Andrew Atkinson Humphreys papers

Collection 0304

( Bulk, 1850-1879 ) 1708-1930, undated
(69.0 Linear feet ; 120 boxes, 76 volumes, 15 flat files)

Summary Information

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Humphreys, A.A. (Andrew Atkinson), 1810-1883.
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys papers
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1850-1879
Date [inclusive]
1708-1930, undated
69.0 Linear feet ; 120 boxes, 76 volumes, 15 flat files
Finding aid prepared by Cathleen Miller
The Digital Center for Americana pilot project was funded by the Barra Foundation and several individual donors.
Mixed materials [Oversize]
Flat files 1-15
Mixed materials [Box]
Mixed materials [Volume]
The papers of Andrew Atkinson Humphreys span the course of Humphreys's career, including his service in the Second Seminole War, his work as a civil engineer on surveys along the U.S. coast and the Mississippi River, as chief of staff for General George Meade; and as head of the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers. The collection consists of correspondence, orders, reports, payment vouchers, ephemera, maps, survey data, drafts and published works. The most significant groups of materials in this collection are documents from the Civil War, including muster rolls, reports, orders, and payment vouchers, which may have been collected when Humphreys served in the Army of the Potomac; and papers related to the survey of the Mississippi River in the 1850s and 1860s. Also of interest are Humphreys's later reflections on the Civil War in his notes and manuscripts for Gettysburg to the Rapidan and  The Virginia Campaign. Also included in this collection is a small group of family papers related to the lives and work of Joshua and Henry H. Humphreys.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Andrew Atkinson Humphreys papers (Collection 304), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Return to Table of Contents »


Andrew Atkinson Humphreys was born in Philadelphia in 1810, and went on to attend the military academy at West Point. Andrew was the son of Samuel Humphreys, who was the chief constructor for the United States Navy, and the grandson of Joshua Humphreys, who is often called the "Father of the American Navy." Humphreys graduated from West Point in 1831 and enlisted with the Second Artillery Regiment in South Carolina. Humphreys' service took him to Florida, where he fought in the beginning of the Second Seminole War, until the fall of 1836, when he became too sick to complete his service. He traveled for a short period of time, and then reenlisted in the Corps of Topographical Engineers in 1838.

Humphreys worked on the U.S. coastal survey, in addition to many smaller projects in Washington, D.C. and Chicago during the 1840s. From 1850 until 1861, he took charge of the Mississippi River survey project, which spanned the length of the river to the Mississippi Delta. Humphreys and his assistant Henry L. Abbot produced a significant report from the survey, entitled Report upon the Physics and Hydraulics of the Mississippi River, in which they detail the factors involved in the river's flooding and document the state of the levee system. This work was one of the major works of Humphreys's career, and may mark his most significant contribution to the field of engineering. During this period, Humphreys also directed the survey of the Pacific Railroad, under the supervision of the secretary of war, Jefferson Davis.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Humphreys's focus shifted toward topographical engineering for the Army of the Potomac. His skills as a surveyor were employed to map the courses of battle and plan strategy for the Union Army. Humphreys's friendship with Jefferson Davis was an obstacle in the beginning of his service in the Union Army, but he proved himself to be a superior soldier and over time rose in rank. He served as chief of staff for General George G. Meade in 1863 and 1864, and later commanded the 2nd and 3rd Army Corps. After the Civil War, Humphreys commanded the Army Corps of Engineers (which merged with the Corps of Topographical Engineers in 1863) until his retirement in 1879. After his retirement, Humphreys wrote several memoirs of his service in the Civil War, which detailed the campaigns of Gettysburg and Virginia. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys spent the last years of his life in Washington, D.C., where he died in 1883.

Return to Table of Contents »

Scope and Contents

This collection documents all aspects of Andrew Atkinson Humphreys's career in the United States Army and Topographical Corps of Engineers, as well as some aspects of his personal life and family history. A.A. Humphreys's papers are arranged into eleven series, most of which focus on his military service.

The correspondence and orders in series 1 (1848-1879) represent a mixture of personal and official military documents, which provide a view into Humphreys's work on the Mississippi River survey and his service in the Army of the Potomac under General George Meade. Series 2 contains pamphlets, periodicals, scientific journals, military documents, and newspapers, which cover a wide range of topics, indluding surveying, astronomy, Philadelphia public buildings, military regulations, and the court martial case of Fitz-John Porter. Series 3 (Family papers) offers a minimal perspective on the life of Joshua Humphreys, who designed the U.S.S. Constitution, with a small selection of accounts and papers related to shipping. More significantly represented in series 3 is A. A. Humphreys's son, Henry, who served under his father during the Civil War, and continued on to a military career of his own. Henry H. Humphreys's scrapbooks in boxes 11-14 contain correspondence, clippings, memorabilia concerning the anniversary of the  Constitution, and other documents, personal and professional. Series 4 contains maps drafted for maneuvers of the Army of the Potomac. See the General George G. Meade papers for related material. Series 5 (Miscellaneous) contains a small group of papers from Humphreys's personal and professional activities, as well as a scrapbook compiled after his death.

Series 6 contains receipts for expenses, payroll, and transportation of goods related to the Sanitary Commission and Fair in Philadelphia. Series 7 (Supplies) offers a perspective on the food and goods consumed by soldiers and officers during the height of the Civil War. This series is mostly comprised of receipts, but there are also reports on food quality and records of rations received. Series 8 documents Humphreys's work with the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers, and includes accounts, correspondence, legislation and reports related to various projects. Series 9 (Volumes) is one of the most comprehensive series in the collection because a significant portion of the manuscript material that would normally have been separated into other series is bound in a group of fifty-seven volumes, which make up the bulk of the series. The majority of these volumes cover the Civil War period, and include several volumes of letters from Humphreys to his wife about the war and daily activities (Volumes 33-34). Volumes 1-32 contain correspondence, both military and personal, arranged chronologically. Volumes 35-55 contain official military correspondence from the Civil War era. Series 10 (Vouchers) is the largest series in the collection, consisting primarily of payment vouchers. Boxes 35-39 contain bounty fund payments; boxes 41-45 contain muster rolls for various regiments; and boxes 46-111 contain muster payrolls, bounty payments, correspondence related to payments and miscellaneous vouchers. The items in the last group of boxes were not sorted because they appeared more interconnected and were difficult to separate into discrete groups. The last series, Writings, contains material for Humphreys's book The Virginia Campaign (boxes 115-117), as well as several hand-written drafts. Also included are drafts and material for  Gettysburg to the Rapidan (boxes 117-119) and personal journals (box 119).

All materials are arranged chronologically within series.

Return to Table of Contents »

Overview of arrangement

This collection is arranged into eleven series:

Series 1. Correspondence and orders, 1848-1879, undated; 1 Linear foot;

Series 2. Ephemera and printed matter, 1842-1898, undated; 4 Linear feet;

Series 3. Family papers, 1708-1930, undated; 2.5 Linear feet;

Series 4. Maps and drawings, 1857-1865, undated; 0.2 Linear feet;

Series 5. Miscellaneous, 1853-1931, undated; 0.4 Linear feet;

Series 6. Sanitary Commission and Fair; 1862-1865; 1.2 Linear feet;

Series 7. Supplies, 1859-1864; 4 Linear feet;

Series 8. Topographical surveys, 1828-1880, undated; 2 Linear feet;

Series 9. Volumes, 1827-1901, undated; 19 Linear feet;

Series 10. Vouchers, 1861-1871, undated; 30 Linear feet;

Series 11. Writings, 1835-1883, undated; 4 Linear feet.

Return to Table of Contents »

Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The Historical Society of Pennsylvania 2010

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.


Gift of the Humphreys family. Some items were purchased by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Processing Information

This collection was processed using guidelines set out in the "More Product, Less Process" approach to archival processing. Given the scope of this collection, it could benefit from further processing at a later date.

Return to Table of Contents »

Related Materials

Related collections at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania

A.A. (Andrew Atkinson) Humphreys biographical notes (call number Am .685), 1865-1884.

Adolfo Fernandez Cavada diary (call number Am .6956), 1861-1863.

Frank M. Etting collection (collection 193), 1558-1917.

George Gordon Meade papers (collection 410), 1793-1896.

Joshua Humphreys papers (collection 306), 1682-1931.

Samuel Humphreys journal (collection 2001), 1818-1845.

Related collections at other institutions

Humphreys family papers (05186), 1840-1918; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Southern History Collection.

Separated Materials

A fairly large group of material was separated from the collection because it was deemed to have been erroneously included in the A.A. Humphreys papers during an earlier rehousing project. These papers consist of petitions and correspondence to the Pennsylvania Senate and House of Representatives, receipts and correspondence addressed to Levi Hollingsworth and Sons, correspondence addressed to Edward Armstrong, and invitations addressed to James T. Mitchell. These materials have been flagged for processing at a later date.

Return to Table of Contents »

Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States Sanitary Commission. Philadelphia Branch.

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Engineering & construction.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Military tactics--Union.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Union.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Personal Name(s)

  • Abbot, Henry L.
  • Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867.
  • Carson, Hampton L. (Hampton Lawrence), 1852-1929.
  • De Peyster, J. Watts (John Watts), 1821-1907.
  • Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885.
  • Humphreys, Henry H. (Henry Hollingsworth), b. 1840.
  • Humphreys, Joshua, 1751-1838.
  • Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward) , 1807-1870.
  • Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872.
  • Porter, Fitz-John, 1822-1901.


  • Hydrographic surveying--Mississippi River.
  • Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842.
  • Spouses--Correspondence--19th century.
  • United States. Army of the Potomac.
  • United States. Army. Corps of Engineers--History--19th century.
  • United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.

Return to Table of Contents »


Carson, Hampton L. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1885.

De Peyster, John Watts. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys. Lancaster, Pa.: Lancaster Intelligencer Print, 1886.

Humphreys, Henry H. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys: A Biography. Philadelphia: John C. Winston Company, 1924.

Pearcy, Matthew T. "Documents: Andrew Atkinson Humphreys' Seminole War Field Journal," The Florida Historical Quarterly 85, no. 2 (2006): 197-230.

Return to Table of Contents »

Collection Inventory

 1. Correspondence and orders 1848-1879, undated   1.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a wide range of correspondence, spanning Humphreys's career in the Army and the Corps of Topographical Engineers. There are six correspondence and order books that hold records produced during Humphreys's service in the Army of the Potomac. These letters and orders document soldiers' requests for leave, troop movements, and issues regarding the upkeep of the base and conduct of the men.

The unbound correspondence (in boxes 1 and 2) offers a view into the role of the topographical engineers in surveying and recommending repairs to the levees along the Mississippi River, and in mapping terrain for battles during the Civil War. These papers also contain Humphreys's requests for leave because of illness, discussions of his conflicts with other soldiers due to their conduct during battle, some material related to the survey of the Mississippi delta in the 1850s, orders to survey the Mississippi river levees (1865), and detailed correspondence between Humphreys and Henry L. Abbot about plans to repair the levee system along the Mississippi River. There are several folders of material that seem to have belonged to Major Frank M. Etting. These letters sometimes contain direct requests from soldiers or veterans who were struggling financially.

Later correspondence includes reflections on Civil War battles in letters to Major General de Peyster, as well as orders and correspondence from Humphreys's time as Meade's chief of staff. There is also correspondence related to Yerba Buena (or Goat) Island, about which there was a great deal of publicity when it was transferred from military control to the Central Pacific Railroad Company in 1872, by a Senate bill. The majority of correspondence is not isolated in this series, but scattered throughout the collection; most of it is pasted into volumes 1 through 57, which contain both personal and military documents and are arranged chronologically. See the series Volumes for both military and personal correspondence. There is also correspondence related to payments included in the  Vouchers series, as well as material related to the survey of the Mississippi River in the  Topographical Surveys series.


Letters Written (September 22, 1862-May 16, 1863) 


Special Orders (September 22, 1862-May 17, 1863) 


General Orders & Circulars (October 6, 1862-May 16, 1863) 


Circulars (December 10, 1862-May 16, 1863) 


Endorsement Book (October 2, 1862-May 16, 1863) 


Return to Table of Contents »

 2. Ephemera and printed matter 1842-1898, undated  (Bulk, 1860-1880)   4.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a mixture of broadsides, pamphlets, journals, newspapers and clippings, and a few photographs published under Matthew Brady's name in a folio titled Incidents of War. Some of the periodicals represented include  The Historical Magazine,  La Royale,  Army Navy Journal, and  Railroad Record.

Other materials in this series are military memos and orders; pamphlets pertaining to Gettysburg, the surveying of the Mississippi River, and the court martial case of Fitz-John Porter; printers proofs of Memoirs of HSP; and a set of clippings related to Philadelphia public buildings.


Return to Table of Contents »

 3. Family papers 1708-1930, undated   2.5 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

The majority of the material in this series documents the lives of Joshua Humphreys and Henry Humphreys, who were A.A. Humphreys's grandfather and son, respectively. Documenting the life of Joshua Humphreys are a small group of accounts, legal papers, shipping insurance policies, and a membership certificate for the American Philosophical Society. There is also a reprint of "Who Built the First United States Navy?"

Henry Humphreys's scrapbooks make up the largest segment of this series. He collected clippings, correspondence, and ephemera in three scrapbooks dating from 1884 to approximately 1910. In addition to the scrapbooks, there are two folders of commissions covering Henry Humphreys's service under his father's command during the Civil War. Also included in this series are a list of British officers circa 1750-1780, Humphreys family seals, one of Charles Humphreys's school books, and some miscellaneous items.

flat files 1-4

Return to Table of Contents »

 4. Maps and drawings 1857-1865, undated   0.2 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This small series contains maps of the Virginia Campaign during the Civil War, when Humphreys was working for General George Meade as a topographical engineer, and then as his chief of staff. Many maps, though printed, contain notations in pencil or ink. Also included are several designs for torpedos and batteries, as well as a sketch of the Southwest Pass near the Gulf of Mexico.

See the George Gordon Meade papers for related maps.

flat files 11-15

Return to Table of Contents »

 5. Miscellaneous 1853-1931, undated   0.4 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series contains a mixture of Humphreys's personal and professional items, as well as material about Humphreys collected after his death. Personal items include a Union League medal, Humphreys's passport, account records from Humphreys's travel to Europe, and some circulars for organizations to which Humphreys may have belonged. Professional items include order books used during Humphreys's service as Meade's chief of staff for the Army of the Potomac and notes he made about weapons manufactured abroad. Also included are a scrapbook with clippings about Humphreys's life and death and some photographs of artifacts.


Return to Table of Contents »

 6. Sanitary Commission and Fair 1862-1865   1.2 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

President Abraham Lincoln authorized the creation of the United States Sanitary Commission, which was charged with providing material comfort to Union soldiers during the Civil War. Many groups were formed throughout the North to collect bedding, clothing, and hospital supplies. These groups shipped materials to areas where they were needed. This series contains receipts for payments related to the Sanitary Commission and Fair in Philadelphia and payroll records for employees responsible for constructing the fair buildings. Many of the receipts document shipping and porterage costs. Other receipts show purchases of newspapers, blank books, furniture, transportation, and cost of construction. The majority of these materials represent the efforts of the Women's Pennsylvania Branch of the Sanitary Commission.


Return to Table of Contents »

 7. Supplies 1859-1864   4.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

Comprised of receipts and reports, this series documents officers' orders for food, candles, whiskey, and supplies for both personal use and for camp commissaries. The orders contain specific and detailed accounts of the food stores and whiskey rations received. These papers also contain a sample of food inspection records from various camps during the Civil War. These reports rate food quality and preparation, and offer a view of what soldiers ate for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Also included are a small group of inventories of quartermaster and ordnance stores. These materials are arranged chronologically.


Return to Table of Contents »

 8. Topographical surveys 1828-1880, undated   2.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series consists almost entirely of accounts and correspondence related to surveying and removing obstructions to navigation in the Mississippi River. Later material focuses on the survey and repair of levees in the Mississippi Delta.

The accounts document expenditures on goods like food, tools and instruments, drawing boards, paper and stationery supplies; and expenses for wages, transportation, medical care, and undertakers' services. The correspondence in this series refers primarily to reports, which detail the survey methodology, problems encountered during surveying, and document some of Humphreys's and Abbot's recommendations.

Also included in this series are memos, notes, reports, and other documents related to the Mississippi River and Pacific Railroad surveys. In addition, there is one folder of material related to the Inter-Oceanic Canal Commission, which was charged by President Grant with investigating the feasibility of a canal through Nicaragua.

flat file 6-10

Return to Table of Contents »

 9. Volumes 1827-1901, undated   19.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

Perhaps the most wide ranging series in the collection, the volumes contain material from all aspects of Humphreys's life, and papers from other members of the Humphreys family. This series offers a unique overview of Humphreys's personal life and career. The volumes are arranged in chronological order.

There is correspondence with A.A. Humphreys's father Samuel regarding Andrew's entry into the military academy as a young man. Later volumes contain records related to Henry Humphreys's service and personal affairs. The majority of the papers contained in these volumes pertain to Humphreys's service in the Corps of Topographical Engineers and the Army of the Potomac. Early materials document Humphreys's service in Florida during the Second Seminole War, his repeated illness during this period, and recuperative trips to Europe. These papers record his nomination to the Corps of Topographical Engineers and his subsequent work on surveys of the Chicago Harbor and the New England coast. Humphreys's more prominent topographical survey work along the Mississippi River is well documented in these volumes.

Papers related to the Civil War make up the vast majority of this series. Volumes 5-20 and 35-57 contain correspondence, official orders, regimental lists, reports, court martial records, debriefing about battles, and records of casualties. In some volumes, there are personal letters that describe the impact of the war and reveal conflicts between soldiers. Volumes 33 and 34 are primarily made up of letters from Humphreys to his wife during his military service. In some of these letters from the field, he writes in great detail about his direct experience of the countryside and his perspective on the war. These are intimate letters in which he confides in his wife and writes with requests for food and clothing. They provide a personal perspective on a man who might otherwise appear solely focused on his work and reputation.

Also included in this series are four volumes of accounts and lists related to bounty payments.


Papers (1827-1843) 


Papers (1844-1849) 


Papers (1850-1854) 


Papers (1855-1860) 


Congressional Board at West Point (1860/1861-February 1862) 


Papers (March 1862-May 22, 1862) 


Papers (May 23, 1862-July 28, 1862) 


Papers (July 29, 1862-October 10, 1862) 


Papers (October 11, 1862-November 1862) 


Papers (December 1862) 


Papers (January 1863) 


Papers (February 1863-March 7, 1863) 


Papers (March 7, 1863-March 28, 1863) 


Papers (March 28, 1863-April 14, 1863) 


Papers (April 15, 1863-April 26, 1863) 


Papers (April 27, 1863-July 15, 1863) 


Papers (July 16, 1863-December 27, 1863) 


Papers (December 27, 1863-November 26, 1864) 


Papers (November 28, 1864-April 1865) 


Papers (May 1865-May 15, 1866) 


Papers (May 16, 1866-June 4, 1868) 


Papers (July 12, 1868-June 15, 1871) 


Papers (June 16, 1871-September 20, 1871) 


Papers (September 25, 1871-1872) 


Papers (1873-February 1876) 


Papers (March 1876-December 8, 1877) 


Papers (December 21, 1877-March 11, 1878) 


Papers (March 18, 1878-December 1880) 


Papers (March 22, 1881-January 1883) 


Papers (February 1883-June 1883) 


Papers (July 1883-December 1883) 


Papers (1884-1901, Undated) 


Correspondence with Mrs. Humphreys (April 26, 1862-March 18, 1865) 


Correspondence with Mrs. Humphreys (March 19, 1865-July 4, 1869) 


Original War Papers (March 1862-January 1863) 


Original War Papers (February 1863-February 1864) 


Original War Papers (March 31, 1864-March 25, 1865) 


Original War Papers (March 26, 1865-November 4, 1867) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (July 9, 1863-April 1864) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (May 1, 1864-May 31,1864) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (May 31, 1864-June 30, 1864) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (July 1, 1864-August 16, 1864) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (August 16, 1864-September 16, 1864) 


Field Dispatches, Chief of Staff (September 16, 1864-November 26, 1864) 


Military Telegrams (March 1862-February 1865) 


Military Telegrams (March 25, 1865-April 5, 1865 


Military Telegrams (April 6, 1865-September 24, 1865 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (January 16, 1862-October 24, 1862) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (October 25, 1862-December 8, 1862) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (December 9, 1862-January 25, 1863) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (January 26, 1863-February 24, 1863) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (February 25, 1863-April 3, 1863) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (April 4, 1863-December 24, 1863) 


Special & General Orders & Circulars (January 9, 1864-July 30, 1878) 


Reports, Returns and Casualties (September 17, 1862-1865) 


Lake and Coast Survey (1867-1897) 


Reports, Returns and Casualties (1862-1863) 


Cash book (June 23, 1863-January 31, 1872) 


Check book (June 24, 1863-February 16, 1864) 


Unpaid bounties (Circa 1860s) 


Index to titles of each company (Undated) 


Abstracts of Letters Received (October 5, 1862-May 11, 1863) 


Return to Table of Contents »

 10. Vouchers 1861-1871, undated   30.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series is the largest in the collection, containing primarily military payment vouchers associated with soldiers' service in the Civil War. Included in this group are bounty payments, muster rolls, checks, disbursements made to Humphreys, receipts for transportation costs, some correspondence, and discharge certificates. There are muster payrolls for the following regiments, among many others: 1st California; 5th Wisconsin; 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry; 34th Illinois; 29th, 30th, and 44th Indiana; 17th Kentucky; 71st and 77th Pennsylvania; 47th New York Militia; 5th New York Artillery; 4th Maryland; and Fort McHenry Hospital.

Some of the payment vouchers describe the soldiers' servants by name and physical characteristics, in addition to providing information about the soldier being paid. Discharge vouchers offer a rich source of information about the physical attributes of each soldier, describe his belongings in the event of his death, and detail his rank, regiment, and location of service. Many of these papers originated in the office of Major Frank Etting, who served as a paymaster for the Army during the Civil War. It is unclear why Humphreys had all of these materials, but he may have collected them during his service in the Army of the Potomac.

The muster rolls in this series are, in some cases, mixed with the payment vouchers, though when it was clear that they were a discrete group of material, the muster rolls were grouped together. Some of the regiments represented in this group of papers include the 34th Illinois; 29th and 30th Indiana; 47th Illinois; 8th Wisconsin; 26th Illinois; 77th Pennsylvania; 3rd, 6th, and 8th U.S. Colored Troops; 19th Cavalry; Pennsylvania Militia; Union League, Merchants, Corn Exchange, and Coal regiments; and other Pennsylvania units.

There is a small segment of papers in the beginning of the series that seem to have belonged to the Bounty Fund. In these materials are bounty payment vouchers, muster rolls, and expenses of the Bounty Fund.


Return to Table of Contents »

 11. Writings 1835-1883, undated   4.0 Linear feet

Scope and Contents note

This series is made up primarily of drafts for A.A. Humphreys's published works, as well as notes and documents used as reference material. Other papers include galley proofs of Humphreys's book The Virginia Campaign, as well as the source documents he used to construct the book's narrative.  Gettysburg to the Rapidan, Humphreys's other published book, is also represented in drafts and source material. There are also numerous letters to the editor and articles published in newspapers and journals. Unpublished material in this series includes personal journals, pocket diaries, and journals kept by Humphreys during early surveying projects (the Tyber Bridge in Washington, D.C. and the Mississippi River survey, among others). Several of the personal journals are from the Civil War era, and detail daily conditions on the ground, troop movements, and other aspects of a soldier's life. Another manuscript entitled "A Rough Sketch of Some of the Characteristic Physical Features of Asia--The Road to India--The Objects of the War in Europe" (1855) rounds out this series.

flat file 5

Return to Table of Contents »