Mary Bye papers

Collection 3202

( Bulk, 1974-1991 ) 1969-1992, undated
(5.6 Linear feet ; 15 boxes, 4 flat files)

Summary Information

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Bye, Mary, 1913-
Mary Bye papers
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1974-1991
Date [inclusive]
1969-1992, undated
5.6 Linear feet ; 15 boxes, 4 flat files
Finding aid prepared by James R. DeWalt
Mary Bye (1913-2002) was a Quaker activist who lived in rural Bucks County. She became involved in the anti-war movement during the 1960s. She was also active in causes relating to social justice and the environment. During the 1970s she became involved with anti-nuclear activism, and was a principal opponent of efforts to expand the nuclear facilities at Limerick, Pennsylvania, and elsewhere. Late in life she became increasingly concerned with environmental protection, famously attempting to save a stand of oak trees near her home from destruction. Her other major causes included Native American rights and a continuing devotion to the anti-war movement. She was a Convener of the Friends Environmental Working Group, a leading figure in the Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective and the Movement for a New Society, and a supporter of numerous local and national activist organizations. The Mary Bye papers consist of 5.6 linear feet of textual documents recording Mary Bye’s activist career from 1969-1992 (bulk 1974-1991). The documents in this collection relate primarily to her activity in opposition to nuclear energy and her efforts and concern for environmental protection. Of particular importance are documents relating to numerous local organizations in the form of newsletters, meeting notes, and correspondence, as well as a significant collection of documents relating to the nuclear facilities at Limerick, Pennsylvania, and the related Point Pleasant Pumping Station, a facility 30 miles to the east designed to bring water as coolant from the Delaware River to the Limerick station. Other topics include the American Indian Movement and the anti-war activities of the Plowshares Eight.

Preferred citation

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Mary Bye papers (Collection 3202), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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Background note

Mary Bye was born on April 25, 1913 to Mary Maitland DuBois McCarty and Harry Downman McCarty, a prominent Baltimore physician. She graduated from Swarthmore College in 1936, where she studied mathematics and natural sciences, and later attended the School of Horticulture, now part of Temple University, where she studied landscape design. After practicing horticulture for several years, she married the watercolorist Ranulph de Bayeux Bye (1916-2003), known for his paintings of rural Bucks County scenes. They had five children: Dennis Latham (born 1942), Barbara Downman (born 1944), Richard Edwin (March 12, 1951-May 10, 1951), Stephen Gerard (born 1952) and Catherine “Katie” Maitland Castor (born 1955). Originally an Episcopalian, after marrying Ranulph Bye she became a Quaker and moved to rural Bucks County where she remained for the rest of her life. Mary and Ranulph Bye later divorced.

Mary Bye became active in the anti-war movement during the Vietnam War. During her years as a peace activist, she was arrested ten times and jailed for civil disobedience after reading the names of war dead on the Capitol steps in Washington, D.C. She was detained by police while protesting a visit by Richard Nixon at Independence Hall, fired on with water hoses while protesting at a munitions plant in New Jersey, and arrested at a demonstration in support of the Harrisburg Seven, a group of anti-war activists led by Father Philip Berrigan, who were being tried in 1972 on several counts of conspiracy. She frequently opened her home to visiting peace activists and hosted community forums in support of the movement. She commuted daily to Philadelphia where she worked for the Peace Committee of the Society of Friends, and was an active member of the anti-war coalition Concerned Citizens of Bucks County. She was a long-term tax resister, refusing to pay a portion of her taxes to the IRS in opposition to American military spending. Her other early causes included support of Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers, and opposition to apartheid in South Africa. She was active in the local group Movement for a New Society and its affiliated organizations.

During the 1970s she became increasingly involved with anti-nuclear activism and opposition to nuclear reactor facilities. She participated in demonstrations and other direct actions at the Barnwell, South Carolina facility in 1978, and later became a determined critic and opponent of the nuclear facilities at Peach Bottom and Limerick, Pennsylvania and the related Point Pleasant Pumping Station, a facility designed to bring water as coolant from the Delaware River to Limerick. She participated in demonstrations and other actions aimed at directing attention to the dangers of nuclear energy, and consistently lobbied government officials on behalf of local anti-nuclear organizations such as Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective and Limerick Ecology Action. Concurrent with her opposition to nuclear energy, she became an advocate of energy conservation and supporter of alternative energy sources, notably solar energy, attempting to convert her home to solar photovoltaic cell technology.

Later in life, Mary Bye became more broadly concerned with ecology and the environment, natural habitat, clean air and water, and animal rights. She served for several years as Convener of the Friends’ Working Group on Stewardship of the Environment (later Friends Environmental Working Group). She became a celebrity in her Bucks County community and beyond because of her 1988 attempt to save a stand of oak trees from cutting by literally hugging the tallest tree and refusing to leave. Her efforts were unavailing, and the trees were cut down. She continued to be involved in issues of social justice and peace activism, corresponding frequently with imprisoned members of the Plowshares Eight, a group of anti-war activists led by Philip Berrigan and his brother Daniel, who in 1980 damaged nuclear missile components at the General Electric Nuclear Military Facility in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. She suported several civil and human rights organizations, and opposed military intervention in Central America. She became an advocate of the American Indian Movement, supporting activists Dennis Banks, Russell Means and Leonard Peltier. Mary Bye entered a retirement home in Newtown, Bucks County sometime in 1991 or 1992. She died on November 1, 2002.

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Scope and content note

The Mary Bye papers comprise 5.6 linear feet of textual documents with additional flat and object files related to the political, social and environmental activities of Quaker activist Mary Bye, from 1969 to 1992 (bulk 1974-1991). The documents include correspondence, direct action planning documents, informational mailings and solicitations, organizational newsletters, meeting notes, and newspaper clippings. The collection contains documents directly related to Bye, as well as organizational mailings intended for a general readership that Bye kept for her own use, often with personal annotations and comments in the margins. The files are especially useful in documenting the activities of local activist organizations, many of which appeared as ad hoc groups for specific purposes, some continuing for several years, others later repurposed or defunct. The papers in this collection reflect a general repositioning of Mary Bye’s activist career away from her early efforts in the anti-war movement of the 1960s and early 1970s toward a more concerted activism in support of environmental protection, and in opposition to nuclear energy. Personal and family papers are not well represented in the collection.

The collection is divided into nine series: Series 1. Activism, including general topics of social and political activism;  Series 2. Native Americans, concerned mostly with Bye’s activities in support of the Native American Movement;  Series 3. Peace Activism, including the activities of various Friends and other peace organizations;  Series 4. Anti-Nuclear Activism, documenting Bye’s activities with various activist groups, demonstrations and direct actions, especially involving the Limerick Nuclear Reactor;  Series 5. Energy, focusing on alternative sources of energy, especially solar;  Series 6. Environment, concerned with environmental protection, clean air and clean water;  Series 7. Animal Rights, protection of wildlife and the humane treatment of animals;  Series 8. Friends/Religion, including documents related specifically to Friends’ religious concerns and spirituality; and  Series 9. Personal, a collection of strictly personal letters and documents.

Researchers should note that Mary Bye’s name appears in a bewildering confusion of forms, misapplications and misspellings. For the record, her full unmarried name was Mary DuBois McCarty. Her full married name was Mary McCarty Bye (sometimes Mary DuBois McCarty Bye). This collection contains two forms of her printed letterhead, Mary McCarty Bye, and simply Mary Bye.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The Historical Society of Pennsylvania ; 2016.

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107


Open to researchers without restrictions.


Gift of Mary Bye.

Processing note

The Mary Bye papers originally consisted of ten linear feet of documents. The majority of these were housed in rough folders or envelopes gathered together by general topic, some obviously by Mary Bye herself, others probably not. They included direct mailings and solicitations from a number of organizations of every type, many of them unopened, requesting donations and including in their mailings newsletters, information brochures, photocopied news clippings, and petitions. Most of this material was duplicated many times over. A sampling of the direct mailing was kept with the collection, either in a miscellaneous file by series, or when appropriate with the organization file concerned. Informational material from the direct mailings was sometimes extracted by Bye and kept in a separate file, often with annotations added in the margins. These have been maintained in the arrangement in which they were found. Duplicated and repetitive mailings have been discarded, including most national newsletters and magazines. All documents concerning Mary Bye or any of the organizations or direct actions in which she was involved have been kept, including newsletters, as well as all documents connected in any way with local organizations and Friends groups.

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Related Materials

Related materials

At other institutions:

Mary Bye papers (Collection RG5/024), Friends Historical Collection of Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant.
  • Bucks County Conservancy.
  • Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective.
  • Clean Air Council.
  • Creation Spirituality.
  • Critical Mass Energy Project (U.S.).
  • EcoJustice Working Group.
  • Friends Committee on Unity with Nature.
  • Friends Environmental Working Group.
  • Limerick Atomic Power Station (Pa.).
  • Limerick Ecology Action.
  • Mobilization for Survival (Organization).
  • Movement for a New Society.
  • Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station (Pa.).
  • Philadelphia Quaker Women's Workshop.
  • Plowshares Eight (Group).
  • Point Pleasant Pumping Station (Pa.).
  • Sierra Club.
  • Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant (Pa.).

Personal Name(s)

  • Banks, Dennis
  • Fox, Matthew, 1940-
  • Heinz, John, 1938-1991
  • Kabat, Carl
  • Kostmayer, Peter H.
  • Massey, Marshall
  • Means, Russell, 1939-2012
  • Peltier, Leonard
  • Redding, Stephen
  • Schuchardt, John
  • Silkwood, Karen, 1946-1974
  • Specter, Arlen


  • Animal rights.
  • Antinuclear movement.
  • Disarmament.
  • Ecology.
  • Energy conservation.
  • Environmental protection.
  • Native Americans.
  • Nuclear power plants.
  • Pacifism.
  • Peace--Societies, etc.
  • Quaker women.
  • Quakers--Pennsylvania
  • Social justice.
  • Solar energy.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1.  Activism 1969-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

The Activism series contains files devoted to general social justice and organizations that embraced several aspects of activism. It is not unusual for groups such as the Christic Institute or the Friends Committee on National Legislation to be devoted to anti-war activism, environmental protection, alternative energy, feminism, etc., at the same time. Some of the files in this series are essentially collections of mass mailings kept and sometimes annotated by Mary Bye. Files related to the Greensboro Five and the migrant farm workers contain more Bye original content. The Movement for a New Society was a network of social activist collectives that grew out of a group originally called A Quaker Action Group, but that was no longer exclusively a Friends organization. It was active locally and was related to two projects that Bye was closely involved with: Turning Point Life Center Community and Wonderful Older Women. Moon Ark, or Moon Ark Ecology House, though not well represented, seems to have been a local organization supported by Bye that initially espoused ecological concerns but later became more general in focus. Mobilization for Survival, also with local affiliation, was an activist group that embraced several causes and encouraged direct action. The Bucks County Free Library file relates to efforts by Bye to amend the policy of the library in determining what material was permitted to be posted by outside groups at library facilities. The political correspondence files, notably with Congressman Peter H. Kostmayer and Senator Arlen Specter, are files that Bye maintained in their present condition; subject matter varies and complements topics in other series of the collection, which also contains correspondence with these and other government officials.

Box Folder

American Civil Liberties Union 1987-1990, undated 

1 1

Bucks County Free Library-bulletin board policy 1969, 1976-1978, undated 

1 2

Center for Constitutional Rights 1988-1990, undated 

1 3

Christic Institute 1985-1991 

1 4

Christic Institute-miscellaneous papers and news reports 1986-1990, undated 

1 5

Christic Institute- Convergence 1987-1991 

1 6

Death penalty 1990 

1 7

Friends Committee on National Legislation 1988-1990 

1 8

Friends-Testimonies and Concerns Committee 1984-1986, 1989, undated 

1 9

Greensboro Five 1983-1985, undated 

1 10

Migrant farm workers 1975-1988, undated 

1 11

Mobilization for Survival 1977-1990, undated 

2 1

Mobilization for Survival- The Mobilizer 1978, 1986 

2 2

Mobilization for Survival-Survival Summer 1980, undated 

2 3

Moon Ark 1981, undated 

2 4

Movement for a New Society 1979, undated 

2 5

Political correspondence-John Heinz 1977, 1985-1986 

2 6

Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer 1976-1977, undated 

2 7

Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer 1983-1988, undated 

2 8

Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer 1989 

2 9

Political correspondence-Arlen Specter 1981-1990, undated 

2 10

Political correspondence-miscellaneous 1976-1977 

2 11

Poverty 1983, undated 

2 12

Simple Living Movement undated 

2 13

Socialist Party, U.S.A. 1987, 1989, undated 

2 14

The Socialist 1988-1989 

2 15

South Africa 1979, 1989 

2 16

Southern Poverty Law Center 1986-1989, undated 

3 1

Southern Poverty Law Center- Law Report 1987-1990 

3 2

Turning Point-Life Center community 1979-1980, undated 

3 3

W.O.W.-Wonderful Older Women 1978-1979, undated 

3 4

Miscellaneous groups and newsletters 1979, 1985, 1989-1990, undated 

3 5

Miscellaneous direct mailing undated 

3 6

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 Series 2.  Native Americans 1978-1990, undated 

Scope and content note

The Native Americans series is primarily concerned with Bye’s efforts on behalf of the American Indian Movement, cofounded by Dennis Banks, and supported by activist and Native American actor Russell Means. One file concerns support for Leonard Peltier, a Native American activist who was convicted and sentenced to prison in the shooting deaths of two FBI agents in what was known as the 1977 Pine Ridge conflict. Other files relate to local Native American organizations.

Box Folder

Dennis Banks 1983-1984, undated 

3 7

Friends' concerns 1978-1990 

3 8

Lenni Lenape Historical Society 1988-1989, undated 

3 9

Russell Means 1978, 1983-1984, undated 

3 10

Native Spirit 1988, undated 

3 11

Leonard Peltier 1979, 1984-1985, 1990, undated 

3 12

Miscellaneous 1979-1990, undated 

3 13

Miscellaneous direct mailing 1990, undated 

3 14

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 Series 3.  Peace Activism 1975-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

Mary Bye continued to be active in the anti-war movement after the Vietnam War, but her concern shifted to American military activity in general, especially in relation to Central America. The organizations represented here frequently support several causes, but peace activism is their focus as represented in this series. Friends groups and concerns are well represented. Jonah House was a pacifist organization based in Baltimore, Maryland. The Plowshares Eight were a group of activists, including Father Philip Berrigan of the Harrisburg Seven and his brother, Father Daniel Berrigan, who were convicted of destroying two nuclear warheads in 1980 at a General Electric facility in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. Mary Bye corresponded extensively with John Schuchardt and also with Father Carl Kabat, two of the convicted activists, however, there is no personal correspondence in this collection with Fathers Philip or Daniel Berrigan. This series also contains a record of Mary Bye’s resistance to paying federal income tax in opposition to American military activity. This resistance spanned many years prior to the files in this collection, here restricted mainly to her activities from 1980 to 1982.

Box Folder

Central America 1982, 1984-1985, 1988, undated 

4 1

Fellowship of Reconciliation 1983, 1990, undated 

4 2

Friends-American Friends Service Committee-National Action/Research on the Military Industrial Complex 1977-1984, undated 

4 3

Friends-Committee on the United Nations 1985-1987, undated 

4 4

Friends- Peace and Service Newsletter 1984-1991, undated 

4 5

Friends Peace Committee 1982, 1986, 1988, undated 

4 6

Friends-miscellaneous 1984, 1988 

4 7

Jonah House- Year One 1980-1989, undated 

4 8

Newsletter of LEPOCO Lehigh-Pocono Committee of Concern 1977-1978, 1987, 1989 

4 9

Nuclear weapons 1985-1986, undated 

4 10

Plowshares Eight 1981-1990, undated 

4 11

Plowshares Eight-correspondence 1978-1988, undated 

4 12

Tax resistance 1975, 1980-1982, undated 

4 13

Miscellaneous groups 1980-1990, undated 

4 14

Miscellaneous newsletters 1976, 1978, 1983, 1990, undated 

4 15

Miscellaneous papers 1976, 1980, 1986, 1988-1989, undated 

4 16

Miscellaneous direct mailing 1989-1990 

4 17

Posters and ephemera 1982-1983, undated 

Flat file 1

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 Series 4.  Anti-Nuclear Activism 1975-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

The Anti-Nuclear Activism series includes files related to Mary Bye’s efforts to draw awareness to the hazards of nuclear energy and nuclear waste. It includes important documentation of direct action and political lobbying through local groups such as Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective, as well as files dealing with nuclear hazards in general. This series is especially useful in documenting how local and national groups conducted political and direct action. The Barnwell, South Carolina rally file demonstrates how an operation of this nature was carried out in 1978. The greater portion of this series is relates to local efforts to stop or curtail further development of the nuclear facility at Limerick, Pennsylvania and its related facility at the Point Pleasant Pumping Station. Several rallies and vigils are documented, along with ongoing correspondence intended to apply political pressure. One file records a court case ( Mary Bye v. Philadelphia Electric Company) which involved Bye as a complainant and her decision to withhold a portion of her electric bill that she considered relative to the generating capacity of Limerick. The Point Pleasant Pumping Station conflict relates to concerns involving environmental pollution as well as nuclear energy. There are also files relating to the Peach Bottom nuclear facility, and others such as Three Mile Island. Several large files contain general mailings and related information from large national organizations such as Union of Concerned Scientists and Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project, to which Bye offered her services. Local groups include Limerick Ecology Action and CLEAR (Citizens’ League for Environmental Awareness Resources). Another local organization, though not well represented, was the Silkwood Reactors, in which Bye was an active participant.

Box Folder

Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes, Inc.-newsletters 1985-1987 

5 1

Citizens Energy Council 1981, 1984-1985, 1990, undated 

5 2

Citizerns for Environmental Rights 1987, undated 

5 3

CLEAR-Citizens' League for Energy Awareness Resources 1988-1990, undated 

5 4

Friends' concerns 1975, 1984-1987, undated 

5 5

National Day of Nuclear Protest-rally May 24, 1986 1986, undated 

5 6

Nuclear energy 1974, 1984-1988, undated 

5 7

Nuclear Information and Resource Service 1984, 1986-1991, undated 

5 8

Nuclear reactor safety 1983-1988, undated 

5 9

Nuclear reactors-Barnwell-rally and direct action, April 29-May 1, 1978 1977-1979, undated 

5 10

Nuclear reactors-Chernobyl 1986, 1991, undated 

5 11

Nuclear reactors-Limerick 1983-1988, undated 

6 1

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation plans 1983-1987, undated 

6 2

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation drill-July 25, 1984 1984-1985, undated 

6 3

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation drill-April 3, 1986 1986, undated 

6 4

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-Limerick Ecology Action 1983-1985, 1989, undated 

6 5

Nuclear reactors-Limerick- Mary Bye v. Philadelphia Electric Company 1985-1987, undated 

6 6

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-PECO rate hikes 1983-1986, 1989-1990, undated 

6 7

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-political correspondence 1984-1986, undated 

6 8

Nuclear reactors-Limerick-Vigil, September 14, 1984-Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective 1984, undated 

6 9

Nuclear reactors-Oyster Creek 1984 

6 10

Nuclear reactors-Peach Bottom 1986-1989, undated 

6 11

Nuclear reactors-Three Mile Island 1979, 1982-1986, undated 

6 12

Nuclear reactors-miscellaneous reactor accidents and shutdowns 1984-1986, undated 

6 13

Nuclear Regulatory Commission 1980-1981, 1985-1990, undated 

7 1

Nuclear Times 1986-1988 

7 2

Point Pleasant Pumping Station 1983-1989, undated 

7 3

Point Pleasant Pumping Station-Judge Isaac Garb 1983, 1987 

7 4

Point Pleasant Pumping Station-National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit 1988, undated 

7 5

Political correspondence 1978, 1983-1989, undated 

7 6

Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project 1985-1988 

7 7

Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project undated 

7 8

Radiation/irradiation 1978-1990, undated 

8 1

Radioactive emissions-Dauphin County ordinance 1983-1984, undated 

8 2

Radioactive waste 1984, 1987-1990, undated 

8 3

Radioactive Waste Campaign 1985, 1987-1990, undated 

8 4

Royersford laundromat contamination 1984-1985 

8 5

Karen Silkwood/Silkwood Reactors 1978, 1983-1984, undated 

8 6

Swarthmore College 1987, undated 

8 7

Union of Concerned Scientists- Nucleus 1984, 1986-1990, undated 

8 8

Miscellaneous groups 1986-1990, undated 

8 9

Miscellaneous newsletters 1984-1985, 1988, 1990 

8 10

Posters and ephemera undated 


Posters and ephemera 1984, undated 

Flat file 2

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 Series 5.  Energy 1973-1991, undated  (Bulk, 1978-1991)

Scope and content note

The Energy series contains files related to alternative sources of energy, especially solar, as well as files pertaining to local organizations, utilities and regulatory agencies. The Philadelphia Electric Company file, in addition to energy matters, contains documents relating to PECO’s efforts toward environmental protection in building a fish ladder at the Conowingo Dam in Maryland. Several files relate to the efforts of Mary Bye to convert her house to solar energy with support from the local organization Moon Ark Ecology House.

Box Folder

Alternative energy resources 1973-1974, 1979, 1989-1990, undated 

8 11

Citizens Coalition for Energy Efficiency- Energy Report 1989-1990 

8 12

Congressional Research Service-information packet 1983-1985 

8 13

Electricity 1981, undated 

9 1

Electricity-power line risks 1989-1990, undated 

9 2

Energy efficient appliances 1980, 1985-1987, undated 

9 3

Pennsylvania Energy Center 1984, 1986-1991, undated 

9 4

Pennsylvania Power and Light Company 1982, 1987-1988, undated 

9 5

Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission 1986-1989, undated 

9 6

Philadelphia Electric Company 1989, undated 

9 7

Political correspondence and newsletters 1973, 1978, 1979, undated 

9 8

Solar energy 1984-1988, 1991, undated 

9 9

Solar energy-Bye house conversion 1978-1980, undated 

9 10

Solar energy-Bye house demonstration project 1987-1989, undated 

9 11

Solar energy-GRASP The Grass Roots Alliance for a Solar Pennsylvania 1989, undated 

9 12

Miscellneous organizations 1978, 1988-1990, undated 

9 13

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 Series 6.  Environment 1975-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

The Environment series contains files related to environmental protection, air and water pollution, greenhouse effect, recycling, rainforests, and habitat restoration. The Friends Environmental Working Group (FEWG), originally the Working Group on Stewardship of the Environment, for which Bye was a Convener, is especially well represented. FEWG worked closely with the Pacific Yearly Meeting’s Friends Committee on Unity with Nature and activist Marshall Massey. Many local environmental groups are represented; among the more significant are the Bucks County Conservancy and the Clean Air Council (Delaware Valley Citizens’ Council for Clean Air). National groups include the Sierra Club, with its local affiliates, and EcoJustice Working Group, an interdenominational activist group sponsored by the National Council of Churches. Of special interest is an effort by Mary Bye to protect a stand of oak trees in Buckingham Township, Bucks County, from being cut down in 1988. Bye coordinated with local activists in rallying support for the trees. She was arrested on one occasion for trespassing while literally hugging one of the trees. The oaks were eventually cut down, but not before Bye became a local celebrity, drawing attention to the need for habitat preservation. Bye’s efforts were well documented in local media; published articles include insights into her personal life and activist career. A similar action documented here relates to efforts by activist Stephen Redding to protect a stand of trees in Chalfont, Bucks County. Another file relates to the “Celebration of Water,” an event held at Mary Bye’s home in 1979.

Box Folder

Acid rain 1981-1986, undated 

10 1

American Farmland Trust 1986, undated 

10 2

American Farmland Trust- American Farmland 1985-1990 

10 3

Bucks County Conservancy 1988-1990, undated 

10 4

Bucks County Conservancy-Pennsylvania Scenic Rivers Program 1978-1988, undated 

10 5

Clean air-Clean Air Council 1979, 1984-1991, undated 

10 6

Clean air-Clean Air Task Force-Dauphin County Board of Commissioners 1984, undated 

10 7

Clean air-National Clean Air Coalition 1986, undated 

10 8

Clean air-ozone 1989, undated 

10 9

Delaware Valley Land Trust Association 1986, undated 

10 10

Delaware Valley Whole Earth Coalition undated 

10 11

Food and pesticides 1978-1979, 1981, 1990, undated 

10 12

Food and pesticides-CO-OP Community Organization for Organic Produce 1987-1988, undated 

10 13

Friends Committee on Unity with Nature-Pacific Yearly Meeting-Marshall Massey 1985, undated 

11 1

Friends Committee on Unity with Nature-Pacific Yearly Meeting-newsletter 1985-1991, undated 

11 2

Friends Environmental Working Group-meeting mintes 1984-1991, undated 

11 3

Friends Environmental Working Group-correspondence and misc. papers 1985-1991, undated 

11 4

Friends-miscellaneous environmental concerns 1973, 1985-1986, undated 

11 5

Greenhouse effect/global warming 1987-1989, undated 

11 6

Greenpeace 1984-1985, 1988-1990, undated 

11 7

Local activism-miscellaneous 1985-1990, undated 

11 8

National Council of Churches-EcoJustice Working Group 1976, 1979, 1984-1985, undated 

11 9

Natural Resources Defense Council 1985-1990, undated 

11 10

Natural Resources Defense Council-newsletters 1975, 1985, 1987-1988, 1990-1991 

11 11

Oil spills 1989, 1991, undated 

11 12

Open Spaces Initiative 1986, 1988, undated 

11 13

Open Space Initiative-San Francisco Greenbelt 1985, undated 

11 14

Penn Accord/Philadelphia Electric Company 1988-1989, undated 

12 1

Population control 1984, 1990 

12 2

Rainforests 1986-1990, undated 

12 3

Rainforests- Extinction or Preservation-readings 1978, 1980, undated 

12 4

Rainforests-Guanacaste National Park 1986, undated 

12 5

Recycling 1987-1988 

12 6

Riverbend Environmental Education Center 1985, undated 

12 7

Sierra Club 1985-1991, undated 

12 8

Sierra Club-local affiliates 1986, 1988, undated 

12 9

Toxic waste 1983-1984, undated 

12 10

Toxic waste-Delaware Valley Toxics Coalition 1987, 1990 

12 11

Trees 1975, 1986, 1988-1989, undated 

12 12

Trees-Buckingham Township. Bucks Co./Mary Bye Activism 1988-1989, undated 

12 13

Trees-Forest Park, Chalfont, Bucks Co./Stephen Redding Activism 1988, undated 

12 14

Trees-"Tree Portraits"-exhibition 1989-1990, undated 

12 15

Trees-tree registry 1989-1990, undated 

12 16

Water 1977-1979, 1984-1985, undated 

13 1

Water-"Celebration of Water" 1979, undated 

13 2

Miscellaneous correspondence and draft manuscripts 1982, 1988, undated 

13 3

Miscellaneous printed material 1984-1987, undated 

13 4

Miscellaneous direct mailing 1989-1990, undated 

13 5

Poster and newspapers 1988, undated 

Flat file 3

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 Series 8.  Animal Rights 1977-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

Mary Bye received and collected an enormous amount of documentation related to wildlife and animal protection. It seems that her activity in this area was limited largely to donations to various societies and causes. She was somewhat more active in her concern for seals, in particular the North Pacific fur seal. She was the official protector of a Humpback whale named “Tassle.” Most of the documents in this series are limited to general mailings and related publications.

Box Folder

Bucks County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals 1987, 1991, undated 

13 6

Defenders of Wildlife 1985, undated 

13 7

Elephants 1980, undated 

13 8

Horses 1980, undated 

13 9

Humane Society of the United States 1985-1989, undated 

13 10

Political correspondence 1977-1987, undated 

13 11

Sea otters 1980, 1987, undated 

13 12

Sea turtles 1980, undated 

13 13

Seals 1981, undated 

13 14

Seals-North Pacific fur seals 1980-1984, undated 

13 15

Whales and dolphins 1980-1987, undated 

14 1

Miscellaneous organizations and papers 1988-1990, undated 

14 2

Miscellaneous direct mailing 1990-1991, undated 

14 3

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 Series 8.  Friends/Religion 1974-1991, undated 

Scope and content note

This series relates to the general and spiritual activity of Quakers and other religious groups. The Philadelphia Quaker Women’s Workshop file represents the earliest documentation (1974) in this collection related to Mary Bye. She and a group of Quaker women were expressing their concern and support for a group of Episcopal women priests whose ordination had been declared invalid by the Episcopal House of Bishops. A large file concerns a movement called Creation Spirituality, developed by Matthew Fox, a Dominican priest who had been expelled from his order in 1993 for disobedience, denying the doctrine of original sin. Creation Spirituality was influenced by the teachings of medieval Catholic visionaries, and came to espouse a message that was strongly in support of ecological and environmental activism.

Box Folder

Clearness Committee 1976, 1980, undated 

14 4

Creation Spirituality/Matthew Fox 1988-1990, undated 

14 5

Friends direct mailing 1990 

14 6

Friends Journal 1982, 1986, 1988 

14 7

Spirituality undated 

14 8

Philadelphia Quaker Women's Workshop 1974, undated 

14 9

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting News 1984-1985, 1987-1988, 1990-1991 

14 10

Miscellaneous papers 1980-1986, undated 

14 11

Miscellaneous newsletters 1988, 1991 

14 12

Miscellaneous non-Friends newsletters and publications 1980, 1982, 1991 

14 13

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 Series 9.  Personal 1979-1992, undated 

Scope and content note

This brief series contains items related to Mary Bye of a personal nature, papers unrelated in any way to topics in other series, and some notes and writings of an indeterminate nature. A newspaper article (Shultes, Anne, “Still an Activist” in The Intelligencer/The Record [Doylestown, Pa.] 12 November 1992) is the last reference to Mary Bye in this collection, a personal portrait written after she had moved to a retirement home in Newtown. Included in this series are papers related to Bye’s activity as an alumna of Swarthmore and Temple University.

Box Folder

Miscellaneous papers and articles 1979-1992, undated 

14 14

Alumni activity 1979, 1989-1991, undated 

14 15

Poster-"Brown Bag-it with the Arts" 1988 

Flat file 4

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