Inventory of Brill Images on Exhibit

[ Introduction to Brill Images ][ Brill finding aid ][ The Historical Society of Pennsylvania ]



Image 1: 43 ft. 10 in. Double Deck Stepless Car for New York Railways Company
(Photo #4855, Order #18394--Ordered June 14, 1912, Delivered August 3, 1912)
The J.G. Brill Company manufactured cars of various styles and designs. This car, the double deck stepless car, provided the added capacity of the upper deck with the increased safety of a lower center entrance for easy boarding and alighting.


Image 2: 21 ft. 6 in. Passenger & Baggage Trail Body for New Mexico Central Railroad
(Photo #7687, Order #21372--Ordered September 10, 1921, Delivered September 30, 1921)
Railroads often had the opportunity to choose various options to be added to their cars, in order to increase the comfort of their passengers. This photograph shows a close-up view of a bathroom installed in the car.


Image 3: 60 ft. advertising car
(Photo #132, Order #424[?]--Ordered January 10, 1880, Delivered March 15, 1880)
This photo shows a large cargo railroad car advertising the "Great London Circus & Sanger's Royal British Menageries United with the Great International 10 Allied Shows."


Image 4: Railroad car galley
(Photo #2254, No order number on photo)
This interior view of the galley for a railroad dining car shows a stove, grill, and sink.


Image 5: Dining Car
(Photo #2255, No order number on photograph)
Interior view of dining car showing four two-person tables on the left side of the car and four four-person tables on the right side.


Image 6: Sprinkler Motor Body for Cape Town Tramways Company
(Photo #998, Order #6998)
Brill manufactured sprinkler cars to help keep trolley tracks clean, keeping the movement of their cars smoother and more efficient. This image shows one of these sprinkler cars, manufactured for a company in Cape Town, South Africa, in action.


Image 7: 36 ft. 6 inch Semi-Convertible Funeral Body for Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company
(Photo #4867, Order #18358--Ordered May 25, 1912, Delivered July 28, 1912). The J.G. Brill Company made cars for a whole host of different uses. This car was used to transport a casket and mourners in a funeral procession. The closed car has two separate compartments: one for the casket and one for the passengers. The windows have heavy black drapery held open with black cord tiebacks.


Image 8: 13 ft. 1st Class Funeral Motor Body for Guinle & Company of Bahia, Brazil
(Photo #2613, Order #15901--Ordered March 16, 1907, Delivered June 15, 1907)
This photo depicts an open, ornate funeral car with a platform for a casket at the center of the car, draped in black cloth. The sides of the car have heavy black drapes held open with tiebacks, and there are four black plumes on each corner of the roof. Funeral cars were not commonly used in the United States, but were frequently ordered by railroads in Latin America.


Image 9: Single End Centre Door Motor Bodies for H.E. Righter contracted by Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company
(Photo #8334, Order #21708--Ordered January 23, 1923)
While most of the photographs in the Brill collection show the cars fresh from the factory and with little of the ornamentation added by the railroad, a smaller group of the images depict the car as it would look on the street. This interior view of a trolley car includes advertisements for products, like Supplee's Ice Cream and Van Camp's Evaporated Milk, lining the space between the top of the windows and the ceiling. In addition, there is a sign hanging above the center aisle advertising concerts at the popular local venue, Willow Grove Park.


Image 10: Single End, Front Entrance, Center Exit Double Truck Car Body for The Capital Transit Company of Washington, D.C.
(Photo #12690A, Order #23217--Ordered November 15, 1934, Delivered April 1, 1935)
A small handful of the photographs in the Brill collection show cars on the very streets on which they would eventually be used. This image shows a car for the public transportation company in Washington, D.C. parked in front of The White House, with the top of The Washington Monument visible in the background.


Image 11: Parlour Car Motor Body for British W. Electric & Manufacturing Company, Limited of Sulford
(Photo #1814, Order #12619--Ordered February 21, 1903, Delivered April 25, 1903)
Some of the cars manufactured by the J.G. Brill Company were intended for first-class passengers, and were subsequently quite luxurious. This image shows one such car, with a chaise lounge and several wood and leather chairs around an oriental rug.


Image 12: Alterations on the car, "Irene" for Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, and Dubuque Electric Traction Company
(Photo #3500, Order #17261--Ordered April 20, 1910)
Like photo #1814 (above), this car was extremely ornate. This interior view of the parlour car, "Irene," shows seven different types of opulent chairs and leather bench seating, as well as stained glass panels on the windows and fabric curtains.


Image 13: Damaged Car
(Photo #X313)
In addition to manufacturing railroad cars and trolleys, the J.G. Brill Company also repaired their cars when necessary. This image shows a car with a large hole ripped into the floor and left wall.


Image 14: 42 ft. 5 inch Passenger & Baggage Trail Body for the Service Motor Truck Company contracted by the Gulf, Texas & Western Railway
(Photo #8274, Order #21749--Ordered February 26, 1923, Delivered March 26, 1923)
Some of the photographs in the Brill collection provide insight into the social and political climate of the time. Most of the railroads in the southern United States that ordered cars from Brill were still segregated, and this interior view of the car shows a curtain at the center of the car that has "White" printed on it on either side of the aisle.


Image 15: 22 ft. 11 inch Gas Rail body for Fernwood, Columbia & Gulf Railroad
(Photo #11899, Order #22829--Ordered October 14, 1929, Delivered October 28, 1929)
Similar to photo #8274 (above), this photo shows the impact of Jim Crow on the appearance of the interior of a railroad car. In this car, there are signs on the back of the last row of seats that say "Colored."


Image 16: 21 ft. Ambulance Motor Body for Guinle & Company contracted by Cia. Linha Circular of Brazil
(Photo #4939, Order #18192--Ordered February 17, 1912, Delivered May 17, 1912)
Especially during the years before and during World War I, the J.G. Brill Company manufactured ambulances for a variety of customers. This example shows the stretchers rolled out onto compartment doors. ]


Image 17: 11 inch Trench Howitzer Bed Plate for the United States Ordnance Department
(Photo #6885, Order #20380--Ordered July 26, 1917, Delivered October 1, 1917)
During World War I, the J.G. Brill Company converted all of its production to war materials, including the platform for a howitzer shown in this photo. There is a man in officer's uniform, missing his left hand (presumably from a war injury) sitting on the bed plate behind the barrel of the howitzer.


Image 18: War Rally
(Photo #X899)
The J.G. Brill Company was very active in the war effort during World War I, and there is a small group of photos in the collection that show the many war-related activities that took place on factory grounds. This image is an aerial view of large war bond rally that was held in one of the workshop buildings.


Image 19: Interior view of workroom
(Photo #X174)
The "X" series of photographs includes a large grouping of images of Brill workers at their jobs. These images include documentation of the use of women workers during World War I. This photo shows several women and one man working at sewing machines and with large bolts of fabric.


Image 20: Interior view of workroom
(Photo #X25)
This photo also shows women working in a Brill factory shop. This image depicts several women working at large looms.


Image 21: Women Doing War Work
(Photo #X936)
This photo of Brill workers shows women in caps and coveralls assembling ordnance carts in a factory yard.


Image 22: Safety Poster Photo
(Photo #X562)
The "X" series of photos also includes a large grouping of images for and of safety posters. This image was used on one of those safety posters, and depicts a man with a severe injury to his thumb.


Image 23: J.G. Brill Company Infirmary
(Photo #X1140)
The "X" series of photos also contains a small grouping of views of various rooms and buildings around the factory. This set of photos give a better idea of the many functions provided by the company to its employees. This image is an interior view of the factory infirmary. The photo not only includes views of all of the medical equipment in the room, but also shows two of the company's safety posters.


Image 24: J.G. Brill Company Dentist's office
(Photo #X1358)
In conjunction with photo #X1140 (above), this image depicts the factory dentist providing services to one of the workers in his office.