Nicholas Haussegger orderly books

Collection Am.623

(0.13 Linear feet ; 2 volumes)

Summary Information

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Creator - Author
Haussegger, Nicholas, 1729-1786
Nicholas Haussegger orderly books
Date [inclusive]
0.13 Linear feet ; 2 volumes
Finding aid prepared by Sarah Newhouse
This collection was processed during the Digital Center for Americana Project Phase II, which was funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Richard Lounsbery Foundation.
Text [Volume]
This collection documents the orders given to and activities of the 1st German Battalion, 1776-1778, during the United States’ Revolutionary War. This battalion was raised from German settlers from Pennsylvania and Maryland. It was comprised of four companies from each state, and was the first battalion to be enlisted for three years. Colonel Nicholas Haussegger commanded the battalion from June 1776 to March 1777. Baron de Arendt commanded from March 19, 1777 to January 1, 1781, when the battalion was broken up. On February 26, 1778, the German Battalion was officially made a part of Maryland's quota to facilitate supply and recruitment. Although numbered the 8th Maryland, it was still usually referred to as the German Battalion.

Preferred Citation note

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Nicholas Haussegger orderly book (Collection Am .623), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection contains orderly books dating from 1776-1778, both describing the activities of the First German Battalion during the Revolutionary War. Volume 1 covers the orders given to the battalion from June 10th to September 17th, 1776, when it was headquartered at Philadelphia and Middle Brook. This volume contains an inscription on the inside cover, indicating that the book is "principally in the handwriting of Captain Philip Schrader." Volume 2 covers January – June 1977, when the battalion had its headquarters in Morristown and Middle Brook, and 12 January – 10 June 1778, when headquarters were at Valley Forge. Both volumes contain regimental and general orders with descriptions of courts-martial and daily officer assignments. Orders include instructions to soldiers to keep themselves clean and behave in a "soldier-like" manner and details about the feeding and housing of troops (they were to be provided with vinegar for their food whenever possible). Other orders refer to officers of the day and troop movements.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The Historical Society of Pennsylvania July 2011

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Presented by George F. Bamberger.

Processing Information note

Volume 2 in this collection is too fragile to be handled and is unavailable for research. Researchers should instead use the digital version found on HSP's digital library:

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania has many Revolutionary War orderly books. The items listed below are only a representative sample, so researchers should also check with reference staff and the online catalog to learn more about the Society's orderly books.

Brisbane, John. Ledger, 1776-1894 (Collection Am .6075)

Clayton, Robert. Orderly book, 1778-1779 (Collection Am .618)

Dayton, Elias. Orderly book, 1780 (Collection Am .653)

Febiger, Christian. Letterbooks, 1778-1782 (Collection Am .0638)

Hand, Edward. Papers, 1766-1907 (Collection 261)

Hawkins, John H. Journal, 1779-1782 (Collection Am .0765)

Hinrichs, John. Diary, 1778-1780 (Collection Am .0805)

Hubley, Adam. Journals, 1778-1780 (Collection Am .6429)

Morgan, Daniel. Orderly book, 1777 (Collection Am .60731)

Nice, John. Family papers, 1764-1864 (Collection 451)

Norcross, Aaron. Diary, 1775-1776 (Collection Am .1086)

Philadelphia and Lancaster counties militia records, 1778-1782 (Collection Am .23)

Sixth Massachusetts Regiment. Orderly book, 1782 (Collection Am .637)

Stewart, Walter. Orderly book, 1780 (Collection Am .6542)

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Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)

  • Philadelphia (Pa.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.

Personal Name(s)

  • Arendt, Henry Leonard Philip, Baron de


  • Orderly books
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, German American.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, German--Early works to 1800.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, German--Sources.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783.
  • United States. Continental Army--Order-books

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