Irvine letters, 1777-1778, to David Grier on military supplies and recruitment. William Neill Irvine's military papers include: correspondence, returns, accounts, recruitment reports, and court martial proceedings for William Hull and others. Following the war, there are papers on legal matters and incoming correspondence to William N. Irvine and his son Galbraith A. Irvine on state and national politics, with letters from James Buchanan, John Galbraith, and other Pennsylvania politicians.

Other papers of Galbraith A. Irvine a Warren physician with business interests include material on the Warren Bridge Company, of which Irvine was treasurer, and a dispute with William A. Irvine over lands inherited from their grandfather William Irvine.

Irvine family. Papers, 1778-1843.
(220 items.)
Correspondence and other papers of General William Irvine and his son Callander Irvine. General Irvine's papers, 1778-1804, concern his command of Fort Pitt, his services as commissioner of accounts, 1793, and as superintendent of military stores, 1801-1804. The papers also relate to national and state politics, particularly in letters from William Findley and Andrew Gregg.

Over half of the letters, 1803-1843, to Callander Irvine, U.S. Army commissary general, are from John Armstrong who writes as secretary of war, 1813-1814, and later as a retired gentleman farmer.

Maitland family. Papers, 1729 (1779-1896).
(300 items.)
There is one section of papers, 1729, 1806-1896, for John Maitland, merchant, and Thomas Maitland, grocer, and their descendants, a Philadelphia Irish-American family. It includes incoming correspondence, personal, family, and business records, deeds, and John J. Maitland account of his Civil War experiences as a Confederate officer in Virginia.

The other section consists of papers, 1779-1811, of Thomas Fitzsimons, Philadelphia merchant, political figure, signer of the Constitution, and Maitland family in-law. His papers deal mainly with business matters and include incoming correspondence, miscellaneous business and legal records, and material on the construction of the frigate Philadelphia. His correspondence includes a few letters from Robert Morris.

Anderson family. Papers, 1797-1913.
(ca. 2400 items.)
The Anderson family lived in Lower Merion Township, Montgomery County. James Anderson was a physician, civic leader, and 1816-1817 member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. His son, Joseph W. Anderson, was also a physician.

The papers of the Anderson family are chiefly those of James Anderson. His correspondence, 1805-1858, letter and memorandum book, 1817-1828, and letterbooks, 1831-1852, 1855-1858, relate to personal, business, and political matters. Material on Anderson's medical career include: ledgers, 1808-1858; casebook, 1804-1806, of patients treated at a Philadelphia almshouse; and notes on Benjamin Rush lectures, 1797-1798.

Among other family papers are: reminiscences, 1835, Isaac Anderson, father of James, about Charlestown Township, Chester County; James' father-in-law Joseph Wilson's contested estate papers, 1816-1845; miscellaneous correspondence, 1846-1903, receipt book, 1865-1890, and medical notes, n.d. of Joseph W. Anderson; Corona Anderson, James's daughter, incoming correspondence, 1859-1913, from friends living and traveling abroad; and anonymous recipe books, notes and clippings, ca. 1750-1900.

Chew, Samuel, 1795-1841. Papers, 1826-1850.
(250 items.)
Samuel Chew, Philadelphia lawyer, acted as agent for the corvette Kensington (Tepeyac), built for the Mexican government, and for which Mexico eventually defaulted payment.

These papers include bills and accounts for the construction and letters from Mexican and American officials on payment from Mexico. The correspondence occasionally reflects the political turmoil of Mexico's First Federalist Régime.

Blockley Baptist Church (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records, 1804-1891.
(5 v.)
The Blockley Baptist Church, a West Philadelphia church, was founded in 1804.

Includes constitution and minutes of the Bible Society of Blockley; pew book; church dues book; treasurer's accounts; Sabbath School treasurer's accounts; and a few miscellaneous papers.

Wickham, Benjamin C. Collection, 1823-1898.
(150 items.)
Benjamin C. Wickham served as president of Tioga County Bank.

The collection includes: incoming business and personal correspondence, miscellaneous business papers dealing with the sale of land and banking matters, and miscellaneous records of the Tioga County Bank. Also included are deeds, miscellaneous correspondence, and business papers of other Tioga County businessmen.

Cornett, Jane, d. 1903. Papers, 1834-1904.
(115 items.)

Papers of Jane Cornett of Phoenixville. Mainly incoming family correspondence. Includes forty Civil War letters, 1861-1865, of J.A. and Joseph P. Cornett, brothers of Jane Cornett. The letters were written from Union Army camps in Beaufort, S.C., and eastern Virginia, including Appomattox Court House, and contain personal accounts of the course of war in those areas. Also included are a few miscellaneous financial records, 1835-1888, of Samuel Cornett.

Fox, Samuel M. Correspondence, 1838-1841.
(50 items.)
Samuel M. Fox was a Philadelphia brickmaker.

Incoming business and family papers.

Naval and Military Order of the Spanish-American War. Pennsylvania Commandery. Records, 1908-1951.
(200 items.)
The Commandery was an association of veteran officers of the War with Spain, together with their lineal descendants.

The records include: outgoing and incoming correspondence, 1912-1951, constitution and by-laws, and membership lists.

Penfield, Frederick Courtland, 1855-1922. Collection, 1909 (1913-1917) 1921.
(140 items.)
Frederick Courtland Penfield served as Ambassador to Austria-Hungary, 1913-1917.

Over one-half of the collection is made up of photographs, mainly of the Austrian royal family. There are copies of some diplomatic correspondence, printed documents, and reports prepared for the State Department, including Austria-Hungary after Two Years of War.

No entry.

Turvey, Caroline Schetky, 1866-1954. The Log of a Long Voyage.
(300 items.)
The Log of a Long Voyage, a two-part typescript biography of Charles Alexander Schetky from the notes he dictated to his daughter, Caroline Schetky Turvey, during the last years of his life. The first part relates stories of his childhood and tales of his younger years at sea. The second part begins with his entrance into the United States Navy in 1863, his service during the Civil War and thereafter, until his retirement from the Navy in 1889. Other biographical information is included about Schetsky's retirement in Haddonfield, N.J., 1889-1901. Some correspondence, 1949-1954, between Turvey and her godson, Ralph W. Wescott, on the biography; and some clippings about Schetky.

Biddle-Rush papers.
Entry cancelled; see collection #1792H.

Borman family. Papers, 1837-1898.
(ca. 50 items.)
Johann Karl Edward Borman, in 1837, migrated from Dresden, Germany, to Philadelphia, where he first worked as a tool and dye maker and then as a merchant of glass and mirrors.

Included are Borman's school diploma from Dresden, 1837; his passport, 1838; and the diary of his trip to Philadelphia, 1839. There are also letters to and from family and friends in Germany, 1849-1872, especially the letters from Johann Eckardt, 1861-1872, all in German. The collection also includes a miscellany of bill-heads, business cards, stage coach tickets in France, and 2 letters on Borman's descendants, A.G. Brook's appointment to the Navy, 1898.

Law, Samuel Andrew, 1771-1845. Correspondence, 1817-1849.
(80 items.)
Letters to Samuel Andrew Law, land agent from New York, primarily on appraisal and sales of land, especially of the Henry Drinker estate. Correspondents include James C. Fisher and Thomas Stewardson, both from Philadelphia. The last few letters are directed to Law's relatives and also deal with land concerns.

Starr, Floyd T. Collection, 1750 (1828-1869) 1876.
(ca. 150 items.)
A miscellaneous collection of papers including the letters, 1827-1829, of Dr. John White of Lewes, Del., while a member of the Delaware House of Representatives for Sussex County to his sons John P. White and Joseph H. White, both in Philadelphia. Dr. White, a Whig, comments on Jacksonian politics in lower Delaware as well as upon family affairs.

Included, too, are some papers of three naval officers whose careers brought them to Philadelphia: James Madison Frailey, personal copies of orders and circular letters reflecting his commands on the blockading squadron during the Civil War, 1861-1866, and his commissions, 1851-1870; James R.M. Mullany commissions, 1861-1870; Charles Stewart, 1 letter, 1864. A small group of Philadelphia deeds, 1750-1867, completes the collection.

Walker, George. Records, 1775 (1829-1873).
(75 items.)
George Walker was a Susquehanna County, surveyor and prothonotary.

The bulk of the collection is made up of the survey notes, 1829-1873, of Walker, Orrin S. Beale, Robert B. Beath, and unidentified volumes. The survey notes are mainly for lands in Susquehanna County, with some notes for Tioga, Bradford, Wayne, and Luzerne Counties. Also included are miscellaneous land records, land patents, deeds, and survey maps.

Drinker, Elizabeth Sandwith, 1734-1807. Diaries, 1758-1807.
(33 v.)
Elizabeth Sandwith Drinker of Philadelphia was the daughter of William Sandwith, merchant and shipowner; in 1761 she married Henry Drinker, also a merchant.

Elizabeth Sandwith Drinker composed memorandum books for her own personal recollections, which constitute a day-by-day account of the life of a well-to-do Quaker woman. Elizabeth Drinker's interests were diverse but she was little concerned with political or economic questions, except insofar as they directly touched upon her family. The bulk of the entries deal with strictly private or family matters, particularly the health of her family. She gives particular consideration to the Yellow Fever outbreaks in Philadelphia after 1793, especially the epidemics of 1793 and 1798. Elizabeth Drinker and her family were conscientious Quakers and there is material on the Society of Friends in Philadelphia.

Of special note is the material on the American Revolution which includes detailed descriptions of the treatment of Quaker non-combatants, and of the British occupation of Philadelphia, principally during 1777.

Typescript in 7 v., diary for 1801 lacking.

The volumes for 1787-1788 were destroyed. No diary entries exist for May, 1786, to July, 1789.

Henry Biddle, ed., Extracts from the Journal of Elizabeth Drinker, 1759-1807, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1889.

Foering, John Oppell, b. 1843. Papers, 1861-1908.
(35 items.)
John Oppell Foering was a soldier and officer with the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 28th Regiment of Infantry, which saw action at Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Pine Knob, Peach Tree Creek, and in the Atlantic, Savannah, and Carolinas campaigns.

With these papers is Foering's account, which apparently relies on a diary, of the Regiment's service. There are also drafts and notes for speeches and a history of the 20th Army Corps, miscellaneous papers and photographs.

Lewis family. Papers, 1774-1940.
(3 linear ft.)
Papers of the Lewis family reflect their business and cultural activities. A major portion of these papers are receipted bills and other accounts, 1774-1859, for the management of the Philadelphia properties of the George Blight estate. There is a Phoenix Mutual Insurance Company minute book, 1852-1876, and dividend book, 1856-1877. Two Philadelphia amateur music clubs are represented: Melody Club, history and by-laws, 1893-1907, and Wednesday Music Club, by-laws and programs, 1893-1918. Lewis family material includes wedding invitation responses for the marriage of Eleanor Lewis to C. Whalen Vaughn, 1907, and Eleanor Lewis to W. Furness Thompson, 1940, and miscellaneous bills and letters, 1937-1940, to Clifford Lewis III.


Entry cancelled.


Entry cancelled.


Entry cancelled.

Yuengling family. Papers, 1815-1953.
(9 linear ft.)
Papers of the Yuengling family, owners of the Yuengling Brewery, Pottsville, collected or retained by David Gaul Yuengling.

There are letters addressed to Dr. George Douglas, Yuengling's great-great grandfather from Orwigsburg, Schuylkill County, from sister Mary, sons Andrew and John, conveyancer,land agents Andrew D. Cash and Thomas Spotswood of Philadelphia, and others on personal and business matters, 1815-1857. There are also letters written by Yuengling's mother, Augusta Roseberry, while a student at Springside School, Philadelphia, 1896-1900. Roseberry's uncle, Charles H. Moore, is represented by miscellaneous papers on his career as a civil engineer with various railroads, 1895-1937.

The bulk of the collection consists of files of correspondence maintained by Yuengling, 1931-1953, with friends from: Pottstown, the Georgetown School of Foreign Service, Trinidad (where he was employed on the construction of the U.S. Naval Air Station during World War II), teaching positions, and with friends made during his many travels. His most frequent correspondents are his mother, Bertram Anderson, Raymond J. Greene, Elizabeth G. Koenig, and Peter Milivojevic, a Yugoslav priest.

Drinker, Henry, 1734-1809. Papers, 1747-1867.
(1,100 items.)
Henry Drinker was a merchant, land developer, and ironmaster of Philadelphia. He was a member of the Society of Friends.

The bulk of the collection consists of Drinker's business correspondence, including some of the firm of James & Drinker, which Drinker had formed with Abel James. In 1773, the East India Company consigned a shipment of tea to the firm; there is a good deal of material concerning the resulting controversy and non-importation. Of particular interest are the letters from Pigou and Booth, London merchants, showing the British point of view. There are several letters on the war-time disruption of trade.

The collection also includes typescripts of correspondence, 1777-1778, between Drinker and his wife, Elizabeth Sandwith Drinker, written while Drinker was exiled to Winchester, Va., by the new Pennsylvania government. Drinker's correspondence after the war, 1783-1809, is largely concerned with land development and speculation in northern and western Pennsylvania. His correspondents include: Benjamin Rush, Benjamin West, James Wilson, and Aaron Burr.

Also included in the collection are other items created or collected by Drinker's descendants: a late 19th century transcription of Henry Drinker's Journal of a Voyage to England, 1759-1760; business letters, 1808-1867, of Henry Drinker's nephew Henry Drinker, Jr.; correspondence and two journals of Drinker's grandson, Sandwith Drinker, including the journal of his voyage to India, 1838, and to Zanzibar, 1840, and correspondence addressed to Nathan Kite, Philadelphia merchant and one of the administrators of the estate of Henry Drinker; annual trial balances, 1833-1838, of John Wheeler Leavitt, maternal great-grandfather of Henry S. Drinker; a diary, 1842-1854 of Leavitt's youngest daughter, Emily Austin Leavitt; and the manuscript for a story, 1887, by Thomas A. Janvier, husband of Sandwith Drinker's daughter Kate.

Originals of typescript Henry Drinker letters, 1777-1778, are located at the Haverford College Library.

Collins, Zaccheus, d. 1831. Papers, 1760-1847.
(450 items.)
Papers of Zaccheus Collins, Philadelphia merchant, include: correspondence on land speculation in Susquehana County, and elsewhere, and miscellaneous accounts, 1793-1831; Pennsylvania land surveys, 1786-1809, in Armstrong, Bedford, Cambria, Luzerne, Northampton, and Somerset Counties; miscellaneous land patents, 1795; papers of Collins's estate, 1832-1847, administered by his son-in-law Daniel Parker. There are miscellaneous certificates, 1760-1786, of Collins's father, Stephen Collins, also a Philadelphia merchant.

No entry.

Citizens' Municipal Associations. Records, 1893-1907.
(300 items.)
The Citizens' Municipal Association was organized in 1886 in order to promote better local government in Philadelphia.

Small amount of incoming correspondence, 1893-1907, concerning cases, meetings, and salaries. Some correspondence and membership lists, 1895-1896, of the Eighth Ward Association of the Municipal League. Cases, 1888-1903, on municipal problems and scandals. Financial records, including contribution lists, 1898-1907, and Citizens' Municipal Association's bills and receipts, 1893-1907. Miscellaneous printed material of the Citizens' Municipal Association, 1893-1896.

Sherborne family. Papers, 1798-1899.
(40 items.)
Miscellaneous papers of several unrelated Philadelphia businessmen includes: farm account book, Queen Charlton Parish, Somerset England, 1798-1803 of William Sherborne; receipt book, 1808-1837, with entries for William Sherborne who became a Philadelphia baker, William V. Sherborne, and Thomas P. Sherborne for the estate of William V. Sherborne; a few business papers, 1839- 1899 of Thomas P. Sherborne, cabinet maker, Thomas H. Sherborne, merchant, and Hiram Miller; John Craig estate papers, 1809-1829; immigration papers and 23 letters, 1831-1854, in German to Christian Gessler, jeweler.

Christian Gessler letters in German.

Cozens, William Barr Nash. Papers, 1864-1871.
(150 items.)
William Barr Nash Cozens was a Philadelphia merchant accused of defrauding the United States government in a contract to supply tents during the Civil War.

The papers, which include affidavits in support of Cozens' case, deal with his arrest in 1864, trial, conviction, and fight for vindication. Correspondence from Cozens' lawyer, Jeremiah Sullivan Black, a copy of a letter, 1867, from Andrew Johnson disapproving the findings of the court's conviction, some of Cozens' account sheet, and a memorandum book, 1864-1871, complete the collection.

Weems, James N., d. 1822. Records, 1810-1831.
(8 v.)
Business and estate records of James N. Weems, Philadelphia merchant in tea and soft goods trading to Delaware and the South alone and in partnership with Richard Benson and Benjamin Rawlings. Included are: letter book, 1810-1814; scrapbook of bills, 1811-1812; cash books, 1810-1814; day book, 1810-1814; letter book of Weems & Benson, continued by Weems & Rawlings, 1815-1823; Weems & Rawlings day book, 1818-1822; Eli Kirk Price's administrator's accounts of the estate of James N. Weems, including an inventory of household goods, 1822-1831.

Hagstoz, Thomas. Collection, 1865-1914.
(150 items.)
Thomas Hagstoz was a Philadelphia manufacturer of watch cases.

Clippings, photographs, trade cards, and trade announcements on the making of watches and cases.

Buckley, D. Penrose, d. 1862. Papers, 1861-1866.
(110 items.)
Primarily correspondence of D. Penrose Buckley to his family while serving with the 3rd New Jersey Volunteers during the Civil War. The letters describe the training period in New Jersey, encampment outside of Washington, D.C., and events of the Peninsular Campaign. Captain Buckley died from wounds received in the Battle of Gaines Mill, June, 1862. Additional letters document the efforts of Buckley's family to confirm his death, to retrieve his possessions, and to have Buckley reinterred.

Fels, Samuel Simeon, 1860-1950. Papers, 1889-1985.
(25 linear ft.)

Samuel Simeon Fels, youngest son of Lazarus and Susanna Fels, was born in Yanceyville, N.C., on February 16, 1860. His family moved north to settle in Philadelphia, where in 1876 Samuel joined the soap manufacturing business established that year by his older brother. The firm, Fels & Co., was incorporated in 1914, and Samuel became its first president, holding the office until his death in 1950. (The company was sold to Purex Corporation in 1964.) While remaining active in the affairs of Fels & Co., he also became one of Philadelphia's most prominent philanthropists. He took an active interest in, and gave generous support to civic, scientific, cultural, and educational causes. In 1936 Fels established the Samuel S. Fels Fund to continue financial support in these areas.

No entry.

Haines, John S. Records, 1849-1890.
(1,400 items.)
John S. Haines was the botanist of Wyck, Germantown.

Financial records including bills, receipts, and account books of personal and household expenses and account books, 1853-1886, of his farm receipts and expenditures.

Mulford family. Papers, 1757-1867.
(150 items.)
Deeds, agreements, leases, and other legal papers on land of the Mulford family in Cumberland County, N.J. Several accounts and miscellaneous receipts, 1862-1865.

No entry.

West Philadelphia Maennerchor. Records, 1890-1906.
(13 v.)
Records of West Philadelphia Maennerchor, German singing society, include: minute book, 1890-1906, and manuscript song books Tenor I, Tenor II, Bass I, and Bass II.

Song-books in German.

Wallgren, Abian A. Collection, 1917-1947.
Wallgren drew cartoons for The Stars and Stripes, the official newspaper of the American troops in France during World War I, for the American Legion magazine, and for several syndicated comic strips.

The bulk of the collection is made up of scrapbooks of cartoons and comic strips. There are also clippings about his activities, and letters to him from prominent persons including Walt Disney, Herbert Hoover, and John J. Pershing.

Ludwick Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records, 1801-1950.
(300 items and 6 v.)
The Ludwick Institute, organized in 1799 as the Philadelphia Society for the Free Instruction of Indigent Boys, chartered in 1801 as the Philadelphia Society for the Establishment and Support of Charity Schools, was the first free educational plan in Philadelphia. Girls were admitted in 1811. In 1872 its name was changed to Ludwick Institute after its chief benefactor Christopher Ludwick. With the establishment of the tax-supported Public School system, the Ludwick Institute stopped holding classes around 1890, but continued to sponsor a course of free lectures at the Academy of Natural Sciences.

The records include: enrollment books, 1801-1858; minutes and extracts of minutes of the board of managers and of the contributors, 1832-1951; minutes of the Committee on Instruction and Lectures, 1904-1940; miscellaneous correspondence, 1899-1950; miscellaneous financial records including check stubs, 1859-1898, 1912-1916, and treasurers' reports, 1886-1918; and two typescript biographies of Christopher Ludwick, one by Edward W. Hocker and one anonymous.

Union Benevolent Association (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records, 1831-1967.
(12 linear ft.)
The Union Benevolent Association was a private relief agency founded in Philadelphia in 1831 by a group of philanthropists opposed to the existing almshouse system of relief.

The association's records contain material on many periods of economic depression, including the Great Depression, 1929-1939. They also reveal the gradual evolution of theories and practice of social welfare.

The records include: minutes, 1831-1967; minutes of the Ladies Branch, 1832-1845; reports, 1937-1941; miscellaneous items; and incoming with some outgoing correspondence, 1908, 1921-1950. Among the correspondents are the Welfare Federation of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Department of Welfare, Social Security Board, and the American Red Cross. The financial accounts include: cash journals, 1876-1892, 1894-1920, 1933-1949; receipt book, 1876-1891; ledger, 1933-1940; budgets, 1923-1935; and miscellaneous accounts, including records of legacies and trusts.

There are also some records of Southwark Soup Society, Philadelphia, organized in 1805: constitution and by-laws; minutes, 1855-1949; ledger, 1887-1949; and a few miscellaneous papers.

Roussel, Euguene. Papers, 1835-1888.
(8 v.)
Eugene Roussel, Philadelphia manufacturer of mineral water, ledger, 1850-1876, weather journals, 1855, 1857, Notes et regettes de Liquers de Tables; Peter Perlet, Philadelphia watchmaker, ledgers, 1861-1867, 1875-1881; unidentified travel notes in North America and Europe, 1872-1873; unidentified medical lectures and case notes, 1883-1888.

McCall family. Papers, 1764-1891.
(750 items.)
Correspondence, 1798-1889, and other records of the McCall family of Philadelphia, include: business letters, 1798-1839, to Archibald McCall, a general merchant, many from his brother Samuel McCall, on trade, especially with South America; some of their accounts and inventories, 1802-1817, including ledger, 1810-1817, bills payable/receivable, 1804-1813, and insurance book, 1809-1817. Also included are: letters, 1825-1862, of Archibald McCall's son, Major-General George Archibald McCall, original commander of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, to his sisters, mostly about his European travels; and his almost daily correspondence, 1852, 1861-1862, with his wife Elizabeth McCurtie McCall, which reflect his service in various Indian wars, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War; and her letters, 1861-1863, to him. There is an unidentified commonplace book, ca. 1787, some miscellaneous papers, 1764-1758, and clippings, 1864-1891, mostly about Major-General George A. McCall.

Plumsted family. Papers, 1726-1890.
(250 items.)
The miscellaneous papers of the Plumsted family include personal and business correspondence, financial records, land papers for family property in Pennsylvania and Virginia. The major portion of the papers relate to William Plumsted, Pennsylvania merchant. There are a few items of Clement Plumsted and his son William, both of whom served as mayors of colonial Philadelphia, and cookbook, 1776, of Mary McCall (Mrs. William) Plumsted. There is some correspondence, 1825-1838, of William Plumsted, U.S. Navy Surgeon, to his sister Clementina Ross Plumsted. Also copies of the by-laws, muster rolls, and papers, 1774-1815, extracted from the archives of the 1st Troop Philadelphia Cavalry.

Cookbook, 1776, of Mary Plumsted reported to NUCMC as cashbook.

Hay, Malcom, 1842-1885. Papers, 1815 (1854-1885).
(250 items.)
Malcom Hay of Pittsburgh was a lawyer and prominent figure in the Democratic Party.

Incoming personal and political correspondence, 1854-1885, including a few letters, 1885, while he was assistant postmaster general; newspaper clippings and a few printed documents, 1872-1873, on the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention.

Lovering family. Papers, (1817-1868) 1903.
(150 items.)
There is some material on three generations, but best represented are Mary (Shallcross) Lovering and her son Joseph S. Lovering, a sugar refiner in Philadelphia. Included are typescripts and some originals of family correspondence, 1817-1903; letter press book, 1839-1863, of Joseph Lovering; accountbook, 1860-1868, for Hope Farm, the Lovering home near Wilmington, Del.; and receipt book, 1824-1849, of Mary and Sarah Lovering.

Edward A. Green and Company. Correspondence, 1878-1893.
(68 v.)
The Philadelphia firm of Edward A. Greene & Co., commission wool merchants, with a branch office in Boston, opened in 1881. Members of the firm included Eugene van Loan, joined 1882, William Coffin, joined in 1883, and Francis Hathaway and John Dickey, joined in 1892. The firm apparently dissolved in 1893 with Greene's death. The firm had extensive trading contacts with growers in the South and West as well as with mills in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and New England.

Incoming correspondence, 1878-1893, and a letterpress book, 1878.

Philadelphia Board of Trade. Records, 1801-1942.
(21 linear ft.)
The Philadelphia Board of Trade was the precursor of the Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce. A group of Philadelphia merchants organized the Board of Trade in 1833 because of the restrictive nature of the old Chamber of Commerce which had been founded in 1801, primarily to foster the shipping interests of the city. The Board of Trade united with the old Chamber of Commerce in 1845, and it came to represent most of the commercial and industrial interests of the city. In 1891, a new Chamber of Commerce was organized and there was no unified commercial organization in the city until 1942, when the Board of Trade combined with the Chamber of Commerce.

The records of the Board of Trade are organized chronologically by month. The records for each month are arranged by subject in the order they were presented at the monthly meetings. Included are incoming and some outgoing correspondence, reports, and miscellaneous items, 1889, 1891, 1897-1900, 1904-1916, 1919, 1921-1925, 1930-1933, 1939-1942. Many of the records, including reports, are recorded in the Minutes, 1833-1940. There are also annual reports, 1904-1922, 1929-1941; correspondence and reports, 1880-1909, on deepening the harbor, Port of Philadelphia. There are three volumes of records of the old Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce: an Award Book, 1801-1808, which contains the proceedings of the Committee of the Chamber of Commerce that acted as arbiter in commercial disputes; a letterbook, 1801-1826, of which many of the letters were written by Thomas Fitzsimons, president of the Chamber of Commerce, 1801-1811, Philadelphia merchant, political figure, and signer of the Constitution; and minute book, 1837-1846.

Also included in the collection are minutes, 1868-1900, of the Executive Council of the National Board of Trade; Port of Philadelphia statistics, 1924-1934; Minutes and miscellaneous records of the Pennsylvania Tax Conference, 1892-1994, a conference of various economic interests to consider a revision of the assessing and taxing laws of the state; Minutes and a few miscellaneous items, 1895-1898, of the Sound Money League of Pennsylvania, an organization formed to maintain the gold standard; and letter press correspondence, 1863- 1879, of Henry Preaut, merchant and Russian Vice Consul in Philadelphia.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1769-1954.
(3 linear ft.)
Thomas Biddle married Christine Williams, the daughter of Jonathan and Marianne Alexander Williams. Christine Williams Biddle's brother, Henry Jonathan Williams married Julia Rush, the daughter of Benjamin and Julia Stockton Rush.

The manuscripts consist of correspondence and other papers of Thomas and Christine Biddle and their descendants, as well as aunts Berthia, Christine and Jane Alexander and Isabelle Alexander Hankey, all of whom report on politics and family affairs in Scotland, England, and France. Another major correspondent is Apolline Agatha Alexander, a member of the Kentucky branch of the family who was orphaned and subsequently raised by Mrs. Biddle, with letters from London following her marriage to Thomson Hankey, Jr.

The individual units of the collection were once likely a single body of family papers which were divided among various relatives. Although emphasis may differ with each entry, material found in one may also be found to some degree in others.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1769-1898.
(450 items.)
Thomas Biddle incoming letters, 1806-1871, consists primarily of letters from his father-in-law, Jonathan Williams, on his finances and from Isaac Abrahams (Peru, Ill.), Henry Lardner (Niles, Mich.), Charles Loeser (Pottsville), Volney L. Maxwell (Wilkesbarre), and other agents for Biddle's land transactions.

Small groups of other family papers include: George Washington Biddle letters and documents, 1804-1809, on Stephen Girard's suit against Biddle over a tea shipment from Canton; Anne and Alexander W. Biddle incoming family and social notes, 1893-1898.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1768-1899.
(600 items.)
Thomas Biddle's incoming letters, 1807-1844, is concerned primarily with his brokerage business. There are also letters of Christine Williams to Biddle before their marriage. Christine Williams Biddle's incoming correspondence, 1807-1848, includes letters from her "daughter" Apolline Alexander Hankey, her Scottish aunts, and her son Henry J. Biddle. Other miscellaneous Biddle family materials include Alexander Biddle's stockbook/ledger, 1884-1899.

Henry J. Williams' incoming correspondence, 1812-1871, includes miscellaneous financial and personal letters, and letters from the Alexander sisters. There are also letters from Mariamne to Jonathan Williams, 1785-1789, while the latter was in the United States, discussing Jonathan Williams' financial affairs and reporting her own activities.

There is also a small group of personal and political correspondence, 1768-1809, of Benjamin Rush, and a Rush family genealogy.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1828-1917.
(900 items.)
These are the papers of three generations of proprietors of Lanoraie, a farm established by Henry J. Williams in Springfield Township, Montgomery County. The major portion of this section contains correspondence and accounts of Louis Alexander Biddle and Lynford Biddle, grandsons of Thomas and lawyers, concerning horse and dog breeding at Lanoraie, shooting, European travel, cricket and social club activities, and stocks.

There is a small group of legal papers, 1828-1877, of Williams dealing with family estates and including his personal receipted bills.

Another small group contains family and social notes of Alexander and Julia Williams Rush Biddle, 1874-1896.

There is also some Yarrow & Van Pelt correspondence, 1916-1937, on Philadelphia real estate brokerage.

Biddle Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1773-1862.
(3 linear ft.)
The letters and miscellaneous papers of Alexander, Biddle, Rush, and Williams families in this section relate mostly to family and personal affairs, with some business papers included. Of particular significance are the letters from the Scottish branch of the Alexanders reporting from Scotland, England, and France on politics, society, and family affairs.

The Jonathan Williams, Jr., correspondence, 1773-1815, includes family letters.

Mariamne Alexander Williams' correspondence, 1778-1816, includes letters from her sisters Bethia, Christine, and Jane Alexander and Isabelle Alexander Hankey, as well as from Henry Jonathan Williams, Margaret M. Craig, and Jonathan Williams, Jr.

The Thomas Biddle papers, 1800-1846, consist primarily of business letters and related documents involving his brokerage firm. There are also some family letters from various Alexanders abroad and in Kentucky, his son Henry Jonathan Biddle, his brother John G. Biddle, and his wife Christine Williams Biddle.

Christine Biddle's correspondence, 1794-1856 includes letters from the four Alexander aunts, Margaret Green, her "daughter" Apolline Agatha Alexander Hankey, and her "granddaughter" Apolline Alexander Blair of the Kentucky branch of the Alexanders, her five sons, particularly Henry Jonathan Biddle, as well as Thomas Biddle and Thomas Hankey, Jr.

The Henry Jonathan Williams correspondence, 1812-1862, includes letters from his four Alexander aunts, Thomas Hankey, Jr., on remittances, his parents, and from various others on legal, personal, and military matters. There is also a scrapbook of "Family Memorials," begun by Williams and continued after his death, which includes genealogical and biographical materials on the Alexander, Biddle, Rush, and Williams families.

Julia Rush Williams correspondence, 1823-1866, includes letters to her mother, Julia Stockton Rush, and letters from various relatives.

Other family members are represented by small groups of miscellaneous papers: Clement Biddle, 1776, 1813, mostly as deputy quarter master for the Pennsylvania and New Jersey militia; Benjamin Rush, 1768-1810, with letters from Alexander Leslie (Lord Balgonie) and others; and Julia Stockton Rush, 1813-1840, on social and family matters.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1790-1916.
(400 items.)
Henry J. Williams' legal papers and receipted bills, 1827-1877; Alexander and Julia Williams Rush Biddle's family and social correspondence, 1860-1896; Louis and Lynford Biddle's incoming correspondence on Lanoraie operations, cricket and club activities, 1890-1916.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1778-1954.
(375 items.)
Of particular interest in this section are the diaries: Julia Williams Rush, 1852; Horace Brock, 1877-1878; Anne McKennan Biddle, 1885, concerning a European trip; Alexander Biddle, 1889, 1897 of European trips; Pauline Biddle, 1892-1894, 1924, covering the years before and after her marriage to John Penn Brock in 1905, including two European tours; and Christine Biddle, 1917-1918, describing her activities with the American Red Cross at Toul, France.

Also included are some Jonathan Williams family papers, 1779-1828; Alexander Biddle's letters to his wife written while he toured Europe, 1878, and other family correspondence.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1779-1957.
(100 items.)
Letters, wills, and other miscellaneous papers of the Alexander, Bent, Biddle, Brock, Coleman, and Williams families. Among the correspondents are Christine Alexander, 1833-1838, and Jonathan Williams, 1779-1815.

Biddle, Thomas, 1776-1857. Family papers, 1776-1876.
(176 items.)
This miscellaneous group of letters is written mainly by members of the Biddle and Rush families. The largest group of letters in this section are those of Richard Rush, 1812-1857, covering his career as Comptroller of the Treasury, acting Secretary of State, Minister to Great Britain, Secretary of the Treasury, Minister to France, and private citizen. Some of the Rush letters deal with domestic politics and foreign policy, but the greater part is either routine official business or personal in nature.

Clement Biddle's letters, 1781-1813, relate mostly to business affairs. There are also two smaller groups: Nicholas Biddle's papers, 1824-1842, concern banking and the Second Bank of the United States; and Episcopal Bishop of Alabama Richard H. Wilmer's letters, 1812-1857, discuss church matters.

Lee, Franklin. Papers, 1807-1861.
(400 items.)
Franklin Lee was a masonry contractor of the Northern Liberties.

Ledger, 1813-1852, contracts, receipts, and miscellaneous financial records of Franklin Lee & Son, bricklayers and corders; papers and financial records on various estates of which Lee was executor or trustee.

Townsend family. Collection, 1761-1858.
(262 items.)
Washington Townsend of West Chester, served as a United States congressman from 1869 to 1877.

These papers include letters: 1812-1832 on military and political matters to Isaac Dutton Barnard, a Chester County lawyer who served as an officer during the War of 1812, held several elective local and state offices, including senator (Federalist), 1827-1831; 1826-1858 to Anthony Bolmar on the West Chester boys schools he operated; 1761-1858 to the Townsend family of West Chester, principally to Washington Townsend; 1838-1854 to General Persifer F. Smith, mainly on the Mexican War; 1852 to and from Henry S. Evans regarding legal efforts of the Pennsylvania legislature to free Rachel Parker from slavery; and a few letters addressed to others.

Townsend family. Collection, 1784-1893.
(700 items.)
David Townsend was cashier of the Bank of Chester County from 1817 to 1849 and was involved in civic affairs. His son, William, was also associated with the Bank of Chester County, was a lawyer, and served as U.S. congressman, 1868-1876.

David Townsend's incoming letters, 1812-1854, from William Dillingham, solicitor for the Bank of Chester County, and from others concerns the recharter of the bank and some political issues. Townsend's incoming letters, 1833-1893, concerns mostly family matters.

Isaac Dutton Barnard incoming correspondence, 1820-1832, is mostly from his father-in-law Isaac Darlington. Barnard, a lawyer and officer in the War of 1812, became a U.S. senator and served in various Chester County political and business offices. Darlington was serving as president judge of the Chester and Delaware Counties judicial district, and the letters report on Court cases, politics, and appointments.

Chapman, Herman H. Biography of Herman Haupt, 1817-1905.
(1 v.)
Herman Haupt, civil engineer, author, and inventor, was born in Philadelphia in 1817 and was graduated from West Point in 1835. Soon thereafter he resigned his commission to become a railroad surveyor. Later Haupt became an authority on bridge construction and served as chief engineer or superintendent of several large railroads including the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Northern Pacific Railroad, and the Hoosac Tunnel in Massachusetts. He was chief of United States military railroads in Virginia, 1862-1863.

The biography treats the Civil War experiences in detail, quoting extensively from the war Reminiscences of General Herman Haupt, published privately in 1901. Also included is a typescript, written in 1859, of the Memoirs of Herman Haupt up to the age of 21.

Norris family. Papers, 1822-1917.
(50 items.)
Miscellaneous papers, letters, and documents of members of the Norris family, including William Norris and Septimus Norris.

Minford, William Alexander McAllister, b. 1881. Papers, 1884-1946.
(300 items.)
William Alexander McAllister Minford, born in Ireland, immigrated to the United States from Buenos Aires, Argentina, was employed as an accountant, and eventually settled in Philadelphia.

Correspondence, memoranda, and financial papers relate to Curwin's Accountancy Corporation, North Bend, Ind., where Minford was manager of the Services Department, and to a piece of property in Wilkes Barre, owned by his cousin Sarah Patterson. Some of the material concerns financial hardships brought on by the Depression. There are several unidentified photographs.

Hart, Francis F. Collection, 1681-1925.
(70 items.)
A small collection of letters and documents gathered by Francis Fisher Hart primarily from the Fisher and Harrison families. Most individuals are represented by a single item; included in the collection are: Robert Barclay, Nicholas Biddle, Joseph Bonaparte, George Fox, Sir Philip Frances, Joseph Hopkinson, James Logan, Thomas Sully, William White, and others.

Wheeler, Mabel Brice. Collection, 1914-1945.
(800 items.)
Mabel Brice, before her marriage to Walter Wheeler, was an officer of the Belgian Relief Committee of the Emergency Aid of Pennsylvania, a volunteer agency for the relief of victims of World War I.

Contained in the collection are incoming letters addressed to Miss Brice, as well as flyers, pamphlets, and photographs dealing with the work of the Belgian Relief Committee. Also included are anonymous notes and reminiscences on a wide variety of topics: Spanish colonies, volunteer fire departments of Philadelphia, packet ships serving Philadelphia, coal lands, and the settlement of Pennsylvania.