Infants' Clothing Association. Records, 1813-1963.
(200 items.)
The Infants' Clothing Association of Philadelphia, a charitable organization of 18-20 women, was founded in 1814 by members of the Society of Friends. Originally called "The Utilian," it became known as "The Antediluvian" after 1900. In the early days the members collected and remade used clothes for direct distribution; after 1920 they began to contribute clothes and money to organized charities, especially to the Visiting Nurse Society of Philadelphia.

The records include minutes, 1836-1963; annual reports, 1901-1941; account books, 1814-1942; miscellaneous financial records; membership lists; histories of the association, 1910 and 1957; and a few miscellaneous letters.

Magee family. Papers, 1833-1910.
(250 items.)
In 1824, James Magee and George Taber purchased the southern branch of the saddlery firm of Peter Dickson and Company and thereafter, until Magee's retirement in 1847, maintained a profitable trade through the port of New Orleans. James Magee, after retiring from Magee, Tabor, and Company, became an incorporator and director of the Pennsylvania Railroad.

Through most of his life, Horace Magee's principal energies were devoted to the organization and management of coal, iron, and urban transportation systems. Magee was also the founder of Jeanette, a company town near Pittsburgh.

The Magee papers include correspondence, bills and receipts, invoices of James Magee and his son Horace, both Philadelphia businessmen. Most of the James Magee papers, 1833-1886, relate to his first enterprise, although there is some correspondence with Thomas A. Scott pertaining to their purchase of the Rock Furnace Company of western Pennsylvania. Correspondents include Henry Horn, Henry Muhlenberg, and Scott.

Horace Magee's papers consist mostly of business correspondence, and reflect his interests in numerous ventures. Among those represented here are the Buffalo Railroad Company, Rochester Street Railway Company, Citizens Street Railroad Company, of Indianapolis, Chambers and Magee Glass Company, and the Bethlehem Steel Company. There are several letters from Bishop Courtland Whitehead concerning the erection of a new church building in Jeanette. Approximately thirty letters from the Bowley's Quarter Ducking Club reflect Magee's sporting interests. Correspondents include: H.M. Watson, H.H. Littel, Nathaniel E. Janney, and H. Sellers McKee.

Parker family. Papers, 1787-1904.
(6 linear ft.)
The papers of the Parker and related families of Philadelphia include miscellaneous correspondence, and financial and estate records. Most of the correspondence is on routine family matters and local gossip, some is on politics, current events, and family conflicts over courtship and marriage. The collection includes: wastebook, 1798-1799, 1804-1806 of Christopher Marshall, Jr.; miscellaneous papers, 1807-1832, of Zaccheus Collins, merchant, mostly records on the estate of Marshall, Collins' father-in-law; receipt book, 1787-1835, of George Aston including financial memoranda and estate papers (Z. Collins and D. Parker, successive executors); papers, 1816-1846, of Daniel Parker most of which is correspondence, with Zaccheus Collins, Anne Collins Parker, and others on the secret marriage of Anne and Daniel, child raising, the 1824 election, and the Zaccheus Collins estate; letters, 1841-1848 to Charles Collins Parker from his father Daniel, classmates, and "guardians" Edward and Eliza Bull giving advice, reporting on friends and current events.

Also included are letters, ca. 1838, from Caroline Willing to Dr. Edward Peace protesting his forbidden courtship; notes, ca. 1840, to Anna Coleman (who would marry first C.C. Parker and second Dr. Peace), mostly from Ellen S. Rand urging Anna to turn from her wicked ways; financial memoranda, 1845-1857, account, books and letterpress book, 1845-1857, of Edward Peace on his estate, 1879-1887, James Rawle and John W. Watts executors; personal letters, 1830, to Joseph Peace, and ledger, 1843-1848, of Washington Peace; diary, 1869-1870, of Rawle & Company Shingle Mill; letterpress book, 1885-1887, of James Rawle on legal and personal business; and miscellaneous Rawle family papers on real estate interests.

Zeller, Edwin Adrian, Jr. Papers, 1886-1946.
(600 items.)
Edwin Adrian Zeller, of Germantown, managed the Franklin Sugar Refining Company of Philadelphia.

There are business papers as well as reports and circular letters from the City Party and the City Club which reflect Zeller's involvement with local reform politics. There is also some correspondence from the Presbyterian Sunday School Superintendents Association, of which Zeller was a member.

Faires family. Papers, 1811 (1837-1918).
(100 items.)
Miscellaneous papers, 1891-1918, on the education of James D. Faires, a civil engineer of Philadelphia. Also includes a few personal letters, 1837-1897, to various members of the Faires family; and other miscellaneous items.

No entry.

Harvey, Samuel. Papers, 1771-1848.
(400 items.)
The business papers, 1797-1848, of Samuel Harvey, importer, hardware merchant, and banker of Philadelphia, includes: incoming business correspondence, 1798-1830; miscellaneous business records, 1797-1848; and receipt books, 1797-1824. The bulk of the correspondence and a few of the records are on Harvey's management of the business affairs of Elizabeth (Freeman) Kershaw, heir to the estate of Mark Freeman, Philadelphia merchant. A few miscellaneous items, 1771-1786, relate solely to the Freeman estate.

Lossing, Benson John. Papers, 1712-1892.
(150 items.)
Miscellaneous collection, 1712-1851, of Pennsylvania land, legal, and military documents and letters, 1852-1892, to Benson John Lossing on his Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution,(1850-1852) and Pictorial Field Book of the War of 1812, (1868), and other historical writings, as well as personal correspondence.

United States. Army. Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 29th (1861-1865). Papers, 1861-1912.
(250 items.)
Miscellaneous papers, 1861-1912, of the 29th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, popularly called the Jackson Infantry, include: minutes and notes on the organization of the regiment in Philadelphia, 1861; minutes, 1888-1900, of the Survivors Association; and the manuscript of David Mouat's reminiscences entitled Three Years in the Twenty-Ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1864. Mouat, a private in Company G, gave accounts of the organization of the regiment, his capture in 1862, and his participation in several battles, including Front Royal, Va.; Chancellorsville; Gettysburg; Lookout Mountain, Tenn.; and Resaca, Ga.

Heckman, Charles Adam, 1822-1896. Papers, 1861-1863.
(5 v.)
Record books of Union troops commanded by Charles Adam Heckman in eastern North Carolina during the Civil War, including the 1st Brigade, Naglee's Division, and the 3rd Brigade, Eighteenth Army Corps: letterbook, 1863, of correspondence written and received; General Orders, 1863; Special Orders, 1862-1863; and a descriptive roll, 1861, of the members of Company D, 1st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Knowles, Gustavus W. Records, 1875-1895.
(9 v.)
Records of Gustavus W. Knowles, Philadelphia merchant dealing in railroad ties and cotton and wool waste products and trading as Hagy & Knowles, 1875-1877, and his own name 1877-1895.

Includes: letterpress book, 1891-1895, on railroad ties; receipt books, 1875-1893; cashbooks, 1875-1893; daybooks, 1876-1893; journal, 1875-1892; ledger, 1877-1888; of storm damages to the barge "L.B. Mayhew" and its cargo of railroad ties.

Bining, Arthur C., b. 1893. Collection, 1787-1908, 1957.
(850 items.)
Letters and miscellaneous items collected by Arthur C. Bining, Philadelphia historian. About one-third of the collection consists of letters, 1804-1844, which originally formed part of the correspondence of the United States Customs House of Philadelphia, on routine customs matters and addressed to the collector of Philadelphia. Major Customs House correspondents are: Joseph Anderson, William H. Crawford, Alexander James Dallas, George Mifflin Dallas, Henry D. Gilpin, Charles J. Ingersoll, Jared Ingersoll, Joseph R. Ingersoll, William Morris Meredith, John Meredith Read, Jonathan Roberts, Richard Rush, and Henry Miller Watts.

About one-fourth of the collection consists of papers, 1787-1812, in French, of Joseph R.E. Bunel, paymaster general of the French colony of Santo Domingo, Haiti, and Marie F.M. Bunel, businesswoman in Santo Domingo. In 1804, following the successful Haitian revolution, the Bunels moved to Philadelphia. Included are their incoming personal and business correspondence and a few miscellaneous financial records.

The remainder of the collection contains letters of: James Barker, 1814-1815, army officer and agent for fortification, Philadelphia; William Shaler, 1807-1832, United States consul-general to Algiers and Cuba, and commissioner in the negotiation of the United States-Algiers treaty of 1815; Henry Stanton, 1843-1848, army officer; Abbot H. Thayer, 1876-1897, painter and naturalist; Edward Thursby, 1803-1819, merchant of Philadelphia; and James Trimble, 1809-1835, Pennsylvania political figure. There are also a few miscellaneous papers, 1853-1896, of August F.W. Partz, a German immigrant and inventor; papers, 1877-1878, on efforts by producers and carriers of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania to limit production and control prices; miscellaneous letters, business papers, deeds, military discharge papers of various persons and firms.

Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862. Papers, 1803-1862.
(675 items.)
There are letters to Ingersoll from many public men of the period, 1812-1847, on a wide range of national and foreign policy topics. Of these, some 300 are from Richard Rush, a close friend of Ingersoll. Almost one-half of the Rush letters were written while he was comptroller of the United States Treasury, 1812-1814, and relate especially to the War of 1812. The remainder were written while Rush was minister to Great Britain, 1817-1825, secretary of the Treasury, 1825-1829, private citizen, 1829-1847, minister to France, 1848, and discuss domestic and international affairs, especially Anglo-American relations. Ingersoll correspondence also contains: letters, 1814-1837 from John Forsyth, a member of Congress, minister to Spain, governor of Georgia, and secretary of state; letters, 1846-1848, from British author Sarah Mytton Maury on personal and political matters in the United States and England; and letters, 1814-1830, by James Monroe, principally on financial loans to Monroe.

Several public figures are represented by letters: John Quincy Adams, 1821, 1831-1832; John Binns, 1813, publisher of the Democratic Press, on the War of 1812 and the publication of political matters in newspapers; James Buchanan, 1838, 1839, 1843; James Burn, army officer, 1813, on military and naval action against the British forces; John C. Calhoun, 1816-1845; Thomas Abthorpe Cooper, actor, 1828-1833, on financial matters; William H. Crawford, while secretary of the Treasury and private citizen, 1816-1831, on politics, American Indians, revenue, tariff, manufacturing, and banks; Peter Stephen Du Ponceau, 1813-1814, authority on international law and practice, on legal questions; Bolling Hall, congressman from Georgia, 1815-1830, on political matters; Edward Livingston, principally while he was secretary of state, 1831-1833; James Kirke Paulding, naval officer and secretary of the Navy, 1832-1841, on personal and naval matters; Joel R. Poinsett, Representative from South Carolina, Minister to Mexico, and secretary of war, 1818-1840; and J.M.P. Serurier, French minister to the United States, 1815-1834, on a wide range of personal and political topics. Other public figures, including five presidents, are represented.

There are letters, 1803-1846, of Ingersoll on politics, diplomacy, and economic and legal matters; Ingersoll's diary, February 1823; and manuscript notes by Ingersoll for projected work on Slavery, The Origins of the War with Mexico, 1846-1848, and a History of the Territories of the United States.

Also included are letters, 1814-1842, 1855, from Ingersoll's brother, Joseph Reed Ingersoll, Philadelphia lawyer and congressman, mostly to Henry Dillworth Gilpin, United States attorney general, on legal and political matters.

Letters from J.M.P. Serurier written in French.

Civic Club of Philadelphia. Records, 1893-1957.
(51 v.)
The Civic Club of Philadelphia, organized in 1894, consisted of prominent Philadelphia women who sought to promote "by education and active cooperation a higher public spirit and better public order." Initially the club was organized into four departments, Municipal Government, Education, Social Service, and Art, each of which operated somewhat autonomously and created its own committees or task forces. The Education Department had committees on public schools, free libraries, and free kindergartens and the Municipal Government Department included committees on sanitation, civil service reform, and police patrons. Despite its interest in social and political reform, the club refused on several occasions to take part as "disfranchised citizens" in meetings of the Anti-Spoils League and the National Civil Service Reform Convention. By the 1920's, after the passage on the suffrage amendment, the club structure changed, the Departments were abandoned, and the committees reduced in number and given new, more limited charges. In 1959, the membership voted the Club out of existence and transferred its assets to other civic organizations.

Included in the records are: director's minutes, 1899-1959; minutes of the general meetings, 1893-1948, 1959, primarily recording addresses to the membership; and minutes of the Art Department, 1894-1903, reflecting interest in free art exhibitions at Philadelphia museums, summer and community concerts, as well as parks and playgrounds. There are also published annual reports, 1894-1935, including the constitution, by-laws, lists of officers and members, and financial summaries. Published bulletins and calendars, 1907-1959, give summaries, often monthly, of club activities. Also included are pamphlets and publications, 1894-1948; clippings, 1894-1903; a fiftieth anniversary volume, including lists of officers, 1944; and a volume containing four memorial addresses for distinguished members: Alice Lippincott, Anna Hallowell, Mary Channing Wister (Mrs. Owen Wister), and Sarah Yorke Stevenson (Mrs. Cornelius Stevenson).

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Minutes, 1817-1831.
(2 v.)
Fragmentary minutes of the Academy, primarily in the hand of Francis Hopkinson.

Formerly part of Collection 745.

Appear to be partial transcriptions of originals still in the possession of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.

Smith, Mary Bainerd. Diaries, 1894-1957.
(64 v.)
Philadelphia diaries of Mary Bainerd Smith on the domestic concerns of the Smith family and their friends. There is little commentary or mention of public affairs.

Philadelphia Gazette Publishing Company. Records, 1891-1954.
(1,050 items and 369 v.)
This Philadelphia publishing firm was known first as The German Daily Gazette Publishing Company, 1891-1918, and then as The Philadelphia Gazette Publishing Company, 1918-1954. The firm published the principle German language newspapers of Philadelphia: Philadelphia Gazette-Demokrat; Philadelphia Sonntags-Gazette; Philadelphia Tageblatt, 1933-1944; and the Philadelphia Sonntagsblatt; also, it did a large scale printing business, including the printing for publishers of other Philadelphia area newspapers.

Financial records make up the main body of the collection, and may be divided into general accounts, advertising accounts, branch accounts, carrier's accounts, subscriber's accounts, special accounts, and miscellaneous accounts. Included are journals; ledgers: general ledgers, advertiser's ledgers, branch ledgers, carrier's ledgers, commission ledgers, subscriber's ledgers, miscellaneous ledgers; cashbooks: general cashbooks, advertiser's cashbooks, carrier's cashbooks, subscriber's cashbooks; subscriber's receipt books; indexes to the record books; special accounts: advertising contract records, payroll records, trial balances, voucher registers; and miscellaneous financial accounts.

The collection also contains minutes, 1891, concerning the organization of the company; miscellaneous non-financial records; correspondence, financial records, and miscellany, 1923-1954, of the publishing company, and also, of the Mayer family, proprietors of the company. Members of the Mayer family represented include Gustav Mayer, Theodore Mayer, and Louis Mayer.

Snyder, Henry F. Business records, (1816-1861) 1913.
(200 items.)
Receipted bills and incoming business correspondence of Henry F. and John L. Snyder, proprietors of a general store in Somerset. After 1820, when John Snyder continues with the business alone, there is a smattering of papers on his office as treasurer of Somerset and his land interest.

Cohen, Charles Joseph, b. 1847. Papers, 1922-1927.
(3 linear ft.)
Mostly incoming correspondence acknowledging receipt of Rittenhouse Square, Past and Present by C.J. Cohen, 1922, and replying to Cohen's request for reminiscences and photographs in preparation of Memoir of Rev. John Wiley Faires, (1926), with biographical sketches of pupils of the Classical Institute, Philadelphia; typescripts, manuscript notes, correspondence, photographs, clippings, and other memorabilia, all primarily biographical material, intended to be published as "Part II" of Rittenhouse Square; two scrapbooks of photographs and typescripts on Chestnut Street; one scrapbook of miscellaneous research, also including typescripts and photographs of people and places.

No entry.

Penn Athletic Club. Papers, 1922-1934.
(300 items.)
Correspondence to and from several members of the membership committee of the Penn Athletic Club of Philadelphia, organized in 1922, showing their effort to create a large membership and to maintain that membership during the 1930's. Bills and other financial records of the club's house committee are also present.

No entry.

Philadelphia. Mayor's Committee for the 1948 Republican Convention. Auxiliary Housing Division. Records, 1948.
(700 items.)
Correspondence of the committee, chaired by Frank C.P. McGlinn, responsible for housing arrangements for the 1948 Republican Presidential Convention in Philadelphia, and other papers of the committee, including rental application forms and assignment notifications.

Quitman, Frederick Henry, d. 1884. Papers, 1841-1858.
(97 items.)
The bulk of the collection consists of letters, 1841-1858, addressed to young F. Henry Quitman, in Natchez, Miss., and a while at college at Princeton from his father, John Anthony Quitman. The elder Quitman served as a brigadier-general of militia during the Mexican War, governor of Mississippi, 1850-1851, and as a member of Congress, 1855-1858. His letters concern Cuban independence, with which he was sympathetic, states rights, secession, and other Southern political issues, as well as family affairs. Also included are several letters of other family members.

Insurance Society of Philadelphia. Records, 1904-1975.
(6 linear ft.)
Founded in 1901 and incorporated in 1909, the Fire Insurance Society of Philadelphia initially provided a forum for its members and offered them a broad spectrum of professional and social services, including a professional library, courses in insurance practices and even a restaurant. Monthly meetings addressed various aspects of fire insurance and prevention. The Society also held annual banquets. In 1925, the Society was renamed the Insurance Society of Philadelphia. In the sixties and seventies, the Society concentrated on its educational programs. Records, 1904-1975, include minutes, 1904-1975; general account books, 1911-1957; restaurant account books, 1918-1933, 1947-1949; and other payroll, membership and miscellaneous records, with photographs, posters, signs, menus and a map of Pennsylvania anthracite collieries.

Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Pennsylvania. Schuyler Post, No.51. Records, 1877-1928.
(41 v. and 600 items.)
The Philadelphia post of the Grand Army of the Republic, a fraternal, charitable, and patriotic organization of Union veterans of the Civil War, and its auxiliary organizations was founded in 1874.

The Post records include: constitution and by-laws, with members' register, 1877; minutes, 1874-1919; journals of members' accounts, 1881-1917; dues ledgers, 1903-1912; "black books," 1875-1886; minutes of the Guard, 1898-1908; miscellaneous loose material of correspondence, bills, receipts, committee reports, and applications for the Citizens Corps.

Records of the Sons of Veterans, P.R. Schuyler Camp No. 2, Philadelphia, include: minutes, 1889-1922; and dues ledgers, 1899-1928.

Ladies Aid Society, No. 4, Captain Schuyler Camp No. 2, Sons of Veterans Inc. (later changed to Auxiliary No. 4) records include: minutes, 1892-1903, 1917-1924; dues ledgers, 1893-1928; receipt books, 1893-1928; and account book, 1906-1928. Also one unidentified dues ledger, 1890-1914.

Norris, George William, 1875-1965. Papers, 1898-1962.
(10 v.)
George William Norris was a Philadelphia physician and president of the board of trustees of the Mutual Assurance Company of Philadelphia. Norris was also a very talented amateur photographer who exhibited in the Photographic Society of Philadelphia's 1893 exhibition and at both the first and second Philadelphia Photographic Salon exhibitions.

Personal narratives, memorabilia, and a family history, all with accompanying photographs, of Dr. George William Norris. Included in the collection are: European travel diary, 1898; transcription of a diary kept by Norris during his service with the U.S. Army Medical Reserve Corps in England and France, May, 1917-December, 1918; Medical Memories of his years as a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania, 1895-1899 (ca. 1960); a social and biographical memoir of the Mutual Assurance Company; History of the Norris Family compiled by George Washington Norris, William Fisher Norris, and George William Norris, n.d.; and a family scrapbook, n.d. There are three Norris photograph albums, ca. 1890-1950, of portraits, scenery, and the buildings, grounds, and personalities of "Woodburne," the family residence in Susquehana County.

Morris, Samuel Wells, 1786-1847. Correspondence, 1799-1852.
(400 items.)
Incoming correspondence of Samuel Wells Morris and his wife Anna Ellis Morris of Wellsboro. The early letters, 1799-1839 are mostly from family members to Anna Morris on domestic matters and include letters from Samuel on family business and his political activities while serving as a state legislator, 1832-1836, and as a democratic congressman, 1837-1841. The correspondence, 1840-1847, to Samuel reflects his interests in politics, northern Pennsylvania coal lands, and the Tioga Navigation Company. Correspondents are John Laporte, Frederick A. Muhlenberg, A.G. Ralston, various politicians, and members of the Morris and Ellis family.

Philadelphia Independence Homecoming Committee. Records, 1951.
(1,050 items.)
The Philadelphia Independence Homecoming Committee was organized "to recognize the 175th Anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence; to rededicate the American people to the ideals of democracy."

The papers include correspondence, speeches, publicity announcements, and miscellaneous publications and photographs. Much of the correspondence is of their chairman of the board, Edwin O. Lewis, and of the Committee president, Clement Vincent Conole.

John Cummins and Company. Correspondence, 1800, 1812.
(90 items.)
Incoming business correspondence, 1800, 1812, of John Cummins and Company, merchant firm in Duck Creek and Smyrna, Del., dealing in grains, flour, lumber, and dry goods. A few of the letters, April, 1800, are to George Kenard of Duck Creek, also a merchant.

Norris, Thomas G. Collection, 1786-1911.
(78 items.)
This collection of papers on the iron industry of Cumberland County, includes: Pine Grove Furnace day book, 1789-1790; Cumberland Furnace miscellaneous record book, 1795-1808; cordwood book, 1878, charcoal book, 1878, and analysis book (of various iron ores), 1880-1901, apparently of the South Mountain Mining and Coal Company; Pennsylvania Geological Survey Maps of the South Mountain, 1880-1889; land records, 1887-1892, primarily on Cumberland County; and a few miscellaneous records, 1864-1911, of the South Mountain Mining and Coal Company.

Clothier, Clarkson, 1846-1917. Collection, 1895-1909.
(41 items.)
A small collection of letters addressed to Clarkson Clothier, president of Strawbridge and Clothier, Philadelphia department store, and his wife Agnes Evans Clothier. Included among the correspondents are prominent actors, writers, educators, and politicians such as William McKinley and Dwight L. Moody.

Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922. Collection, 1779-1892.
(300 items.)
John Wanamaker was founder of a Philadelphia department store.

Small autograph collection assembled by John Wanamaker, consisting of autograph letters, clipped signatures, documents, and illustrative engravings and lithographs, representing mostly early 19th century American political, military, and literary figures. Included are such figures as Matthew Carey, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Millard Fillmore, Timothy Pickering, Joel Roberts Poinsett, Gideon Welles, and John Greenleaf Whittier.

Freeman and Frost families. Papers, 1809-1929.
(800 items.)
Incoming correspondence, business records, estate records, diaries, and miscellaneous family papers of the Freeman and Frost families of Philadelphia. Tristram William L. Freeman, auctioneer, is represented by business correspondence and a few miscellaneous business records, 1835-1848; his brother, Henry G. Freeman, lawyer, by a few business letters, 1847-1848; and Henry Freeman's son, Charles D. Freeman, lawyer, by correspondence, business records, and papers, 1842-1891, on his tenure as a New Jersey land commissioner.

The papers of Isabel Freeman Frost, Charles Freeman's daughter, make up the largest part of the collection. They include family and personal correspondence, 1873-1928; papers of the Whist Club of Philadelphia, 1879-1905; a memo book, 1897 apparently by Isabel Frost; diary, 1914; and personal account book, 1880-1819. Her correspondence contains letters from Sarah Augusta Cushing Freeman, her mother; Canfield Darwin Freeman, her brother; Augusta Frost Eisenbrey, her daughter; Emily Louise Phillips Frost, her sister-in-law; and ethnologist, Matilda Coke Evans Stevenson.

Her husband, Charles W. Frost, advertising agent, is represented by personal and business correspondence, 1881-1927; records of the Frost Block Company, 1901-1903, a firm organized to manufacture building blocks, toy, and novelties; and some correspondence and miscellaneous financial items, 1896-1897, of City and State, a Philadelphia reform newspaper with which Frost was associated.

There is also a diary, 1837, perhaps of Elizabeth Raney Frost; and a diary, 1870-1871 of Mary Ann Dorr Frost, daughter of Elizabeth Frost, about travel in western Europe.

Spring Garden Soup Society (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records, 1852-1929.
(300 items.)
The Spring Garden Soup Society was a private relief agency, organized in 1852 in the Spring Garden district of Philadelphia.

Minute book, 1852-1854; register of society members, 1853-1898; register of applicants for assistance, 1853-1929; a receipt book of donations, 1898-1916; and coal orders, 1891-1905. There is also a register of applicants for assistance from the Ladies Spring Garden Beneficial Society, 1861. Loose items, 1852-1914, include: the original list of subscribers, by-laws, bills, receipts, treasurer's reports, a few minutes, incoming correspondence, and miscellanea.

Philadelphia Drug Exchange. Records, 1861-1957.
(10 v.)
The Philadelphia Drug Exchange was founded in 1861 to promote the interests of the local drug and allied industries.

These records include: minutes, 1861-1955, of the board of directors and of annual meetings; roll of officers and members, 1861-1912; circulars, 1873-1877; and annual reports, 1875-1957.

Tucker, William Robinson, 1845-1930. Correspondence, 1882-1898.
(1,500 items.)
Tucker was manager for the counting house of John R. Penrose which operated a line of sailing vessels between Liverpool and Philadelphia and was primarily involved in the salt trade. At the same time, Tucker was secretary of the Philadelphia Board of Trade and served in various capacities with the Board of Port Wardens, Joint Executive Committee for the Improvement of the Harbor, the National Board of Trade, and the Philadelphia Bourse.

Major business correspondents are C.A. McDowell and W.S. McDowell of Nicholas Ashton and Sons, Liverpool, salt proprietors; William A. Hazard of Francis D. Moulton and Company, New York, salt merchants; and Samuel Thompson's Nephew and Company, New York, importers of burlaps, bagging, yarns. The correspondence is also reflective of his involvement in the development of Philadelphia's harbor and commerce. Many letters to Tucker, an avid sportsman, concern various club activities, particularly the League of American Wheelmen and other bicycling associations. There is scattered material from family of routine nature including many notes from his sister Irene H. Clark.

Davis, William Watts Hart, 1820-1910. Papers, 1809-1908.
(3 linear ft.)
William Watts Hart Davis was graduated from military school in Norwich, Vt., in 1842, was professor at Portsmouth (Va.) Military Academy, studied law, was an officer in the Mexican War, returned home to Doylestown and practiced law, was appointed to various government offices for the territory of New Mexico, 1853-1857, returned home where he purchased the Doylestown "Democrat," recruited the 104th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served through the Civil War, returned home to spend the rest of his life managing and editing the Democrat, and speaking and writing on historical subjects.

Davis arranged his papers into several volumes. His incoming correspondence, 1832-1846, 1857-1860, 1880-1882, from family and friends touches on all his activities, with many passing references to politics, although the content is primarily of personal affairs. One volume of the correspondence has been designated "autographs" and includes letters of political and military men, together with clipped signatures.

Davis also compiled two volumes of Literary Remains containing school essays, articles, addresses, reminiscences, diary entries, queries, acknowledgements, invitations, and clippings. There are additional manuscripts of consolidated reports, returns, special and general orders of his command which included regiments of 11th Maine, 56th New York State, 52nd Pennsylvania, and 104th Pennsylvania; History of One Hundred and Fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers; other works on the Mexican War and Bucks County; more scrapbook material, invitations, cards, notes, and newspaper clippings. The Doylestown Guards minute book, 1849-1860, is also found in these papers.

No entry.

Pennsylvania State Sabbath School Association. Records, 1862-1922.
(11 v.)
The Pennsylvania State Sabbath School Association was organized to promote Sunday School attendance and to encourage participation in church activities in Pennsylvania.

Minutes, 1873-1921, of the executive committee and the board of directors, with index; Convention records, 1862-1922, which include general news and summaries of the proceedings of the annual convention, as well as clippings, and a significant amount of material (in the 1922 volume) on John Wanamaker, president of the association, 1895-1906, and then honorary president and chairman of the board until his death in 1922; county records, arranged alphabetically by county including clippings and a brief history of the Sunday schools and the association within each county.

Morrow, John Harcourt Hague. Papers, 1932-1939.
(300 items.)
Papers on the political activities of John H.H. Morrow, Philadelphia lawyer. Most of the collection is made up of the papers of the Young Republicans of Philadelphia, in which Morrow held several offices and includes: by-laws and rules, 1932; minutes, 1932-1934; correspondence, 1934-1939; papers on the Philadelphia mayoralty campaign, 1935; and miscellaneous items. Morrow was president of the Young Republican National Federation, 1938, and the correspondence, 1937-1939, includes material on the National Federation.

There are also papers on the proposed division of the 46th ward, West Philadelphia, south of Market Street, in 1936.

No entry.

No entry.

No entry.

Chadwick, Alexander C., Jr. Papers, 1909, 1927, 1931.
(12 v.)
Alexander C. Chadwick was editor of first the Roxborough Times and then the Suburban Press newspapers which served Philadelphia's northwest communities.

Chadwick's interest in the past, present, and future of the Falls of Schuylkill neighborhood and the Wissahickon Valley are reflected in the 200 letters to him and in scrapbooks of newspaper clippings and photographs. Titles of the scrapbooks are: "Falls of Schuylkill"; "Falls of Schuylkill, Educators and Schools"; "Wissahickon"; "Wissahickon Valley (concerning construction of Henry Avenue Bridge); "Fairmount Park at Our Back Door"; "Philadelphia."

Brown, Henry Paul. Invitations, 1914-1954.
(200 items.)
Engraved invitations received by Dr. and Mrs. Henry Paul Brown.

Severn, Hannah. Autograph collection, 1726-1873.
(47 items.)
Autograph collection of letters and business papers of American and British origin including Anthony Armistead, J. Barnet, John Caldwell Calhoun, C.C. Cambrelling, J.H. Carleton, Sr. Mary Francis Clare, Thomas Cookson, Andrew Gregg Curtain, Lucius Q.C.Elmer, Alexander Henderson, I. Hoy, Sara Jane (Clarke) Grace Greenwood Lippincott, A. McClure, Frank Mayo, John Mitchell, James C. Murdoch, A.P.K. Safford, William Sansom, Horatio Seymour, Samuel L. Southard, William Buell Sprague, Ezekiel A. Straw, Charles Sumner, George Taylor, William Bingham Tappan, Nathaniel Visscher, George Washington, Daniel Webster Gideon Welles, W. Wheatley, N.P. Willis, William Wirt, Ford Willoughby, Joseph Woelff and J.G. Wood.

Franklin Inn Club. Archives, 1902-1974.
(3 linear ft.)
The Franklin Inn Club is a private club for authors, illustrators, editors, and publishers organized in 1902 at Philadelphia.

Correspondence; biographical data on the members, and manuscripts or other examples of their work; minutes, 1902-1955; account books, 1923-1950, invoices, 1927-1937, financial reports, bills, and receipts, and miscellaneous financial records; entertainment records, including texts of speeches, papers, and plays given before the club; and miscellany of other materials. The collection also contains three book length manuscripts: George Gibbs, The Secret Witness, (1917); John Bach McMasters, Life and Times of Stephen Girard, (1918); and Felix Emanuel Schelling, A History of English Drama, (1914).

Read family. Papers, 1810-1852, 1879.
(175 items.)
Papers of John Read and of his son John Meredith Read, Philadelphia lawyers. The John Read items, 1810-1833, consist almost entirely of letters, primarily from Henry Clymer, and legal documents on estate of George Clymer.

The John Meredith Read items, 1832-1852, 1879, include correspondence on legal matters, a few family letters, and some miscellaneous financial items. None of the papers touch upon Read's public career.

Ernst, Johann Friedrich, 1748-1805. Papers, 1776-1819.
(4 v.)
Letters, mostly in German, detail Johann Friedrich Ernst's personal and professional life in Northumberland County and Easton, 1776-1783; his letterbook, 1780-1786, contains copies of letters to such fellow pastors as Frederick Muhlenberg, Wilhelm Lehman, Immanuel Snozl as well as to Philadelphia printer, Charles Cist; a small personal diary, n.d.; and a religious and personal diary in the Americanisher Stadt und Land Calender, (1791), continued in another hand [Rev. Frederick Hauser] in English in an unidentified 1819 German almanac.

Fisher, Sidney George, 1809-1871. Papers, 1823-1887.
(3 linear ft.)
Personal correspondence of Sidney George Fisher, Philadelphia author and diarist, and his wife Elizabeth Ingersoll mostly on family matters: letters, 1851-1853, from Fisher to John W. Burton, giving instructions on the management of Mount Harmon, Fisher's Maryland farm; letters, 1852-1859, from Fisher to Elizabeth; and letters, 1864-1866, from Elizabeth to George. Also Edward Ingersoll's correspondence and memoranda, 1850, on the finances of John Ingersoll of Vicksburg, particularly John's mortgaged slaves.

Fisher, Sidney George, 1809-1871. Papers, 1832-1895.
(700 items.)
Letters, 1850-1869 of Sidney George Fisher to and from his wife Elizabeth Ingersoll, mainly while Fisher was in Richfield Springs, N.Y., taking the cure; letters, 1833-1855, to Elizabeth from her father Charles Jared Ingersoll; and letters, 1832-1859, to Elizabeth from various family members. The correspondence is mostly on routine social and family news. Also included in the papers are: Ann Eliza George Fisher (mother of Sidney George Fisher) account book, 1809-1820; Sidney George Fisher docket books, 1835-1850, account book, 1840-1841, and scrapbooks, 1833-1870, of his articles; Elizabeth Ingersoll Fisher diaries, 1855-1863; Sydney George Fisher (son of Sidney George Fisher and Elizabeth Ingersoll Fisher) miscellaneous papers, 1875-1895.

Kane, John Kintzing, 1795-1858. Papers, 1826-1860.
(ca. 1200 items.)
John Kintzing Kane was appointed attorney general of Pennsylvania in 1845, a position he resigned in 1846 to serve until his death as a U.S. District Court judge for eastern Pennsylvania.

These papers are mostly petitions and letters directed to Kane in 1845 recommending candidates for deputy attorney offices. There is some personal and family correspondence and letters of condolence to his family written after Kane's death in 1858.

Miscellaneous papers, 1853-1860, of Elisha Kent Kane, naval surgeon, explorer, and son of John Kintzing Kane, includes correspondence on the Second Grinnell Expedition to the Arctic in 1853 under Kane's command, condolence letters upon his death in 1857, and a small amount of correspondence on the establishment of Kane Lodge and an effort to finance a small monument to Kane.

No entry.

No entry.

No entry.

Miscellaneous Government Records, 1664-1950.
(72 v.)
An artificial, miscellaneous collection of official records or retained copies created by or for individual officer holders, governmental or quasi governmental bodies. Grouped with these entries are transcriptions of legislative hearings or court trials retained by parties to the proceedings. The assessment records described include taxes on real and personal property and list the taxable's name, the property taxed, and the assessed valuation. Duplicates are the records of taxes collected retained by the several collectors.

Darlington, Nina Kelton, b. 1866. Papers, 1892-1929.
(40 items.)
Nina Kelton Darlington was an author and educator in kindergarten music in Philadelphia and Boston, Mass.

These papers included the manuscript of Heart Songs of Degrees. Lessons in Verse for the Uni-verse, c. 1903, Darlington's applications for copyrights, and other miscellaneous papers.

No entry.

Fisher, Joshua Francis, 1807-1873. Papers, 1755-1865.
(500 items.)
Miscellaneous papers of the Joshua Francis Fisher family of Philadelphia family include: letters, 1767-1768, of Tench Francis to his wife, on business activities in England; Fisher family letters, 1775-1777, on revolutionary activities in America; George Harrison papers, 1792-1842, including some business papers and accounts, correspondence with William Tilghman on the Tench and Ann Francis estate and with Horace Binney on William Waln property; and Joshua Francis Fisher papers, 1819-1865, on family matters and a dispute with William Logan Fisher over the estate.

White, Charlotte. Collection, 1801 (1827-1886).
(4 v.)
Commonplace books of Philadelphians: Elizabeth Webb, n.d., copied 1801, with testimony by Thomas Chalkley; Thomas Shipley, hardware merchant, 1827-1834; Samuel Richards Shipley, salesman, ca. 1846-1859; and Earl Shinn, art critic and writer, 1872-1886.

Unger, Claude. Collection, 1706-1937.
(ca. 7000 items.)
Letters and documents representing some 2,000 individuals relate to a wide variety of subjects. Large groups of papers concern Philadelphia merchants of the late 18th and early 19th centuries and include correspondence, accounts, bills of lading, ships papers. Firms represented are: Richard Ashhurst and Sons, which traded in dry goods primarily with Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi; Thomas Astley, trading with England, whose papers mostly pertain to land investments in western Pennsylvania; Andrew Clow and Company, with offices in Philadelphia and London, traded with England and Europe, here mostly with Rathbone and Benson, Liverpool; Dutilh and Wachsmuth and affiliate companies, trading mostly with the West Indies but also with Europe.

There are account books representing a variety of businesses of Pennsylvania Germans, and also some court dockets and school exercise books. The bulk of this material consists of the records, 1840-1890, of Jonas Robinhold's dry good store, Port Clinton; blotters, journals, and ledgers; also Jonas Robinhold justice of the peace docket books, 1845-1863; and Port Clinton tax collection records, 1872, Hiram Robinhold, collector.

Additional records include: Heidelberg Township accounts of supervisors, 1775-1836; Peter Hoffman ledger, 1817-1831 (labor); Aaron Keffer, ledger, 1845- 1853; David Rinewald, linen merchant, daybook, 1797-1815; John Romich, lumber merchant, ledger, 1844-1888; William Weiler, dry goods merchant, ledger, 1851-1859; and others.

Dutilh and Wachsmuth -- 1,000 items in French.

Aaron Keffler ledger in German.

Unger, Claude. Collection, 1760-1900.
(ca. 4500 items.)
A miscellaneous section contains single items and small groups of papers of approximately 700 individuals. There are large groups of papers of Philadelphia merchants including: Richard Ashhurst and Sons, particularly in regard to its business in Tennessee; and Dutilh and Wachsmuth.

Additional groups of papers are: Manuel Eyre, also an early 19th century Philadelphia shipping merchant, correspondence and accounts on property development of Delaware City and other Delaware land interests, farming, and several voyages of the Charleston Packet to France and the West Indies; George Louis de Stockar, merchant of Nantes, France, incoming letters, 1760- 1796; Philadelphia surveyors papers used to make assessments for paving streets and for the Watering Department in the 1830's and 1840's, giving block by block measurements of street frontage in the Northern Liberties; and miscellaneous legal papers including some Berks County court records and John M. Read legal notes.

George Louis de Stockar incoming correspondence in French and German.

Wharton, Katherine Johnston Brinley, 1834-1925. Papers, 1723-1923.
(11 v. and 130 items.)
Diaries, 1856-1922, of Katherine Johnston Brinley Wharton of Philadelphia and Newport, R.I., reporting on personal activities and public events. The loose papers include some letters to Mrs. Wharton as well as letters and papers of Godfrey Malbone, Jr., John Malbone, and other ancestors of Mrs. Wharton.

No entry.

Bradford family. Papers, 1774-1923.
(700 items.)
Papers of the Bradford family and related families. The papers, 1800-1814, of Samuel Fisher Bradford, bookseller, stationer of Philadelphia, consists of bills, receipts, and some business correspondence.

There is a Charles S. Bradford, Jr., journal of a trip to Paris, 1860, and a volume of James Hewson Bradford's household accounts, 1853-1858.

The papers of James Sydney Bradford, engineer and military officer of Philadelphia, includes: a scrapbook, 1900-1913, of Company "B" Engineers Battalion, National Guard of Pennsylvania, which Bradford joined, 1909; and incoming and outgoing family correspondence written while he served on the Mexican border, 1916, in Camp Meade, Md. and Hancock, Ga., 1917-1918, and with the American Expeditionary Forces in France, 1918-1919.

The remainder of the collection consists primarily of Bradford, Hewson, and Caldwell miscellaneous family letters, 1774-1923.

Smith, Sarah A.G. Collection, 1716-1816.
(550 items.)
The Sarah A. G. Smith collection consists primarily of the business correspondence and records of several 18th-century Philadelphia merchants. About half of the collection is made up of the papers of Charles Wharton, his father, Joseph Wharton, both merchants, and other related members of the Wharton family, and includes: Charles Wharton business correspondence; business records; letter books, 1779- 1785, 1800-1828; account book with the Bank of Pennsylvania, 1794-1809; an index to shipping adventures and merchants who did business with Charles Wharton; and an unidentified letter book, 1766-1769, 1771.

One-third of the collection consists of the business papers, 1756-1798, of [Thomas] Lamar, [Henry] Hill, [Robert] Bisset Company, a partnership of three brothers-in-law who traded between Philadelphia, London, England, and Madeira, Portugal, and consist mainly of the correspondence between the partners and a few miscellaneous records. There are letters by Mary Lamar, the widow of Thomas Lamar, about her estate.

The remainder of the collection includes: correspondence, 1768-1774, of Anthony Clarkson, merchant of Philadelphia, from John and Arthur Burrows of St. Vincent and Jamaica; Joshua Fisher and Sons, merchants of Philadelphia, business records, 1745-1775; and miscellaneous items.

Eberlein, Harold Donaldson. Papers, 1923-1962.
(ca. 4000 items.)
Harold Donaldson Eberlein was a Philadelphia antiquarian and author of books and articles on American history, historic houses, architecture, interior design, and decorative arts. He also wrote on wine, gardens, and Italian architecture. Many of his books are written with Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard.

Typescripts, research notes, and correspondence. The material also includes several unpublished projects: The Making of Long Island, written with Hubbard and Elled D. Wagner, Social Life in the Federal Period, and a biography of Benvenuto Cellini. There are seventeen small volumes of Eberlein's personal expenses, 1940-1960.

Houses of the Hudson Valley / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. New York: 1942.

Manor Houses and Historic Homes of Long Island and Staten Island / by Harold Donald Eberlein. Philadelphia: 1928.

Portrait of a Colonial City, Philadelphia, 1670-1838 / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. Philadelphia: 1939.

The Practical Book of Chinaware / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Roger Wearne Ramsdell. Philadelphia: 1925.

The Rabelelasian Princess, Madame Royale of France / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein. New York : 1931.

Diary of Independence Hall / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. Philadelphia: 1948.

American Georgian Architecture / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. Bloomington, 1952.

Historic Houses of George-Town and Washington City / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. Richmond: 1958.

The Practical Book of Garden Structures and Design / by Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortland Van Dyke Hubbard. Philadelphia: 1937.

E.W. Clark and Company. Papers, 1837-1948.
(425 items.)
Papers collected for writing a history of E.W. Clark and Company, an investment banking and brokerage house founded in Philadelphia in 1837 by Enoch W. Clark and Edward Dodge. Significant activities of the firm included financial backing for the Mexican War and for the development of American railroads. The papers include some original correspondence, 1837-1937, miscellaneous legal and business records, news clippings, pamphlet, photographs, and typescript histories. There is also some material on Clark, Dodge, and Company, a New York banking house affiliated with the Clark Company, 1845-1857.

Moore, Clara Jessup, 1824-1899. Correspondence, 1890-1896.
(82 items.)
Clara Jessup Moore was a Philadelphia author and philanthropist residing in London, best known as the principal supporter, 1881-1896, of John W. Keely's fraud, the Keely motor.

Most of the letters are to Cornelia Frothingham of Readville, Mass., and Philadelphia, several of them on the Keely motor. There are also a few from Keely and others.

Boyd, John C., d. 1849. Correspondence, 1819-1849.
(53 items.)
A small collection of the correspondence of John C. Boyd of Danville, including family and business letters. Many of the latter deal with Boyd's frequently less-than-successful business speculations.

Yeomans, John William, 1800-1863. Correspondence, 1841-1849.
(150 items.)
The incoming correspondence of John Williams Yeomans, Presbyterian clergyman and educator, pertains to his term as president of Lafayette College, 1841-1843, and as the minister of the Presbyterian Church of Danville, 1846-1849.

Harrisburg Bridge Company. Papers, 1812-1850.
(125 items.)
The Harrisburg Bridge Company was incorporated in 1809 to erect and operate a bridge over the Susquehanna River at Harrisburg.

Incoming correspondence and material on stock sales, original financing, repairs, tolls, complaints on service, and applications for work.

Smith, Thomas W. Letters, 1862-1864.
(100 items.)
Thomas W. Smith was a sergeant in Company 1, 70th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers (6th Pennsylvania Calvary).

The letters report on the Peninsular Campaign of 1862, the Battle of Antietam in 1862, the Gettysburg Campaign of 1863, and the beginning of Grant's offensive in 1864.

Buchanan, Alexander, d.1913. Papers, 1855-1913.
(236 items.)
Correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Alexander Buchanan, Philadelphia police officer on his police work, with receipts and other miscellaneous personal papers.

Watson, Joseph, 1784-1814. Correspondence, 1824-1828.
(400 items.)
Incoming correspondence of Joseph Watson, mayor of Philadelphia, 1824-1828, on patronage positions, counterfeiting of currency, clemency for prisoners, and the sale of Philadelphia blacks, especially children, into slavery. There are also a few copies of Watson's outgoing correspondence.

Willing and Francis. Records, 1794-1822.
(150 items.)
Records of the merchant firm of Thomas Willing, Thomas Mayne Willing, and Thomas Willing Francis of Philadelphia. A majority of the papers pertain to the China trade, 1805-1822, and to William Read, a merchant of Philadelphia, who represented the firms of Willing and Francis and Willing and Cuwen, some outgoing correspondence of Willings and Francis, invoices of goods shipped, and other financial records, documenting trade in opium and tea, including probably the first recorded arrival of an American opium ship in China in 1805, the Bingham, owned by Willing and Francis, and a dispute involving the efforts of the Chinese merchant, Consequa, to recover a debt owed by Willing and Francis. There are also a few letters and other records, 1796-1800, on the ship Mount Vernon and a claim against Willing and Francis by William Mayne Ducanson, a few land papers, 1794-1811, of Thomas Willing, and Willing family land deeds.

No entry.

Hey, Emanuel, 1821-1892. Papers, 1866-1896.
(75 items.)
Legal papers primarily about Emanuel Hey, Philadelphia yarn manufacturer, his real estate interests, the estate of his father, Moses Hey, and Emanuel Hey's own estate.

Hey, Moses, 1792-1866. Papers, 1817-1868.
(78 items.)
Correspondence to and from Moses Hey, Springfield Township, Delaware County, with some of Hey's speech drafts. Early correspondence concerns his yarn manufacturing business and personal interests. Half of the letters are written by Hey to local newspapers expressing his strong Republican views during the Civil War.

Sword family. Papers, 1819-1850.
(ca. 1,000 items.)
The Sword family was a merchant family of Philadelphia and New Castle, Del., prominent in the China trade. John D. Sword was a supercargo to the West Indies, South America, and China. Mary Sword accompanied him to South America, 1837-1838, and to China, 1841-1845, where she lived at Macao while he did business at Canton.

Principally family correspondence, with a few diaries and business papers; includes original and a typescript copy of most items. The first two generations of Swords in America are represented by a small number of family letters, 1751-1790, of William Sword, a sea captain, of his wife, Penelope Haley Sword, and of their son, John Ewer Sword, also a sea captain.

More than half of the collection is made up of the papers of John Dorsey Sword, the son of John Ewer Sword, and his wife Mary Parry Sword.

The larger part of the papers of John D. and Mary Sword are for the years 1836-1850 and pertain to the China trade. Their numerous and detailed family letters contain material on almost every aspect of the China trade, including descriptions of the voyage to Canton, the Opium War, and the social life of westerners at Macao. John D. Sword's papers include family correspondence, 1819-1850; business correspondence, 1825-1842, including a number of letters from his business partner John B. Trott; and a business letterbook, 1825-1826. Mary Sword's letters contain numerous references to Americans at Macao. There are also extracts of her letters making reference to the Delano family, the grandparents of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Also included are outgoing family letters from Rio de Janeiro and Valparaiso, 1837-1838, and from Macao, 1842-1845; letters to John D. Sword at Canton, 1842-1845; incoming social letters, 1837-1845; South American diary, 1837-1838; China diary, 1841-1842; diary, 1841-1844, from her brother Thomas Parry on life in Philadelphia.

The papers of William Sword Ash, at Canton with his uncle, James D. Sword during 1847-1848, also relate mainly to the China trade and include family correspondence, 1841-1848; a letter press copy of business letters, 1847-1848; and a diary, 1846-1847, of the journey from New York to Canton.

The remainder of the collection is made up of the family and personal correspondence of James D. Sword's sister, Sarah Dunn Sword, 1819-1849; of his brother, James Brade Sword, supercargo and businessman, 1818-1839; and a diary, 1863, of his son, John Sword.

Meredith, Joseph D. Papers, 1845-1857.
(300 items.)
Correspondence and title papers of Joseph D. Meredith, a land agent of Pottsville, on the ownership and development of lands in the Schuylkill and Luzerne counties. The papers reflect the development of Middlesport, the Summit Branch Railroad Company, and early coal companies. Correspondents include: Horatio N. Burroughs, Joseph Casey, John C. DaCosta, Eli Kirk Price, and A.G. Waterman.

Miscellaneous monographs, 1740-1973, n.d.
(37 v.)

Biddle, James Cornell, 1835-1898. Civil War letters, 1861-1865.
(317 items.)
Letters of James C. Biddle to his wife report on Civil War military operations and strategy of the capture of Fort Hatteras, the occupation of New Orleans, and with George Gordon Meade's staff at the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Appomattox. There are many sketches of the position of the troops and frequent references to Union and Confederate leaders, especially Ulysses S. Grant, Joseph Hooker, Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, and George Gordon Meade.

No entry.

Colt, Roswell L. (Roswell Lyman), 1779-1856. Papers, 1808-1854.
(ca. 1200 items.)
These papers consist primarily of business, political, and social correspondence of Roswell L. Colt of Paterson, N.J. The material reflects Colt's penchant for speculation in lands in Oneida, N.Y., Pennsylvania, Maryland, and western property, as well as coal, iron, canals, and railroads. His debts to the Bank of the U.S. and the estate of his father-in-law are also treated. There is evidence of Colt's position as financial advisor to his brother, John M. Colt, textile manufacturer, his cousin Samuel Colt, arms manufacturer, Nicholas Biddle, and Daniel Webster. American politics are frequent topics in the letters. Much of the later correspondence concerns his agricultural and horticultural interests, from Nicholas Biddle, Richard M. Blatchford, John W. Bloomfield, William A. Bradley, John M. Colt, Samuel Colt, Herman P. Cope, John Devereux, R.M. Gibbes, D.M. Perine, Daniel Webster, and various members of the Hone Club of New York. There are also some bills, receipts, and other miscellaneous papers.

Miscellaneous Military records and Orderly books, 1675-1864.
(24 v.)

No entry.

Perot family. Papers, 1819-1956.
(109 v. and 800 items.)
Francis Perot began a Philadelphia brewing and malting business in 1818. About 1825 he absorbed the brewery which had been founded in 1687 by Anthony Morris, Jr., and which was then owned by Perot's father-in-law, Thomas Morris, 2d. The Perot Malting Company gave up brewing in 1850, eventually closed its manufactories in Philadelphia and Oswego, N.Y. (acquired in 1882), and used only their malting plant in Buffalo, N.Y., which had been built in 1907. The company was acknowledged as the oldest American business firm until it was sold in 1963.

The smattering of records here, consisting of 88 volumes and 200 loose papers, are all that survive housecleaning. They include ledgers and cashbooks, 1818-1953; salesbooks, 1873-1879, 1885-1953; minutes, receipt books, barley and malt accounts, rents and interests, contracts for the Buffalo plant construction.

Perot family papers include: Francis Perot account books, 1823-1843, 1863-1885; William S. Perot, lawyer and estate executor for Sansom Perot, account books, 1836-1846; Elizabeth Marshall estate papers, 1862-1883; Mary Ann Marshall estate papers, 1881-1913; Elliston Joseph Perot diaries of academic, social, and church related activities, 1877-1901; and transcriptions of responses from the beyond to questions of T. Morris Perot, ca. 1890.

Among the T. Morris Perot, Jr., papers, 1893-1945, is correspondence with Sarah Tyson Hallowell and her niece Harriet Hallowell, both living in Moretsur-Loing outside of Paris, on financial affairs and family news.

In addition, the letters of Sarah Hallowell give glimpses of the coming of World War I, the Hallowells' hospital war work (financially supported by Perot), and post-war France. Harriet, who died in 1943, gives some commentary on the events of World War II, but the restrictions which the war placed on communications with France limits this information.

There are also correspondence and annual reports of the Santo Domingo Silver Mining Company, with mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, of which Perot was a major stockholder, and correspondence on the Association of Centenary Firms.

Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862. Notebooks, 1800-1862.
(21 v.)
Samuel Breck was a member of a prominent Philadelphia merchant family, a founder of the Pennsylvania Institution for the Blind, an amateur historian, and an officer of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

He kept what he called diaries, 1800-1862, which might more accurately be described as diaries-cum-commonplace books, frequently illustrated with woodcuts, engravings, and Breck's watercolors. The "diaries" comment fully on most public figures, issues, and events in both the United States and Europe. They contain a full measure of travel memoirs, personal and social gossip, as well as comments on manners and society. In 1830, Breck began to organize and condense the diaries into a volume of autobiographical "Recollections," that he carried to 1797 and in which he tells of his childhood in Boston, his education in France, and the family's move to Philadelphia in 1792. Included in the collection are special journals which Breck maintained while serving in the Pennsylvania Senate, 1819-1820, as a member of Congress, 1823-1824, and during trips to Boston, Mass., 1822, and to Quebec, 1838. There are also manuscripts of his speeches and published and unpublished articles a wide range of topics including George Whitefield to the Marquis de Lafayette, as well as four other miscellaneous volumes.

Much of the "Recollections" and selections from other diaries published in Recollections of Samuel Breck. H. E. Scudder, ed. (Philadelphia: Porter and Coates), 1877.

Clayton, John. Papers, 1832-1881.
(700 items.)
Family and business papers of John Clayton, Philadelphia lawyer, including: letters, 1832-1848, of his mother Sarah Medford Clayton; letters, 1842-1851, of his wife Anna Colton Clayton, many of them mentioning her father Matthias W. Baldwin, founder of the Baldwin Locomotive Works; record book of legal fees charged, 1841-1881; and incoming business letters and papers, 1877-1879.

Betts, Charles Malone, 1838-1905. Papers, 1862-1865.
(225 items.)
Charles Malone Betts was an army officer with the 106th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry (known as the Anderson Cavalry) which served in the East Tennessee Campaign until the final months of the Civil War when it engaged in a campaign that carried it into Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama.

The papers contain Betts's incoming letters, orders, and other military papers, 1862-1865; and material prepared by members of the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry for a proposed history of the cavalry, including a memo from the diary of Betts, an account of the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry by Betts, and an account of the First East Tennessee Campaign by Charles Lamborn.

The manuscript by Charles B. Lamborn, "First East Tennessee Campaign," is published in the History of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry (Philadelphia: 1906): 331-339.

Irvine-Newbold families. Papers, 1776-1956.
(13 linear ft.)
Papers covering five generations of a family of Philadelphia and Brokenstraw, Warren County. Business records make up the bulk of the collection, but there are also family letters, miscellaneous records and photographs. The first generation is represented by the papers, of William Irvine, physician and revolutionary military officer, including correspondence, 1783-1804, on family matters and land speculation; land papers; account book, 1776-1781, of his military expenses; record book, 1781-1782, of clothing disbursed by Irvine at Fort Pitt; miscellaneous account books, 1793-1796, 1802-1808; orderly book, 1778-1779, and roll book, 1776-1777, of a British unit, the 1st Battalion of Guards.

General Irvine's son, Callender Irvine, served as the U.S. army commissary general from 1812 to 1841, and the papers on his military career include an account book, 1812-1829, and loose and letterpress correspondence. Although he lived in Philadelphia, Callender Irvine annually visited and took great interest in the Warren County lands inherited from his father, and there are incoming correspondence, account books, and other records which relate to land speculation, Brokenstraw farm, horse breeding, lumbering operations, and a general store. Callender Irvine's brother, Dr. John W. Irvine shared in the management of the store, along with Robinson R. Moore, until 1820, after which he practiced medicine in Brokenstraw, and his medical accounts and private business receipts are also included, 1821-1829.

The major portion of the papers belong to William A. Irvine, M.D., son of Callender, who settled in Brokenstraw in 1825, and who spent his life attempting to turn the Irvine property to profitable commercial ventures. Among his many enterprises were a lumbering business, the general store started by his father, a wool factory, an iron foundry, and further speculation. Correspondence, bills, receipts, legal records, memoranda, journals, and other account and record books cover the full range of Irvine's business interests, as well as his farm, internal improvements, and the post office where he served as postmaster. Additional account books relate specifically to the woolen factory, 1845-1856, the foundry, 1845-1854, the blacksmith shop, 1849-1854, and the Irvine post office. In the mid-1850's, Irvine was forced to give up most of his business, retaining the farm, the lumbering concern, and land on which he later developed oil. Irvine Tract papers, 1836-1881, include incoming letters, financial, and legal records.

William A. Irvine's personal papers include student medical notes, and incoming letters, 1849-1884. The papers of his wife Sarah Duncan Irvine include an account book, 1835-1838, scrapbooks, and an Irvine Sunday School minute book, 1838.

The fourth and fifth generations of the Irvine family are represented by the papers, 1865-1956, of William and Sarah Irvine's daughter Sarah Irvine Newbold and her five daughters: Elizabeth I. Newbold, Mary M. Newbold, Margaret E.I. Newbold, Emily D. Newbold, and Esther L. Newbold. The papers of the Newbold women include incoming letters, financial, legal and estate papers, and miscellaneous items.

There is also correspondence, 1910-1952, of August Gross, caretaker of Brokenstraw.

The Irvine Story / by Nicholas B. Wainwright. Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1964.

Kneass family. Correspondence, 1835-1878.
(ca. 600 items.)
The Kneass family members include: Samuel Honeyman Kneass, a Pennsylvania engineer involved with the railroads; his son William Harris Kneass, a civil engineer; William's wife, Amelia Stryker Kneass (also known as Pettie), who died in Vevey, Switzerland; their son Samuel Stryker Kneass, a Philadelphia physician who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania; and William's uncle, Strickland Kneass, chief engineer and surveyor for the city of Philadelphia.

The first section includes: Samuel H. Kneass' business correspondence on his work on the Delaware-Schuylkill Canal, 1835-1839, and his appointment as principal city surveyor, 1849-1853; Miscellaneous correspondence on financial matters resulting from his career as an engineer, 1836-1857; annual reports to the North Western Railroad and the Delaware-Schuylkill Canal Company, 1839-1856; essays, speeches, his will, and various legal documents; as well as a miscellany of printed specifications, an architectural drawing, and stock shares, 1837-1860.

The second section of the collection consists of the private correspondence of William Harris Kneass and his immediate family including: letters from William to his son Samuel, after Amelia separated from him, telling Samuel to remember his father fondly, 1871-1876; letters from William to Amelia before they were married, 1862-1863, and after they were estranged, 1873-1876. There are also other family papers including: several letters, 1876-1877, from Samuel to his mother, while he was in school in Europe, and some of his school compositions; letters from Strickland Kneass to his niece-by-marriage Amelia, 1868-1876, revealing efforts to reconcile Amelia and William; bill from Strickland for a sewer survey, 1870, while he was chief engineer and surveyor for Philadelphia. Several volumes complete the collection: essays by William, 1856-1857, Amelia's book of poetry and her domestic accounts, 1873-1878, miscellaneous bills and receipts, stock shares, and advertisements.

There is also a seemingly unrelated collection of papers of the Steele family consisting of a brief family genealogy, financial records, and a letter dated 1825 from Eugene describing the railroads in England.

Faught, Albert Smith, 1883-1965. Papers, (1907-1916) (1934-1961).
(275 items.)
The papers of Albert Smith Faught, Philadelphia lawyer, on Pennsylvania politics include: letters, 1907, reflecting the efforts to organize support for presidential candidate William Howard Taft and John O. Sheatz for state treasurer; correspondence, 1910, on the Pennsylvania gubernatorial election; papers, 1912-1913, of the Pennsylvania Electoral College of 1912, and on the formation of an Electoral College Association comprised of its members; papers, 1916, on the attempt of the members of the Pennsylvania Electoral College of 1912 to organize in support of Charles Evans Hughes as the Progressive candidate for president; records and correspondence, 1934-1944, of the Philadelphia Committee on Public Affairs; miscellaneous records and correspondence, 1943-1961, on city policy, and the Philadelphia mayoral election of 1943.

Belfield, Percy C. Papers, 1917-1947.
(1,800 items.)
Papers of Percy C. Belfield include: bills, receipts, and correspondence on the operation of his farm in Swarthmore, including items on house repairs, alterations, and care for the grounds. There are also some personal financial records of Belfield, a Philadelphia teacher.

No entry.

West End Free Library. Records, 1912-1937.
(300 items.)
The West End Free Library of Chester, chartered in 1907, later became a branch of the J. Lewis Crozier Library.

Librarians' records of the West End Free Library include: correspondence; annual reports, 1914, 1930-1937; bills and receipts; book orders; and bibliographies.

Willits, Edith W. Bullock. Papers, 1812-1863.
(150 items.)
Incoming letters on personal and family matters and some correspondence and papers of other family members.

Cruice, Robert Blake, d. 1899. Papers, 1853-1899.
(300 items.)
Robert Blake Cruice was a surgeon, secretary of the Board of Managers, and president of St. Joseph's Hospital.

Most of the papers relate to estates for which Cruice was appointed executor and under whose care the testators died. Several of the wills, which often included bequests to the hospital, were contested. There is also correspondence, 1888-1899, with his attorney, Theodore Finley Jenkins, an account book, 1887-1897, and correspondence on family property in Glenamaddy, County Ballinasloe, Ireland.

Jessup family. Records, 1814-1896.
(175 v.)
Records of the Jessup family include primarily: journals, ledgers, and memoranda books on the legal practice of William Jessup and his son William Hunting Jessup of Montrose. In addition to the Jessup firm records, there are account books of several of the clients including: Drinker estate, James C. Biddle and Henry Drinker, executors, 1834-1865; Charles Fraser, M.D., 1825-1838; Arthur King Harroun, D.D.S., 1884-1888; George C. Pride, general merchant of Haverford, 1848-1857; Joseph Richards, lawyer, 1835-1854; and Robert H. Rose estate, 1836-1858. As agriculturists and trustees of large tracts of land in Susquehanna County, several of their records concern lumbering and farming, including William H. Jessup's diary of farm work, 1871-1896.

Lippincott family. Papers, 1814-1950.
(ca. 2000 items.)
Primarily the personal papers of several related Philadelphia families, including correspondence, financial records, estate records, diaries, photographs, and much miscellanea. The earliest papers, 1814-1858, are by members of the Shaw, Craige, and Lippincott families, and include: correspondence; miscellaneous receipts; Sarah Lippincott's receipt book, 1826-1858; and the diary, 1839-1840 of Josephine Craige who in 1845 married J.B. Lippincott, the founder of the publishing house.

The Sigmund H. Horstmann papers include a few personal letters, 1869-1870; and miscellaneous business records, 1851-1864, of Horstmann Brothers and Company, importers and manufacturers of military uniforms, insignias, and flags. His wife, Elizabeth West Horstmann, is represented by account books of household expenses, 1864; servant's wages, 1856-1896; travel expenses in Europe, 1869-1870; and two miscellaneous volumes. Also included are the European diaries, 1869-1870, 1873, of her daughters Sarah and Elizabeth Horstmann.

The bulk of the collection is made up of the personal papers, 1860-1927, of Walter Lippincott, son of J.B. Lippincott and husband of Elizabeth Horstman. It contains: incoming correspondence; accounts; bills and receipts; contracts; real estate records; tax records; household accounts; inventories; instructions to servants; photo albums; Lippincott's diary, 1892-1919, with brief notations on routine activities; transcript of Lippincott's interview with Admiral George Dewey on the problems of the German fleet at the battle of Manila Bay; school records and reports; and other miscellanea.

Elizabeth Horstmann is represented by incoming letters, account book, 1884-1919, scrapbooks, school papers, and miscellanea.

The papers, 1906-1950, of Bertha Horstman Lippincott Coles, the only child of Walter and Elizabeth Lippincott, include a few letters, some regarding her published writings; financial records on the large estate inherited from her parents and other properties; a diary, 1906-1907; papers on her work with the U.S. Service Club; and the manuscript of her book, Wound Stripes, (1921.)