Conrad Weiser papers


Collection 0700

1741-1783
(1.33 Linear feet 2 boxes, 2 volumes)

Summary Information

Repository
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Creator - Author
Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760.
Creator - Author
Weiser, Samuel, 1735-1794.
Title
Conrad Weiser papers
ID
0700
Date [inclusive]
1741-1783
Extent
1.33 Linear feet 2 boxes, 2 volumes
Author
Finding aid prepared by Sarah Newhouse and Anna Baechtold Georgi
Sponsor
This collection was processed during the Digital Center for Americana Project Phase II, which was funded by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Richard Lounsbery Foundation.
Language
English
Language of Materials note
Materials are in English and German.
Mixed materials (00006990) [Volume]
1
Mixed materials (00006991) [Volume]
2
Mixed materials (00006992) [Box]
1
Mixed materials (00006993) [Box]
2
Abstract
This collection contains the papers of Conrad Weiser (November 2, 1696 – July 13, 1760), a German immigrant who settled in Pennsylvania and became an Indian affairs agent and lieutenant colonel for the British forces in the French and Indian War. Weiser was responsible for negotiating many treaties with the Iroquois which transfered land ownership from the Native Americans to the colony of Pennsylvania and ensured the support of the Iroquois for the British during the war. His papers consist of correspondence, financial records, muster rolls, legal documents, a bound ledger, and a journal of a 1750 trip to Onondaga. The manuscripts in this collection were originally bound into two volumes, and their folders retain their volume and page numbers. The order of items in the volumes was loosely chronological and this arrangement has been kept.

Preferred Citation note

[Indicate cited item or series here], Conrad Weiser papers (Collection 0700), The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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Biographical note

Conrad Weiser (November 2, 1696 – July 13, 1760) was born as Johann Conrad Weiser (Jr.) in Affstätt in the Duchy of Wurttemberg, Germany, to Johann Conrad Weiser (Sr.) (1662—1746) and Anna Magdelana Uebele (d. 1709). In 1709, Anna Uebele died and Johann Conrad Weiser Sr. joined the German Palatines as they fled the country, moving his family to England in the same year. Once there he secured land for them in what would become New York State. The Weiser family left England on December 25, 1709 and arrived in New York on June 13, 1710, where they lived at Livingston Manor in what is now Columbia County. They initially worked to repay the debt they incurred to the British crown when Queen Anne fed German refugees in London and paid for their transportation to New York. In 1713, however, the German immigrants were freed from this debt and Weiser (Sr.) became a farmer and later Commissioner to London on behalf of the German Palantine community in the colonies.

In 1712, when Conrad Weiser was sixteen years old, his father made an arrangement with a local Mohawk chief for the youth to live with the tribe in the upper Schoharie Valley. Weiser spent the winter of 1712-1713 with the Mohawks and learned much about their language and customs. The Mohawks belonged to the Iroquois or Haudenosaunee, an alliance of tribes in the New York and Pennsylvania region that was also known as the Six Nations (the six nations being the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora). The knowledge that Weiser gained during that winter thus informed him about the language and customs of not only the Mohawks, but also the Six Nations'. This knowledge would be invaluable to him during his career as an envoy to the tribes on behalf of the colonial government of Pennsylvania.

In 1720, Weiser married Anna Eve Feck (or Faeg) and they moved southward to settle on a farm in Womelsdorf, near Reading, Pennsylvania. Together they would have fourteen children, seven of whom reached adulthood. Weiser worked as a farmer and tanner before starting a career as an agent to the British representatives in the colonies. He developed a friendship with an Iroquois man named Shikellamy (the spelling of his name in Weiser's records varies), an Oneida chief who was sent as an emissary to other tribes and the British colonies. Shikellamy brought Weiser with him when he traveled to Philadelphia in 1731 to meet with a delegation of Pennsylvania leaders. The Pennsylvania governor and his council were impressed by Weiser's abilities as an interpreter and by the trust that the Iroquois had in him. This marks the beginning of his service as an envoy and interpreter between the colonial government and the Native tribes in the Mid-Atlantic region.

In 1736, Weiser and Shikellamy were instrumental in negotiating a deed of sale in which the Iroquois sold the land drained by the Delaware River and south of the Blue Mountains to the people of Pennsylvania. In making this purchase, the Pennsylvania leaders favored the Iroquois, acting on their claim to the land rather than the competing claims of the Lenape or Delaware people. This instance of taking sides in disputes between Native tribes represented a significant change in the colony's policies. Following this and other insults from the colonial authorities, the Lenape in Pennsylvania sided with the French during the French and Indian War (1754–1763), known in Europe as the North American stage of the Seven Years' War. Based on the goodwill created by the 1736 land purchase and Weiser's diplomacy, the Iroquois supported the British during the war despite the ongoing tension between the Native Americans and colonists.

Weiser acted as an interpreter not only between the British colonial government and the Six Nations, but also as a negotiator between various southern tribes and the Iroquois. For all of these negotiations he traveled widely and frequently, often making the long and difficult journey to the Iroquois capital of Onondaga.

In 1744, Weiser acted as interpreter during the negoations for the Treaty of Lancaster, in which the Iroquois sold all of their land in the Shenandoah Valley. Afterwards, the colonial officials of Virginia and Pennsylvania believed the Iroquois had sold them settlement rights to the Ohio Valley and began to move onto this land. The Iroquois, however, did not believe that this land was part of the treaty and their relationship with the colonists began to sour. Due to this expansion into the Ohio Valley and the continued activity of British traders there, the French began to move south and build a string of forts to protect their interests. When Weiser travelled to Onondaga (sometimes spelled Onondago or Onontago in contemporary texts) in 1750, he learned that the political dynamics in the Six Nations had shifted and that several Iroquois tribes were now trading with and supporting the French.

In 1754, the military conflicts of the French and Indian War began. The same year the British leaders of the colonies arranged a meeting in Albany between delegates from each colony and the Six Nations. Weiser attended this conference as part of the delegation from Pennsylvania, but even his presence did not produce the promises of support that the British officials hoped for. Delegates from the colonies were left to make their own deals with Six Nations representatives, and Weiser negotiated a successful pledge of support for Pennsylvania. Once the War began, Weiser took on a new role. In 1756, when the Lenape began to raid central Pennsylvania, government officials appointed Weiser as a Lieutenant Colonel and charged him and Benjamin Franklin with building forts between the Delaware and Susquehanna Rivers. During the conflict, Weiser would continue to advocate for Pennsylvania and maintain a relationship with the Iroquois, while commanding a small company of men against the French and their allies.

Throughout his career, Weiser negotiated land deals that created the current boundaries of Pennsylvania. He also had a lasting impact on the United States' policies toward Native Americans and shaped the future of the country by strengthening and preserving alliances, thus affecting the outcome of the French and Indian War. After his death in 1760 the relationship between the British colonists and the Native Americans declined, which contributed to widespread exploitation and abuses.

Weiser played an important part in shaping the political and social landscape of the colonies in other ways, too. In 1748 he created the plan for Reading, Pennsylvania. In 1752 he was instrumental in creating Berks County, Pennsylvania from land originally part of surrounding counties, and would serve as Berks County's chief judge from 1752 until 1760. In addition to his civic duties, he was a teacher and minister in the Lutheran Church, although he spent a few years living at the Ephrata Cloister in Lancaster County. There he was baptized by the order's founder, Conrad Beissel, in 1735 and took the name Brother Enoch. It is clear, however, that he frequently left the cloister to visit his family and attend to diplomatic missions requested by the governors of Pennsylvania and New York.

Conrad Weiser died 1760 on his farm in Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania. His daughter, Anna Maria, married Henry Muhlenberg, the founder of the Lutheran Church in the United States. Many of their children would be important figures in the early history of the United States. Henry Ernest Muhlenberg (17 November 1753 – 23 May 1815) was a noted botanist whose papers are held by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Frederick Muhlenberg (1750–1801) was elected as the first speaker of the House of Representatives. Peter Muhlenberg (October 1, 1746 – October 1, 1807) was a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection contains the papers of Conrad Weiser, which are comprised of correspondence, financial records, muster rolls, and legal documents. The contents of this collection are found in two document boxes and two bound volumes, which contain an original and a Photostat copy of Weiser's ledger. The documents now in boxes were originally bound into two volumes, and their folders retain their volume and page numbers. This arrangement has been kept, although researchers should note that the order of items in the volumes is loosely chronological. Box 1 contains documents once bound in Volume 1; Box 2 contains those from Volume 2.

The manuscripts from Volumes 1 and 2 are mostly correspondence between Weiser and various members of the military and colonial governments in Pennsylvania, New York, and Virginia. The correspondence pertains to Weiser's activities as an Indian agent, with only sparse references to his family or his other roles as minister, teacher, and farmer. His letters are often detailed, including the dates of previous correspondence, names of men involved in various issues, and the dates and locations of military conflicts. These letters often contain the details of planning meetings and treaty negotiations, offering a glimpse into the inner workings of colonial politics. Once the French and Indian War begins and he is named a lieutenant colonel, his letters focus on military matters, often describing the poor condition of the troops -- which were frequently poorly clothed, armed, and fed -- and his own difficulties. On one occasion, when trying to raise men for his company, he is in danger of being killed due to the mistrust the colonists have for a man who treats with the Native tribes (Vol. 1, Page 34). The accounts of skirmishes and battles in these letters highlight Weiser's importance to the British representatives in the colonies, as he relayed important information that helped them to plan their movements, both military and political.

Much of the correspondence is between Weiser and Richard Peters (1704-1776), an English immigrant heavily involved in Pennsylvania culture and politics. He was a rector at Christ Church in Philadelphia, secretary to a series of governors of Pennsylvania, director of the Library Company of Philadelphia (1750-1764), manager of Pennsylvania Hospital (1751-1752), member of the American Philosophical Society, and one of the founders of the University of Pennsylvania. Most of the letters between Peters and Weiser have to do with their involvement in colonial politics and relations with the Six Nations. As secretary to the governor, Peters dispatched all of Weiser's assignments as interpreter and emissary, and Weiser's reports to the governor about his diplomatic missions went through Peters.

Weiser's letters mention many men who had large roles in shaping colonial America, including Robert Hunter Morris (1700-1764), deputy governor of Pennsylvania from 1754-1756; William Johnson (c. 1715-1744), an important British commander and interpreter during the French and Indian War; Thomas Penn (1702-1775), proprietor of Pennsylvania after the death of his father, William Penn; William Allen (1704-1780), founder of Allentown, Pennsylvania, chief justice of Pennsylvania, and mayor of Philadelphia; Robert Dinwiddie (1693 -1770), lieutenant governor of Virginia; William Gooch (1681-1751), also a lieutenant governor of Virginia; George Washington (1732-1799); and fellow interpreter Andrew Montour (c. 1720-1772).

Aside from correspondence, Weiser's papers include many manuscripts. Weiser kept detailed expense accounts for his trips into the Pennsylvania and New York wilderness, which provide lists of items and people needed for these trips. These expenses include things like horses, guides, and supplies, but also gifts of food, clothing, and alcohol. These accounts frequently mention Shikellamy by name, when Weiser asks for money to pay for his services as guide and ambassador.

This collection also includes documents relating to Weiser's position as Berks County judge, which provide a glimpse into the early Pennsylvania and colonial United States legal system. More specifically, they contain an accusation of spousal abuse (Vol. 1, Page 43), an accusation from a colonist that a Nanticoke man sexually assaulted his daughter (Vol. 1, Pages 25-6), a slander case (Vol. 1, Page 20), and an accusation of adultery (Vol.1, Page 32).

Other manuscripts contain notes, speeches, muster rolls, lists of people killed, and miscellaneous writings. Of particular note is a draft of Weiser's 1741 "Advice to the Germans" in which he argues that German immigrants to the New World should be paying taxes to the British crown and encourages them to elect officials who support those taxes. He also kept notes during a meeting between himself and Six Nations representatives (vol. 1, page 22), notes which provide more details than are usually found in his letters. The last folders contain correspondence to and from one of Weiser's sons, Samuel Weiser, conducted after Conrad Weiser's death. Most of this material has to do with his debts and financial obligations, including those incurred for his father's funeral. Several documents deal with inheritance and debts that his father passed on, while others record Samuel's debts and expenses. There is also one letter from a friend that appears to anticipate the Revolutionary War, in which the writer expresses his apprehension and distaste about Great Britain's actions toward the colonies (Vol. 2, Page 213).

Two of the bound volumes in this collection are versions of Weiser's ledger (an original and a Photostat copy), which contains records of his financial transactions from 1746 to 1760. The latter part of the ledger was written by his son, Conrad Weiser, a Berks County farmer, and covers the years 1773-1783. The other bound volume is a journal Weiser wrote describing his trip in August and September of 1750 to the Iroquois capital of Onondaga (researchers should note the variations in spelling of the city's name in these collection materials). It includes a note of commission from James Hamilton, then Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, intended to provide Weiser with safe passage on his journey. The journal itself is highly detailed account of his trip, including descriptions conversations and meetings.

Published manuscript guides indicate that the Conrad Weiser papers contained a Photostat copy Weiser's journal titled "A Journal of the proceedings of Conrad Weiser in his journey to Ohio" (1748). This item is missing as of 2013.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

 The Historical Society of Pennsylvania November 2011

1300 Locust Street
Philadelphia, PA, 19107
215-732-6200

Conditions Governing Access note

This collection is open for research, although access to Conrad Weiser's ledger (Volume 3) and journal (Volume 5) are restricted due to their fragility. Researchers should use the photostat copy of the ledger available in this collection or access either digitized volume through our Digital Library.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Heister H. Muhlenberg, 1838; Mr. Paul T. Anderson, 1961; Thomas F. Gordon, n.d.; portion purchased by Gratz Fund, 1936.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

At the Historical Society of Pennsylvania:

DuSimitiere's collection (LCP2)

Pennsylvania, Provincial Council minutes (Am .20195)

Berks and Montgomery counties miscellaneous papers (0044)

Berks County (Pa.) colonial papers (Am .1293)

Lancaster County papers (0352)

Maria Dickinson Logan collection (0382)

Northampton County papers (0456)

Penn family papers (0485A)

Jonah Thompson collection of colonial Pennsylvania documents (0655)

John Christopher Frederick Cammerhoff letters (Am .245)

Abraham H. Cassel description of the Indians Iroquois and Delaware (Am .541)

Easton Council minutes (Am .545)

The account book of Conrad Weiser, Berks County, Pennsylvania, 1746-1760. Translation. (UPA Vg .1811 v.60)

Narrative of a journey from Tulpehocken, in Pennsylvania, to Onondago, the headquarters of the Six nations of Indians, made in 1737 by Conrad Weiser. Translation. (Va .64)

At other institutions:

Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs [BIA] at the National Archives (various locations). http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html

Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.974.8.H78-ead.xml

James Logan Papers (B L82) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.L82-ead.xml

Burd-Shippen Papers at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.B892-ead.xml;query=;brand=default

Edward Shippen Papers (B Sh62) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.Sh62-ead.xml

Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania (974.8 P19) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.974.8.P19-ead.xml

Miscellaneous Manuscripts (Misc. Manuscripts) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.Ms.Coll.200-ead.xml

Benjamin Franklin Papers (B F85) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.B.F85-ead.xml

Minutes of Indian treaties and conferences, 1721-1760, [n.d.].at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.970.5.P26-ead.xml

Manuscripts on Indian affairs (970.4 M415) at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, PA. http://www.amphilsoc.org/mole/view?docId=ead/Mss.970.4.M415-ead.xml

George Washington Papers in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gwhtml/gwhome.html

French and Indian War Orderly Books (1758-1760) at the Massachusetts Historical Society in Boston, MA. http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0050&hi=on&tag=archdesc&query=french%20and%20indian%20war

French and Indian War collection at the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, MA. http://www.americanantiquarian.org/Findingaids/french_indian_war.pdf

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Letters.

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
  • United States--Politics and government--1755-1783.

Occupation(s)

  • Indian agents.

Personal Name(s)

  • Abercromby, James, 1706-1781.
  • Allen, William, 1704-1780.
  • Bouquet, Henry, 1719-1765.
  • Burd, James, 1726-1793.
  • Dinwiddie, Robert, 1693-1770.
  • Gooch, William, Sir, 1681-1751.
  • Hamilton, James, 1710-1783.
  • Handschuh, Johann Fridrich, 1714-1764.
  • Hockley, Richard, d. 1774.
  • Johnson, William, Sir, 1715-1774.
  • Lee, Thomas, 1690-1750.
  • Mercer, Hugh, ca. 1725-1777.
  • Morris, Robert Hunter, ca. 1700-1764.
  • Parsons, William, 1701-1757.
  • Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775.
  • Peters, Richard, 1704-1776.
  • Washington, George, 1732-1799.

Subject(s)

  • Berks County (Pa.)--History--18th century.
  • Berks County (Pa.)--History.
  • Iroquois Indians--18th century.
  • Iroquois Indians--Early works to 1800.
  • Iroquois Indians--Government relations--To 1789.
  • Iroquois Indians--Government relations.
  • Iroquois Indians--Land tenure--Early works to 1800.
  • Iroquois Indians--Land tenure.
  • Iroquois Indians--Treaties.
  • Mohawk Indians--Early works to 1800.
  • Mohawk Indians--Government relations.
  • Mohawk Indians--History--18th century.
  • Mohawk Indians--Land tenure.
  • Native Americans.
  • New York (State) History French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
  • Pennsylvania--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Registers.
  • Pennsylvania--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
  • Pittsburgh (Pa.)--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.
  • Six Nations.
  • United States--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Campaigns.
  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Economic aspects.
  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Personal narratives.
  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Registers of dead.
  • United States--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763--Registers.
  • Virginia--History--French and Indian War, 1755-1763.

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Bibliography

Conrad Weiser Homestead. n.d. Web. 10 November 2011. http://conradweiserhomestead.org

Graeff, Arthur D. Conrad Weiser -- Pennsylvania Peacemaker. Kutztown, Pa.: The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society, 1945.

Merrell, James H. Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1999.

Washington, Ida H. "Conrad Weiser in fact and fiction." Monatshefte, 68.2 (Summer 1976).

Walton, Joseph Solomon. Conrad Weiser and the Indian Policy of Colonial Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pa.: George W. Jacobs & Company, 1900.

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Collection Inventory

Volume Page

Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 

1 3

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Thomas Cookton 1741 September 12 

1 6

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Thomas Cookton 1741 September 12 

1 7

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Conrad Weiser: "Serious Advice to the Germans" 1741 September 20 

1 8

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Richard Peters 1743 February 2 

1 9

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1743 February 3 

1 10

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Conrad Weiser: "Indian Charges" (expense report to the governor of Pennsylvania) 1744 

1 11

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Conrad Weiser: Account (1745 July 31) and receipt (1745 December 6) 1745 

1 12

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1746 September 27 

1 13

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Conrad Weiser to Thomas Lee 1746 April 15 

1 14

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (1746 July 5); Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1746 July 9) 1746 

1 15

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1746 August 10 

1 16

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1753 February 

1 17

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Conrad Weiser to William Logan (1747 October 23); Receipt (1748 October 22) 1747, 1748 

1 18

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1749 May 8 

1 19

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Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1749 June 30); Jacobus Routenburg: Testimony regarding slander accusation (1749) 1749 

1 20

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Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1749 September 7) and letter fragment (undated) 1749, undated 

1 21

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Adam Ulrich: Receipt (1749 November 29); Conrad Weiser: Notes from Six Nations meeting (undated) 1749, undated 

1 22

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Conrad Weiser: Proceedings of a Six Nations meeting at Shamokin undated 

1 23

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1751 January 24 

1 24

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Conrad Weiser: Deposition of Robert Hunter (copy) 1750 February 15 

1 25

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Conrad Weiser: Deposition of Robert Hunter 1750 February 15 

1 26

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Conrad Weiser to Thomas Lee 1750 June 30, 1750 July 25 

1 27

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Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1750 September 30); Conrad Weiser to Thomas Lee (1750 October 4) 1750 

1 28

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Conrad Weiser: Notes 1750 October  

1 29

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Conrad Weiser to Robert Hunter Morris circa 1750 October 30 

1 30

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (1754); Conrad Weiser: Bill (undated) 1754, undated 

1 31

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Conrad Weiser: Memorandum regarding a skirmish in Virginia circa 1742 

1 33

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Conrad Weiser to the governor of Pennsylvania circa 1742 

1 34

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Conrad Weiser to the governor of Pennsylvania (copy) 1751 April 22 

1 35

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Conrad Weiser: Bill (1752 January 31); Richard Hockley to Conrad Weiser (1752 March 13) 1752 

1 36

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1753 January 8 

1 37

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1753 February 6 

1 38

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Conrad Weiser: Accounts 1753 January, 1753 May 

1 39

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1753 April 27 

1 40

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James Heberling: Bill of sale for land in Pennsylvania (1753 May 23); Peter Brunnholtz: Receipt for Conrad Weiser (1753 July 9) 1753 

1 41

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1753 July 28 

1 42

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Deposition of Rebecca Wortman (1753 December 13); Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (1754 January 28); Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1754 February 21) 1753, 1754 

1 43

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (copy) (1754 March 15); Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1754 December 24) 1754  

1 44

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Richard Peters: Account (1754 August); James Hamilton: Note (undated) 1754, undated 

1 45

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Conrad Weiser: Account 1754 August 20 

1 46

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1754 October 12 

1 47

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser; George Gabriel 1754 November 8 

1 48

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Conrad Weiser: Account 1754  

1 49

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1755 March 8 

1 50

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Henry Andrew Monture to Conrad Weiser 1755 April 15 

1 51

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Conrad Weiser to unknown 1757 April 22 

1 52

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Conrad Weiser to William Peters (1755 April); William Armstrong to Conrad Weiser (1755 July 22) 1755 

1 53

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John Potts to Conrad Weiser 1755 July 22 

1 54

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (1755 August 7); Thomas Penn to Conrad Weiser (letter fragment and copy) (undated); List of Chiefs of the Shawnee Nation (undated) 1755, undated 

1 55

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G. Gotshall: Note (1755 September 3); Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters (1755 October 2) 1755 

1 56

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1755 October 14 

1 57

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1755 October 18 

1 58

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1755 October 25 

1 59

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Conrad Weiser: Letter fragment 1755 November 18 

1 60

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Instructions to company commanders on how to raise a company undated 

1 61

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Conrad Weiser to unknown undated 

1 62

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Conrad Weiser to Robert Hunter Morris 1756 January 5 

1 63

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George Jacob Shirman: Receipt (1756 January 10); Henry Dubs: Receipt (1756 May) 1756 

1 64

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Conrad Weiser to William Johnson (1751 February 8); Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1756 February 17) 1751, 1756 

1 65

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James Hamilton, et al.: Order for payment to Conrad Weiser (1756 February 27); Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1756 March 9) 1756 

1 66

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Frederick Weiser: Receipt; Peter Spycker: Receipt 1756 March 10 

1 67

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 March 15 

1 68

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Conrad Weiser to Robert Hunter Morris 1756 March 15 

1 69

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Christian Busse: Letter fragment (1756 March 17); Christian Busse to Samuel Weiser (1756 March 18) 1756 

1 70

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 April 3 

1 71

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1756 April 5); Christian Busse: Receipt (1756 May 29) 1756 

1 72

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Conrad Weiser: Account 1756 July 6 

1 73

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 May 27 

1 74

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1756 June 15 

1 75

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser (1756 July 15); Peter Spycker to Conrad Weiser (1757 July 11) 1756, 1757 

1 76

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Conrad Weiser: Account 1756 July 

1 77

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 July 21 

1 78

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1756 July 24); Robert Brown deposition (1756 August) 1756 

1 79

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Christian Busse: Receipt 1756 August 11 

1 80

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 August 21 

1 81

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1756 August 28 

1 82

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List of the company stationed at Fort Henry 1756 August 7-September 5 

1 83

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Conrad Weiser: Extracts from newspapers 1754 July 1-1756 October 16 

1 84

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Conrad Weiser to John Nicholas Weatherholt (1756 September 21); Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1756 October) 1756 

1 85

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List of the company stationed at Fort Henry 1756 September 6-October 5 

1 86

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser (1756 October 3); Christian Busse: Memorandum (1756 October 13) 1756 

1 87

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1756 October 5 

1 88

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 October 23 

1 89

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser (1756 November 13); Catrina Ogilby to Conrad Weiser (1756 November 24) 1756 

1 90

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1756 December 7 

1 91

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 December 15 

1 92

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 June 3 

2 11

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List of numbers of men in the First Battalion, Pennsylvania Regiment undated 

2 13

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Christian Schneyder to Samuel Weiser; Letter from Fort Augusta undated 

2 15

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Frederick Smith (Schmidt) to Christian Busse (1757); List of recipients of guns from N. Kintgor's wagon (1757 January 7) 1757 

2 17-18

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 January 7 

2 19

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 January 7 

2 21

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1756 January 10 

2 23

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Conrad Weiser: Letter fragment circa 1753 

2 25

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Conrad Weiser: Narrative fragment circa 1750 

2 27

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RIchard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1757 January 22); Jacob Waltersdolf to unknown (1757 January 28); William Parsons to Conrad Weiser (1757 January 28) 1757 

2 29-30

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Accounts of powder and lead supplies (1757); Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser (1757 February 15) 1757, 1757 February 15 

2 31-32

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Jacob G.to Conrad Weiser 1757 February 15 

2 33

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 February 20 

2 35

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Johann Fridrich Handschuh to Conrad Weiser 1757 February 24 

2 37

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 February 25, 1757 March 9 

2 39

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Andreas Engel to Conrad Weiser (1756 March 9); Fridrich Leubold: Receipt (1757 March 14) 1756, 1757 

2 41

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Frederick Smith (Schmidt) to Conrad Weiser 1757 March 4 

2 43

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1757 March 19 

2 45

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William Parsons to Conrad Weiser 1757 March 26 

2 47

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William Parsons to Conrad Weiser 1757 April 16 

2 49

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List of men in John Nicholas Weatherholt's company 1757 April 21 

2 51

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 May 1 

2 53

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Frederick Smith (Schmidt) to Conrad Weiser 1757 May 2 

2 55

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Conrad Weiser to Captain Young 1757 May 2 

2 57

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser (1757 May 12); Conrad Weiser to Peter Spycker (copy) (1757 May 23) 1757 

2 59-60

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Peter Spycker to the governor of Pennsylvania (1757 May 24); Number of persons killed and scalped (1758 April-May) 1757, 1758 

2 61

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Land ownership dispute 1757 May 27 

2 63

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James Hyndshaw to Conrad Weiser 1757 May 13 

2 65

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Frederick Smith (Schmidt) to Conrad Weiser 1757 May 13 

2 65a

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William Parsons to Conrad Weiser undated 

2 67

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Friederich Weiser: Receipt (1757 June 1); James Patterson to Conrad Weiser (1757 June 2) 1757 

2 69

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Conrad Weiser to Henry Bouquet: Letter fragment 1759 June 

2 71

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Letter fragment 1757 June 

2 73

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Georg Eberhardt to Conrad Weiser 1757 June 12 

2 75

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Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1757 June 13); Conrad Weiser: Journal extract (1757 June 22) 1757 

2 77

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 June 24 

2 79

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser (1757 June 23); Conrad Weiser: Notes on Indian affairs (1757) 

2 81

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Conrad Weiser to Jacob Morgan (1757 June 25); Conrad Weiser to the governor of Pennsylvania (1757 July 12) 1757 

2 83

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Matthew Lowry testimony (1757 July 16); Fragment of a cover (1757 July) 1757 

2 85

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Christian Busse to Conrad Weiser 1757 August 15 

2 87

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List of persons killed and scalped circa 1757 

2 89

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List of persons killed undated 

2 91

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Phillip Martsloff to Conrad Weiser 1757 

2 93

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James Burd to Conrad Weiser: Letter fragment and copy 1757 October 13 

2 95

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Conrad Weiser to William Young 1757 October 27 

2 97

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James Young to Conrad Weiser 1757 October 27 

2 99

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1757 November 9 

2 101

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Conrad Weiser to the governor of Pennsylvania (1757 November 9); Conrad Weiser to unknown (1757 November 10) 1757 

2 103

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1757 November 10 

2 105

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List of persons killed and scalped 1757 November 27 

2 107

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Peter Spycker: List of persons killed 1757 November 28 

2 109

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Conrad Weiser to James Hyndshaw 1757 November 30 

2 111

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James Hyndshaw to Conrad Weiser 1757 December 2 

2 113

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Jacob Orndt: List of persons killed 1757 December 16 

2 115

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Jacob Morgan to Conrad Weiser 1757 December 20 

2 117

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John Nicholas Weatherholt: List of persons killed (1757 December 21); Conrad Weiser: Account book page (copy) (1782) 1757, 1782 

2 119

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List of men detached from Christian Busse's battalion or enlisted by Conrad Weiser undated 

2 121

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Conrad Weiser to the governor of Pennsylvania: Drafts of two letters undated 

2 123

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Letter to Samuel Weiser (1758 February 6); Military daily report (1758 February 28) 1758 

2 125

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1758 March 14 

2 127

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List of men in Samuel Weiser's company at Fort Henry 1758 May 19 

2 129

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1760 June 25 

2 131

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Letter to Conrad Weiser: Draft 1758 July 28 

2 133

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John Lester to Conrad Weiser (1758 July 19); Richard Peters to unknown (1758 September 13) 1758 

2 135

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Notes (1757 September 24); Conrad Weiser: Receipt (1759 October 24) 1757 September 24, 1759 October 24 

2 137

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Benjamin Lightfoot to Richard Peters 1758 October 31 

2 139

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1758 December 16 

2 141

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1758 December 22 

2 143

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Conrad Weiser to Aller and Meyer 1759 January 1 

2 145

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Richard Tea to Conrad Weiser 1759 February 16 

2 147

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Richard Peters to unknown 1759 March 2 

2 149

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Conrad Weiser to Johann Conrad Weiser Sr. 1759 April 1 

2 157

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John Nicholas Weatherholt to Conrad Weiser (1759 April 5); Unaddressed and anonymous letter (1759 April 14) 1759 

2 153

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Conrad Weiser to Richard Peters 1759 April 19 

2 155

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Richard Peters to unknown 1759 May 18 

2 157

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Conrad Weiser to Henry Bouquet 1759 June 25 

2 159

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Conrad Weiser to Sebastian Zimmerman 1759 July 11 

2 161

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Sebastian Zimmerman to Conrad Weiser 1759 August 23 

2 163

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1759 May 15 

2 165

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Richard Hockley to Conrad Weiser 1760 January 7 

2 167

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Richard Peters to Conrad Weiser 1760 February 21 

2 169

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Conrad Weiser to "the secretary;" James Burd to Conrad Weiser 1760 March 1 

2 171

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Conrad Weiser to the keeper of the Berks County jail (1760 March 14); Frederick Weiser: Receipt (1760 July 14) 1760 

2 173

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Samuel Weiser: Receipts 1760 September 4, 1760 September 19 

2 175

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Land ownership dispute: Elisabeth and Maria Catherine Shell versus Martin Shell 1761 

2 177

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Michel Trio to Samuel Weiser 1762 September 9 

2 179

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Johann Christopher Seal to Samuel Weiser circa 1762 March 24 

2 181

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Samuel Weiser to William Peters 1762 April 27 

2 183

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Heirs of Conrad Weiser: Letter regarding land ownership and inheritance undated 

2 185

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Friedrich Marten to Samuel Weiser 1762 August 29 

2 187

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"Case of the heirs of Conrad Weiser...respecting their claim to certain lands" undated 

2 189

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Muster roll for the company of John Nicholas Weatherholt 1763 July 18-August 24 

2 191

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William Peters to Samuel Weiser 1763 September 12 

2 193

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Christian Schneyder to Samuel Weiser 1763 September 15 

2 195

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Loan from William Reeser to Samuel Weiser 1764 May 16 

2 197

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Friedrich Weiser to Samuel Weiser 1764 June 

2 199

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Johann Fleischer to Samuel Weiser: Bill (1764 December 15); Unknown to Samuel Weiser (1766 June 16) 1764, 1766 

2 201

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Henderson to Samuel Weiser 1764 July 3 

2 203

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Land transfer from Henry Seydenbander to Daniel Bossert undated 

2 205

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Land surveys and maps undated 

2 207

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Account between Thomas Lincoln and Samuel Weiser (undated); Frederick Weiser to Samuel Weiser (1766 October 21) undated, 1766 

2 209

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Samuel Weiser: Account with John Womelsdorf undated 

2 211

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James Biddle to Samuel Weiser undated 

2 213

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Volume

Conrad Weiser ledger [restricted] 1746-1783 

Conditions Governing Access note

Access to this item is restricted due to its fragility. Reserachers are encouraged to use the photostat copy in this collection or to view the ledger online in our Digital Library.

3

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Conrad Weiser ledger: Photostat copy 1746-1783 

4

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Conrad Weiser: Journal: A Journal of the proceedings of Conrad Weiser in his journey to Onontago 1750   1.0 volume

Scope and Contents note

This item is currently undergoing conservation. Please use the digitized copy available in the Digital Library or request access by contacting the Director of Conservation.

5

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