Strangers in a Land of Strangers: Defining American in Times of Conflict
A United Homefront

     Ethnic and nationalist conflicts throughout Europe before and during the Second World War offered the people of the United States an opportunity to redefine themselves as leaders on the world stage and at home. For many, the war was a time of confident patriotism and sacrifice.

     However, while some social barriers briefly disappeared, the war was used to justify both official and informal harassment of several ethnic, religious and political groups, among them Japanese Americans, Quakers and American Communists. Ultimately, Americans of every race, ancestry and gender participated in the war effort, fueling hopes that the United States could become, after all, a unified and multi-ethnic society.

Germans Plan Anti-Nazi Group

U.S. Germans Urged to Declare Fealty

Americanization Plan for Italians Here

E.G. Budd Manufacturing Company
Spotlight on Unity

Of Course I Can!

Sonoko U. Iwata to Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General
Americanism is not, and never was, a matter of race or ancestry...

Hitler Spy...or Loyal American?

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