Penington Family Papers
1769-1882
(17 boxes, 15 vols., 9 lin. feet )

Collection 1435

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
1300 Locust Street * Philadelphia, PA 19107-5699
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania 1300 Locust Street Philadelphia, PA 19107-5699
Table of contents Abstract
The Penington family, residents of Philadelphia from the early years of the Pennsylvania colony, played a role in the religious, civic, and mercantile activities of the region. Among the most successful of the Penington businessmen was Edward Penington (1766-1834), whose sugar business supplied some of the most prominent families in the Philadelphia area. In addition to his business savvy, Edward was known locally as an ardent bibliophile, compiling a personal library of over six thousand volumes. Edward passed his literary tastes along to his son, John (1799-1867), who became a highly regarded intellectual, antiquary, and bookseller in Philadelphia, specializing in rare and foreign volumes. John's son Edward joined his father's business, known thereafter as Penington & Son. John's daughter, Elizabeth Davis Penington, married Henry Carey Baird, an author, publisher, and grandson of Mathew Carey.

The Penington's papers are comprised of materials pertaining to the sugar business of Edward Penington and the Philadelphia bookshop of Edward's eldest son, John Penington. The fifteen volumes of records from the Penington sugar house include a daybook, a journal, a waste book, and a number of account books from the period 1769 to 1841. In addition, two volumes record Peningtons' domestic expenses. The seventeen boxes of material pertaining to John Penington's shop include incoming correspondence and orders, bills, and receipts relating to the traffic in books as well as basic business expenses from 1833 to 1870. There is also one folder of incoming correspondence received by Henry C. Baird.

Background note
Even before the first of the Peningtons set foot in America, the family was linked to the colony of Pennsylvania through devotion to the Quaker faith. This association began with the 1658 conversion of Isaac Penington, the son of a wealthy Puritan and onetime governor of London, also named Isaac. After hearing a stirring speech by George Fox, Penington and his wife Mary finally decided to forsake Isaac's family inheritance in favor of salvation through Quakerism. Isaac, already a prolific writer, became an outspoken proponent of Quaker conversion in England through the publication of many books and pamphlets on religious subjects. Penington also established ties to American Quakerism when, in 1672, his stepdaughter Gulielma Maria Springett wed William Penn.

After his arrival in Pennsylvania, Penn secured a position for his brother-in-law, Edward Penington, in the new colony. Edward arrived in April of 1698 and began work as surveyor general of Pennsylvania. The following year Penington wed Sarah Jenings, daughter of former New Jersey Governor Samuel Jenings, at New Jersey's Burlington Friends' Meeting House. Edward and Sarah Penington had one child, Isaac Penington, before Edward's death in November of 1700. Isaac went on to lead an active life in the civic activities of Bucks County and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and was among the men who organized and founded the Library Company of Philadelphia, along with Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Hopkinson, and Thomas Cadwalader.

Edward Penington, the son of Isaac and Ann Biles Penington, was the first member of the family to make a name for himself in the world of business. Born in Bucks County, Edward established a lucrative mercantile firm in Philadelphia and had a magnificent house built for his family at the corner of Crown (between Fourth and Fifth) and Race Streets. Penington, like his forbears, was a staunch Quaker, and thus could not endorse the military action of the revolutionary forces against England. Like many Quakers, Penington was arrested and imprisoned for his resistance to the war along with his son, Isaac, then twenty years of age.

After the war the Peningtons resumed their lives as leading citizens of Philadelphia. Two of Edward Penington's sons, Isaac and Edward, began a partnership as sugar refiners and merchants. Edward continued to operate the successful business after his brother's death in 1803 until his own death in 1834. In addition to his business interests, Edward Penington was a voracious reader and a lover of books. At the time of his death, Edward possessed a library of over six thousand volumes and was an elected member of the American Philosophical Society.

The eldest of the children of Edward and Sarah Shoemaker Penington, John, devoted his professional life to the literary pursuits his father favored. Born on August 1, 1799, John Penington was the proprietor of a well-known Philadelphia bookshop at 10 South Fifth Street, specializing in international trade, rare books, and classical texts both in their original languages and in translation. Penington's services were particularly useful for colleges and other institutions, as well as private tutors and scholars. Ten days after his death on March 18, 1867, The Nation remembered Penington as "the last, if not the only, American bookseller who represented the old traditional bookseller. The trade of bookselling in his hands was elevated to the dignity that it really acquires in the hands of competent men," the article continued, adding: "Such men are rare everywhere."1

Continuing this literary legacy, Elizabeth Davis Penington, one of the four children of John and wife Lucetta Davis, went on to marry Philadelphia publisher Henry Carey Baird, a grandson of famed publisher Mathew Carey. In addition to his activities as publisher, Henry C. Baird wrote extensively on the subject of political economy, as had his uncle, Henry C. Carey. The Bairds were residents of Wayne, Pennsylvania, although Henry remained active in Philadelphia politics until his death.


Scope and content
The majority of this collection is made up of the business records of Edward Penington, housed in fifteen volumes and one folder, and the business records and incoming correspondence of John Penington, housed in seventeen boxes. The small amount of correspondence pertaining to Henry Carey Baird, also entirely incoming, is contained in one folder. The volumes in Series I provide scattered financial records spanning a period from 1769 to 1841. With the exception of a waste book, marked as the property of Edward and Isaac Penington, all of the volumes are attributed to Edward. There are account books covering the period from 1769 to 1841, the last of which is marked "Miscellaneous" and contains entries after the date of Edward Penington's death in 1834. These volumes provide a view of the sales and employment practices of the Peningtons and a sense of their customer base, which included members of the Cadwalader and Hollingsworth families among other prominent Philadelphia households. The extension of these records beyond the lifespan of Edward Penington is not explained, though it is possible that others business associates or family members are responsible for these entries.

In addition to these business records, Edward Penington kept documentation of personal and family expenditures, several volumes of which are included in this collection. A daybook shows the family expenses for the period from 1807 to 1813, and a volume marked "Family Expenses Book" contains similar information for the period from 1820 to 1826, offering information on the washing and provisions bills of the Penington home, as well as money spent on clothing and shoes for members of the household, including Edward's wife, Helena Lawrence Holmes. Other evidence of family expenses and assets may be found in the volume marked "Estate of Edward Penington in Account with Edward Penington, 1811-1814," which was an official record of expenditures kept for legal purposes.

There is only one volume among the fifteen in this series that was not used for the purposes of accounting: a treatise entitled "Edward Penington's Observations in Sugar Making, 1799-1819." In this volume, Penington reflected on his years in the sugar business, recording his methodologies so that his family might benefit from his experience and achievements after his death. There is also one document, dated 1793 and ostensibly belonging to Penington, stating the standing of Jacob Crownfield's account with Elias H. Derby. The relationship of these parties to Penington is unclear.

The materials in Series II relate to the bookshop of John Penington and span from 1833 to 1870. Nine boxes of incoming correspondence include requests from patrons for specific volumes and catalogues, including requests from prominent universities and other institutions. There is also a good deal of correspondence from other booksellers and associates in the United States and England. The vast majority of the patron requests come from America, England, and France. Additional insight into Penington's business may be gained through the eight boxes of orders, bills, and receipts included in this series. These records show Penington's financial transactions not only with his customers, but with his suppliers, fellow book vendors, and employees. Rounding out the series are two folders of catalogues distributed by Penington from his shop. These catalogues list titles available from other booksellers, which could be ordered and obtained through Penington.

Series III consists of one folder of incoming correspondence sent to Henry Carey Baird, the husband of John Penington's daughter, Elizabeth. Of this small amount of material, the majority relates to the death of Baird's uncle, Henry C. Carey, in 1879. There is also an 1863 letter from Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin and another, sent by Williams College Professor of Economics Arthur Perry in 1882, which touches upon Baird's published work on political economy.

Arrangement
Series I Edward Penington, 1769-1841 15 volumes, 1 folder
Series II John Penington, 1833-1870, n.d. 17 boxes
a. Correspondence, 1840-1870, n.d.
b. Orders, bills, and receipts, 1833-1866, n.d.
c. Catalogues, 1844-1854, n.d.
Series III Henry Carey Baird, 1863-1882 1 folder

Administrative information
Restrictions
The collection is open for research.

Provenance
Purchased, Mifflin Fund, 1946.

Accession 2002.45 (John Penington letter, 8 April 1864), purchased 2002.

Preferred citation
Cite as: [Indicate cited item or series here], Penington Family Papers (Collection 1435), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Processing information
Processing made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

A diary of Henry Carey Baird, 1827-1841, is currently missing from the collection.

Additional information
Separated material
None.

Related material
Hyland Robert Penington Papers, Am .12359
Edward Carey Gardiner Collection, Collection 227A
David McNeely Stauffer Collection, Collection 1095

"A catalogue, priced, of books, selected from the stock of John Penington and Son." Philadelphia, 1855. Wv* .98 vol. 1

References
Leach, Frank Willing. "Penington Family." The North American, April 26, 1908.

Added entries
Subjects
  • Antiquarian booksellers--19th century
  • Books and reading--19th century
  • Booksellers and bookselling
  • Booksellers and bookselling--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Catalogs, Booksellers'
  • Home economics--Accounting--18th century
  • Home economics--Accounting--19th century
  • John Penington & Son
  • Merchants--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--18th century
  • Merchants--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia--19th century
  • Rare books
  • Rare books--Catalogs
  • Sugar trade--Pennsylvania--18th century
  • Sugar trade--Pennsylvania--19th century
  • Sugar--Manufacture and refining--18th century
  • Sugar--Manufacture and refining--19th century
  • Contributors
  • Baird, Henry Carey, 1825-1912
  • Carey, Henry Charles, 1793-1879
  • Penington family
  • Penington, Edward, 1766-1834
  • Penington, Henry, 1807-1858
  • Penington, John, 1799-1867
  • Riggs, Samuel
  • Contact information
    The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
    1300 Locust Street
    Philadelphia, PA 19107-5699

    [http://www.hsp.org/]

    2003

    Sponsor:Processing made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
    Collection overview

    Series 1. Edward Penington 1769-1841
    Vol. 1-15, Box 1

    This series consists of fifteen volumes pertaining to the finances of Edward Penington. Four of the fifteen are account books from Penington's sugar house, including the names of customers (both individuals and institutions) and the goods provided, including sugar as well as tea, coffee, and chocolate. The books provide varying amounts of information on the recorded transactions, from a simple listing of the name of the customer and the amount of product and money changing hands to a detailed account of the proceedings. In addition to his regular business transactions, Edward Penington, like many men of capital, often lent money at interest. One entry in the 1774-1785 account book indicates that, on October 24, 1775, Penington provided three pounds to "Robert Philips (a negro)...lent him towards purchasing his freedom."

    Other accounting volumes include a waste book belonging to Edward and Isaac Penington, in which rough descriptions of transactions were kept before they were transferred to a journal. This series contains one of these journals, a journal of assignees from 1811-1817, along with a ledger of assignees from 1811 to 1812 documenting the transfer of interest and goods owed to specific parties. The documented expenses include lists of employees and wages, supplemented by individual entries for paid tasks such as "hawling dirt." In addition to these records of commercial activity and business finance, Edward Penington kept records of his personal or family expenses. Two volumes, a daybook and an expense book, show the financial activity of the Penington family from 1807 to 1813 and 1820 to 1829, respectively, including money spent on servants' wages, clothing, food, laundry, and books. The inside cover of the expense book also features a "recipe for blacking" and a "mixture for a cough" involving gum arabic, paregoric, antimonial wine, "liquorice," and water.

    The only volume in the series that was not used for accounting, a book of Edward Penington's reflections on the tricks of his trade, reveals Penington's interest in experimentation in pursuit of maximum efficiency. In this volume, Penington explains: "I have frequently thought since I have been successful in the sugar baking business to commit some observations to writing that may be usefull to some of my family, when I may have bid Adieu to this world." Penington then recounts his years as an apprentice to the incompetent Peter Finges, and the innovations that eventually secured him his success. Of particular importance to Penington's methods was his use of lime water. In this tract, he describes how he arrived at the ideal amount of lime water to use in his baking, as well as his manipulations of other baking conditions in pursuit of a higher, finer yield.

    Hints of this perfectionism are also reflected in a short bit of writing on lima beans, penned on the inside cover of Penington's 1774-1785 account book. "Planted lima beans in a hot bed--April 9, 1774," it reads, "planted others in the open ground about the 25th April. I think they were both too early." After some consideration of the crops, Penington reaches a conclusion at the bottom of the page. "The lima beans in 1774 were not only planted too thick but the holes were put in such a manner as to make an arbour," he writes, "...let the rows in the future be 10 or 12 feet asunder and plant cabbage between." A document listing the account information of Jacob Crownfield with Elias Derby, dated 1793, is the only loose item in this subseries. The relationship of these men to Penington is not specified.




    Series 2. John Penington 1833-1870, n.d.
    Box 1-17

    a. Correspondence 1840-1870


    The correspondence that forms this subseries, all of which is incoming, consists almost entirely of materials related to the book and antiquities business of John Penington also known, after 1854, as Penington & Son. Operating out of his Fifth Street bookshop, Penington specialized in the delivery of foreign and classical texts, both in their original languages and in translation. In addition, Penington sometimes fielded requests for historical texts or texts pertaining to archaeology, Native American history, science, and engineering, as well as subscription requests for journals and periodicals. Penington also took orders for specific goods, such as stationery, maps, sheet music, and miniatures of political figures, including Presidents John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, and Martin Van Buren.

    A well-known agent, Penington received these specialized requests from locations around the country, including orders from Mississippi, Arkansas, Florida, Ohio, and Indiana. Almost all of the letters in this subseries include an order from one of Penington's catalogues, a request for a listing of available books, or a reference to an order already placed, received, or outstanding. Occasionally a letter will open with a few lines of personal information, usually explaining a delayed payment or response with news of an illness or death in the family. There are also a couple of letters from Penington's brother, Henry, and a few letters on the 1847 death of his nephew and business associate Samuel Riggs.

    In addition to meeting requests from individuals, Penington supplied teachers and institutions such as the Smithsonian, the College of William and Mary, the University of Virginia, Trinity College (Conn.), Ohio Wesleyan University, and various prisons and religious organizations. Since Penington's was a credit-based business, unpaid bills were a constant concern. Several letters in this subseries refer to lawsuits brought by Penington against non-paying customers.

    In addition to unsettled accounts, Penington also had to field critical correspondence from unsatisfied customers and others. One letter, sent to an absent Penington in 1864 from an employee at his shop, includes some personal information as well as a report on the complaints of William B. Reed on the Reed and Cadwalader pamphlet sold by Penington and others. "Bill Reed wrote an impudent letter regarding our selling the Reed & Cadwalader," the employee, identified only as Ned, wrote to Penington, adding: "I don't like to be bullied by anyone much less by such a damned copper head traitor as he is." On the following page of the letter is a picture of a copperhead snake with the head of a man, labeled "Wm B Reed."




    b. Orders, bills, and receipts 1833-1866, n.d.


    The mixed materials comprising this subseries are nearly all orders, bills, and receipts relating to Penington's bookshop and mail order service. The orders are sometimes written requests, but appear more often simply as lists of titles. Bills and receipts are usually for book or subscription orders, shipping costs, or bank drafts. There are also some scattered legal billing materials related to suits in which John Penington was ostensibly involved, although the connection is not always apparent. There are not many records of personal expenses.




    c. Catalogues 1844-1854, n.d.


    This subseries contains listings of titles available from various vendors through John Penington's shop. These lists would be distributed to Penington's customers, and bear the Penington stamp to remind potential customers of where they might order the titles locally. Among the catalogues and individual advertisements are lists specifically for seekers of maps and atlases, Christian tracts, and books on the occult from sources in England, France, Germany, and the United States.




    Series 3. Henry Carey Baird 1863-1882
    Box 17

    The correspondence of which this series is composed relates primarily to the death of Henry Carey Baird's uncle, author and publisher Henry C. Carey. In addition, there is one letter from former Pennsylvania Governor Andrew G. Curtin, dated 1863. Another letter, from economics professor Arthur L. Perry, comments on various publications relating to Baird's work on political economy. This letter, the latest of the correspondence, is dated 1882.



    Detailed inventory

    Series 1. Edward Penington 1769-1841
    Vol. 1-15, Box 1

    Sugar house account book 1769-1771
    Vol. 1

    Sugar house account book 1774-1785
    Vol. 2

    Waste book 1786-1796
    Vol. 3

    Sugar house sales book 1786-1790
    Vol. 4

    Receipt book 1804-1812
    Vol. 5

    Account book 1810-1811
    Vol. 6

    Journal of the assignees 1811-1817
    Vol. 7

    Ledger of the assignees 1811-1812
    Vol. 8

    Cashbook 1814
    Vol. 9

    Observations in sugar making 1799-1819
    Vol. 10

    Checkbook 1812-1814
    Vol. 11

    Account book- Miscellaneous 1828-1841
    Vol. 12

    Daybook- Family expenses 1807-1813
    Vol. 13

    Estate of Edward Penington 1811-1814
    Vol. 14

    Family expense book 1820-1826
    Vol. 15

    Account of Jacob Crownfield 1793
    Box 1: 1

    Series 2. John Penington 1833-1870, n.d.
    Box 1-17

    a. Correspondence 1840-1870


    Correspondence 1840-1841
    Box 1: 2

    Correspondence 1842
    Box 1: 3

    Correspondence Jan.-May 1843
    Box 1: 4

    Correspondence June-Dec. 1843
    Box 1: 5

    Correspondence Jan.-June 1844
    Box 1: 6

    Correspondence July-Dec. 1844
    Box 1: 7

    Correspondence Jan.-June 1845
    Box 1: 8

    Correspondence July-Dec. 1845
    Box 1: 9

    Correspondence Jan.-Mar. 1846
    Box 1: 10

    Correspondence Apr.-June 1846
    Box 1: 11

    Correspondence July-Dec. 1846
    Box 1: 12

    Correspondence Jan.-Mar. 1847
    Box 1: 13

    Correspondence Apr.-June 1847
    Box 2: 1

    Correspondence July-Sept. 1847
    Box 2: 2

    Correspondence Oct.-Dec. 1847
    Box 2: 3

    Correspondence Jan.-Mar. 1848
    Box 2: 4

    Correspondence Apr.-July 1848
    Box 2: 5

    Correspondence Aug.-Oct. 1848
    Box 2: 6

    Correspondence Nov.-Dec. 1848
    Box 2: 7

    Correspondence Jan.-Mar. 1849
    Box 2: 8

    Correspondence Apr.-June 1849
    Box 2: 9

    Correspondence July-Sept. 1849
    Box 2: 10

    Correspondence Oct.-Dec. 1849
    Box 2: 11

    Correspondence Jan.-Feb. 1850
    Box 3: 1

    Correspondence Mar. 1850
    Box 3: 2

    Correspondence Apr.-May 1850
    Box 3: 3

    Correspondence June 1850
    Box 3: 4

    Correspondence July-Aug. 1850
    Box 3: 5

    Correspondence Sept. 1850
    Box 3: 6

    Correspondence Oct. 1850
    Box 3: 7

    Correspondence Nov. 1850
    Box 3: 8

    Correspondence Dec. 1850
    Box 3: 9

    Correspondence Jan. 1851
    Box 3: 10

    Correspondence Feb. 1851
    Box 3: 11

    Correspondence Mar. 1851
    Box 3: 12

    Correspondence Apr. 1851
    Box 4: 1

    Correspondence May 1851
    Box 4: 2

    Correspondence June 1851
    Box 4: 3

    Correspondence July 1851
    Box 4: 4

    Correspondence Aug.-Sept. 1851
    Box 4: 5

    Correspondence Oct.-Nov. 1851
    Box 4: 6

    Correspondence Dec. 1851
    Box 4: 7

    Correspondence Jan. 1852
    Box 4: 8

    Correspondence Feb. 1852
    Box 4: 9

    Correspondence Mar. 1852
    Box 4: 10

    Correspondence Apr. 1952
    Box 4: 11

    Correspondence May-June 1852
    Box 4: 12

    Correspondence July-Aug. 1852
    Box 5: 1

    Correspondence Sept. 1852
    Box 5: 2

    Correspondence Oct. 1852
    Box 5: 3

    Correspondence Nov. 1852
    Box 5: 4

    Correspondence Dec. 1852
    Box 5: 5

    Correspondence Jan. 1853
    Box 5: 6

    Correspondence Feb. 1953
    Box 5: 7

    Correspondence Mar. 1853
    Box 5: 8

    Correspondence Apr. 1853
    Box 5: 9

    Correspondence May 1853
    Box 5: 10

    Correspondence June 1853
    Box 5: 11

    Correspondence July 1853
    Box 5: 12

    Correspondence Aug. 1853
    Box 5: 13

    Correspondence Sept. 1853
    Box 6: 1

    Correspondence Oct. 1853
    Box 6: 2

    Correspondence Nov. 1853
    Box 6: 3

    Correspondence Dec. 1853
    Box 6: 4

    Correspondence Jan. 1854
    Box 6: 5

    Correspondence Feb. 1854
    Box 6: 6

    Correspondence Mar. 1854
    Box 6: 7

    Correspondence Apr. 1854
    Box 6: 8

    Correspondence May 1854
    Box 6: 9

    Correspondence June 1854
    Box 6: 10

    Correspondence July 1854
    Box 6: 11

    Correspondence Aug. 1854
    Box 6: 12

    Correspondence Sept. 1854
    Box 7: 1

    Correspondence Oct. 1854
    Box 7: 2

    Correspondence Nov. 1854
    Box 7: 3

    Correspondence Dec. 1854
    Box 7: 4

    Correspondence Jan. 1855
    Box 7: 5

    Correspondence Feb. 1855
    Box 7: 6

    Correspondence Mar. 1855
    Box 7: 7

    Correspondence Apr. 1855
    Box 7: 8

    Correspondence May 1855
    Box 7: 9

    Correspondence June 1855
    Box 7: 10

    Correspondence July 1855
    Box 7: 11

    Correspondence Aug. 1855
    Box 7: 12

    Correspondence Sept. 1855
    Box 8: 1

    Correspondence Oct. 1855
    Box 8: 2

    Correspondence Nov. 1855
    Box 8: 3

    Correspondence Dec. 1855
    Box 8: 4

    Correspondence Jan. 1856
    Box 8: 5

    Correspondence Feb. 1856
    Box 8: 6

    Correspondence Mar. 1856
    Box 8: 7

    Correspondence Apr. 1856
    Box 8: 8

    Correspondence May 1856
    Box 8: 9

    Correspondence June 1856
    Box 8: 10

    Correspondence July 1856
    Box 8: 11

    Correspondence Aug. 1856
    Box 8: 12

    Correspondence Sept. 1856
    Box 8: 13

    Correspondence Oct. 1856
    Box 9: 1

    Correspondence Nov. 1856
    Box 9: 2

    Correspondence Dec. 1856
    Box 9: 3

    Correspondence Jan.-June 1857
    Box 9: 4

    Correspondence July-Dec. 1857
    Box 9: 5

    Correspondence Jan.-Feb. 1858
    Box 9: 6

    Correspondence Mar.-Apr. 1858
    Box 9: 7

    Correspondence May-June 1858
    Box 9: 8

    Correspondence July-Aug. 1858
    Box 9: 9

    Correspondence Sept.-Oct. 1858
    Box 9: 10

    Correspondence Nov.-Dec. 1858
    Box 9: 11

    Correspondence 1864-1870
    Box 9: 12

    Correspondence n.d.
    Box 10: 1-8

    b. Orders, bills, and receipts 1833-1866, n.d.


    Orders, bills, and receipts 1833-1841
    Box 10: 9

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1842
    Box 10: 10-11

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1843
    Box 10, 11: 12-13, 1-2

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1844
    Box 11: 3-5

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1845
    Box 11: 6-9

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1846
    Box 11: 10-13

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1847
    Box 12: 1-4

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1848
    Box 12: 5-8

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1849
    Box 12: 9-13

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1850
    Box 13: 1-4

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1851
    Box 13: 5-9

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1852
    Box 13, 14: 10-11, 1-2

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1853
    Box 14: 3-7

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1854
    Box 14: 8-11

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1855
    Box 15: 1-4

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1856
    Box 15: 5-6

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1857
    Box 15: 7

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1858
    Box 15: 8-9

    Orders, bills, and receipts 1866
    Box 15: 10

    Orders, bills, and receipts n.d.
    Box 15:11-17:9

    c. Catalogues 1844-1854
    Box 17: 10-11

    Series 3. Henry Carey Baird 1863-1882
    Box 17: 12