Indian Rights Association records


Collection 1523

1830-1986, undated
(185.5 Linear feet 476 boxes; 38 volumes; 1 flat file)

Summary Information

Repository
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Creator
Indian Rights Association.
Title
Indian Rights Association records
ID
1523
Date [inclusive]
1830-1986, undated
Extent
185.5 Linear feet 476 boxes; 38 volumes; 1 flat file
Author
Finding aid prepared by Willhem Echevarria, Jenna Marrone, and Darcy White.
Sponsor
This collection was processed as part of the Civic Engagement Collections Project. Funding for this project was provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) and the Laura Allen Trust.
Language
English
Language of materials
This collection is mostly in English with some documents in Arabic, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Native American languages.
Abstract
Beginning in 1882 the Indian Rights Association was one of the most important organizations establishing and influencing American Indian policy in the 20th century. The records of the organization span from its origins to the 1980s and include correspondence, research papers, administrative files, photographs, publications, and papers of Herbert Welsh, one of its founders.

Preferred Citation

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Indian Rights Association records (Collection 1523), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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Background note

The Indian Rights Association (IRA) was founded in Philadelphia in 1882 by Herbert Welsh, Henry S. Pencoast, and others after a trip to a Sioux Reserve in Dakota Territory opened their eyes to the economic and educational problems faced by Native Americans. The responsibility for the Indian Rights Association's programs fell, largely, to five men, all of whom had lengthy careers with the organization: Herbert Welsh, Matthew Sniffen, and Lawrence E. Lindley, active in Philadelphia; and Charles C. Painter and Samuel M. Brosius, Washington agents. Initially the association’s mission was to “bring about the complete civilization of the Indians and their admission to citizenship.” As the IRA conceived it, in order to secure their civil rights and assure access to the best possible education, American Indians first needed to cease existing separate nationalities and be absorbed into “the common life of the people of the United States." Even though the association became one of the most well-known and respected non-governmental organizations offering support to Native Americans, by today’s standards their goals are deemed paternalistic and in fact some of their actions ended up being detrimental to Native Americans.

The IRA also established a great reputation among non-Indian audiences as the primary source of information on Native Americans affairs. For a long time the United States government as well as the general population received no reliable information on matters related to Indians. Many myths and half-truths formed the basis of legislation and policy affecting Native Americans. During the first years of its existence, IRA staff members traveled to multiple Indian reservations to record information on Indian conditions and the research done during these travels was used to write pamphlets and newsletters published by the IRA, and as background material for legislation. These yearly trips also served to evaluate the work of Indian Service employees.

The IRA maintained offices both in Philadelphia and Washington. The Philadelphia office worked as the organization’s headquarters and the Washington office focused on monitoring congressional legislation and the policies and actions of the Board of Indian Commissioners, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and the secretary of the interior. Its success in lobbying on behalf of Indian tribes and nations helped trigger the rise and emergence of multiple organizations, both Indian and non-Indian, devoted to helping and supporting Native Americans communities. The IRA associated itself and cooperated with other pro-Indian social organizations in order to consolidate legal efforts in state and federal courts.

The proliferation of other advocacy groups, and the collaboration between those groups and the IRA affected their philosophy. Even though during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s the organization did not have the same level of influence and prominence that it had from 1885 to the 1950s, the IRA modified their approach to their mission, away from the previous paternalistic methods. The IRA kept helping numerous tribes and Nations in their quest to overcome the many problems they faced with parties clashing with Indian customs and interests. The organization kept publishing pamphlets and newsletters, and increased efforts aimed at creating more awareness of Indian issues through the development of curriculum for schools and universities. They continued offering guidance and assistance to tribes and reservations to build health clinics and establish guidelines to operate under federal policy structure. They mediated with the federal government to restore recognition statutes, and provided testimony and position papers defending the right of Native Americans to hold their own political processes. The IRA also enlisted aid from experts and specialist to produce authoritative documentation of specific issues affecting American Indians.

During these decades the association’s approach to information-gathering changed somewhat. Instead of research trips to Indian reservations the IRA became a sort of clearing house, collecting subject files, legal briefs, literature, and material published by major newspapers and journals related to issues they were involved in. The topics the association concerned itself with can trace a history of the problems faced by the American Indian in the 20th century. For the duration of this period, and up to its dissolution in the mid-1980s, the IRA worked on land claims by the Senecas and other New York tribes, tribes from Maine, the Wampanoag, the Narragansett; and the very long and complex land dispute between Navajos and Hopis in Northern Arizona. Technical help was also provided for the Indian Treaties issue started by the American Indian Movement with the program called Trail of Broken Treaties, as well as matters related to the Kinzua Dam and the Seneca Treaty, and the efforts by the National Coalition to Support Indian treaties. The IRA was also involved in helping tribes claim rights to fishing (Inuit and other Alaskan groups), leasing (mining and coal in Navajo territories), recognition (Pequot Indians), and bilingual education in Indian schools. Moreover, the IRA provided technical and legal advice to tribes dealing with jurisdictional matters, as was the case with Santa Clara Pueblo vs. Martinez (federal law superseding tribal law), and the case that resulted in the Oliphant decision (jurisdiction of tribal courts over non-Indians). Land claims and the jurisdictional matters also form the basis for the sovereignty issue, of utmost importance when tribes began to establish casinos in Indian territories after the Supreme Court decided that states lacked authority to tax and regulate enterprises located in Indian reservations.

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Scope & Contents

This collection spans from the early 1800s to the 1980s and contains correspondence; organizational records; printed material, including early Indian pamphlets and publications both by the IRA and other American Indian and Indian-related organizations; Indian Rights Association Annual Reports; draft legislation; administrative files; financial records; clippings; audio-visual materials, and the papers of Herbert Welsh. There are also numerous photographs, mainly from Western field trips, materials from the Council on Indian Affairs, and manuscripts and research notes regarding social and cultural Indian traditions. The Indian Rights Association also maintained close contacts with Indian agents and with Indians themselves through correspondence and annual field trips to reservations and settlements. The papers include many reports and letters reflecting these contacts.

Series I (Correspondence) spans from 1819 to the late 1980s and includes letters, letter copy books, and a box of envelopes.  Series II (Organizational records) features minutes, office reports, financial records, legal papers, employee’s records, tax papers, and single-subject records culled by IRA staff.  Series III (Printed matter) is divided in three categories: Newsclippings, IRA publications, and non-IRA publications.  Series IV (Herbert Welsh papers) contains correspondence and office reports that were removed from the IRA in 1928 by Welsh himself to be part of his personal papers. They were received by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in 1937 and re-integrated to the IRA records.  Series V (Research notes, maps, and papers) features field notes and other documents related to research on Indian culture done by the IRA during the 1920s.  Series VI (Photographs and audio-visual materials) contains photographs, negatives, contact sheets, lantern slides, audio reels, audio cassettes, and two film reels.  Series VII (Council on Indian Affairs) is composed of minutes and correspondence related to the meetings of the Coordinating Committee on Indian Affairs, later called Council on Indian Affairs, a multi-organization group established to consolidate efforts to oppose Senate bills detrimental to Native Americans. The volumes in  Series VIII (Volumes) are mostly administrative materials containing financial and IRA membership information.

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Overview of arrangement

I. Correspondence, 1864-1989, undated; 189 boxes

II. Organizational records,1881 -1989, undated; 75 boxes

III. Printed matter, 1830-1987, undated; 119 boxes, 1 flat file

IV. Herbert Welsh papers, 1877-1934, undated; 6 boxes

V. Research notes, maps, and papers, 1920-1925, undated; 8 boxes

VI. Photographs and audio-visual materials, 1877-1983, undated; 39 boxes

VII. Council on Indian Affairs, 1943-1968, undated; 2 boxes

VIII. Volumes, 1883-1985; 38 volumes

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The Historical Society of Pennsylvania , 2011.

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107
215-732-6200

Conditions Governing Access note

Folder 10 in Box 280 is closed to the public until 2061. The rest of the collection is open for research. Audio reels, audio cassettes, and film reels are not available to researchers unless reformatted.

Acquisition information

Gift of the Indian Rights Association, 1942-1978.

Processing Information

This collection was processed as part of the Civic Engagement Collections Project. Processing was completed in December 2011. The collection was processed using guidelines based on the "More Product, Less Process" approach to archival processing.

Part of this collection had been previously processed at HSP. Researchers had access to a guide with a box inventory (251 boxes and 38 volumes) for that portion of the collection. Most of this part of the collection had been previously microfilmed and is available at HSP in that format. The new finding aid consolidates the old inventory with the container list for the parts of the collection recently processed. This inventory is a combination of box and folder level descriptions: some series (Correspondence, Herbert Welsh papers, Council on Indian Affairs, Research notes) are described at the box level while Organizational records, Printed matter, and Photographs and Audio-Visual materials are described in more detail.

A published guide to the microfilm holdings of this collection is available to researchers in HSP’s library.

Additional processing of photographic materials was completed in September 2012. Photographs originally housed in boxes 232-237 (now boxes 232A-236B) correspond to Reels 135-136 in the collection's microfilm guide.

Alternative Formats note

Part of this collection is available on microfilm [Mfilm E 93 .I 418 1-13].

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Related Materials

Related Materials

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Herbert Welsh collection (Collection 702)

Separated Materials

A machine called Roll Film Numberer was separated from the collection.

Runs of Indian Truth, Congressional Records, and IRA Annual Reports have been removed because they duplicate materials in other parts of the collection. Some newspapers were also removed and transferred to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania’s newspapers holdings.

Photographs and negatives relating to the Hopi (also referred to as Moquis) Snake Dance in Walpi (referred to as Hualpi) Village in Arizona have been separated pending communication about culturally sensitive material with the Repatriation Coordinator and Tribal Archivist at the Hopi Cultural Preservation Office. Status of this material is subject to change.

Some materials relating to collection management were separated and placed in the collection files. This includes correspondence between HSP and the Navajo Nation about purchasing reproductions of IRA photographs, as well as photocopies of images in the collection.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. Board of Indian Commissioners.
  • United States. Office of Indian Affairs.

Personal Name(s)

  • Brosius, Samuel M., 1851-1936
  • Lindley, Lawrence E.
  • Painter, C. C. (Charles Cornelius)
  • Sniffen, Matthew
  • Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941

Subject(s)

  • Civil service reform--United States
  • Federal aid to Indians--United States
  • Indians of North America--Economic conditions
  • Indians of North America--Education
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1940-1950
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1960-1970
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1970-1980
  • Indians of North America--Politics and government--United States
  • Indians of North America--Public welfare
  • Indians of North America--Research--United States--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
  • Indians of North America--Services for--Finance
  • Indians of North America--Social conditions
  • Indians of North America--Societies, etc.
  • Indians, Treatment of--United States
  • Indians, Treatment of--United States--History--19th century
  • Indians, Treatment of--United States--History--20th century

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Collection Inventory

I. Correspondence 1864-1989, undated   189 boxes

Scope & Contents

This series includes letters, letter copy books, and a box with all envelopes found in the collection. Some of these envelopes, in keeping with Minimal Processing guidelines, still contain documents. All major figures associated with the IRA (Herbert Welsh, Matthew Sniffen, Lawrence E. Lindley, Charles C. Painter, Samuel M. Brosius, among others) are represented here.

Box
1-182, 252-258

Incoming Correspondence (1864-1968, undated) 

Box
1-148

Supplementary Incoming Correspondence (1930-1967, undated) 

Box
149-151

Letterpress Copy Books (1886-1943) 

Box
152-182

Correspondence (1882-1909) 

Box
252

Correspondence (1900-1929) 

Box
253

Correspondence (1920-1959) 

Box
254

Correspondence (1950-1969) 

Box
255

Correspondence (1980-1989, undated) 

Box
256

Correspondence; Miscellaneous Items Found With Correspondence (undated) 

Box
257

Correspondence--Envelopes (1882-1989, undated) 

Box
258

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II. Organizational records 1881 -1989, undated   75 boxes

Scope & Contents

This series is divided in two main sections: Administrative Files and Subject Files. The administrative portion features minutes for the meetings of the IRA Executive Committee and the Board of Directors, financial records, and office reports. By-laws, former IRA Executive Director Sandra L. Cadwalader’s correspondence, legal briefs, court filings, notes from field trips (some of them written in shorthand), tax information, and membership papers can also be found in this section. The subject files portion is composed of folders kept by the IRA from the 1950s to the early 1980s with the bulk of the material spanning from 1971 to 1983. These are single-subject files of materials selected by IRA staff. Although the original system used by the IRA was maintained, the distinction between administrative and subject files is not always clear resulting in some overlap between the two sections.

Box
183-189, 259-326

Minutes of the Executive Committee (1882-1917) 

Box
183-184

Minutes of the Board of Directors (1917-1967) 

Box
184

Minutes of the Executive Committee, Board of Directors, and Annual Business Meeting (Supplementary Set) (1894-1968) 

Box
185

Financial Records (1903-1968) 

Arrangement note

Treasurer’s reports, financial statements, budgets, and miscellaneous, 1903-1968

Auditor’s reports, 1923-1947

Box
185

Office reports--Philadelphia Office (1893-1967) 

Box
186-187

Office reports--Washington Office (1888-1939) 

Box
188-189

Administrative Files (1800s-1980s) 

Box
259-293
Box Folder

1783 Proclamation by the Continental Congress--Tai Chang (1980) 

259 1

95th Congress--Correspondence (1977-1978) 

259 2-3

96th Congress--Correspondence (1979-1989) 

259 4

96th Congress--BIA--Hearings Schedule, Legislative Reports (1979) 

259 5

Accounts--Angelo Neri (1985) 

259 6

Accounts--Annual Meeting Dinner (1984-1985) 

259 7

Accounts--Books Subsciptions (1983-1985) 

259 8

Accounts--Closing Entries (1985) 

259 9

Accounts--Educational Workshop, Indian Truth, Professional Services, Fundraising, Postage & Mailing (1985-1986) 

259 10

Accounts--For Deposit (1985-1986) 

259 11

Accounts--Petty Cash (1985-1986) 

259 12

Accounts--Purchase Orders (1986) 

259 13

Accounts--Receipts (1881-1965) 

259 14-16

Accounts--Receipts (1966) 

260 1

Accounts--Receipts (1967) 

260 2

Accounts--Rent (1974-1986) 

260 3

Accounts--Miscellaneous Receipts and Expense Reports (1882-1921) 

260 4-5

Accounts--Miscellaneous Receipts and Expense Reports (1922-1987) 

260 6-7

Hank Adams (1983) 

261 1

American Express (1983-1986) 

261 2

Annual Meetings (1940-1949) 

261 3

Annual Meetings (1950-1959) 

261 4

Annual Meetings (1960-1967) 

261 5-7

Annual Reports--Corporate--American Express (1984) 

261 8

Appeal Requests and Letters (1978-1986) 

262 1

Association of Aroostook Indians--Terry Polchies (1980-1981) 

262 2

Assorted Actions Taken (1984-1986) 

262 3

Awaiting Reponses (1985-1986) 

262 4

Backlash Bills (1977-1978) 

262 5

Bequests (1945-1964) 

262 6

Better Business Bureau--Complaints (1984) 

262 7

Better Business Bureau--Philanthropic Advisory Service (1978-1979) 

262 8

Blue Cross--Group Plan (1984-1986) 

262 9-10

Board--Ad Hoc Members (1986) 

262 11

Board--Business Memos (1986) 

263 1

Board--Correspondence (1985) 

263 2

Board--Information for New Members (1953-1985) 

263 3

Board--Meetings--Agendas (1966-1967) 

263 4

Board--Meeting--April 30 (1963) 

263 5

Board Minutes (1948-1967) [incomplete] 

263 6

Board Minutes (1961-1964) 

263 7

Board Minutes (1966-1967) 

263 8

Board Minutes (1968-1969) 

263 9

Board Minutes (1970-1971) 

264 1

Board Minutes (1972-1973) 

264 2

Board Minutes (1974-1976) 

264 3

Board Minutes (1977) 

264 4

Board Minutes (1978) 

264 5

Board Minutes (1979-1980) 

264 6

Board Minutes (1981-1982) 

264 7

Board Minutes (1983) 

265 1

Board Minutes (1984) 

265 2

Board Minutes (1985-1986) 

265 3

Board--Members List with Addresses (1988) 

265 4

Board--Resumes, Committees (1980s) 

265 5

Greg Buesing--Russell Barsh--Frank Bonamie (1985-1986) 

265 6

By-Laws & Charter (1966-1980) 

265 7

Sandra L. Cadwalader--Correspondence (1983) 

265 8-9

Sandra L. Cadwalader--Correspondence (1984) 

266 1-2

Sandra L. Cadwalader--Note About Missing Correspondence (1977-1982) 

266 3

Sandra L. Cadwalader--Reports (1978-1980) 

266 4

Jack Campisi--Chris Vecsey (Colgate University)--Bobo Dean (1985-1986) 

266 5

Census--US Department of Commerce (1982) 

266 6

Centennial Papers (1981-1983) 

266 7-10

Checking Account (1985-1986) 

267 1-2

Child Welfare Bill (1977-1978) 

267 3

Colville Cigarette Tax Case (1980) 

267 4

Computer (1986) 

267 5

Computers--IBM (1984-1986) 

267 6

Conference--Assorted (1986) 

267 7

Conferences--Upcoming (1986) 

267 8

Constitutional Symposium (1986) 

267 9

Constitutional Issues in Indian Country--Survey (1986) 

267 10

Constitutional Issues in Indian Country--Survey (1986) 

268 1-4

The Degradation of Tribal Sovereignty--Alvin J. Sarter (1980) 

268 5

Deposits (1985-1986) 

268 6-7

Dinners--Facilities & Catering (1984) 

269 1

District Unemployment Compensation Board (1938) 

269 2

Donations--Bromley (1967) 

269 3

Employees--Resumes, Job Descriptions, Agreements (1979-1986) 

269 4

Episcopal Church (1986) 

269 5

Etlymaqagamug--Alcoholism Program--Pleasant Point Reservation (1981-1982) 

269 6

Fact Sheet (undated) 

269 7

Federal Acknowledgement Project (1978-1984) 

269 8-12

Federal Acknowledgement Project (1978-1984) 

270 1-2

Federal Income Tax/FICA (1985) 

270 3

Federal Indian Law Conference (1979,1980,1983) 

270 4-6

Field Trips--Lawrence E. Lindley (1938-1941) 

270 7

Field Trips--M.K. Sniffen (1924-1929) 

270 8-9

Field Trips--M.K. Sniffen (1934-1935) 

271 1

Field Trips--Notes--Chippewas (1925) 

271 2

Field Trips--Notes, Pitman Shorthand--Water Rights Case--Yuma, CA (1925-1926) 

271 3

Films & Brochures (1977-1985) 

271 4

Financial Reports--Trial Balances (1985-1986) 

271 5

Form Letters (1985-1986, undated) 

271 6

Forms: Leases, Agreements, etc. (1955-1958, undated) 

271 7

Foundations--Dolfinger/McMahon; Commonwealth Fund; Philadelphia Foundation; Newman's Own (1985-1986) 

271 8

Foundations--William Penn; Dietrich; Field; S.S. Fields Fund (1986) 

271 9

Everret Frank--Needs Assesment (1986) 

271 10

Friends of IRA--Non-members and Requesters List (1985, undated) 

271 11

Fund Drive (1986) 

271 12

Kim R. Gardner (1985) 

271 13

Suzy Glazer (1985) 

271 14

Government Officials (US) (1985) 

272 1

Grants & Awards (1980-1986) 

272 2

Grant Proposals--Denied (1986) 

272 3

Bob Gruner--IRA Brochure (1985) 

272 4

Grants to Tribally-Controled Community Colleges--Legislation (1977) 

272 5

Guest Book (1980) 

272 6

Guest Book (1982) 

272 7

William (Tom) Hagan--Larry Hauptmann--Norbert S. Hill (1984-1986) 

272 8

Theodore B. Hetzel (1962-1964) 

272 9

Theodore B. Hetzel--Larry Hauptmann--Interview (1984-1985) 

272 10

Theodore B. Hetzel--Testimony--Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (1966) 

272 11

House Interior Committee--Testimony (1979) 

272 12

Income Tax--Philadelphia (1923-1939) 

273 1

Income & Investments (1966-1968) 

273 2-4
Box

Index Cards--Books and IRA Publications (undated) 

289

Index Cards--Indian Truth Index (undated) 

290

Index Cards--Paid Members; Contacts [Rolodex cards] (undated) 

291

Index Cards--Zip Codes; Yearly Drops; Complimentary; Institutions; Miscellaneous (undated) 

292
Box Folder

Indian Bureau--Scrapbook--April 1929 to September 1932 

273 5

Insurance--Blue Cross/Blue Shield; Others (1985-1986) 

273 6

Insurance--Liberty Mutual (1959-1985) 

273 7

Investments (1983-1986) 

273 8-9

IRA--PAFA--Temple (1985) 

274 1

IRS (1983-1987) 

274 2

Derril Jordan--Stanley Katz--Larry Krasner (1985-1986) 

274 3

Judicial--Miscellaneous (1977-1978, 1980-1984) 

274 4-5

Laura Allen Trust Fund (1940-1967) 

274 6

Laura Allen Trust Fund (1973-1987) 

274 7

Lawrence E. Lindley--Bank Directions (undated) 

274 8

Legacies & Bequests (1986) 

274 9

Legislation--Miscellaneous (1977-1982) 

274 10

Legislation--Miscellaneous (1977-1982) 

275 1-2

Letters of Support (1986) 

275 3

Lobbying Regulations (circa 1977) 

275 4

Log of Inquiries (1986) 

275 5

June Lowery--Oren Lyons--N. Scott Momaday--Al Ortiz (1985-1986) 

275 6

Mailing--Postage, Bulk, etc. (1978-1982) 

275 7

Main Hardman--Financial Statements (1978-1980) 

275 8

Main Hardman--Financial Statements (1981-1982) 

275 9

Main Hardman--Financial Statements (1983-1984) 

275 10

Main Hardman--Financial Statements (1985-1986) 

275 11

Map--Indian Communities (circa 1985) 

275 12

Melcher's Bill on Oil and Gas Leases (1982) 

275 13

1883 Members/Appeals (1985) 

275 14

Memberships and Pending Business--Miscellaneous (1984-1988) 

276 1

Membership--Complimentary and Exchanges (1985-1986) 

276 2

Membership--Large Donations and Contributions (1984-1986) 

276 3

Membership--Lists--New Members, Expiration Dates, Change of Address, Delete (1986) 

276 4

Membership/Promotion (1985-1986) 

276 5

Membership--Master Letters (1986-1988) 

276 6
Box

Memory Books of Metlakatla, Alaska (1932-1936) 

288
Box Folder

Microfilming (1980-1982) 

276 7

Mohegan Court Briefs (1979) 

276 8-10

Narragansetts (1978) 

277 1

IRA Narrative (undated) 

277 2

National Charities Information Bureau (1955-1985) 

277 3

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties--Backlash (1978) 

277 4

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties--Energy Resources and Development (1978) 

277 5

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties--Fishing Rights (1978-1979) 

277 6

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties--Jurisdiction (1978) 

277 7

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties--Land Claims (1978-1979) 

277 8

Non-Profit Organization Management (1982-1986) 

277 9

Office Decorations--Rugs, Vase, etc. (1975-1980) 

277 10

Office Supplies & Equipment (1946-1986) 

277 11

Office Procedures (circa 1980s) 

277 12

Melanie Beth Oliviero--IRA General Correspondence (1984-1986) 

277 13-14

Melanie Beth Oliviero--Photographs (1985) 

277 15

Omnibus Jurisdiction--Act of 1977 (1977) 

278 1

Gilbert Ortiz--Research--Pueblo Land (1982) 

278 2

Pennsylvania Unemployment Compensation Fund (1980-1986) 

278 3

Philadelphia National Bank (1984-1985) 

278 4

Philadelphia Organizations--Balch Institute; GPCA; Philadelphia Region Social Services (1985-1986) 

278 5

Philadelphia Organizations--Philadelphia Ethical Society; CADME Gallery; Fellowship Commission (1985-1986) 

278 6

Philadelphia Organizations--Rosenbach; Philadelphia Region Galleries (1984-1986) 

278 7

Philadelphia Organizations--Big Small Theater; Bread & Roses Community Fund; Miscellaneous (1984-1986) 

278 8

Philadelphia Organizations--Delaware Valley Council of Agencies (1986) 

278 9

Policy Statement (1971-1986) 

278 10

Presidential Mandate [Pasqua Yaqui] (1978) 

278 11

Prison Referral Information (1977-1986) 

278 12

Publications Inventory (1984-1985) 

278 13

Publicity--Press Coverage, Press Releases, Public Service, Announcements, Invites (1967-1985) 

278 14

Publicity--Press Coverage, Press Releases, Public Service, Announcements, Invites (1967-1985) 

279 1

Publishers/Printers (1958-1986) 

279 2

Reconciliation Act #100 (1986) 

279 3

Recognition Issues (1977-1978) 

279 4

Recognition--Pequot (1981-1983) 

279 5

Recognition Project (1984-1986) 

279 6

Registrations--Charitable Organizations--New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania (1977-1986) 

279 7

Reference--Individuals (1986) 

279 8

Resource Guide--Requests (1985) 

279 9

Anthony Rivera (1985-1986) 

279 10

Santa Clara Pueblo vs. Martinez (1978) 

279 11

School Lists (undated) 

279 12

Suzan Shown Harjo (NCAI)--Marguerite Smith--Ruth Thompson (1985-1986) 

279 13

Jack Smith--Film Rights (1986) 

279 14

State Income Tax/City Wage Tax (1985-1986) 

279 15

Statements to Government Officials (1978-1984) 

280 1

Statements to Government Officials (1978-1984) 

280 2

Subscription Inquiries (1984-1986) 

280 3

Supreme Court Cases (1978) 

280 4

Survival Strategies--Alliance/Merger Possibilities; Merger Alternatives (1985-1986) 

280 5

Survival Strategies--American for Indian Opportunity; American Indian Bank; Haverford College; Mark Roy [UN Indian Rights Foundation] (1985-1986) 

280 6

Survival Strategies--Board Development Organizational Strategies (1985-1986) 

280 7

Survival Strategies--Indiana University; Louis Bruce; Smithsonian Native American Program; Senate Select Committee (1985-1986) 

280 8

Survival Strategies--Individual Contributions; Aid & Advice (1985-1986) 

280 9

Tax Forms--Payroll (1985-1987) 

Conditions Governing Access

Access to this is folder is restricted until 2061.

280 10

Temporary Help (1980) 

280 11

Tax Exempt Status Pemission--Pennsylvania (1978-1985) 

280 12

Telephone Info (1984-1986) 

280 13

Telephone Info (1984-1986) 

281 1-2

Temple University Press--Final Contract (1983-1986) 

281 3

Tribal State Compact Act (1978) 

281 4

Unemployment (1983-1986) 

281 5

United Way (1985-1986) 

281 6

UPENN Museum (1979-1985) 

281 7

Voided Checks (1985-1986) 

281 8

Volunteers/Consultants (1977-1985) 

281 9

W.W. Washburn--George Waters--Gerry Wilkinson (NIYC) (1984-1985) 

281 10

Miscellaneous--Alaska (1932) 

282 1

Miscellaneous--Assorted Papers (undated) 

282 2

Miscellaneous--Assorted Papers (1911-1985, undated) 

282 3A-3B

Miscellaneous--Assorted Papers (1921-1964, undated) 

282 4

Miscellaneous--Books and Audio-Visual Materials--Catalogs, Lists, etc. (1980s) 

282 5-6

Miscellaneous--Invitations & Programs (1941-1956, undated) 

283 1

Miscellaneous--Lists (undated) 

283 2

Miscellaneous--Notes--Handwritten (1930s, undated) 

283 3-4

Miscellaneous--Notes--Handwritten (1887-1909, undated) 

283 5

Miscellaneous--Notes--Handwritten (1951, undated) 

283 6

Miscellaneous--Notes--Handwritten (1938, undated) 

284 1

Miscellaneous--Notes--Shorthand (1907-1932, undated) 

284 2

Miscellaneous--Notes--Shorthand (1925, undated) 

284 3

Miscellaneous--Notes--Typewritten (1928-1943, undated) 

284 4

Miscellaneous--Papers re: American Indians--Prepared by Miss Coles' Bible Class (1892-1893, undated) 

284 5

Miscellaneous--Photographs & Prints (undated) 

284 6

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Newsletters, Pamphlets, Leaflets (1900-1979) 

284 7

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Newsletters, Pamphlets, Leaflets (1980s) 

284 8

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Newsletters, Pamphlets, Leaflets (1980s) 

285 1-2

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Newsletters, Pamphlets, Leaflets (1960s-1980s, undated) 

285 3

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Newsletters, Pamphlets, Leaflets (undated) 

285 4-5

Miscellaneous--Printed Matter--Congressional Research Report for the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs--Federal Programs of Assistance to American Indians (1985) 

285 6

Miscellaneous--Certificate of Registration Under Solicitation Law (1932-1960) 

285 7

Miscellaneous--Loose Papers--Funding (1985-1986) 

285 8

Miscellaneous--Loose Papers--Serials and Publications (1980-1985) 

285 9

Miscellaneous--Writings--The Sioux Indians, Bishop Hare's Work Among Them (1892) 

286 1

Miscellaneous--Writings--Proposed Land Transfer Would Help Navajos; Personal Recollections of General Nelson A. Miles; Thomas Quick, Indian Killer (undated) 

286 2

Miscellaneous--Writings--Excerpts from Red Patriots, by Charles H. Coe (1898) 

286 3

Miscellaneous--Writings--Charitable Volunteer Firemen's and Religious Organizations; Talk from Edward E. O'Neill, Attorney for the Seneca Nation; Wanted, an Indian Name (1953, 1959) 

286 4

Miscellaneous--Writings--Bennington Battle Memorial Dedicatory Poem; Education; Report Committee to Walapi (1931, undated) 

286 5

Miscellaneous--Writings--The Ute's Last Stand; Save the Yosemite Sugar Pines; Kappler's Laws & Treaties [Index] (undated) 

286 6

Miscellaneous--Writings--Statement of Senator Daniel K. Inouye [Indian Development Finance Corp. Act]; Justice Going Awry for Alaska Natives (undated) 

286 7

Miscellaneous--Writings--Indian Schools in the Eastern States; Some Indian Service Conditions Under Mr. Sells; A Visit to Rosebud Sioux and Several Others Indian Groups (1956, undated) 

286 8

Miscellaneous--Writings--A Guide to American Indian Resource Material for Classroom Instruction (1985) 

286 9

Miscellaneous--Writings--American Friends Service Committee--Southern California, A Study (1953) 

286 10

Miscellaneous--Writings--National Indian Law Library--A Bibliography of Selected Areas of Indian Law (1977) 

286 11

Miscellaneous--Writings--National Indian Law Library--A Bibliography of Selected Areas of Indian Law (1980) 

286 12

Miscellaneous--Writings--Students of Little Wound School-Pine Ridge Indian Reservation--Upside and Sideways [essays] (1980) 

286 13

Miscellaneous--Writings--Reports of the Proceedings of the Indian Rights Association Convention--Atlantic City, NJ (1928) 

286 14

Miscellaneous--Writings--Assorted Papers (undated) 

286 15

Miscellaneous--Books About Indians--Catalogs (1980s) 

287 1

Miscellaneous--Contributions, Business Cards (1888-1934) 

287 2

Miscellaneous--Lantern Slides--Inventories & Notes (undated) 

287 3

Miscellaneous--Matthew K. Sniffen, Herbert Welsh, S.M. Brosius--Assorted Papers (1921-1922) 

287 4

Miscellaneous--Envelopes of Discarded Items [flower petals, hair locks] (undated) 

287 5

Miscellaneous--Pencil Drawings (undated) 

287 6

Miscellaneous--Membership Cards, Subscriptions, Small Receipts, etc. (1918, undated) 

287 7

Miscellaneous--Certificate Honoring Lawrence E. Lidney (undated); Engraving--William Penn's Treaty with the Indians (undated); Proclamation for Indian Rights Association Week (1982) 

293 1

Miscellaneous--Mailing to Libraries (1986, undated) 

293 2

Miscellaneous--Name's Master List (undated) 

293 3-4

Miscellaneous--Label with Addresses (1985, undated) 

293 5

Miscellaneous--File Maintenance Report (1985) 

293 6

Subject files 

Box
294-326
Box Folder

Abenaki (Vermont, Quebec) (1979) 

294 1

Abourezk (1978) 

294 2

Acoma Pueblo (1984) 

294 3

Affirmative Action (1977) 

294 4

Aging (1966-1980) 

294 5

AICC--Haverford (1961) 

294 6

Ak Chin (Papago) (1978) 

294 7

Akwesasne (1980) 

294 8

Alaske Native Claims Settlement Act (1967-1984) 

294 9

Alaska--D-2 Lands (1976-1981) 

294 10

Alaska (1960s) 

294 11

Alaska (1970s) 

294 12

Alaska (1980s) 

294 13

Alaska (1980s) 

295 1

Alaska--Rowan Group Report (1977) 

295 2

Alaska--United States vs. Shuyak (1977) 

295 3

Alcatraz (1969) 

295 4

Alcohol/Alcoholism (1979-1980) 

295 5

American Friends Service Committee (1961) 

295 6

American Indian Chicago Conference (1961) 

295 7

American Indian Movement (A.I.M) (1976-1983) 

295 8-9

American Indian Policy Review Commission (1976-1977) 

295 10-11

Ancient Indian Land Claims Bill (1982) 

296 1

Anthropology (1978-1981) 

296 2

Apache (1972-1980) 

296 3

Apostle Islands (1970) 

296 4

Aquash, Anna Mae (1976) 

296 5

Acrosanti (1978) 

296 6

Arizona (1965-1981) 

296 7

Athletic/Sports (1973-1981) 

296 8

Backlash--Articles, Publications, etc. (1977-1980) 

296 9-10

Backlash--Western Attorney Generals' Meeting (1977) 

296 11

Backlash--Countering Backlash (1978-1980) 

296 12

Baldeagle Land Transferral [assisted by Bette Crouse Mele] )1977) 

296 13

Bannock-Shoshone (1959-1965) 

296 14

Bear Butte (1982) 

297 1

Bicentennial [American Revolution] (1976) 

297 2

Big Mountain Diné [Traditional Navajo] (1979) 

297 3

Black Hills (1978-1987) 

297 4-6

Black Hills Alliance (1978-1980) 

297 7

Black Mesa (1971) 

297 8

Blackfeet Tribe (1977-1983) 

297 9

Bootstrap Bill (1980) 

297 10

Bowhead Whale (1977-1980) 

297 11

Bowhead Whale (1977-1980) 

298 1

Brazil (1979-1984) 

298 2-3

Burke, Alice M. (1965, undated) 

298 4

Business--Indian-run (1964-1978, undated) 

298 5

California Native Peoples (1983) 

298 6

Canadian Native People (1978-1981) 

298 7-8

Canada--Pre 1980s 

299 1-2

Richard B. Carter Trust (1987) 

299 3

Catawba [North Carolina] (1959-1980) 

299 4

Cayugas (1973-1982) 

299 5

Chugah (1981) 

299 6

Cherokee (1979-1982) 

299 7

Cheyenne--Arapaho (1975-1980) 

299 8-9

Cheyenne--Arapaho (1975-1980) 

300 1

Child Abuse (1976-1980) 

300 2

Child Welfare (1976-1979) 

300 3-4

Chippewa (1978-1980) 

300 5

Choctaw (1969-1980) 

300 6

Connecticut Indians (1980-1983) 

300 7

Civil Rights Commission (1977-1981) 

301 1

Civil Service Commission (1966-1968) 

301 2

Colorado River Indian Reservation (1979-1981) 

301 3

Commerce, Department of [releases] (1970-1978) 

301 4

Community Development: Coops Land Trusts (1980) 

301 5

Congressional Directory (1985-1986) 

301 6

Constitutional Rights (1973-1978) 

301 7

Costo, Raphael (1977) 

301 8

Creek Nation (1977-1980) 

301 9

Criminal Code Bill (1978) 

301 10

Crow (1977-1981) 

301 11

Crow Dog, Leonard (1975-1977) 

301 12

Dartmouth (1965) 

301 13

Dakotas (undated) 

301 14

Dawes Act--Historical Material (1980) 

301 15

Dawes Act (1978, undated) 

301 16

Definition--Indian (1980) 

301 17

Delawares (1980) 

301 18

Dene Nation (1976-1982) 

301 19

Discrimination (1979) 

302 1

Dietz, Lone Star (1958) 

302 2

Doyle, John B. (1962) 

302 3

Duck Valley (1979) 

302 4

Eckert, Bertha M. (1961) 

302 5

Economic Development (1978-1983) 

302 6

Education (1961-1983) 

302 7

Education--Boarding Schools (1978-1982) 

302 8

Education--Bilingual (1976-1981) 

302 9

Education--Educators Index (1951-1958) 

302 10

Education--Mt. Edgecumbe (Alaska) School (1980) 

302 11

Education--News Releases, Reports, etc. (1971-1979) 

302 12-13

Education--Survival Schools (1975-1979) 

303 1

Elections--Presidential, Congressional (1980-1984) 

303 2

Energy Development (1977-1982) 

303 3-4

Faris, C.E. (1955-1956) 

303 5

F.B.I. (1977-1979) 

303 6

Feathers (1958-1963) 

303 7

Fishing Rights (1977-1981) 

303 8-9

Food Stamp Act (1978-1980) 

304 1

Florida (1971-1973) 

304 2

Fort Sill Apache (1982) 

304 3

Fort Lewis College (1971) 

304 4

Friends of the Indian Conference (1929-1938) 

304 5

Foundations (1957-1965) 

304 6

Funke & Associates (1980) 

304 7

Ganado, College of (1977-1978) 

304 8

Ganienkeh (1974-1978) 

304 9

Gansworth, Raymond (1946-1947) 

304 10

Gay Head Wampanoags (1977-1984) 

304 11-12

Forrest Gerard (1977-1979) 

304 13

Gila River Indian Reservation (1974) 

304 14

Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa (1980) 

305 1

Guatemala (1982-1983) 

305 2

Hanta Yo [Ruth Beebe Hill] (1980-1981) 

305 3

HHS--Directory, Public Affairs Personnel (1985) 

305 4

Havasupai (1965-1979) 

305 5

Hawaiian Natives (1978-1980) 

305 6

Hawk, Thomas James White (1968-1969) 

305 7

Health (1975-1985) 

305 8

Health Care Improvement Act (1975-1980) 

305 9

Hensley, Willie (1980) 

305 10

Highwater, Jamake (1984) 

305 11

Historical Society of Pennsylvania (1938-1942) 

305 12

Hoopa Valley Indians (1978-1985) 

305 13

Hoopes, Donelson W. (1962-1965) 

306 1

Hopi (1959-1980) 

306 2

Housing (1976-1980) 

306 3

Houtton Band of Maliseet Indians (1980-1981) 

306 4-5

Indians--General (1930-1981) 

306 6

Indian Art (1985) 

306 7

Indian Dances--Pueblo, Hopi (1915-1924, 1980) 

306 8

Indian Dances--Pueblo, Hopi (1915-1924, 1980) 

307 1

Indian Defense League (1960) 

307 2

Indian Reorganization Act (1983) 

307 3

Indian Rights Association--History (1955-1982) 

307 4-5

Indian Organizations--Directory (1985) 

307 6

Indigenous--Other (1978, undated) 

307 7

Inuit [Circumpolar Conference] (undated) 

307 8

Iroquois (1948-1969) 

307 9

Institute of American Indian Art (1984, undated) 

308 1

Peter S. James Committee (1980) 

308 2

James Bay (1972-1973) 

308 3

Jay Treaty Rights (1972-1980) 

308 4

Jojoba (1977) 

308 5

Johnson, William (1920) 

308 6

Jurisdiction [Oliphant Decision] (1963-1980) 

308 7

Justice Department (1977-1980) 

308 8

Kateri Tekakwitha (1980) 

308 9

Kickapoo of Texas (1978-1983) 

308 10

Kinney's "Continent Lost" (undated) 

308 11

Kinzua Dam (1957-1961) 

308 12

Klamath Settlement (1980) 

308 13

Ku Klux Klan (1926) 

308 14

Lakota Treaty Council (1978) 

309 1

Land (1978-1982) 

309 2

Land--Claim Cases; Forum (1976-1983) 

309 3

La Verne Madigan (1962) 

309 4

Lenape (1971-1982) 

309 5

Library Program [Bureau of Indian Affairs] (1977-1978) 

309 6

Loescher, Frank (1962) 

309 7

Longest Walk (1978) 

309 8

Long Walk for Survival (1980) 

309 9

Lumi (1970-1979) 

309 10

Louisiana (1979) 

309 11

Lumbee (1974-1987) 

309 12

Maine (1960-1979) 

310 1-5

Maine--Land Claim Case (1980-1981) 

311 1

D'Arcy McNickle (1957-1977) 

311 2

Marshall Trust (1958) 

311 3

Martinez vs. Santa Clara Pueblo (1978-1980) 

311 4

Mattheisen, Peter--Reviews of his In the Spirit of Crazy Horse (1983) 

311 5

Means, Russell (1976-1980) 

311 6

Media--Television, Radio (1974-1982) 

311 7

Meeds, Congressman Lloyd (1978, undated) 

311 8

Menominee--Restoration (1970-1974) 

31 9

Menominee--Termination (1959-1975) 

311 10

Mesquakie of Iowa (1968) 

312 1

Mexico--Indian News (1978-1983) 

312 2

Michigan (1975-1981) 

312 3

Micmacs of Restigouche (1981-1982) 

312 4-5

Sidney Mills (1980) 

312 6

Minnesota (1967-1981) 

312 7

Miss Indian America Pageant (1985) 

312 8

Missions School Orphanage (1971-1976) 

312 9

Mohawk (1976-1979) 

312 10

Mohegans [see also Connecticut Indians] (1984-1985) 

312 11

Montana/Wyoming (1960-1981) 

312 12

Montgomery, Estella (1914-1919) 

312 13

Ed Nakawatase (1987) 

312 14

Narragansett Indians (1978-1983) 

313 1

Native American Rights Fund--Bibliography [NARF] (undated) 

313 2

Navajo (1944-1983, undated) 

313 3-6

Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute (1980-1986) 

313 7-8

Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute (1980-1986) 

314 1

New York Reservations--Land Claims [Cayuga, Seneca, St. Regis, Oneida] (1953-1980) 

314 2

Nez Perce [Colville] (1966-1980) 

314 3

Nipmuc Tribal Council (1979, undated) 

314 4

North Carolina (1960-1973) 

314 5

Northern Cheyenne (1959-1980) 

314 6

Northwest (1965-1970) 

314 7

Nutrition (1981-1982) 

314 8

Oglala Sioux [Pine Ridge] (1974-1979) 

314 9

Oil (Includes Windfall Profits Tax) (1980) 

315 1

Oklahoma Indians (1954-1978) 

315 2

Oliphan vs. Suquamish Tribe (1978) 

315 3

Oneida (1976) 

315 4

Onondaga (1969-1982) 

315 5

Oregon Indians (1983) 

315 6

Otitis Media [Middle Ear Disease] (1970) 

315 7

Paiutes (1957-1981) 

315 8

Papago (1955-1979) 

315 9

Passamaquoddy (1966-1982, undated) 

315 10-1

Passamaquoddy (1966-1982, undated) 

316 1

Pawnee (1978) 

316 2

Peltier, Leonard (1975-1984) 

316 3

Penn's Treaty (undated) 

316 4

Pequot--History (1977-1981) 

316 5-6

Pequot--Petition (1976-1982, undated) 

316 7-8

Pequot--Petition (1976-1982, undated) 

317 1

Pequot--Clippings (1975-1983, undated) 

317 2-3

Poarch Band of Creeks--Petition (1983) 

317 4

Pima (1910-1980, undated) 

317 5

Poetry (1979, undated) 

317 6

Pomo Indians (1984) 

317 7

Potowatomi (1973-1978) 

317 8

Powhatan, Rappahannock, and Piscataway (1972-1982) 

317 9

Poverty (undated) 

317 10

Prisoners (1977-1980) 

318 1

Publications on Indian Issues (1979-1985) 

318 2

Pueblo (1970-1985, undated) 

318 3

Pyramid Lake (1970-1978) 

318 4

Reading Lists (1957, undated) 

318 5

Reagan Administration (1982-1983) 

318 6

Recognition--Tribes/Legislation (1980) 

318 7

Red Lake--Chippewa (1982) 

318 8

Religion (1964-1980, undated) 

318 9

Resources/Development (1976-1983, undated) 

318 10

Rolling Thunder (1982) 

318 11

E. Rosenthal--Indian Network/Indian Interest Organizations (1982) 

318 12

Dr. Everett R. Rhoades--Indian Health Service (1985) 

319 1

Ralph Roanhorse--Navajo--Art (1936, undated) 

319 2

Saint Michaels/House of All Angels (1930-1935, undated) 

319 3

Samish/Snohomish--Washington State (1982-1983) 

319 4-6

Sandoz, Mari--Reviews of Children's Books (1963) 

319 7

San Juan County--Navajo/El Paso Consolidation Coal Lease & Mining Plan (1977) 

319 8

Schrepel, Mrs. [Cheyenne Agency, North Dakota] (1926-1942, undated) 

319 9

Schofield, Grace M. (1966, undated) 

319 10

Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs (1977-1980) 

319 11

Self-determination & Education Assistance (1975-1981) 

320 1

Seneca (1954-1980) 

320 2

Leroy Shenandoah (1972-1975) 

320 3

Skagit System Cooperative (1981, undated) 

320 4

Sioux (1970-192, undated) 

320 5

Skyhorse, Mohawk (1977-1978) 

320 6

South America (1980-1983) 

320 7

South Carolina (1980) 

320 8

South Dakota--Rosebud & Pine Ridge (1936-1980) 

320 9

Sovereignty (1975-1976, undated) 

321 1

Statute of Limitations (1977) 

321 2

Steere, J.M. (1947-1960, undated) 

321 3

Sterilization (1976-1982) 

321 4

Stockbridge--Munsee (1982, undated) 

321 5

Supreme Court (1982-1983) 

321 6

Survival Gathering (1980) 

321 7

Sutton, J. Aubrey (1954-1958, undated) 

321 8

Tama [Iowa] School (1968) 

321 9

Taxation--Indian Taxes (1978) 

321 10

Te Ata (1963-1964) 

321 11

Tellico Dam [Cherokee] (1978-1980) 

321 12

Termination (1958-1971) 

321 13-14

Thompson, Ruth (1965-1967) 

321 15

Title IV (1977-1981) 

321 16

Tiwas--Guadalupe Pueblo [Tortugas] (1957-1968) 

321 17

Tourism (1973-1979, undated) 

322 1-2

Town Hall--Program Request (1947) 

322 3

Trail of Broken Treaties (1972-1975) 

322 4

Treaty and Treaty Right (1977-1979) 

322 5

Tribal Government (1977-1981, undated) 

322 6

Tribal Literature (1960s) 

322 7

Tribal-State Relations (1978, undated) 

322 8

Trust Responsibility (1969-1979, undated) 

322 9

Tuscarora (1981, undated) 

322 10

United Nations (1980) 

322 11

Utah [Uintah and Ouray] (1955-1975) 

323 1

US Census Info Kit (1980) 

323 2

United Effort Trust (1978) 

323 3

United World of College of the America West (1985) 

323 4

Uranium [see also Black Hills; Energy] (1979-1981) 

323 5

Urban (1956-1983) 

323 6

Ute (1976-1979) 

323 7-8

Valentine, R. G.--Memorial Invitation & Newsclippings (1916-1917) 

323 9

Volunteer Help (1960) 

324 1

Virginia Indians (1972-1983) 

324 2

Wampanoags--Land Claim (1976-1979) 

324 3

Wanamaker Tee Club (1951, undated) 

324 4

Warne, William (1948) 

324 5

Washington State (1978-1981, undated) 

324 6

Wanrow, Yvonne (1977-1979) 

324 7

Wilcomb Washburn (1982) 

324 8

Water Rights (1971-1983, undated) 

324 9-11

Watt, James G. (1980-1983, undated) 

324 12

Welsh, Herbert (1939-1941) 

325 1

Western Shoshone (1980-1981) 

325 2

White House (1971-1983) 

325 3

Dale Williams (1956-1967) 

325 4

Windwalker (1980-1981) 

325 5

Women--Activists & Leaders (1976-1981) 

325 6

Wounded Knee (1973-1974) 

325 7-8

Wounded Knee (1973-1974) 

326 1

Yakima (1971, undated) 

326 2

Yankton Sioux (1976) 

326 3

Youth (1971-1981) 

326 4

Zuni (1984) 

326 5

Return to Table of Contents »


III. Printed matter 1830-1987, undated   119 boxes

Scope & Contents

The Newsclippings contains articles removed from newspapers and magazines by the Indian Rights Association staff and their affiliates. These newspaper articles focus predominantly on Native American rights issues and represent the development of public opinion on the subject throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Many of these articles were written by IRA staff, including Herbert Welsh and Matthew K. Sniffen. Newspapers included in this series hail from all over the country, though they predominantly represent Alaska, Arizona, New York, New Mexico, and South Dakota. A few of the newsclippings in this series were sent to the IRA from other sources; these clippings can be found in their original envelopes.

The files are arranged chronologically, though researchers will find that some were previously organized under subject headings. Researchers should also note that there might be some overlap between the newsclippings and the publications series.

IRA publications contain annual reports, newsletters, and pamphlets printed by the IRA. The charter and by-laws of the Indian Rights Association can be found in this subseries. A complete run of the IRA publication  Indian Truth can also be found here.

The Non-IRA publications represent the bulk of the Publications series. This subseries contains newspapers printed by Native American tribes, as well as printed material from other Indian rights advocacy groups. While the bulk of this section is comprised of Native American newspapers, there is a substantial amount of pamphlets, newsletters, and press releases from both national and international organizations.

The material is arranged alphabetically. An effort was made to retain the original folder titles; for the most part, newspapers are listed under the publication name, while public relations material, newsletters, and printed material produced by other organizations can be found under the organization name. In a few cases, the IRA staff had collected publications under subject headings, and these titles were maintained. Any material produced by a federal government agency can be found under the “United States” heading. Single publications and pages removed from other printed material can be found under “Miscellaneous” alphabetical files at the end of the section.

Box
190A-225, 250, 327-417

IRA publications 

Box
190A-193, 250, 327-330

Indian Affairs, Vol. I (1883) 

190A

Indian Affairs, Vol. III (1886) 

190B

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. IV (1888-1890) 

191A

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. I (1882-1884) 

191B

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. V (1890-1891) 

191C

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. VII (1895-1898) 

191D

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. IX (1907-1912) 

191E

Publications of the Indian Rights Association, Vol. X (1912-1916) 

191F

Annual Reports (1884-1935) 

192-193

Indian Truth, Vol. 1 no. 4 – Vol. 50 no. 211 [non-consecutive run] (1924-1953, 1955-1967, 1970, 1973) 

250
Box Folder

Allotment; Atlantic City Conference; Branches of IRA (circa 1885, 1904, 1928) 

327 1

Annual Meeting; Bulletins (1909-1924) 

327 2

Annual Reports (1887-1909) 

327 3

Annual Reports (1916-1935, 1986) 

327 4

Articles written by Matthew Sniffen & Herbert Welsh (1882-925, undated) 

327 5

Charter (1916) 

327 6

Cheyenne River Agency; Citizenship; Civil Service Reform (1889-1901, undated) 

327 7

Financial Statement Report (1985) 

327 8

The Fort Hall Story: An Interpretation; The Indians of te Yukon & Tanana Valleys, Alaska (1914, 1959) 

327 9

Guide to American Indian Materials for the Classroom (1985) 

327 10

Indian Agents; Liquor Laws; Membership (1893, 1913) 

327 11

Indian Training Schools (1886) 

327 12

Indian Truth (1924-1926) [incomplete 1924] 

328 1

Indian Truth (1927-1930) 

328 2

Indian Truth (1931-1934) 

328 3

Indian Truth (1935-1938) 

328 4

Indian Truth (1939-1942) 

328 5

Indian Truth (1943-1948) 

328 6

Indian Truth (1949-1954) 

328 7

Indian Truth (1955-1959) 

328 8

Indian Truth (1960-1965) 

328 9

Indian Truth (1966-1971) [incomplete 1969] 

329 1

Indian Truth (1972 March-1980 October) 

329 2

Indian Truth (1980 December-1983 February) 

329 3

Indian Truth (1983 April-1984 June) 

329 4

Indian Truth (1984 August-1986 January, undated) 

329 5

Indian Truth, Publication Guides (1924-1967) 

329 6

Indians: Apache; California Indians; Chippewa; Crow (1884-1919) 

329 7

Indians: Millie Lac; Navajo; Pima; Pueblos (1834-1923) 

329 8

Indians: Seminole; Sioux-Sisseton Crow Creek; Sioux-Standing Rock (circa 1885-1917) 

329 9

Indians: Sioux; Cheyenne River (1882-1906, 1961) 

329 10

Indians: Southern Ute; Southwest Indians; Zuni (1890-1897) 

330 1

Moravian Indian Work; Peyote-An Insidious Evil (1897, 1918) 

330 2

Oklahoma (1896-1919, 1978) 

330 3

Pamphlets (1919, 1923, 1925) 

330 4

Pamphlets & Donation Requests (1968, undated) 

330 5

Publications; Progress; Vote (1880, 1914, 1931) 

330 6

Statement of Purpose (1884-1912) 

330 7

Statements Regarding Legislation (1880s, 1900-1916) 

330 8

Statements Regarding Legislation (1890-1899) 

330 9

Miscellaneous Publications (1892-1977) 

330 10

Government Documents (1830-1969) 

Box
194-212

21st, 43rd, 49th, 50th, 52nd, 54th, 55th Congresses (1830-1899) 

194

56th-90th Congresses (1899-1969) 

195-207

United States Supreme Court; United States Court of Claims (1900-1959) 

208

State and Local Courts; Federal Agencies (1893-1968) 

209

Press Releases (1924-1968, undated) 

210

Circular Letters; Memos; Orders (1902-1959, undated) 

211

Speeches; Bulletins; Reports; Directories (1912-1967, undated) 

212

Research Publications (1900-1962) 

Box
213-217

Done for and by the Department of Indian Affairs and the Bureau/Office of Indian Affairs (1911-1962) 

213

Alaska (1900-1949) 

214

California; Education; Health; Arizona Land and Population (1900-1949, undated) 

215

Navajo; Oregon (1934-1955, undated) 

216

Research Reports; State and Local Government Documents (1924-1953, undated) 

217

Pamphlets [arranged alphabetically by author] (1867-1961) 

Box
218-221

Indian Organizations [arranged alphabetically by name of organization] (1879-1967) 

Box
221-225

Non-IRA Publications 

Box
331-405
Box Folder

Administration for Native Americans (1979-1980, undated) 

331 1

The Ahkimal Awawtom (1930) 

331 2

Ashkwa (1982-1986) 

331 3

Akwekon (1985) 

331 4

Alaska Native (1983-1987) 

331 5-10

Alaska Native Brotherhood (1930-1932) 

332 1

All Saints School, South Dakota (circa 1899-1909) 

332 2

Amerindian (1974-1986) 

332 3-9

American Academy of Political & Social Science (1978) 

332 10

American Advance (1911) 

332 11

American Anti-Imperialist League (1899-1900) 

332 12

American Civil Liberties Union (1932-1934, 1985) 

332 13

American Field Service (1986) 

332 14

American Forests (1953, 1958) 

332 15

American Friends Service Committee, Women's Program (1985-1986) 

332 16

American Indian Advocate (1922) 

333 1

American Indian Archeological Institute (1977-1979, undated) 

333 2

American Indian Center of Omaha (1986) 

333 3

American Indian Defense Association (1925-1935) 

333 4

American Indian Heritage Foundation [Princess Pale Moon] (1983-1985) 

333 5

American Indian Heritage Foundation (1985-1986) 

333 6

American Indian Historical Society (1971, 1977) 

333 7

The American Indian Institute (1926-1931) 

333 8

American Indian Law Center (1968-1973) 

333 9-13

American Indian Law Center (1973-1976) 

334 1-11

American Indian Law Center (1977-1986) 

335 1-4

American Indian Liberation Crusade (1985-1986) 

335 5

American Indian National Bank (1981-1984) 

335 6

American Indian Nurses Association (1978) 

335 7

American Indian Program at Cornell University (1984-1986) 

335 8

American Indian Registry for the Performing Arts (1985-1986) 

335 9

American Indian School of Medicine (AISOM) (1977) 

335 10

American Indian Science & Engineering Society (circa 1981, 1986-1987) 

335 11

American Indian Workshop Newsletter (1981-1985) 

335 12

American Indian Y.M.C.A. Bulletin (1915-1925) 

335 13

American Indians for Development (circa 1977) 

335 14

American Native Press (1985) 

336 1

The American Patriot (1913-1915) 

336 2

The American Proportional Representation League (1893-1894) 

336 3

American Before Columbus (1980-1986, undated) 

336 4-7

Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO) (1970-1981) 

336 8-12

Amerindian (1953-1970) 

337 1-4

Animal Rights Network (1985-1986) 

337 5

Anthropology Resource Center (1977-1983) 

337 6

Artisans Order of Mutual Protection (1920) 

337 7

Association on American Indian Affairs (1943-1960, 1957-1974, 1985-1986) 

337 8-9

Association on American Indian Affairs (1958, 1965, 1971-1986) 

338 1

Association of American Indian Physicians (1974-1986) 

338 2-4

Association Trends (1985-1986) 

338 5

The Atlantic Monthly Company (1925) 

338 6

ATLATL (1983) 

338 7

The Baccone Indian (1929-1932, 1946) 

338 8

Baltimore Yearly Meeting of Friends (1915, 1952-1954) 

338 9

Bayou LaRose (circa 1980s) 

338 10

Black Hills PAHA SAPA Report (1976-1982) 

338 11

Blue Cloud Quarterly (1967, 1975-1986) 

339 1-3

Boy Scouts/American Indian Scouting Outreach (1980-1985) 

339 4

Brotherton Messenger (1983-1986) 

339 5

Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions (1984-1986) 

339 6-7

Buffalo North American Indian Culture Center (circa 1983-1986) 

339 8

Caddo Tribal Times (1984-1985) 

339 9

California Indian Association (undated) 

339 10

Calvin Forum (1938) 

339 10

Camp Crier (1985-1986) 

339 11

Canadian Association in Support of Native Peoples (1976-1978) 

339 12

Canadian Government (1931) 

339 13

Canadian Government, Minutes of the Special Joint Committee of the Senate & House of Commons (1946) 

339 14

Canadian Government, Minutes of the Special Joint Committee of the Senate & House of Commons (1946) 

340 1

Canadian Office of Indian Affairs (1906-1935) 

340 2

Carlisle Indian School (1897-1918) 

340 3-5

Carolina Indian Voice (1986) 

340 6

Central American News Agency Acen-Siag (1985-1986) 

340 7-8

Central American News Agency Acen-Siag (1986) 

341 1

Central Illinois Tribal Council (1985-1986) 

341 2

Cherokee Boys Club (1985-1986) 

341 3

Cherokee Indian Fair Association/Cherokee Historical Association (1950-1964) 

341 4

Choctaw Community News (1982-1986) 

341 5-7

Christian Century (1920s-1960s) 

341 8

Chugach Natives (1982-1984) 

341 9

Churches (Miscellaneous) (1973-1984) 

341 10

Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazadous Wastes (1985-1986) 

341 11

Citizen's Committee of Fifty for a New Philadelphia (1892-1893) 

341 12

Civil Service Reform Association of Missouri (1891-1892) 

341 13

The Circle (Boston Indian Council) (1981-1982) 

341 14

The Circle (Boston Indian Council) (1983-1986) 

342 1-3

The Circle (Minneapolis Native American Center) (1983-1987) 

342 4-6

Clary Institute (1979-1981) 

342 7-8

Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards (circa 1972-1981) 

342 9

John Collier--Miscellaneous Publications (1922-1939) 

342 10

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) (1982-1986) 

343 1

Common Cause (1985-1986) 

343 2-3

Consortium of Social Science Associations (1985-1986) 

343 4

Council of Energy Resource Tribes (1979-1985) 

343 5-9)

Crazy Horse Spirit (1985) 

344 1

Cultural Survival (1978-1985) 

344 2-7

Cultural Survival (1985-1986) 

345 1

The Daybreak (1909-1933) 

345 2

Dene Nation Newsletter (1982-1985) 

345 3-4

The Detroit Institute of Arts (1985) 

345 5

Eagle's Eye (1982-1985) 

345 6

Echo (1983-1986) 

345 7-10

ENFOPRENSA (1983-1984) 

345 11

ENFOPRENSA (1984-1985) 

346 1-3

Episcopal Church (1973-1986) 

346 4

The Eskimo (1936-1947) 

346 5

The Falmouth Institute (1986) 

346 6

Federal Bar Association, Indian Law (1979) 

346 7

Federal Council of the Churches in America (1920) 

346 8

Flathead Indian Progress (1917-1920) 

346 9

Forgotten People (circa 1978-1981) 

346 10-11

Fort Apache Scout (1982-1986) 

347 1-7

Fort Apache Scout (1985-1986) 

348 1-2

Fort Berthold Agency News Bulletin (1959, 1961) 

348 3

Fort Berthold Press--Ahead of the Herd (1986-1987) 

348 4

Forum (1924, 1931) 

348 5

L. Webster Fox, M.D. (1924-1928) 

348 6

The Friend (1922-1952) 

348 7

Friends Committee on National Legislation (1959-1986) 

348 8-12

Friends Committee on National Legislation (1985-1986) 

349 1

Friends of the Earth (1985-1986) 

349 2

Friends on Indian Affairs (1898-1923) 

349 23

Friends' Intelligencer (1922-1947) 

349 4

Good Housekeeping (1923-1934) 

349 5

Hampton Normal & Agricultural Institute (1902-1937) 

349 6-8

Harper's Magazine (1956) 

349 9

Harveycars (1928) 

349 10

Haskell Institute (1914-1927, 1943) 

349 11

John L. Havemeyer (undated) 

349 12

Home Mission Monthly (1907, 1922) 

349 13

Home Missions Council (1894-1955) 

349 14

Home & School (1929) 

350 1

Hopi Tribe Newsletter (1983-1986) 

350 2-3

Housing Assistance Council (1984-1986) 

350 4

Indian Forerunner (1979) 

350 5

Indian Historical Society of the Americas (1986) 

350 6

Indian Industries League (1907-1910) 

350 7

Indian Council Fire (1947-1952, undated) 

350 8

Indian Industrial School (1901, 1913) 

350 9

Indian Information Project (1981-1982) 

350 10

Indian Law Resource Center (1982-1985) 

350 11

Indian Leader (1915-1939) 

350 12-15

Indian Leader (1984-1986) 

351 1

Indian Legal Information Development Service (circa 1972) 

351 2

Indian Liahona (1965-1966) 

351 3

Indian News (1978-1981) 

351 4-7

The Indian Orphan (1913, 1926-1927) 

351 8

Indian Outlook (1925-1932) 

351 9

Indian Progress (1967-1967) 

351 10

Indian Residential School Commission of the Missionary Society of the Church of England in Canada (undated) 

351 11

Indian School Journal (1911-1940) 

352 1-3

Indian Self-Rule (1983) 

352 4

Indian Time (1984-1985) 

352 5-8

Indian Time (1985) 

353 1-2

Indian Voice (1977-1983) 

353 3-4

Indigena (1976) 

353 5

Indigenous Press Network (1985-1986) 

353 6

Indigenous World (1982-1983) 

353 7

Institute of American Indian Arts (circa 1978-1982) 

353 8

Institute of the American West (1983-1984) 

353 9

Institute of Indian Studies at the University of South Dakota (1984-1985) 

353 10

Instituto Indigenista Interamericano (1946-1947, 1961, 1966, 1981-1985) 

353 11-12

Intercom (1983) 

353 13

International Foundation for Development Alternatives (1986) 

354 1

International House of Philadelphia (1986) 

354 2

International Indian Treaty Council (1976-1984) 

354 3

Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial Association (1959-1960) 

354 4

Intertribal Voice (1983-1984) 

354 5

Kui Tatk (1985-1986) 

354 6

Joseph W. Latimer (Miscellaneous Publications) (1924-1930) 

354 7

Lawyer's Digest (1985-1986) 

354 8

Legislative Hearings & Reports (1984-1985) 

354 9

Legislative Review (1971-1973) 

354 10-11

Legislative Review (1975, undated) 

355 1

Lehigh-Pocono Committee of Concern (1985-1986) 

355 2

Liason (1978-1986) 

355 3-5

The Library of Congress (Reference Material) (1984) 

355 6

Life Magazine (1948, 1962, undated) 

355 7

Linkages, For Indian Child Welfare Programs (1986) 

355 8

Listening Post (1979-1985) 

355 9-11

Literary Digest (1911-1929) 

356 1

Little Wound School (1985-1986) 

356 2

Masterkey (Anthropology of the Americas) (1938, 1980-1986) 

356 3-5

The Massachusetts Indian Association (1892-1922) 

356 6

Manassas Industrial School (1917-1920) 

356 7

Medicine Bundle (1981-1983) 

356 8

Menominee Tribal News (1979) 

356 9

Miccosukee Everglades News (1983-1984) 

356 10-11

Miccosukee Everglades News (1985) 

357 1

Minnesota Historical Society (1955, 1986) 

357 2

The Mirror (1893-1894) 

357 3

The Mission Echoes (1938-1950) 

357 4

Misurasata Republica de Nicaragua (1985) 

357 5

Warren K. Moorhead (1902-1926) 

357 6

Municipal League of Philadelphia (1893) 

357 7

Muscogee Nation News (1979) 

357 8

Museum of the American Indian (1936, 1972-1981, undated) 

357 9

The Nation (1920-1933, 1966, 1983, 1986) 

357 10

National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (1985-1986) 

357 11

National Advisory Council on Indian Education (1985-1986) 

357 12

National American Indian Court Judges Association (1975-1978) 

357 13

National Association on Indian Affairs (1936-1937) 

357 14

National Civil Liberties Bureau (1918) 

357 15

The National Civil-Service Reform League (1892-1918) 

357 16

National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (1985-1986) 

357 17

National Coalition to Support Indian Treaties (1979-1983) 

357 18

National Commission on the Indian Canadian (1959) 

357 19

National Conference of Social Work (1932-1943) 

357 20

National Congress of American Indians (1944, 1947-1977, 1979-1985) 

358 1-9

The National Divorce Reform League (1893) 

359 1

The National Gallery of the American Indian (undated) 

359 2

National Indian Association (1919-1948) 

359 3

National Indian Child Abuse & Neglect Resource Center (1979-1981) 

359 4

National Indian Contractors Association (1984) 

359 5

National Council on Aging (1977-1983) 

359 6-8

National Indian Education Association (circa 1977-1981) 

359 9

National Indian Health Board (1977-1982) 

359 10-13

National Indian Health Board (1983-1986) 

360 1-2

National Indian Lutheran Board (circa 1982) 

360 3

National Indian Social Workers Association (1985) 

360 4

National Indian Workshop (1985-1986) 

360 5

National Indian Youth Council (circa 1976-1986) 

360 6

National Lawyers Guild (1980) 

360 7

National Parks Association (1929-1930) 

360 8

National Research Council (1985) 

360 9

National Science Foundation (1985-1986) 

360 10

National Society Daughters of the American Revolution (1920-1921) 

360 11

National Tribal Chairman's Association (1975-1985) 

360 12

National Urban Council (1985-1986) 

360 13

Nations (circa 1981) 

360 14

The Native American (1911-1931) 

360 15-16

Native American Archives Project (1982) 

360 17

Native American Natural Resources Development Federation (1979-1980) 

360 18

Native American Rights Fund (1972-1973) 

360 19

Native American Rights Fund (1975-1986) 

361 1-6

Native American Science Education Association (1986) 

361 7

Native American Studies Center, Department of Multicultural Education, Brigham Young University (1985-1986) 

361 8

Native Arts/West (1980-1981) 

361 9-10

Native Nevadan (1982-1986) 

362 1-7

Native Perspective (1975-1976) 

363 1

Native Times (1986) 

363 2

Native Writer's Ink (1983-1984) 

363 3

Navajo Times Today (1983-1984) 

363 4-6

Navajo Times Today (1984) 

364 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1984) 

365 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1984-1985) 

366 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1985) 

367 1-4

Navajo Times Today (1985-1986) 

368 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1986) 

369 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1986) 

370 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1986) 

371 1-5

Navajo Times Today (1986-1987) 

372 1-4

Navajo Times Today (1985) 

373 1-8

Navajo Times Today (1985) 

374 1-6

Navajo Times Today (1985) 

375 1-8

Navajo Times Today (1985) 

376 1-7

Navajo Times Today (1985-1986) 

377 1-2

Navajo Times (1966) 

377 3

A Neglected People (1903-1912) 

377 4

Newberry Library (1978-1986) 

377 5

New Jersey American Indians (1982-1985) 

377 6

New Mexico Association of Indian Affairs (1923-1958) 

377 7

New Mexico Office of Indian Affairs (1985-1986) 

377 8

New Republic (1922-1923) 

377 9

Newsweek (1937, 1985) 

377 10

Nishaube News (1977) 

377 11

Nish Nau Bah (1976, 1982) 

377 12

Nishnawbe News (1980-1982) 

377 13

The Northern California Indian Association (1903-1910) 

377 14

Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission (1978-1980) 

377 15

Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission (circa 1979-1982) 

378 1

Norhwest Indian News (1977) 

378 2

Northwest Indian Women's Circle (1985-1986) 

378 3

Not Man Apart (1981-1982, 1985) 

378 4-5

Nuevo Instituto de Centroamerica (1985-1986) 

378 6

Oglala Light (1905-1917) 

378 7

The Ohio Archeological & Historical Society (1920, 1934) 

378 8

OHOYO Resource Center (1977-1983) 

378 9

Oklahomans for Indian Opportunity (1980-1985) 

378 10

Ontario Indian (1980) 

378 11

Ontario Indian (1980-1982) 

379 1-5

Outdoors News Bulletin (1981-1985) 

379 6

The Outlook (1902-1911) 

379 7

Oyate Wicaho (1985) 

379 8

The Padre's Trail (1953) 

379 9

The Pemmican Journal (1981-1983) 

379 10

Pennsylvania Ethic Heritage Studies Center at the University of Pittsburgh (1985-1986) 

379 11

The Pennsylvania State University (1985-1986) 

379 12

Phelps-Stokes Fund, Native American Philanthropic News Sercvice (1939, 1976-1982) 

379 13

Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce (1918-1921) 

380 1

Philadelphia Inquirer (1985) 

380 2

Philadelphia Rescue Band (1909-1920) 

380 3

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends, Kinzua Project (1963-1964) 

380 4

The Phoenix Redskin (1931, 1947) 

380 5

Prima-Maricopa Echo (1978) 

380 6

Pioneer Mission Agency (1925) 

380 7

Powhatan-Renape Nation (circa 1972, 1985-1986_ 

380 8

The Progressive (1948, 1951) 

380 9

Project North (1981-1986) 

380 10

Pueblo News (1982-1984) 

380 11-13

Quechan News (1940) 

380 14

RAIN, Journal of Appropriate Technology (1981-1982) 

381 1-2

Reader's Digest (1945-1958) 

381 3

The Red Cross (1923-1924, 1945-1946) 

381 4

Red Letter (1982-1984) 

381 5

The Red Man (1891, 1916) 

381 6

Red Times (1977-1981) 

381 7

Resource & Education Center II (1983-1984) 

381 8

The Returned Student Bulletin (1932) 

381 9

Rochester Museum of Arts & Sciences (1941-1966) 

381 10

Rocky Mountain Oil Reporter (1962) 

381 11

Roe Indian Institute, Kansas (undated) 

381 12

Rosebud Monthly Review (1916) 

381 13

Rosebud Sioux Herald (1965-1967) 

381 14

The Rotarian (1938, 1942) 

382 1

Rural Coalition (1985-1986) 

382 2

Russell Sage Foundation (1928-1930, undated) 

382 3

St. Kate's (1986) 

382 4

Saint Michael's Mission (1924-1938) 

382 5

Saturday Evening Post (1929-1939) 

382 6

Save the Children/National Indian Child Conference (1978-1983) 

382 7

Seneca Nation of Indians (1964-1967) 

382 8

Sheldon Jackson School (1932-1947, undated) 

382 9

Sherman Institute (1919-1920, 1946) 

382 10

Sinte Glecka College News (1982-1985) 

382 11-12

Skoek Oi-Dak Chick-Pa N (1935) 

382 13

Smoke Signals (1965-1968) 

382 14

The Society of American Indians (1915-1918) 

382 15

South Carolina Affairs Commission (1985-1986) 

382 16

South Dakota Churchman (1914-1947) 

382 17-18

South Dakota Episcopal Church News (1985-1986) 

383 1

Southern Industrial Institute (1920-1930) 

383 2

Southern Ute Drum (1986) 

383 3

Spirit of Missions (1867-1931) 

383 4

Spiritual Cultural Council of Native Nations, Lewisburg Prison (1979-1980) 

383 5

The Suquamish News (1986) 

383 6

The Survey (1922-1932) 

383 7-8

Survey Graphic (1940-1941) 

389 9

Survival International Review (1980) 

383 10

Survival International Review (1981) 

384 1-2

Survival International USA (circa 1981-1986) 

384 3

Sweetgrass (1984) 

384 4

Tacoma Indian News (1980-1982) 

384 5

Talking Leaf (1976-1977, 1980, 1984) 

384 7-8

Talking Leaf (1981-1982) 

385 1

Three Feathers Associates (1986) 

385 2

The Three Tribes Herald (circa 1964-1965) 

385 3

Tilakum Wawa (1931-1932) 

385 4

Time Magazine (1930s-1950s) 

385 5

Tlingit & Haida News (1980-1984) 

385 6

Transnational Network for Appropriate/Alternative Technologies (1984) 

385 7

Treaty Council News (1977-1978) 

385 8

Tribal Spokesman (1981) 

385 9

Tundra Times (1966, 1977, 1981-1982) 

385 10-15

Tundra Times (1982-1983) 

386 1-5

Turtle (1979-1983) 

386 6

United Indian Planners Association (1976-1977) 

386 7

United Indian Planners Association (1978-1979) 

387 1-2

United Scholarship Service (1967) 

387 3

United Sioux Tribes of South Dakota (1984-1985) 

387 4

United South & Eastern Tribes (1973-1986) 

387 5-8

US Commission on Civil Rights (1973-1986) 

388 1

United States Committee on Public Information (1918) 

388 2

United States Congressional Record (1963-1986) 

388 3

United States Department of Agriculture (1919-1934) 

388 4

United States Department of Commerce (1931-1976) 

388 5

United States Department of Health, Education & Welfare (1958-1968) 

388 6

United States Department of Health & Human Services (1985-1986) 

388 7

United States Department of Housing & Urban Development (1985-1986) 

388 8

United States Department of the Interior (1914-1986) 

389 1

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs (1891-1987) 

389 2-5

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs--Education Division--Office of Indian Affairs (1940-1966) 

390 1

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs--Indian News Notes (1977-1979, 1982-1985) 

390 2-6

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs--Indian News Notes (1985-1986) 

391 1

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs--Office of Indian Affairs--Indian Record (1972-1978) 

391 2

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs--News Releases (1957, 1963-1986) 

391 3-4

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Indian Affairs (1876-1949) 

391 5-8

United States Department of the Interior--Bureau of Land Management (1912, 1957) 

391 9

United States Department of the Interior--Indian Arts & Crafts Board (1934-1987) 

392 1

United States Department of the Interior--Mineral Management Service (1985-1986) 

392 2

United States Department of the Interior--National Park Service (1922-1957) 

392 3

United States Department of Justice (1905, 1983-1986) 

392 4

United States Department of Labor (1925, 1941, 1963) 

392 5

United States General Accounting Office (1985-1986) 

392 6

United Stated Government (1886-1986) 

392 7

United States Indian Training School (1911-1929) 

392 8

United States Office of Economic Opportunity (1964-1965) 

392 9

United State Senate (1894, 1985-1986) 

392 10

Unity (1915-1917) 

392 11

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (undated) 

393 1

University of Arizona (1918, 1958, 1976, 1986) 

393 2

University of Oklahoma [including American Indian Institute] (1985-1986) 

393 3

United Tribes News (1971, 1981-1986) 

393 4-8

Walam-a-Wagan--Passamaquoddy Tribe (1965) 

393 9

Walker River Indian Reservation (1938-1939) 

393 10

Walpole Island Band Council (1986) 

393 11

The Washington Law Reporter (1902) 

393 12

Washington Interreligious Staff Council (1982) 

393 13

Wassaja (1918-1922, 1976-1977) 

393 14-15

Wassaja (1977-1980, 1982-1983) 

394 1-7

Wellesley Indian Association (1892-1893) 

394 8

Western Network (1983) 

394 9

Western Shoshone Sacred Lands Association (1980-1981) 

394 10

White Cloud Quarterly (1978-1980) 

394 11

White Cloud Quarterly (1981-1982) 

395 1

Wildlife Management Institute (1960-1964, 1985-1986) 

395 2

Win Awenen Nisitotung (1983-1986 

395 3-7

Winnebago Indian News (1980) 

395 8

Women of All Red Nations (1980-1981) 

395 9

Woman's Auxiliary (1893-1916) 

395 10

The World Carrier of Santee Training School (1909-1934) 

395 11

Workshop on American Indian Affairs (1961-1964) 

395 12

World's Work (circa 1913-193) 

396 1

Yakima Nation Review (1977, 1980 

396 2-4

Yankton Sioux Messenger (1980-1986) 

396 5-6

Zuni History (1983) 

396 7

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter A (1890s-1980s) 

397 1-5

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter B-C (1890s-1980s) 

398 1-4

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter C-F (1890s-1980s) 

399 1-6

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter F-I (1880s-1980s) 

400 1-5

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter I-M (1880s-1980s) 

401 1-6

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter M-N (1880s-1980s, undated) 

402 1-7

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter O-R (1880s-1980s, undated) 

403 1-5

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter S-T (1890s-1980s) 

404 1-6

Miscellaneous Publications: Letter U-Y (1880s-1980s, undated)/Prints Found with Publications (undated) 

405 1-7

Newsclippings (1870-1980s, undated) 

Box
406-417
Box Folder

Newsclippings (1870-1899) 

406 1-6

Newsclippings (1900-1909) 

407 1-5

Newsclippings (1900-1909) 

408 1-6

Newsclippings (1910-1919) 

409 1-5

Newsclippings (1910-1929) 

410 1-8

Newsclippings (1920-1929) 

411 1-6

Newsclippings (1920-1961) 

412 1-8

Newsclippings (1930-1939) 

413 1-6

Newsclippings (1930-1963) 

414 1-7

Newsclippings (1940-1963) 

415 1-10

Newsclippings (1960-1969, 1980s, undated) 

416 1-10

Newsclippings (undated) 

417 4
Oversize

Newsclippings--Public Ledger--The First Thanksgiving (1930) 

Flat file 1

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IV. Herbert Welsh papers 1877-1934, undated   6 boxes

Scope & Contents

Documents in this series were separated from other IRA records in 1928 apparently with the intention to add them to Welsh's personal papers, but this was never done. The series is composed of incoming and outgoing correspondence, monthly office reports, and reports on investigations done by the IRA. Correspondence is arranged chronologically.

Box
226-231

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V. Research notes, papers, and maps 1920-1925, undated   8 boxes

Scope & Contents

This series includes field and research notes by the IRA. Most of the material included here was produced by Matthew Sniffen and deals with legal issues and controversies about the legitimacy of certain Indian dances.

Box
240-242, 245-249

Maps 

Conditions Governing Access

Maps are currently being treated for preservation and not available to researchers.

Box
240-242

American Indian Survey; Sniffen's Notes of Government, School and Churches (1920-1921, undated) 

Box
245-246

Pueblo Land Legislation; Pueblo “Dances,” Progressive vs. Reactionary Indians; American Indian Defense Association; Haskill Institute (1923-1924, undated) 

Box
247

Matters Relating to Probate; Pueblo “Dances” (undated) 

Box
248

Oklahoma Dance Controversy; Oklahoma Legal Problems (1924-1925, undated) 

Box
249

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VI. Photographs and audio-visual materials 1877-1983, undated   39 boxes

Scope & Contents

Material in this series is composed of photographs, negatives, contact sheets, lantern slides, audio reels, audio cassettes, and two film reels. Most of the early photographs were taken by IRA staff members on field trips and a number of them are labeled. Photographs from the 1980s include IRA-sponsored activities and snapshots of staff members.

There are approximately 10,000 photographic items (photographs and negatives) ranging from 1877 to 1982. Several boxes are organized by state; these photographs represent nearly 30 states, with about half of those taken in Arizona, New Mexico and Alaska. Other boxes were organized alphabetically by subject including individuals, locations, and topics of interest to the IRA (such as dam sites, Navajo, and Indian schools), as well as images taken by Theodore Hetzel (organized by date). Negatives appear to correspond to the photographic groupvorganized by state. There appeared to be images in the negatives which were not in the photographs so there are unique items in this material. Most of these items are cellulose nitrate negatives, with some cellulose acetate, some glass plate negatives, and one roll of color film. It should be noted that unidentified photographs might be compared to the negatives as these materials may provide information regarding locations, and vice versa.

Folder 5 of Box 234B contains an image labeled Crazy Horse but its authenticity has not been confirmed.

Although the majority of the lantern slides are not labeled, Box 287 of the Organization files series contains an inventory of them. The audio cassettes, audio reels, and the film reels are not available to researchers unless reformatted.

Box
232A-239C, 251, 418-429
Box

Photographs--Alaska-Arizona (1913-1929, undated) 

232A

Photographs--Arizona-Colorado (1912-1928, undated) 

232B

Photographs--Delaware-New Mexico (1912-1928, undated) 

233A

Photographs--New Mexico-South Dakota (1917-1928, undated) 

233B

Photographs--South Dakota-Wyoming (1926-1932, undated) 

234A

Photographs--Unidentified Persons (1926-1932, undated) 

234A

Photographs--Locations (1926-1932, undated) 

234A

Photographs--Locations (1878-1982, undated) 

235A

Photographs--Locations (1878-1982, undated) 

235B

Photographs--Subjectss (1877-1929, undated) 

234B

Photographs--Subjects and Locations (1886) 

236A

Photographs--By Theodore Herzel (1959-1965, undated) 

236B

Photographs: Pequoit; IRA Centennial Celebration and Dinner (circa 1980-1981, 1982) 

251
Box Folder

Photographs--Oyster Project of the Shinneecock; Poarch Band of Creeks (undated) 

418 1

Photographs--SLC Trip to Alaska (1981) 

418 2

Photographs--Law & Theology Conference, Princeton, NJ (1983) 

418 3

Photographs--Mashapee Wampanoag Pow-Wow (undated) 

418 4

Photographs--Restigouche (1982) 

418 5

Photographs--Towns & Tribes Conference, Albuquerque, NM (1983) 

418 6

Photographs--Black Hills International Survival Gathering (1980); Cayuga (undated); Jim Thorpe Longest Run (undated) 

418 7

Photographs--Unidentified (1970s) 

418 8

Photographs--Loose Photos Found in Box (undated) 

418 9

Photographs--Oren Lyons; V. Deloria Sr.; Sandra Spaulding; V.Deloria Jr.; Joe de la Cruz; others (undated) 

418 10

Photographs--Miscellaneous Items Found with Photos (1982-1984, undated) 

418 11

Photographs--Centennial Celebration (1982) 

418 12

Photographs--Episcopal Convocation, Pine Ridge, ND--From Vine Deloria (1917-1980) 

418 13

Photographs--Sandy's New England Trip (1980) 

418 14

Photographs--Sam Valley, Aspen Meeting (undated) 

418 15

Photographs--Rappahannocks (undated) 

418 16

Photographs--Contact Sheet & Photos--Native Awareness Day (1980) 

418 18

Photographs--NE Tribes--Energy Conference (1981) 

418 17

Photographs--Contact Sheet & Photos--Art--Institute of American Indian (1980) 

418 19

Photographs--Contact Sheet--Annual Meeting--Native American in the Arts--Hanay Geiogaman (1980) 

418 20

Photographs--Contact Sheet--NCAI Meeting (1980) 

418 21

Photographs--Urban Indians, Cathcart, Shenandoah (1982) 

418 22

Photographs--Boston Indian Council (1982) 

418 23

Photographs--Ingrid's Photos--Penobscot & Passmaquaddy (undated) 

418 24
Box

Photographs--Negatives (1914-1960, undated) 

237A-239A
Box Folder

Photographs--Negatives (1980s, undated) 

418 27
Box

Photographs--Glass Plates Negatives (1912-1932, undated) 

239B-239C
Box Folder

Photographs--Photocopies (undated) 

418 28

Photographs--Contact Sheets--Vine Deloria Jr. at HSP (1980); Gila River Reservation plus India Art Objects (1979); Black Hills Survival Gathering (1980); CERT Annual Meeting plus Irrigation Ditches at Ak Chin (1979); North American Delegation to the 4th Russell Tribunal in Rotterdam (1980) 

418 29

Photographs--Oversize Prints (undated) 

418 30

Photographs--Artists & Musicians (1980-1982, undated) 

419 1

Photographs--Before 1970 

419 2

Photographs--Famous Folks (1982, undated) 

419 3

Photographs--From Theodore Brinton Hertzel (1961-1981) 

419 4

Photographs--IRA People & Meetings (1978-1983, undated) 

419 5
Box

Photographs--Miscellaneous (1914, undated) 

236B
Box Folder

Photographs--Unidentified (undated) 

419 6-7

Slides--Indian Art Show in Conjunction with Centennial Celebration (1982) 

418 25

Slides--Edgar Heap of Birds--Exhibit at the Balch Institute (1978-1981)) 

418 26
Box

Lantern Slides (undated) 

420-423

Audio Cassettes (1980s, undated) 

424-425

Audio Reels (1963, 1967, undated) 

426

Film Reels--Indian Rights, Indian Law (undated); More Than Bows & Arrows (undated) 

427-429

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VII. Council on Indian Affairs 1943-1968, undated   2 boxes

Scope & Contents

This series contains minutes and correspondence related to the meetings of the Council on Indian Affairs (known earlier as the Coordinating Committee on Indian Affairs), a group composed of several organizations and established in New York City with the purpose of consolidating efforts to oppose Senate bills detrimental to Native Americans. The papers included here were part of the files of Lawrence E. Lindsey, general secretary of the IRA and chairman of the Council on Indian Affairs during the 1950s and 1960s. These files were kept at the IRA’s Philadelphia office and included in the papers donated by the association to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Besides the IRA, other organizations in the council were the American Civil Liberties Union, the American Association on Indian Affairs, the National Congress of American Indians, the Department of Indian Work of the National Council of Churches, the American Friends Service Committee, the Board of Homeland Missions of the United Church of Christ, the Friends Committee on National Legislation, the National Council of the Protestant Episcopal Church, the Southwestern Association on American Indian Affairs, Arrow, Inc., the Unitarian Service Committee, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs, the American Missionary Association, the Department of Race Relations of the Congregational Christian Churches, the Home Missions Council, and the United Church Women of the National Council of Churches.

Box
243-244

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VIII. Volumes 1883-1968   38 volumes

Scope & Contents

Items in this series contain administrative information including but not limited to financial matters and IRA membership records. Five clippings scrapbooks are also included here.

Volume
1-38
Volume

Clippings scrapbooks, #1-5 (1883-1893) 

1-5

Members’ dues ledgers (1885-1929) 

6-10

Index to members (circa 1892) 

11

Ledgers (1887-1968) 

12-31

Letterbooks (1888-1819; bulk 1889-1895) 

32-33

Letterpress book (mostly blank) (1916) 

34

Account book/”List of signers of the appeal” (1890-1891) 

35

Check stub books (1895-1900) 

36-37

Receipt book (1961-1962) 

38

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Box

Coins--Commemorative Collection--Indian Tribal Series (1971-1977)   1 box

430

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Hopi Materials: Hopi Snake Dance (1889-1921)   1 box

Conditions Governing Access note

Access to this box is restricted to researchers pending communication about culturally sensitive materials with the Repatriation Coordinator and Tribal Archivist at the Hopi Cultural Preservation Office.

431

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