Lardner family papers


Collection 2171

1683-1919, undated (bulk, 1740-1850)
(6.4 Linear feet ; 17 boxes)

Summary Information

Repository
Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Creator
Lardner family
Title
Lardner family papers
ID
2171
Date
1683-1919, undated (bulk, 1740-1850)
Extent
6.4 Linear feet ; 17 boxes
Author
Finding aid prepared by Susan Kearney.
Language
English
Abstract
The Lardner Family was prominent in provincial and colonial affairs in Pennsylvania. Among the family members represented in this collection are Lynford Lardner (1715-1774), who worked as an advisor to the Penn family in Pennsylvania, his son John Lardner (1752-1825), who fought in the Revolutionary War with the First Troop, and John's son Richard Penn Lardner (1795-1882), who also served with the First Troop and was treasurer of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. This collection, which spans from the seventeenth century to the twentieth century, contains correspondence with the Penn family concerning proprietary government; general correspondence; business, land, legal, and estate papers; correspondence with Alexander Graydon; financial books and records; and papers from several related families, such as the Larges, Mifflins, and Wilmers.

Preferred citation

Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Lardner family papers (Collection 2171), Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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Background note

The Lardner Family was prominent in provincial and colonial affairs in Pennsylvania. Lynford Lardner (1715-1774), whose sister Hannah (died 1785) was married to Richard Penn (1710-1771), served as an advisor to the Penn family in Pennsylvania. He held the posts of Receiver General, 1741-1752, Keeper of the Great Seal, 1746-1752, Justice of the Peace in Lancaster County, 1752, Director of the Library Company, a trustee of the College now known as the University of Pennsylvania, and a member of the American Philosophical Society. In addition to these offices, he acted as overseer of Thomas Penn’s (1702-1775) personal estates. In 1752, he resigned his posts and removed to Windsor Furnace, Lancaster County, where he pursued his interests in farming and animal husbandry. He continued for the remainder of his life to serve the Penns, serving on the Governing Council in 1755 and as Comptroller of Customs in 1771. He married twice, in 1749 to Elizabeth Branson by whom he had 7 children and in 1766 to Katherine Lawrence (no issue).

His son John Lardner (1752-1825) was a member of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and served in this unit during the Revolutionary War as part of General Washington’s escort during the Battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown. Additionally, he served as a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature. Richard Penn Lardner (1795-1882) was the second son of John Lardner and Margaret Saltar. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, he served as a Lieutenant of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry and treasurer of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad.

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Scope and content note

Housed in seventeen boxes, this collection documents the Lardner family of Pennsylvania through correspondence with the Penn family concerning proprietary government; general correspondence; business, land, legal, and estate papers; financial books and records; and papers from several related families, such as the Larges, Mifflins, and Wilmers. It spans roughly from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century, with most of the material dating from the mid 1700s to the mid 1800s.

The Lynford Lardner series (Series 1) is comprised of correspondence with the Penn family concerning proprietary government business and personal matters, 1740-1771, as well as a Richard Peters letterbook, 1757-1758, with copies of letters to the Penns. The series also includes general correspondences, 1740-1773, business and land papers and estate papers, 1742-1860, notes on family genealogy, a copy of Lynford’s biography as recorded by his son John on 1 February 1805, and a diploma from the University of Pennsylvania awarding a degree in literary arts to Lynford Lardner, probably the grandson of Lynford (1715-1774).

The John Lardner series (Series 2) contains correspondence during the Revolution, 1776-1782, including letters to his mother living in Philadelphia during that time. A valuable source for the study of early Pennsylvania and national politics is the collection of 135 letters between John Lardner and Alexander Graydon (1778-1818) on a variety of topics, many political in nature. Alexander Graydon was a Revolutionary War veteran and backcountry office-holder; John Lardner was a Philadelphia merchant and heir to a substantial family fortune. Both men were Federalists with strong political views; both were unusually frank in expressing their political opinions. In 1792, Graydon expressed his feelings about the young nation: “I am not in Love with Democratical Government, nor its Effects.” Lardner was less troubled by the political changes that Graydon found deeply disturbing. Notes on George Washington [Box 7, Folder 6] is a lengthy, detailed recording by Joseph Reed, Adjutant General, of troop movements “relating to different parts of the Army under General Washington, from the 26 December 1776 when the Hessians were captured at Trenton to the 2nd of January 1777.” This account has been transcribed and is included as part of this series. This series also includes family estate papers, 1775-1860; business, land, and legal papers, 1770-1850; and an early United States census recording the number of slaves in each state from the years 1790-1820.

The Richard Penn Lardner series (Series 3) is a small collection of correspondence, business and land papers, and a farming account book, 1832-1837, all related to Lardner.

Other Lardner and related families (Series 4) is made up of miscellaneous Lardner family correspondence and accounts of various family members, including other children of John Lardner and Margaret Saltar; and related families including the Large, Mifflin, and Wilmer families. One item of interest in this series is a travel diary describing a Cape Town sea voyage [Box 14, Folder 15].

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Overview of arrangement

Series 1. Lynford Lardner, 1683-1860, undated

Series 2. John Lardner, 1739-1860, undated

Series 3. Richard Penn Lardner, 1822-1866, undated

Series 4. Other Lardner and Related Families, 1725-1917, undated

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 Historical Society of Pennsylvania ; 2019.

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107
215-732-6200

Access restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Provenance

Purchased, 1988.

Accession number A1988.37.

One item, Richard Penn letter (1751), was a gift of the Chestnut Hill Historical Society, 1999.

Accession number 991006.1.

Processing note

A few items have been removed for conservation work, and they will be returned to the collection once repairs have been made. This finding aid will then be updated and reposted.

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Related Materials

Related materials

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

Penn family papers (Collection 485A)

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Controlled Access Headings

Subject(s)

  • Family life--Upper Class--18th century.
  • Land Settlements--New Jersey.
  • Land Settlements--Pennsylvania.
  • Pennsylvania--Politics and government--19th century.

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Collection Inventory

 Series 1.  Lynford Lardner 

Box Folder

Correspondence from the Penn family 1740-1743 

1 1

Correspondence from the Penn family 1744-1746 

1 2

Correspondence from the Penn family 1748-1749 

1 3

Correspondence from the Penn family 1750-1754 

1 4

Correspondence from the Penn family 1755-1759 

1 5

Correspondence from the Penn family 1760-1769 

1 6

Correspondence from the Penn family 1770-1771 

1 7

Correspondence, Thomas Penn to John Penn 1771 

1 8

Richard Peters letterbook 1757-1758 

1 9

General correspondence 1740-1749 

1 10

General correspondence 1750-1759 

1 11

General correspondence 1760-1773 

1 12

Letterbook 1743-1747 

1 13

Letterbook 1749-1751 

1 14

Extracts from letterbooks to the Penns 1754-1759 

1 15

Extracts from letterbooks to family 1744-1764 

1 16

Copies of Lynford Lardner letters 1734-1746, 1749-1773 

2 1

Correspondence to Katherine Lardner 1757-1772 

2 2

Correspondence to Katherine Lardner undated 

2 3

Katherine Lardner incoming correspondence 1760-1765 

2 4

Katherine Lardner correspondence from children undated 

2 5

Lawrence family correspondence 1756-1768 

2 6

Lawrence family accounts 1747-1776 

2 7

Accounts and memorandum books 1754-1756, 1763-1764 

2 8

Business papers 1747-1790 

2 9

Bills and receipts 1744-1771 

2 10

William Branson estate 1758-1773 

2 11

Estate papers 1773-1799 

2 12

Estate papers 1800-1860 

2 13

Land papers, Burlington county, New Jersey 1742 

2 14

Landpapers, Cumberland county, New Jersey 1752 

2 15

Land papers, Hunterdon county, New Jersey 1742-1749 

2 16

Land papers, Hunterdon county, New Jersey 1750-1753 

2 17

Land papers, Somerset county, New Jersey 1749-(1754-55)-1802 

3 1

Land papers, Berks county, Pennsylvania 1765 

3 2

Land papers, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania 1750-1783 

3 3

Land papers, Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania 1731-1747 

3 4

Deeds 1683-1773 

3 5

Deeds, New Jersey 1707 

3 6

Deeds, Pennsylvania 1742 

3 7

Surveys, Grouse Hall and Grance 1750-1807 

3 8

Surverys, Northampton country and Bucks county 1775-1842 

3 9

Surveys 1783 

3 10

Wills Undated 

3 11

Genealogy Undated 

3 12

Biography Undated 

3 13

Diploma Undated 

3 14

Weather memorandum 1764-1774 

3 15

Poetry Undated 

3 16

Miscellaneous Undated 

3 17
Box

Journal D 1752 

4

Ledger D 1753-1760 

4

Ledger E 1761-1773 

4

Journal E January 1761-1774 

4

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 Series 2.  John Lardner 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1769-1777 

5 1

Correspondence 1778-1789 

5 2

Correspondence 1790-1800 

5 3

Correspondence 1801-1805 

5 4

Correspondence 1806-1810 

5 5

Correspondence 1811-1815 

5 6

Correspondence 1816-1820 

5 7

Correspondence 1821-1824 

5 8

Correspondence to mother 1776-1778 

5 9

Correspondence to mother 1780-1882, undated 

5 10

Correspondence to wife Margaret 1794-1815 

5 11

Correspondence to son Lynford 1807-1821 

5 12

Correspondence to son Richard 1817-1818 

5 13

Correspondence to miscellaneous family 1780-1822 

5 14

Correspondence to Alexander Graydon 1783-1792 

6 1

Correspondence to Alexander Graydon 1800-1809 

6 2

Correspondence to Alexander Graydon 1810-1811 

6 3

Correspondence to Alexander Graydon 1812-1815 

6 4

Correspondence to Alexander Graydon 1816-1818, undated 

6 5

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1778-1787 

6 6

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1791-1800 

6 7

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1805-1809 

6 8

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1810 

6 9

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1811 

6 10

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1812 

6 11

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1813-1814 

6 12

Correspondence from Alexander Graydon 1815-1817 

6 13

Memoranda, 2 volumes Undated 

7 1

Notes on health Undated 

7 2

Notes on health Undated 

7 3

Notes on life, philosophy, literature Undated 

7 4

Notes on religion Undated 

7 5

Notes on George Washington undated 

7 6

Notes on roads Undated 

7 7

Notes on political matters Undated 

7 8

Notes on weather Undated 

7 9

Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company Undated 

7 10

Notes on mineralogy, geology, and lumber Undated 

7 11

Notes on the Rumford fireplace Undated 

7 12

Notes on taxes Undated 

7 13

Notes on census Undated 

7 14

Notes on First Troop Undated 

7 15

Clippings on First Troop Undated 

7 16

Miscellaneous papers Undated 

7 17

Taxes 1788-1799 

8 1

Taxes 1800-1810 

8 2

Taxes 1811-1820 

8 3

Estate book 1830-1832 

8 4

Estate papers 1824-1839 

8 5

Estate papers 1840-1849 

8 6

Estate papers 1850-1860 

8 7

Estate papers: Catherine Lardner 1788 

8 8

Estate papers: Frances Lardner 1803-1805 

8 9

Estate papers: Hannah Lardner 1839-1853 

8 10

Estate papers: James Lardner 1775-1782 

8 11

Estate papers: James Lawrence Lardner 1802-1881 

8 12

Estate papers: Margaret Lardner 1834-1845 

8 13

Account book: rents, etc. Undated 

9 1
Box

Journal: Daybook 1810-1818 

9

Journal supplement: Daybook 1819-1824 

9

Ledger 1810-1824 

9
Box Folder

Bank balance book 1819 

10 1

Sales book for hardware, etc. 1818 

10 2

Family expenses with William Lardner 1775-1795 

10 3

Receipt books 1784, 1787 

10 4

Accounts, personal 1776-1809 

10 5

Accounts, Oxford-Somerset 1775-1791 

10 6

Accounts - Lardner and Redman 1779 

10 7

Receipts and accounts: John Grimslade 1805-1813 

10 8

Bills and receipts 1770-1779 

10 9

Bills and receipts 1780-1789 

10 10

Bills and receipts 1790-1799 

10 11

Bills and receipts 1800-1812 

10 12

Bills and receipts 1814-1817 

10 13

Bills and receipts 1818 

10 14

Bills and receipts 1819 

10 15

Bills and receipts 1820 

10 16

Bills and receipts 1821-1827 

10 17

Bills and receipts 1830-1834 

10 18

Bills and receipts Undated 

10 19

Business papers - land assessor 1799 

11 1

Legal: Gill sisters 1815-1824 

11 2

Legal: Solomon Hall estate 1811-1818 

11 3

Legal: Reynold Keen estate 1811-1818 

11 4

Legal: Reynold Keen estate, bills and receipts 1792, 1810 

11 5

Legal: Rhoads and Shoenebruch 1797-1812 

11 6

Legal: John Saltar estate 1816-1845 

11 7

Legal: Indentures 1817 

11 8

Land - West New Jersey 1747-1787, 1792 

11 9

Land - Gloucester county, New Jersey 1790 

11 10

Land - Gloucester County, New Jersey 1782-1822 

11 11

Land - Deptford Farm, Gloucester County, New Jersey 1814-1816 

11 12

Land - Sussex County, New Jersey 1812 

11 13

Land - New Jersey, Miscellaneous 1790-1817 

11 14

Land - Deeds, Cranberry Creek, New Jersey Undated 

11 15

Land - Berks County, Pennsylvania 1753-1808 

11 16

Land - Bucks County, Pennsylvania 1750-1783 

11 17

Land - Columbia County, Pennsylvania 1793-1848 

11 18

Land - Lands held, Monroe County, Pennsylvania Undated 

11 19

Land - Poho Poho surverys, Monroe County, Pennsylvania Undated 

11 20

Land - Montgomery County, Pennsylvania 1787-1788 

11 21

Land - Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1784-1786 

12 1

Land - Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1790-1799 

12 2

Land - Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1800-1845 

12 3

Land - Wild Creek, Surveys, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1795 

12 4

Land - Surveys, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1786-1845 

12 5

Land - Surveys, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1763-1830 

12 6

Land - Lists of Lands held, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1786-1799 

12 7

Land - Poho Poho, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1792-1845 

12 8

Land - Henry Reitz, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1792-1807 

12 9

Land - Bills and receipts, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1766-1798 

12 10

Land - Taxes, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1804-1832 

12 11

Land - Northampton County, Pennsylvania - miscellaneous 1783-1798 

12 12

Land - Deeds, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1789-1824 

12 13

Land - Deeds, Northampton County, Pennsylvania 1739-1810 

12 14

Land - Roaring Creek, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania 1783-1846 

13 1

Land - James Ham, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1805-1808 

13 2

Land - John Messner, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1785 

13 3

Land - Grouse Hall, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1782-1805 

14 4

Land - 7th Street, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania About 1739 

13 5

Land - Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1746 

13 6

Land - Wilkinson Estate, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1809 

13 7

Land - Glebe Plantation, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1813 

13 8

Land - T. Gordon estate, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1802 

13 9

Land - N. Johnston estate, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1763 

13 10

Land - Deed to Somerset, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1793 

13 11

Land - Taxes, Oxford Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1784-1817 

13 12

Land - Miscellaneous, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania 1846 

13 13

Land - Miscellaneous About 1750 

13 14

Land - Surveys, Miscellaneous 1813-1818 

13 15

Land - Rent accounts, Miscellaneous 1816-1823 

13 16

Land - Deeds, Miscellaneous Undated 

13 17

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 Series 3.  Richard Penn Lardner 

Box Folder

Correspondence 1839-1849 

14 1

Correspondence 1850-1859 

14 2

Correspondence 1860-1866, undated 

14 3

Correspondence, Canandaiqua 1863-1864 

14 4

Business papers 1837-1860 

14 5

Legal: Adam Hoodmaker 1830-1855 

14 6

Farming account book 1832-1837 

14 7

Receipts 1836-1840 

14 8

Receipts: John Springer 1839-1842 

14 9

Land papers -New Jersey 1822-1839 

14 10

Land papers - Carbon County, Pennsylvania 1851 

14 11

Land papers - Monroe County, Pennsylvania 1842-1850 

14 12

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 Series 4.  Other Lardner and Related Families 

Box Folder

Ringgold Larner: Correspondence 1879-1882 

14 13

Correspondence: Unidentified miscellaneous Lardner family 1856-1917 

14 14

Travel diary: Description of Capt Town and sea voyage Undated 

14 15

Letter to Troop of Light Horse (facsimile) 1777 

14 16

Internation Exhibition: receipts 1876 

14 17

Invitations and miscellaneous 1869-1870 

14 18

Alexander Lardner: Correspondence 1840, 1848 

15 1

Hannah Lardner: Accounts 1795-1829 

15 2

Henry Lardner: Correspondence 1887 

15 3

Henry Lardner: Receipts 1831-1832 

15 4

James Lardner, son of James: Correspondence Undated 

15 5

John Lardner: Receipt book Undated 

15 6

Lawrence Lardner: Correspondence 1828-1839 

15 7

Lynford Lardner: Correspondence 1832-1834 

15 8

Lynford Lardner: Correspondence with family 1833-1846 

15 9

Lynford Lardner: Receipts 1830-1834 

15 10

Lynford Lardner: Miscellaneous papers 1833-1834 

15 11

Lynford Lardner: Correspondence and Miscellaneous papers 1864 

15 12

Perot Lardner: Correspondence 1880-1881 

15 13

Large family: Miscellaneous papers 1726, 1788-1817, 1872 

16 1

Mifflin family: Miscellaneous papers 1817-1818, 1847, 1903 

16 2

William J. Miller: Miscellaneous papers Undated 

16 3

Isaac Paschall: Estate Papers 1788 

16 4

Joseph Reakirt: Estate papers 1881 

16 5

Joseph Willcox: Estate papers, brief of title 1793 

16 6

Wilmer family: Correspondence 1827-1849 

16 7

Notebook 1798-1817 

17 1

Three photos, unidentified Undated 

17 2

Legal documents 1725, 1753 

17 3

Correspondence 1838-1881, undated 

17 4

Imitation of Christ by Thomas A. Kempis Undated 

17 5

Pamphlet: Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, Eastern District 1856 

17 6

Newspaper clippings Dates unknown 

17 7

Paper scraps Undated 

17 8

Miscellaneous papers Undated 

17 9

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